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Korean-Chinese Social Science Studies

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(2003)~54권0호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 594
한중사회과학연구
54권0호(2020년 01월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

1중국 본토에서 홍콩으로 이주한 신이민자의 사회경제적 상태와 함의

저자 : 김경환 ( Kim Kyunghwan ) , 곽복선 ( Kwag Boksun )

발행기관 : 한중사회과학학회 간행물 : 한중사회과학연구 54권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 7-32 (26 pages)

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This study set out to examine the social and economic causes of 2019 Hong Kong Protests instead of political ones as media and researchers reported that the Umbrella Revolution of Hong Kong in 2014 began with a political cause but had Hong Kong citizens' social and economic complaints at its root. 2019 Hong Kong Protests also began with political causes including the Fugitive Offenders amendment bill and the guarantee of the Hong Kong system, but there are more and more data reporting that the deterioration of Hong Kong citizens' social and economic life worked at the bottom of the protests. The present study focused on new immigrants under the ultimate goal of investigating the effects of increasing new immigrants on the lives of Hong Kong citizens.
The results were as follows: first, the number of new immigrants was reduced recently. Recent data shows that the accumulated number of new immigrants amounts to 1.50 million, but the number of new immigrants with the settlement pass and that of inadmissible immigrants are dropping gradually in recent years; secondly, the study examined the economic state of new immigrants and found that their participation rate in labor continued to rise. The proportions of immigrants are increasing in service and sales and non-skilled labor, which will affect Hong Kong citizens that have worked in low-wage jobs. The income of new immigrants is rising, which means that their settlement in the Hong Kong society is accelerating; and finally, a look at the social state of new immigrants reveals that supports for the Comprehensive Social Security Assistance are decreasing over time with no big increase in expenditures. The percentage of public housing is dropping among new immigrants, whereas that of individual homes is rising among them, which indicates that their penetration into public housing, which Hong Kong citizens had concerns with, is not happening. Like income, the settlement of new immigrants in Hong Kong housing is intensified. In addition, the population using Putonghua is growing in Hong Kong.
These results suggest that new immigrants are competing against Hong Kong citizens in economic aspects including employment and participation rates in labor in the Hong Kong society. There are, on the other hand, no negative influences including growing expenditures for new immigrants in Comprehensive Social Security Assistance. New immigrants do not violate the right of Hong Kong citizens in housing welfare including public apartments. Rising income, growing percentage of individual homes, and increasing use of Putonghua indicate that new immigrants have become stable in their settlement in the Hong Kong society. It means that the growing number of new immigrants has not exerted as negative effects on the lives of Hong Kong citizens as the citizens' concerns.

KCI등재

2중국 차등의결권 제도에 관한 소고 -커촹반의 사례를 중심으로-

저자 : 서의경 ( Seo Euikyoung )

발행기관 : 한중사회과학학회 간행물 : 한중사회과학연구 54권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 33-55 (23 pages)

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벤처기업 초기에는 이익이 거의 발생하지 않기 때문에 외부 펀딩에 의존하는 경우가 많으며 이에 따라 창업자의 지분을 줄어들게 된다. 따라서 이후 상장을 통한 자금조달을 시도하는 경우 창업자는 경영권의 위협을 우려하게 될 수 있다. 이와 같은 경영권 위협을 방지하기 위하여 미국 뿐만 아니라 중국 등 많은 해외 유니콘 기업들이 차등의결권 구조를 도입하고 있는 미국 주식시장에 상장(IPO)을 하는 일이 많이 발생하고 있다. 이에 따라 홍콩, 싱가포르 등 주요 거래소들이 최근 차등 의결권주식을 도입하였다.
중국도 대형 중국 IT 기업들의 해외상장이 이어지면서 차등의결권제도의 도입에 관한 논의가 있었고, 그 결과 2019년 6월에 개장한 커촹반에 차등의결권주식인 특별의결권주식을 도입하였다. 그러나 남용을 방지하기 원칙적으로 발행인의 자격을 예상 시가총액 100억 위안 이상으로 제한하고, 의결권의 차이는 최대 10배를 넘지 못하도록 하며, 일정한 사항에 대해서는 특수의결권 주식의 의결권을 보통주의 의결권과 동일하게 하고, 일정한 경우에는 특수의결권 주식을 보통주로 전환시키는 등 많은 제한을 가하고 있다.
한국에서는 차등의결권의 도입에 대하여 찬반이 팽팽하게 맞서고 있으나. 현실적인 필요성을 인정하여 제한적 또는 한시적으로 도입하자는 의견이 점차 힘을 얻고 있다. 한국 정부 역시 이러한 의견에 동조하여 2019년 3월에 비상장 벤처기업 대상으로 차등의 결권 주식 발행을 허용할 계획임을 발표하였다. 차등의결권제도 도입의 과정에서 위에서 서술한 중국의 사례가 도움이 될 것으로 기대한다.


