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한국의학교육학회> Korean Journal of Medical Education

Korean Journal of Medical Education update

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  • : 의약학분야  >  의학교육
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수록정보
수록범위 : 15권1호(2003)~30권2호(2018) |수록논문 수 : 557
Korean Journal of Medical Education
30권2호(2018년 06월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재 SCOPUS

1Developing the Korean Association of Medical Colleges graduate outcomes of basic medical education based on “the role of Korean doctor, 2014”

저자 : Min Jeong Kim , Young-mee Lee , Jae Jin Han , Seok Jin Choi ,

발행기관 : 한국의학교육학회 간행물 : Korean Journal of Medical Education 30권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 79-89 (11 pages)

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The Korean Association of Medical Colleges (KAMC) developed graduate outcomes based on “The role of Korean doctor, 2014” to serve as guidelines regarding outcome-based education in Korea. The working group in this study analyzed 65 competencies proposed in “The role of Korean doctor, 2014” according to the developmental principle that certain outcomes should be demonstrated at the point of entry into the graduate medical education. We established 34 competencies as “preliminary graduate outcomes” (PGOs). The advisory committee consisted of 11 professors, who reviewed the validity of PGOs. Ultimately, a total of 19 “revised graduate outcomes” (RGOs) were selected. We modified the RGOs based on opinions from medical schools and a public hearing. In November 2017, the KAMC announced the “graduate outcomes for basic medical education,” which serves as a guide for basic medical education for the 40 medical schools throughout Korea. Medical schools can expand the graduate outcomes according to their educational goals and modify them according to their own context. We believe that graduate outcomes can be a starting point for connecting basic medical education to graduate medical education.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

2Experiences of medical teachers in flipped learning for medical students: a phenomenological study

저자 : Kyung Hye Park , Kwi Hwa Park , Su Jin Chae

발행기관 : 한국의학교육학회 간행물 : Korean Journal of Medical Education 30권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 91-100 (10 pages)

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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the experience of medical teachers in the process of adapting flipped learning method through a phenomenological approach. Methods: Semi-structured interviews with five medical teachers from two medical colleges and one medical school were conducted in December, 2017. Data analysis was done according to Colaizzi's descriptive phenomenological methodology. Results: A total of 160 unique significant statements were extracted. These statements generated 17 formulated meanings that were categorized into seven theme clusters and four theme categories. Main themes were: (1) teacher with high levels of passion and motivation; (2) hurdles of flipped learning: students were still passive, struggling in preparing for flipped learning; (3) positive changes from flipped learning: changes to classroom environment and teachers' reflection through experience; and (4) challenges of flipped learning: remaining tasks for teachers, expansion of flipped learning. Conclusion: Through phenomenological approach, researchers were able to elucidate categories about the experience of medical teachers when attempting flipped learning. Although medical teachers did not have the exact same idea on how flipped learning was conducted and implemented, the perception of flipped learning, or difficulties in class activities, they were still wondering how they could teach students well. This study might draw more attention to flipped learning and stimulate educational and institutional supports to improve teaching and learning in medical schools.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

3Analysis of satisfaction and academic achievement of medical students in a flipped class

저자 : Han Jung , Jungsuk An , Kwi Hwa Park

발행기관 : 한국의학교육학회 간행물 : Korean Journal of Medical Education 30권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 101-107 (7 pages)

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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the satisfaction of medical students in flipped learning and analyzed academic achievement in comparison with lecture class. Methods: The subjects were 40 students who participated in flipped learning during neurology course in the second year. After performing flipped learning, formative assessment was conducted and the degree of satisfaction was examined. Questionnaires of satisfaction were developed to identify the perceptions of students on flipped learning. To compare the academic achievement of students, formative assessments were conducted at the end of the flipped learning class and the lecture class. The data was analyzed by frequency and paired t-test method. Results: The students showed a high level of frequency in using lecture notes (80.6%) and lecture slides (74.2%) among the pre-class learning resources. The average score (3.89) was higher for the factor of interaction and collaboration in the classroom than for the factor of improving learning (3.62). The average score of the students in the formative assessment was 4.28 points (out of 10 points) in the lecture class, while it was 5.56 points (out of 10 points) in the flipped learning class thus showing a statistically significant difference (t=-4.203, p<0.001). Conclusion: It was observed from the responses of the students that flipped learning is helpful for the interaction and collaboration in the classroom. It is expect that this result will be useful as basic data for medical school to try flipped learning in the future.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

