This paper analyzes the leadership and power type of Saudi Arabian young leader Muhammad Bin Salman. According to leadership theories, the essence of leadership is in common that it acts as a means of achieving a goal rather than a good or desirable in itself. Therefore, the aim of the leadership is important for judging leaders. The era of Muhammad Bin Salman began with the era of the Trump administration and today is called the era of uncertainty. Therefore, looking at the type of power of Muhammad Bin Salman, as he has greater power and thus gains more influence, can underpin his understanding of the reshaping of the Middle East power terrain under his regime. In particular, based on the smart power strategy proposed by the US Smart Power Committee, this paper analyzes how power is handled by Muhammad Bin Salman.
Muhammad Bin Salman showed the typology of 'transactional theory', which rewarded and punished the saudis of the country by soft power and hard power. In that way, Muhammad Bin Salman shows both sides of a reformer and a dictator. When the balanced use of hard power and soft power is important in the face of interspersed Middle East issues, the truthfulness of his reform initiatives is questioned, and hard power can be strengthened. Muhammad Bin Salman's smart power, one of the important future leaders in the Middle East, is the time needed to anticipate peace in the Middle East.