When a venture company starts, it hardly makes profits, often relies on outward investment, and gives a founder little shares sequentially. Accordingly, the founder could lose the control of the company in the process of taking listing procedures to acquire funds. To prevent the case mentioned above, companies in China and several foreign unicorn companies take listing procedures in the United States of America which adopt the differential voting rights system. Hongkong and Singapore are also walking in steps by accepting differential voting rights.
China has discussed the introduction of differential voting rights system since the increasing number of IT companies begin to be listed on the foreign stock exchanges. Consequently, Sci-Tech innovation board, starting from June 2019, introduces Special voting stocks as a kind of differential voting rights shares. It puts several limitations on investments such as 1) An issuer can be qualified with more than ten billion RMB of market capitalization. 2) The number of voting rights for each special voting stock shall be the same and shall not exceed 10 times that of voting rights for each ordinary stock. 3) The number of voting rights for each special voting stock is entitled shall be identical to that of voting rights for each ordinary stock in some cases. 4) Special voting stocks of a listed company shall be converted into ordinary stocks in certain situations.
There are arguments for and against the introduction of differential voting rights in Korea. However, the opinion for the measure acquires power gradually due to realistic needs. Korea government has announced that unlisted venture companies are allowed to issue differential voting rights shares in September 2019. The Chinese cases described above are expected to be helpful to Korea government while it launching differential voting rights system.

KCI등재

3토번시대 티베트 문헌연구

저자 : 이정환 ( Lee Jung Huan )

발행기관 : 한중사회과학학회 간행물 : 한중사회과학연구 54권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 57-76 (20 pages)

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This thesis is a study of the literature made and used in the Tho bod (吐蕃) period (7th century-9th century) among the Tibetan literature. The contents include the epigraph(金石文), the paper literatures and the Wooden Tags(簡牘). Among them, the case of epigraph(金石文) is divided into the documents engraved on metal and stone. In this study, I have excluded the metal documents.
The research was divided into the following:
First, epigraph(金石文). epigraph(金石文) was examined with the tombstones made in the 토번 period. The tombstones erected at that time contain contents related to society, politics, culture and religion of the Tho bod (吐蕃) period.
Second, paper literatures. Paper literatures have begun to be made by introducing paper technology to Tibet and making paper by itself. The emergence of paper made a variety of books. I briefly discussed what kinds of paper documents are, as well as their types and contents.
Third, Wooden Tags(簡牘). Wooden Tags(簡牘) is recorded on trees. There are occasional perfect forms, but mostly imperfect forms. It is meaningful to be able to deal with information that can not be found in the 金石文 or paper documents through the place where the Wooden Tags (簡牘) were found and the contents recorded in the Wooden Tags(簡牘).
The three kinds of literature mentioned above have important value in studying Tibetan culture and history.

KCI등재

4중국의 협동농장 개혁이 북한에 주는 시사점 -신제도경제학 관점에서-

저자 : 지성태 ( Ji Seongtae )

발행기관 : 한중사회과학학회 간행물 : 한중사회과학연구 54권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 77-117 (41 pages)

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In this study, China's agricultural and rural development factors after reform of the collective farm are analyzed, and the possibility of deepening reform of the North Korea's collective farm is reviewed using the theory of new institutional economics as the framework of the analysis, and the implications were drawn based on the results. Along with China's reform of the collective farm, 'the household contract responsibility system' was implemented to restore the management system centered on individual farmers, which guaranteed private property rights. The development of the 'Hyangjin enterprise' meant the development of the associated industries in agriculture and rural areas, and the increase in business activities resulted in the reduction of transaction costs. The market economy was promoted by improving the market system, including the government-led purchase system reform, to ensure freedom of contract among market players. Recently, the market economy has been revitalized in North Korea due to the implementation of the system for farmhouse responsibility management and corporate responsibility management and the development of marketplaces (Jangmadang). But there is not enough desire for production due to the limited guarantee of private property rights; The risk for businesses could be increased, because government transfered excessive autonomy to corporates; Jangmadang should be improved qualitatively through the monitoring and supervision.

