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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1999)~21권3호(2019) |수록논문 수 : 502
지중해지역연구
21권3호(2019년 08월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

1초기 이스라엘, 블레셋, 기후변화와 이주 -지중해 배경에서 히브리 성서 읽기의 사례-

저자 : 방기민 ( Bang Ki-min )

발행기관 : 부산외국어대학교 지중해지역원 간행물 : 지중해지역연구 21권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 1-33 (33 pages)

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This paper is a case study on reading the Hebrew Bible in the Mediterranean context. In my earlier article, “Reading the Hebrew Bible in the Mediterranean Setting” (2019), I addressed the importance of the climatic and geological setting of the Hebrew Bible. As another case study from this perspective, this paper examines selected biblical passages regarding early Israel and Philistine conflicts in the broader context of the Eastern Mediterranean world. The specific time period is around the Late Bronze Age Collapse (roughly 1,250 - 1,000 B.C.E). I hypothesize that these ethnic/cultural conflicts and the Late Bronze Age Collapse were caused or spurred by climate change.
To demonstrate my hypothesis, I will explore the Late Bronze Age Collapse of the Eastern Mediterranean and the possible causes of the Philistine migration in the second and third parts of this research. Many theories attempt to explain the cause of the rapid and significant civilization collapse. Since Carpenter (1966) rejected a traditional argument that attributes the invasions of barbarian peoples; such as the Dorians, as an explanation for the Dark Age, alternative views have been suggested. For example, alternative views might include the Hekla III eruption (Yurco 1999), droughts (Weiss 1982), collapse of the social and trade system (Liverani 1987), wars (Drews 1993), earthquake storms (Nur, Cline 2000), and climate change (Finne et al. 2017; Kaniewski et al. 2013; Drake 2012; Stiebing, Jr. 1994; Weiss 1982). After reviewing research on the Late Bronze Age collapse in Greek-Mycenae, Hittite, and Egypt, respectively, this paper demonstrates how climate change became a trigger for the failure of the Bronze Age and for massive migrations of the Sea People, including the Philistines, who caused the early Israelites to suffer a national crisis and lament the deaths of their beloved heroes (Samson, and Saul).
In conclusion, we can find two historical and biblical lessons by reading the Hebrew Bible in the background of the Late Bronze Age Collapse. First, the effect of the climate change, 3,200 years ago, was so severe that it not only caused a general collapse of civilization in the Mediterranean, but also caused the Sea People to leave their home. Eventually, the early Israelites suffered the butterfly effect from their migration. The second discovery reveals an historical irony. The descendants of ancient Greeks who migrated to North Africa and the Levant, including modern Syria, do not welcome descendants of ancient North African and Levantine people today. The Hebrew Bible (e.g., Lev. 19:33-34), written for/through the hands of ancient Israelites, who suffered under Philistine authority, provides surprising context and wisdom to solve today's immigration/refugee issue.

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For a long time, medieval philosophy on the Mediterranean coast was remembered for its limited medieval philosophy in Western Europe. More strictly, in time, he has drawn a single medieval philosophy centered on the 13th century, spatially centered on the University of Paris in Western Europe, and in philosophy centered on the philosophy of Thomas Aquinas. So was the philosophy of Islam, Judaism, and Byzantine at that time on the outskirts of Western European philosophy? Many researchers describe these philosophy as being set for Western European philosophy, but in fact no philosopher is philosophical to be the background of another philosopher. Each philosophy works with its own philosophical center. For this purpose, this paper proposes a methodology to look at the philosophy of the philosophers in the Mediterranean region, not the philosophy but the logic of philosophy itself, by 'the intentional anonymization'. Through this proposal, this paper will show that various medieval philosophy is possible, not a single medieval philosophy. Thomas Aquinas, a man's philosophy, exists in plural forms without being single. Then, for a thousand years, philosophy from various parts of the Mediterranean can not be made one by one, which results in ignoring the individuality of each philosophy. This thesis is an effort to correct such problems.