4Fostering critical thinking and collaborative learning skills among medical students through a research protocol writing activity in the curriculum

저자 : Soumendra Sahoo , Ciraj Ali Mohammed

발행기관 : 한국의학교육학회 간행물 : Korean Journal of Medical Education 30권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 109-118 (10 pages)

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Purpose: This intervention was aimed to analyse the effect of academic writing and journal critiquing as educational approaches in improving critical thinking and collaborative learning among undergraduate medical students. Methods: A research proposal writing format was created for the 4th year medical students of Melaka Manipal Medical College, Malaysia during their ophthalmology clinical postings. The students worked in small groups and developed research protocols through an evidence based approach. This was followed by writing reflective summaries in academic portfolios about the activity undertaken. A mixed methods study was designed to explore the possible role of collaborative research proposal writing in enhancing critical thinking and collaborative learning. Results: Analysis of reflections submitted by 188 medical students after the intervention indicate that majority of them found an improvement in their skills of critical thinking and collaborative learning as a result of research protocol writing. All participants agreed that the model helped in applying concepts to new situations in the form of designing their own study, which reflected in enhanced higher order cognitive skills. Conclusion: This study shows that the introduction of a structured module in the core medical curriculum that focuses on research writing skills embedded with collaborative and reflective practices can enhance collaborative learning, critical thinking, and reasoning among medical students.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

5Exploring the possibility of one-on-one mentoring as an alternative to the current student support system in medical education

저자 : Yera Hur , A Ra Cho , Sun Kim

발행기관 : 한국의학교육학회 간행물 : Korean Journal of Medical Education 30권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 119-130 (12 pages)

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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the possibility of mentoring as an alternative to the current student support system based on our experiences of developing, operating, and evaluating a mentoring program. Methods: In 2014 and 2015, a total of 29 mentoring pairs were selected to be trained as mentors and mentees. The mentoring program was evaluated by the following methods. First, at the end of the one-on-one mentoring program, the mentee made a presentation summarizing their experiences and submitted a portfolio. Second, suggestions from the mentors and mentees were gathered from a survey and from a focus group interview. The quantitative data were analysed using descriptive statistics, frequency, and the Mann-Whitney U-test using SPSS version 21.0. Results: One-on-one mentoring sessions were carried out an average of five times during the semester. The topics of discussion were very diverse, including career coaching, personal counselling, journal club, field trips, leisure activities, and volunteering. Mentors and mentees showed high satisfaction rates regarding the content and administration of the program (mentors: 4.15±0.59, mentees: 4.00±1.58). However, the duration of the mentoring program was given a comparatively low rating (mentors: 3.15±1.09, mentees: 3.24±1.03). Conclusion: Overall, the implementation of the mentoring program was successful. Based on the content of the main activities, we can confirm the possibility of implementing an individualized support program for solving the mentoring issues faced by medical students.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

6Factors affecting the results of comprehensive pre-internship exam among medical students of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences

저자 : Mohammad Rasool Khazaei , Afshin Zarin , Mansuor Rezaei , Mozafar

발행기관 : 한국의학교육학회 간행물 : Korean Journal of Medical Education 30권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 131-139 (9 pages)

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Purpose: This study was aimed to evaluate the factors affecting the results of comprehensive pre-internship exam (CPIE) among medicals students of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, all students (n=240) participating in CPIE over a 3-year period (2012-2014) were selected. Data were gathered by a questionnaire, including the CPIE results and educational and demographic data. Spearman correlation coefficient, Mann-Whitney U-test, and analysis of variance were used to analyze the association of students' success with study variables. Also, regression analysis was applied to determine the role of independent variables in students' success. Results: The frequency of the failed units in apprenticeship course was one of the most important risk factors associated with failure in CPIE. Average scores of pre-internship course were the most important factors of success in CPIE. The CPIE score had the highest direct relationship with grade point average (GPA) of apprenticeship course, total GPA of all three courses, GPAs of physiopathology and basic sciences courses, and score of comprehensive basic sciences examination, respectively. Conclusion: CPIE showed the highest inverse correlation with the number of failed units in apprenticeship course. The most important factors influencing this exam were failure in apprenticeship course and GPA of previous educational stages.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