KCI등재

5경제불확실성과 경제정책 불확실성이 중국 CDP Premium에 미치는 영향 분석

저자 : 이기영 ( Lee Ki Ryoung )

발행기관 : 한중사회과학학회 간행물 : 한중사회과학연구 54권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 119-142 (24 pages)

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From an intuitive and theoretical standpoint, economic uncertainty has been regarded as a factor that has a negative impact on economy. However, only a few studies have examined economic uncertainty due to the difficulty in estimation. A recent study by Jurado et al. (2015) developed a methodology that significantly improved the concepts and methods relevant to economic uncertainty. Now, it is possible to accurately measure the level of economic uncertainty, and many follow-up studies have been introduced. Also, the economy is affected by policies; the issues and uncertainty of economy are largely attributed to the uncertainty of economic policies. Baker et al. (2015) counted the frequency of certain terminologies used in the media to construct an index for measuring economic policy uncertainty. A variety of studies used the index suggested by Baker et al. (2016). In particular, Baker et al(2016) not only suggested research methods but have been constantly announcing the level of economic policy uncertainty of major countries, including China. Therefore, in this research, I use the methods suggested by Jurado et al. (2015) to measure the level of Chinese economic uncertainty after modifying them to fit the context of China, and apply the Chinese economic policy uncertainty announced by Baker et al(2016).

KCI등재

6중국의 일대일로 초국경경제협력구 발전 현황 및 사례 연구 -호르고스와 핑샹-동당 비교-

저자 : 이현태 ( Lee Hyuntai ) , 현상백 ( Hyun Sangbaek )

발행기관 : 한중사회과학학회 간행물 : 한중사회과학연구 54권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 143-169 (27 pages)

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The Trans-border Economic Cooperation Zone is a future-oriented crossborder cooperation model in which China and neighboring countries provide and share some territories, and promote cooperation not only in economic cooperation but also in non-economic fields such as justice and security. China has already built 12 cooperative districts with neighboring countries, promoting Belt & Road initiatives.
Although US-NK talks about denuclearization are currently in a difficult situation, economic cooperation issues at the border among two Koreas and China may become important if North Korea's reform and opening are realized. We can refer to the cross-border economic cooperation zone model that China is promoting with neighboring countries to jointly establish a special unification economic zone or to design a test bed for regional integration between two Koreas. In addition, the Trans-border Economic Cooperation Zone may be established in the Dandong or Hunchun areas of NK-China border (or China-unified Korea border) in the process of North Korea's reform and reunification. Therefore, it is necessary to trace and research the development process of China's trans-border economic cooperation zones such as Horgos, which is already developing considerably, to draw implications for Korea.

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7신흥시장에서의 리버스 이노베이션 -혁신확산모형과 중국시장 사례연구-

저자 : 정용균 ( Chung Yongkyun )

발행기관 : 한중사회과학학회 간행물 : 한중사회과학연구 54권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 171-198 (28 pages)

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Reverse Innovation has been a newly emerging concept of innovation for last ten years. It implies that new technology or new knowledge flows from low income countries to high income countries. This concept of reverse innovation contradicts the conventional wisdom of innovation paradigm. The conventional wisdom implies that most of technological innovation has been created within research centers located at advanced countries. Our contribution is that this paper suggests an innovation- diffusion model of reverse innovation. We divide total diffusion of reverse innovation into four sub-parts: first, identification of the problem, second, innovation in low income country, third, innovation transfer from low income country to high income country, and fourth, innovation and diffusion in high income country. We also implements a case study of China in the area of reverse innovation. Our finding show that eleven cases of reverse innovation are identified in China. Accordingly, we conclude that China is one of the Emerging Market(EM) that implements a reverse innovation. One of implications of this study is that it is necessary to intensify cooperation between high income country and low income country, since executives of headquarter of multi-national corporation(MNC) located at high income countries need to understand cultures of low income country to sell their products to low income countries. At the same time, low income country needs to cooperate with the headquarter of multi-national corporation(MNC) in high income country in order to re-export their frugal products to high income countries.

