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ALTAI HAKPO(JOURNAL OF THE ALTAIC SOCIETY OF KOREA)

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1989)~30권0호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 329
알타이학보
30권0호(2020년 06월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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1만주어 구어의 재활성화를 위한 기초 연구 ―최후의 화자가 말한 자신의 삶과 언어―

저자 : 김주원 ( Kim Juwon ) , Jin Hui , 고동호 ( Ko Dongho )

발행기관 : 한국알타이학회 간행물 : 알타이학보 30권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 1-33 (33 pages)

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In this article, we describe the situation of Spoken Manchu based on the fieldwork carried out from 2005 to 2007 in the village of Sanjiazi of Fuyu County in Qiqihar of China. By presenting the narrations of Manchu elders on their own everyday lives, we will show the vivid characteristics of the language on the verge of extinction.
Existing Spoken Manchu materials mainly focus on its vocabulary, with a few exceptional collections of sentence-level utterances. We emphasize the importance of eliciting sentences with natural intonation in spontaneous conversations, given that these materials are to be utilized in revitalizing the language.
Then we discuss the foundation for the revitalization of Spoken Manchu. First of all, we suggest that Spoken Manchu, rather than Written Manchu or Sibe, be used as the base system for the revitalization project. We also suggest the following four prerequisites for success: 1) ample amount of textual and audio-visual materials of high quality, 2) new coinages for modern culture and products, and the compilation of a new thesaurus containing them, 3) a modern alphabetic writing system which is easy to learn, 4) new textbooks, in both paper and digital formats, for each stage of level.
Although there is very few remaining native speakers, we have witnessed perceivable enthusiasm in the village of Sanjiazi and efforts by the persons concerned as to reviving their language. It should also be emphasized that there are over 10 million Manchus who are potential beneficiaries of this endeavor. The revitalization of Spoken Manchu, will surely be a monumental achievement for the maintenance of linguistic diversity as well as for the co-existence among people of diverse ethnic and cultural heritage in Northeast Asia and beyond.

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2만주어 구어 원망법 어미 변화의 한 양상 ―시버어 구어와 대조적 관점에서―

저자 : 도정업 ( Do¸ Jeongup )

발행기관 : 한국알타이학회 간행물 : 알타이학보 30권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 35-53 (19 pages)

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This study argues that the optative ending -ki has merged with the imperative ending -Ø in consultant's Spoken Manchu.
Written Manchu's optative ending -ki appears in horative or imperative sentences, as well as statement of speaker's will. In Spoken Manchu, ending -Ø appears in those sentence types, instead of -ki. In case of Spoken Sibe, -ki is used only to express speaker's will, while both -Ø and -ki may be used in horative or imperative sentences.
Ja/je and je shows the same distribution, except for following condition; ja/jə of Spoken Manchu comes after ending -Ø while je of Spoken Sibe appears after ending -ki.
By these two linguistic phenomena, it can be argued that -ki of Spoken Manchu has merged with ending -Ø.

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3한국어와 만주어의 직시 결합 동사 구문에 대한 대조 연구

저자 : 최계영 ( Choe¸ Gyeyeong )

발행기관 : 한국알타이학회 간행물 : 알타이학보 30권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 55-80 (26 pages)

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The deictic motion events in Manchu can be represented in two types of morphological constructions. One is the converb construction, in which the converb suffix connects the preceding verb with the following deictic verb, and the other is the derivative construction with the cislocative or the translocative suffix. This paper presents that these two constructions have different meanings and functions. The converb construction expresses the actual deictic motion of the agent as the core event, while the main event of the derivative construction is of the stem verb and the deictic movement in the whole event is incidental, unexplicit or unrealized. In the distribution, the verb participating in the motion event prefers either construction. Verbs that prefer deictic suffix are often telic, suggesting that the lexical aspects of the verbs are related to the semantics and functional differentiation of the two constructions. Unlike Manchu, Korean does not distinguish morphologically between deictic movement and deictic direction. Path verbs in Korean have limitations using without deictic verbs, but path verbs in Manchu do not necessarily require deictic verbs or deictic suffixes.

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4《蒙古字韵》的八思巴字韵母系统研究

저자 : 安英姬 ( An¸ Yingji )

발행기관 : 한국알타이학회 간행물 : 알타이학보 30권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 81-114 (34 pages)

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Menggu Ziyun (蒙古字韻) is a book in which Phags-pa script, a new Mongolian script is transliterated by Chinese scripts in the 13th century. It reflects the phonology system of Ancient Mandarin, which is a transition period between Middle Chinese and Early Mandarin. This paper can be divided into two parts. Firstly, this paper aims at establishing a new transliteration system for Phags-pa, especially for ꡦ(e) and ꡠ(ė) which have been transliterated to be ꡦ(ė) and ꡠ(e) based on previous studies. Also, a combination of two vowels ꡦꡡ(ö) or ꡊꡟ(ü) can be analyzed to be a rounded vowel. Secondly, I analyzed different rhymes of Phags-pa scripts in Menggu Ziyun, by considering the influences from contacts of different languages. and then compared them with Middle Chinese and Early Mandarin. Through the comprehensive analysis of diachronic changes happened to Chinese and the influences of Mongolian, this paper aims at constructing the phonological system of Anciet Mandarin.

