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한국국방연구원> Korean journal of defense analysis

Korean journal of defense analysis update

  • : 한국국방연구원
  • : 사회과학분야  >  정치/외교학
  • : KCI등재
  • : SSCI,SCOPUS
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 계간
  • : 1016-3271
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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(1989)~32권1호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 820
Korean journal of defense analysis
32권1호(2020년 03월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

1The Hegemonic Competition in the Indo-Pacific Region and the Making of South Korea as a Middle Sea Power

저자 : Min Gyo Koo

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 32권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 1-17 (17 pages)

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A realist perspective is prevalent in relation to the newly emerging naval rivalry between the United States and China and its consequences for their neighbors. China's drive to construct artificial islands in the South China Sea has drawn global attention, while its Belt and Road Initiative has induced the United States and Japan to counter-propose the Free and Open Indo-Pacific strategy. The shifting attention beyond the China Seas has everyone scrambling to protect their commercial interests and national security, which are heavily dependent on the sea lines of communication. This study examines the rivalry between the United States, China and Japan, and draws its implications for South Korea from a 'point-line-plane' perspective. In the face of thorny challenges in the Indo-Pacific region, South Korea needs to rejuvenate its long-lost identity as a sea power and its navy should work closely with the Vietnam People's Navy. In particular, establishing a strategic point at one of the naval bases in southern Vietnam such as Danang, Cam Ranh or Nhơn Trạch will have significant consequences not just for their bilateral ties but also for the South China Sea region and beyond.

KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

2Denuclearization-Peace Regime on the Korean Peninsula: How Should ROK and China Cooperate?

저자 : Changhyung Lee , Youngjune Chung

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 32권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 19-40 (22 pages)

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In this paper, we explore key elements of President Moon Jae-in's policy on the Korean Peninsula and provide a conceptual framework and diplomatic roadmap for denuclearization and peace. Next, we perform a keyword extraction analysis of China's People's Daily and People's Daily Overseas Edition to identify the objectives, pathway, role identity, and position of the Chinese government in the nuclear negotiations since the 2018 PyeongChang Olympics. Our research finds the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, protection of peace and stability, and establishment of a peace regime as constituting China's main objectives. Dialogue and negotiation, political resolution, a double suspension and dual track approach, and international cooperation are suggested as pathways. China affirms its commitment to playing a constructive, active, unique, and responsible great power role on the Peninsula and suggests U.S.-DPRK dialogue and engagement as the primary vehicle to achieve peace, supplemented by inter-Korean reconciliation. Based on our findings, we address some key differences in perception and position between South Korea and China toward denuclearization and a peace regime. Finally, we offer prospects for bilateral crisis management and mechanisms for South Korea-China cooperation.

KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

3How Can Russia Contribute to Peace in Korea?

저자 : Stephen Blank

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 32권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 41-64 (24 pages)

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This article examines what contribution, if any, Russia can make to peace on the Korean Peninsula. It begins by assessing Russia's relatively marginal standing in the current Korean negotiations and proceeds from there to analyze Russia's interests and stake in a Korean peace process. While in fact Moscow's standing here is marginal, its interests in peace in Korea and overall in Northeast Asia and in being included in any such process are considerable. The main contribution it can make is in the provision of energy and trade infrastructures such as its longstanding advocacy of a trans-Siberian, trans-Korean railroad and an analogous gas pipeline. We argue that matters have reached a stage where Russia depends on at least one if not both Korean states to allow it into this process and make these kinds of contributions. But beyond the two Korean states, one of the other major participants, i.e. the United States and/or China must also permit such Russian involvement. Yet our reading of their interests strongly suggests that they are opposed to giving Russia precedence over their own interests in Korea. While there are real possibilities for one or both Korean states to invite Moscow into this process, Russia now depends upon “the kindness of strangers” to play the role it wants to have in Korea.

KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

4Emerging Rebalancing Strategy of India in the Indian Ocean Region and the India-Korea Strategic Partnership

저자 : Lakhvinder Singh , Youngjun Kim

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 32권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 65-80 (16 pages)

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The Asia-Pacific region is going through a power shift. The American-led security structure, which for decades has maintained peace and security in the region, is under huge stress. Various political and economic factors are playing a role in hurting this security alliance system. Unprecedented Chinese naval expansion in the region is changing the “balance of power” there like never before. China is becoming more assertive far beyond its traditional geographical areas of activity, the Indian Ocean being one such area where it has increased its engagement in recent years. By using various political, economic, diplomatic and military tools, it has been increasing its influence many-fold, greatly altering the current balance of power. Concerned by this increasing power shift and the continually expanding role of outside powers in its neighborhood, India has launched its own engagement strategy for the region under a “Neighborhood First” policy. Through this strategy, India is striving to increase its role in the development of countries in the Indian Ocean region. Due to the fact that such a power shift is happening across the entire Asia-Pacific arena, keeping balance of power in one area is dependent and interconnected with similar efforts in other parts of the Asia-Pacific. Since South Korea is a major democracy in Northeast Asia, it has emerged as a natural ally of India and has joined hands to protect a law and rules-based regional governing order. So far we have seen India playing a very limited role in the internal power dynamics of Northeast Asia, yet a time is coming when India might be required to play a more active role in strengthening Korea's hand. More robust strategic and defense policy coordination between India and Korea can go a long way in maintaining peace, prosperity and security in the region.

KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

5Study of Republic of Korea Air Force's Military Capability Enhancement Measures in Preparation for Wartime Operational Control Transfer

저자 : Kwan Haeng Cho , Seung Pil Kim , Andrew Bossard , Dong Han Kim

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 32권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 81-99 (19 pages)

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The Republic of Korea and the United States have agreed to the terms of the Wartime OPCON Transfer contingent upon meeting specific conditions. The OPCON Transfer should lead to improved security of the Korean Peninsula while improving the ROK-U.S. combined defense capability. Hence, the Korea Armed Forces must exert efforts to acquire the capabilities and conditions required for the transfer. Further, “the United States' supplementation and continuation capabilities” and “the provision and employment of extended deterrence methods and strategic assets” must be continued. The way to firmly maintain security over the Korean Peninsula is for the ROK military to possess capabilities required for the OPCON Transfer. Of these capabilities, ROKAF's capability is crucial and the ISR+PGMs capabilities must be obtained without fail. Accurate information on military threats and the ability to strike those targets are prerequisites to winning wars. In pursuing the national security strategy task of “strengthening national defense capabilities based on the ROK-U.S. alliance,” with support from the general public, rational decisions on airpower requirements and the measurement of enemies' airpower must be made at the national strategic level, to determine what it would take for the ROKAF to lead ROK-U.S. combined air operations. Concurrently, we need to be ready and be prepared to respond to the expansion of neighboring nations' airpower capability.

KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

6The North Korean Nuclear Crisis and Its Implications for South Korea's Policy Choice: The Law and Politics of the NPT Regime

저자 : Chang-wee Lee

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 32권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 101-119 (19 pages)

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The Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) is one of the most significant instruments dealing with the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. In addition to preventing the spread of nuclear weapons, its main objectives include promoting cooperation on the peaceful use of nuclear energy and further achieving nuclear disarmament, with the ultimate goal of general and complete disarmament. The three major objectives of the NPT are, namely, nuclear non-proliferation, peaceful use of nuclear energy, and nuclear disarmament.
The treaty was opened for signature in 1968 and entered into force in 1970. Twenty-five years later, the state parties of the NPT met in May 1995 and agreed to extend the treaty indefinitely. More countries have adhered to the NPT than to any other similar arms limitation and disarmament agreement. As of June 2019, 191 states have come to participate in the treaty.
North Korea, which acceded in 1985 but never came into full compliance, announced its withdrawal from the NPT in 2003, following the detonation of nuclear devices in violation of core provisions of the treaty. Since then North Korea has continued developing nuclear weapons against all odds and against all sanctions from the international community. North Korea's repeated violations of the duties of non-proliferation stipulated in the NPT imply a bleak future for peaceful coexistence on the Korean Peninsula. Also, nuclear proliferation in Northeast Asia will potentially become a serious threat to the stability and security of the international community.
Taking into account this context, this essay addresses the legal and political aspects of the NPT regime with special reference to the interrelationship between international law and international relations. Specifically, it examines several issues, including the process of the development of nuclear weapons in North Korea, a review of the NPT regime, the law and politics of nuclear weapons, and South Korea's policy choice.

KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

7The Development of the U.S.-Australia Alliance in the Context of the Indo-Pacific Strategy

저자 : Weiguang Kong

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 32권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 121-140 (20 pages)

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As the United States and Australia both shifted from the “Asia-Pacific region” to the “Indo-Pacific region” in their official documents, this change means that the perception of national interests of the two countries in Asia has also changed. This change has an important impact on the future development of the U.S.-Australia alliance within the “Indo-Pacific region.” Given this situation, this paper attempts to analyze the reasons why the United States and Australia moved from the “Asia-Pacific” to the “Indo-Pacific” from the perspective of their national interests. It then compares the commonalities and differences between the two countries' national interests in the context of the “Indo-Pacific region.” Finally, based on the previous discussion, this paper will analyze how this change will affect the future development of the U.S.-Australia alliance, especially their different ways in dealing with China.

KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

8Deterrence or Numbness? Insights into the Psychological Effects of the Encirclement Patrols Conducted by People's Liberation Army Vessels and Aircraft around Taiwan

저자 : Yi-ming Yu , Wen-cheng Fu , Li-wei Lin , Chien-an Ke

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 32권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 141-161 (21 pages)

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This study investigated the psychological effects of the long-term military intimidation imposed by the People's Liberation Army (PLA) on the Taiwanese public. Online texts dating between 2016 and 2018 were mined and Russell's (1980) semantic analysis was used to analyze the online discussions among the Taiwanese public regarding the PLA vessels and aircraft patrolling around Taiwan. The results showed that the PLA's long-term encirclement patrols have generated numbness among the Taiwanese public. With regard to the Taiwanese government's policy of disclosing information about such military encirclement patrols, the effects of proliferating this information were not significant, but have led to an increased sense of fear among the public. These findings suggest that the effects of the PLA's encirclement patrols around Taiwan are not determined by the PLA, but by the Taiwanese government's policies regarding the disclosure of relevant information on encirclement patrols.

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서울대학교 Leiden University Monash University Australian National University 숙명여자대학교
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  • 1 서울대학교 (52건)
  • 2 Leiden University (28건)
  • 3 Monash University (27건)
  • 4 Australian National University (19건)
  • 5 숙명여자대학교 (14건)
  • 6 한국외국어대학교 (12건)
  • 7 연세대학교 (12건)
  • 8 고려대학교 (7건)
  • 9 한국과학기술원(KAIST) (5건)
  • 10 Yanbian University (4건)

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