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서울대학교 통일평화연구원> Asian Journal of Peacebuilding

Asian Journal of Peacebuilding update

  • : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원
  • : 사회과학분야  >  정치/외교학
  • : KCI등재
  • : SCOPUS
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 반년간
  • : 2288-2693
  • : 2288-2707
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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(2013)~8권2호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 131
Asian Journal of Peacebuilding
8권2호(2020년 11월) 수록논문
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KCI등재 SCOPUS

1A New Hotbed for Extremism? Jihadism and Collective Insecurity in the Sahel

저자 : Hamdy A. Hassan

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 8권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 203-222 (20 pages)

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Several jihadist groups sought a safe haven in the Sahel region following the defeat of Daesh in Syria and Iraq, making it a hotbed of terrorist activities. These groups have relied on crime, amongst other strategies, to survive and expand. Such strategies serve as the groups' lifeblood and help them forge alliances with local actors. The appeal of radical jihadist discourse capitalizes on human insecurities as manifested in political, environmental, and demographic challenges. This article considers not only the new threats to human security in the Sahel, but also the need for a multidimensional, inclusive, dialogue-based solution. Promoting development and social cohesion centered on human security could achieve better results in the region than resorting to external military intervention.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

2Assessment of Conflict between India and Pakistan

저자 : Tuhin K. Das

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 8권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 223-240 (18 pages)

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The conflict between India and Pakistan is a major source of crisis which must be resolved if peace and development are to prevail in this region. One approach for identifying the costs of conflict and the strategies for minimizing them is the conflict resolution curve model formulated through regret analysis (based on costs). The application of this model in the present context suggests alternative strategies, one being that India should encourage more formal bilateral trade. However, this solution is not feasible given the repeated terrorist attacks on India from Pakistani soil and the suspension of trade ties between the two nations. Another alternative is for India to strengthen its preparedness diplomatically, and this is happening through the Financial Action Task Force and other channels.

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As contemporary armed conflicts become increasingly complex, peacebuilding actors have been unable to prevent or respond effectively to related crises. Considering the policy trends evoked by the United Nations sustaining peace agenda and context-specific peacebuilding theories, this article examines peacebuilding initiatives amid complex contexts in Syria and Mozambique. It argues that the adaptive approaches of the National Agenda for the Future of Syria and the architecture of the negotiations surrounding the new peace process in Mozambique represent examples of context-specific, innovative, and non-linear peacebuilding methods that foster the self-organization capabilities of the respective conflict-affected societies. It concludes by asserting that through pragmatism, local and national ownership, and process facilitation, there is an increased potential for the effectiveness of peacebuilding interventions in complex conflict-affect situations.

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This article is a study of the legacy of the Korean War, as well as being a case study on the first instance of regime transition in the Cold War era. This study compares the incorporation of “Reclaimed Areas” (subokjigu) by South Korea with the incorporation of “Newly Liberated Areas” (sinhaebangjigu) by North Korea comprehensively from the aspects of occupation, politics, economics, and national identity. Both South Korea's transplantation of capitalism in the Reclaimed Areas and the expansion of North Korea's “people's democracy” (inminminjujui) took place unilaterally and in a Cold War fashion. Changes to the national identities in each region took place in silence and conformity, paradoxically illustrating the pain and suffering felt while each region was incorporated into an unyielding regime.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

5Against “Fascism” in Korean Liberation Space (1945-1950): Focusing on Kim Kirim's Writings for Peace

저자 : Han Sung Kim

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 8권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 291-308 (18 pages)

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This article explores how a leading Korean literary critic, Kim Kirim (1908-?), understood the controversial term “fascism” in his writings. If we associate fascism with wartime Japanese totalitarianism, it is difficult to understand why and how he warned against fascism in liberated Korea. By interpreting his use of the term “fascism” from the colonial to the liberation period, we are able to gain a better understanding of the international relations between imperial Japan and colonial Korea, as well as of the internal relations between North and South Korea from 1945 to 1950. Such an approach allows us to see the struggle for mutual respect among Korean writers experiencing the ideological conflict and exclusive sectarianism immediately before the outbreak of the Korean War.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

6Why Is Inter-Korean Forestry Cooperation Hard to Accomplish?