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5古代满蒙语言接触历程探究

저자 : 长山 ( Chang Shan )

발행기관 : 한국알타이학회 간행물 : 알타이학보 30권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 115-127 (13 pages)

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As there were lacks of historical documentation, similarities shared by ancient Sushen and Dong Hu languages, which are ancestor language of Manchu and Mongolian respectively, are difficult to trace. However, the later documents left by Jurchen and Mongolian and studies of Chinese norther trial histories revealed the contacts as well as cross-influences between Jurchen and Mongolian languages. This paper tends to explore the components transcribed in Chinese characters for ancient Mongolian and ancient Manchu languages, documented in The Secret History of Mongolia and Jurchen Vocabulary Translation, so as to show a more objective history and process of Manchu-Mongolian language contacts and inter-borrowings.

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6论《达 · 那楚克道尔吉著》语料库开发研究

저자 : 海银花 ( Hai¸ Yinhua )

발행기관 : 한국알타이학회 간행물 : 알타이학보 30권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 129-142 (14 pages)

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D. Natsagdorji is one of the founders of contemporary Mongolian literature, is a famous writer and poet. The development of his literary works is not only the organic component of construction of Mongolian language resources, but also the best way to scientific protection and efficient use of his works, which can provide a valuable resource for Mongolian scientific fields. The article combines the research status at home and abroad, dissertates the results of previous studies, to explore its disadvantages and shortcomings of Mongolian corpus based on comparison of domestic and foreign research situation at present. This paper will start with some generalities of D.Natsagdorji's literary corpus and then discuss its importance and profound meaning from the perspective of creating a corpus stylistics, multi-level.

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7On the evolution of the Yakut standard script

저자 : Vladimir Dmitrievich Monastyrev

발행기관 : 한국알타이학회 간행물 : 알타이학보 30권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 143-153 (11 pages)

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Yakut writing has changed its graphic basis several times and has been repeatedly reformed. At present, it is based on the Cyrillic alphabet. In the history of Yakut writing four stages are recognized: 1. up to the early 1920s - writing using the Cyrillic alphabet; 2. 1917 to 1929 - S. A. Novgorodov's alphabet based on the Roman alphabet; 3. 1929 to 1939 - the unified alphabet based on the Roman alphabet; 4. since 1939 - writing based on the Cyrillic alphabet. The graphic system of the Yakut literary language is considered to be quite well developed.

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8Non-synthetic compounding in Sakha

저자 : Nadezhda Vinokurova

발행기관 : 한국알타이학회 간행물 : 알타이학보 30권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 155-166 (12 pages)

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This paper considers the nature of compounding in Sakha (Yakut), a Turkic language spoken in north-eastern Siberia (Russian Federation), and provides both descriptive and theoretical grounds for classifying nominal compounds in Sakha. The focus of the study is on primary compounds and therefore synthetic, deverbal compounds are left out of consideration. Arguments are offered for a mixed classification of nominal compounds in Sakha based on both semantic and formal features. The main reason for the necessity of a mixed approach lies in the discrepancy between semantic and formal characteristics of a compound. Although a compound can be endocentric (having a head) from a formal point of view, it can nevertheless be exocentric (without a head) on semantic grounds. The following three types of nominal compounds will be distinguished - root compounds, possessive compounds and dvandva compounds. It will be argued that even though a compound has a complex syntactic makeup consisting of more than one word, nevertheless it functions as a single lexeme/word and also denotes as such.

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9Nivkh toponyms in the Amur-Sakhalin region of the Russian Far East

저자 : Ekaterina Gruzdeva , Marina Temina

발행기관 : 한국알타이학회 간행물 : 알타이학보 30권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 167-204 (38 pages)

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This paper offers a survey of the indigenous toponymy of a limited geographical region covering the lower course of the river Amur and the island of Sakhalin in the Russian Far East. Place names of this region come from both indigenous and colonial languages and reveal several historical layers. The paper focuses on the toponyms which originate from the genetically isolated Nivkh (Ghilyak) language and examines the structural and semantic patterns of their derivation. The analysis of the material confirms that toponymy encodes important information about the ways in which indigenous peoples conceptualize the world and perceive their immediate ecological environment.

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10Lexical parallels in calendars and less obvious traces of Chinese influence on ancient Xinjiang languages

저자 : Michal Schwarz

발행기관 : 한국알타이학회 간행물 : 알타이학보 30권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 205-221 (17 pages)

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Altaic linguistics is seldom used as a precious research tool in the study of other language families, but in some cases it can help in this matter. Speakers of ancient Indo-European languages in Xinjiang, like Tocharian A and B, were under influence of Chinese and nomadic states since early history, when small oasis kingdoms had to maintain active and also linguistic contacts with both empires. This paper is mainly focused on cultural words, mythological animals and calendar systems. Firstly the history of international relations is briefly mentioned, because it has implications for the study of borrowings. In the following part lexical parallels of Chinese, Sanskrit, Sogdian, Khotan Saka, Tocharian, Uyghur and Mongolian twelve zodiac animals are mentioned together with older counting of months in nomadic cold areas. Remaining note and case study show, that typological criterion from Altaic linguistics can be analogically applied to Tocharian in an attempt to solve etymology of functionally parallel cultural word further documenting possible Chinese influence on Tocharian.

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