7Course quality management based on monitoring by students at a medical school

저자 : Sanghee Yeo

발행기관 : 한국의학교육학회 간행물 : Korean Journal of Medical Education 30권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 141-152 (12 pages)

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Purpose: This study aims to develop a system of course monitoring by students and evaluate the course quality management system (CQMS) implemented as an educational assessment tool. Methods: This research was conducted in accordance with the ADDIE model which is a well-known instructional design model. The ADDIE process includes needs analysis, design of the course monitoring and course evaluation, development of evaluation forms, implementation of course monitoring, and evaluation of the program. Results: To meet the need for a system that can replace the traditional lecture evaluation approach, this study developed and implemented a new course evaluation system. In comparison with the quantitative evaluation method, course monitoring by students provided more qualitative information on classes and courses from the students' perspective. The students' realistic description helped know how student felt the atmosphere of class and what kinds of teaching style students preferred. However, some view that the evaluation by the four monitoring members was less reliable. Conclusion: This study proposed a course quality management based on students' monitoring which emphasized the narrative evaluation to help to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the classes and gather qualitative information from the students' perspective that can be used to improve the courses. It is expected that providing the monitoring members with better orientation could help manage the quality of the courses using the monitoring system.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

8The effect of communication training using standardized patients on nonverbal behaviors in medical students

저자 : Kyung Hye Park , Seung Guk Park

발행기관 : 한국의학교육학회 간행물 : Korean Journal of Medical Education 30권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 153-159 (7 pages)

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Purpose: Nonverbal communication (NVC) is important in the patient-physician relationship, but the effect of NVC education is not well kown. In this study, we try to identify if students' NVC abilities are improved through communication training. Methods: First-year medical students conducted medical interviews, which were performed with standardized patients (SPs) before and after communication skill education, and recorded in video. Fifty-one students were enrolled for this study. Two researchers used the NVC checklist, which consists of 12 nonverbal behaviors, to analyze and compare the students' nonverbal expressions in the interviews recorded before and after the education. Results: After the students participated in communication training, open body position and adequate facial expression were increased while unnecessary silence, un-purposive movements, and giggling were decreased. These results can be interpreted as positive effects of the education. However, hand gesture was increased as a negative effect of the education. The total NVC score of the 12 nonverbal behaviors in the NVC checklist improved significantly, rising from 8.56 to 10.03. Conclusion: Communication skill education using SPs can improve nonverbal behaviors of medical students, especially facial expression, un-purposive movement, body position, unnecessary silence, and giggle, but not hand gesture. Further research is needed on a variety of teaching methods to improve NVCs.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

9Medical students interact with multicultural patients to learn cultural diversity

저자 : Hyerin Roh , Lauren Nirta

발행기관 : 한국의학교육학회 간행물 : Korean Journal of Medical Education 30권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 161-166 (6 pages)

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Purpose: The aim was to present our experiences implementing a cultural diversity (CD) education program. Methods: The authors held a 4-hour CD class for third-year medical students. The aim of the class was to facilitate students to realize and reflect on the importance of CD on healthcare delivery in Korea. The class was comprised of an orientation about CD in Korea, physicians and multicultural guests sharing their experiences with students, small group discussion, and Q&A panel with multicultural guests. Students provided written feedback for program evaluation. Authors classified their comments qualitatively. Results: Students mostly responded positively to the class with a significant focus on interacting with the multicultural guests. Students realized the significance of CD in healthcare and reflected deeply on their discussion with the multicultural patients. Students needed more time to interact with multicultural guests from a greater range of cultures represented in Korea. Most did not need English interpretation. Conclusion: The aim of the class was achieved. Medical students' interaction with multicultural patients may promote the students' understanding and reflection about CD in health care.

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