저자 : Seong-il Kim , Yoonjeong Jeong , Sunjoo Park

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 8권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 309-331 (23 pages)

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Deforestation is a severe environmental problem in North Korea. Beginning in 2001, the government implemented ten-year reforestation projects with few positive outcomes. Inter-Korean forestry cooperation began in 1999. Local governments and NGOs were the main implementers of cooperative projects from South Korea. The two Koreas had also been seeking financial and technical support from international organizations. This study examines the cooperative networks between government agencies, NGOs, and international organizations and financing possibilities to identify the reasons why so little has been accomplished. It also provides a meaningful contribution to the understanding of comparative relationships among the stakeholders and practical recommendations to improve the effectiveness of cooperative forestry programs in North Korea.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

7Paradoxes of South Asian Security

저자 : Rajiv Nayan , Ravi Shekhar

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 8권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 333-356 (24 pages)

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South Asia as a security zone is full of puzzles. The enigmatic character of South Asia is comprised its evolving nature, the complex conceptualization of its dominant security challenges, and the difficulty of finding solutions to these challenges. Some common security challenges that South Asian countries face require global solutions. The nuclear conundrum of India and Pakistan can only be solved by global solutions because of the complexity posed by the nuclear weapon countries located outside South Asia. Similarly, cyber security is a borderless problem. South Asian countries may manage their security challenges like terrorism with a cooperative framework, yet the increasing global connection to these regional problems complicates the search for solutions.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

8Bottom-up Peacebuilding: Role of Grassroots and Local Actors in the Mindanao Peace Process

저자 : Julius Cesar Trajano

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 8권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 357-372 (16 pages)

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The people of Muslim Mindanao in the southern Philippines overwhelmingly approved, in a plebiscite in 2019, the creation of a new and more autonomous region, raising hopes that the decades-long conflict in Mindanao would soon end. This article asserts that the Mindanao peace process is not just about peace talks between the government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, but it should also include the effective participation of grassroots organizations and community-based peace advocates in resolving local conflicts. It evaluates four significant contributions of grassroots-level, local organizations and NGOs to the peace process: (1) combating violent extremism, (2) broadening peacebuilding by local women's organizations, (3) solving local conflicts and rido (clan wars), and (4) ceasefire monitoring and civilian protection.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

9On Shifting a Nation's Collective Memory: The Role of Ahn Jung-geun in South Korea's Foreign Policy

저자 : Maximilian Ernst

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 8권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 373-389 (17 pages)

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This article revisits the role that Ahn Jung-geun plays in Korean collective memory today and contrasts this with the Moon administration's foreign policy. An analysis of Korean collective memory shows that Ahn's assassination of Ito Hirobumi is heavily emphasized but Ahn's ultimate goal of bringing peace to Northeast Asia is overlooked. This emphasis is understood through Jan Assmann's model of collective memory. Based on Aleida Assmann and Linda Shortt's proposition, it is argued that the historical figure of Ahn can instead play a constructive role. Shifting the focus of collective memory toward Ahn's ambition for peace in Northeast Asia may serve as a positive nudge for Seoul's Japan policy, thus helping to ameliorate Korea-Japan relations in the medium term.

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해당 간행물 관심 구독기관

University of Toronto 연세대학교 제주대학교 건국대학교 이화여자대학교
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  • 1 University of Toronto (3건)
  • 2 연세대학교 (1건)
  • 3 제주대학교 (1건)
  • 4 건국대학교 (1건)
  • 5 이화여자대학교 (1건)
  • 6 한국외국어대학교 (1건)
  • 7 장로회신학대학교 (1건)
  • 8 University of British Columbia(CANADA) (1건)
  • 9 Harvard University (1건)
  • 10 University of Oxford (1건)

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