KCI등재

8일본 자동차 기업들의 차별화 전략 연구 -중국에서 합자기업들의 제휴 관계를 중심으로-

저자 : 최병헌 ( Choi Byunghun )

발행기관 : 한중사회과학학회 간행물 : 한중사회과학연구 54권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 199-227 (29 pages)

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중국 자동차 산업의 성장동력이 2014 년부터 계속 약화되고 있다. 반면 일본 자동차 기업들의 자동차 판매량은 중국에서 2014 년부터 5년 연속 증가했다. 이에, 본 연구는 중국에서 일본 자동차 기업들이 다른 국가의 자동차 기업들과 무엇이 다른지에 관심을 가졌고, 특히 일본 기업들의 다양한 제휴관계에서 차별화 요인을 찾고자 하였다. 본 연구는 중국에 진출한 일본 자동차 기업과 중국 기업간 제휴 및 일본 기업과 다른 국가들의 기업간 제휴관계를 분석하였다. 그 결과, 일본 기업들은 중국 시장 안팎에서 복합적이고 유기적인 제휴관계를 바탕으로 경쟁우위 요인을 창출하는 것으로 나타났다. 특히 일본 자동차 산업에서 오랜기간 형성된 독특한 시장지배구조, 즉 '1 강(强), 4 중(中), 5 약(弱)' 중심의 경쟁과 협력의 공존 네트워크에 좀 더 주목할 필요가 있다. 일본의 독특한 시장지배구조는 산업 생태계 속성을 지닌 폐쇄적 네트워크의 산물일 가능성이 높기 때문이다. 아울러 일본 자동차 기업들은 중국 시장을 적극 활용하여, 전기자동차를 주축으로 '신(新)에너지 자동차' 전략의 전환을 시도하는 것으로 나타났다.


The automobile industry growth momentum of China began to weaken from 2014, but Japanese automakers get a great sales performance in China for 5 consecutive years from 2014. So this study took an interest in what makes Japanese automakers differ from other countries' makers in China. This study accessed the difference of Japanese automakers by reviewing the linkages between them or other makers, and looked into the alliance relations of joint ventures inside of China as well as outside of China. As a result, the difference of alliance relations of Japanese automakers is concerned with the multiple partnerships in China and in Japan. In particular, Japanese makers' alliances inside of Japan should be critically managed because they have created a unique market structure, the 'One Strong, Four middle, Five weak' for a long time. It would be an outcome of a closed copetition network, which has industrial ecosystem attributes. It also found out that Japanese makers fully utilize Chinese market as a turning point of new energy vehicle strategy to promote the electric vehicle business.

KCI등재

9미⋅중 무역전쟁이 세계무역에 미치는 영향 -연산가능일반균형모형의 활용-

저자 : 고종환 ( Ko Jong-hwan )

발행기관 : 한중사회과학학회 간행물 : 한중사회과학연구 54권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 229-256 (28 pages)

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본 연구에서는 多國家多部門CGE모형을 이용하여 현재 진행중인 미국과 중국간의 무역전쟁의 수단으로 미국과 중국이 상호 수입품에 대해 관세를 부과하는 경우, 전세계 교역에 미치게 될 것으로 예상되는 경제적 파급효과를 정량적으로 분석하였다. 부과되는 관세수준에 따라 2가지 정책시나리오를 설정하였다. 시나리오1은 미국이 대중국 2500억달러의 수입품에 대해 25%의 관세를 부과하고 중국이 이에 대해 대미국 1100억달러의 수입품에 대해 25%의 보복관세를 부과하는 경우이다. 시나리오2는 시나리오1에 추가로 미국이 대중국 3250억달러의 수입품에 대해 25%의 관세를 부과하고 중국이 이에 대해 대미국 900억달러의 수입품에 대해 25%의 보복관세를 부과하는 경우이다.
분석결과를 보면 미·중무역전쟁 결과 미국과 중국은 무역수지 흑자를 기록할 것으로 전망되었는데, 이는 미·중무역전쟁 결과 미국과 중국의 수출과 수입이 모두 감소하지만 수입의 감소가 수출의 감소보다 더 커서 나타나는 것으로 분석되었다. 그 결과 미국과 중국의 경제성장이 둔화되면서 전세계 교역이 감소하고 전세계의 경제성장 또한 감소하는 것으로 분석되었다.

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1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

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2미국의 비트코인 규제

(2006)홍길동심리학41회 피인용

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2미국의 비트코인 규제

(2006)홍길동41회 피인용

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인천대학교 한양대학교 동국대학교 충북대학교 부경대학교
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  • 10 한국행정연구원 (15건)

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