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3디오게네스의 '인간다움'에 나타난 철학적 의미에 대한 고찰

저자 : 임성철 ( Rhim Sung-chul )

발행기관 : 부산외국어대학교 지중해지역원 간행물 : 지중해지역연구 21권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 61-81 (21 pages)

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The ancient Greeks didn't believe that the philosophical thought of the Cynics was a true philosophy. Its philosophical thought paid attentions to merely dealing with a method of human life(DL VI, 103). Diogenes' thought was searching for the philosophical basis for being-human or humanity. On his account, the value of philosophy at least “prepared one's mind for human destiny”(DL VI, 63). Philosophy is required for one who is eager to “live well”(DL VI, 65). Diogenes was not a theoretical thinker but a practical one who did philosophy to pursue human happiness. For him, happiness was based on abstinence and self-sufficiency, which were the key notions of the Hellenistic era. From Diogenes' point of view, the fulfillment of human freedom completes the characteristics of being human. Human freedom calls for self-control or self-restraint, which means freedom from desires or passions. In other words, human beings are free beings in the sense that they can control their own self. Therefore, human beings are not pessimistic ones who suffered from depression and resignation. For Diogenes, in particular, the function of philosophy is to eliminate anxieties or frustrations in life. Philosophy for him is a personal matter but not communal matters. It is not a theoretical argumentation but a practical ways of life based on human choices or performance. In that respect, his philosophy was an attempt to reintegrate Greek classical thoughts in light of a new way of thinking in the Hellenistic period. His philosophy differs from that of Antisthenes in that Diogenes regarded it as a duty to try to show up the state devoid of any desires publicly, whereas Antisthenes secured inner world for himself to keep uninterrupted state.

KCI등재

4아랍 정체성(Arab Identity)의 역사적 패러다임 변화

저자 : 하병주 ( Hah Byoung Joo )

발행기관 : 부산외국어대학교 지중해지역원 간행물 : 지중해지역연구 21권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 83-110 (28 pages)

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This paper analyzes the origins of 'Arab/Arabs' and 'Arab world' and then tries to formulize its identity, using area studies' methodological approaches. It begins with broad questions: who exactly called themselves 'Arabs' in context of history? Was Arab identity (Al-Huwiyyah Al-ʿArabiyyah) contested and fluid through its history? The study tries to remove idealists' views of identity that emphasize its similarities. It is rather dialectical, attaching more significance to common characteristics in the context of history.
The paper examines the questions empirically and concentrates on 'Islamization (ʾAslimah)' and 'Arabization (Taʿrīb)' including 'the Shuʿub movement (Al-Shuʿubiyyah: Shu`biyya)' from which variables for Arab identity are drawn. From this perspective, Arab identity can be seen through an angle of local or regional identity. It can also be described as consisting of interrelated factors: racial, ethnic, national, religious, cultural, linguistic, political characters.
The conception of modern Arab identity can be reframed by analyzing the Arab renaissance (Cultural Movement) or 'Al-Nahḍah', 'Pan-Islamism (Al-Waḥdah Al-Islāmiyyah)', 'Islamic Modernism (Al-Iṣlāḥ Al-Islāmī)', 'Pan-Arabism ('Al-Waḥdah Al-ʿArabiyyah)' and 'Arab Nationalism (Al-Qawmīyyah Al-ʿArabīyyah)' that affect its notions. Thus, it is necessary to inquire and outline their origins and characteristics according to historical progress. Its results will be compared with them and at the same time the importance of their differences will be recognized and considered.
And then, if all the dimensions are analyzed together, the forged notions of Arab identity can be embodied in its own shape although it is vulnerable to controversy criticism. In this context the implication of plurality and unity in defining Arab identity can be expressed as the right words of 'Es Pluribus Unum! (Out of Many, One!)' Finally, it is generally supposed that the noble spirit of the Arab Spring (Al-Thawrah Al-Madaniyyah) is the result of the efforts to find its roots in the Arab history. It seems to seek its lineage from the historical movement of Al-Shuʿubiyyah by using the word 'Al-Shaʿb' under the slogan of “Al-Sha ʿb Yurīd Isqāṭ Al-Niẓām”.

KCI등재

5『바빌론의 함무라비 왕』 마르크 반 드 미에룹 지음, 블렉웨 2005 출간

저자 : 김아리

발행기관 : 부산외국어대학교 지중해지역원 간행물 : 지중해지역연구 21권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 113-120 (8 pages)

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1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

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2미국의 비트코인 규제

(2006)홍길동심리학41회 피인용

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2미국의 비트코인 규제

(2006)홍길동41회 피인용

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