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한국농촌경제연구원> Journal of Rural Development

Journal of Rural Development

  • : 한국농촌경제연구원
  • : 농학분야  >  농경제
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  • : 연속간행물
  • : 반년간
  • : 1013-0764
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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(1978)~28권2호(2005) |수록논문 수 : 331
Journal of Rural Development
28권2호(2005년 12월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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1The Non-Timber Service Value of Old Growth Forests: The Management of U.S. National Forests in Western Washington

저자 : Sang Min Lee , Richard J. Brazee

발행기관 : 한국농촌경제연구원 간행물 : Journal of Rural Development 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2005 페이지 : pp. 97-118 (22 pages)

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Over the past few decades the management of public old growth forest in the United States has been the focus of public debate. The tradeoffs between timber harvesting and amenity benefits of standing forests have been a key issue in this debate with national forest managers critiqued for both harvesting old growth forests too slowly or too quickly. To date there has been little analysis of the actual values placed on amenity benefits of old growth on national forests. The objective of this study is to analyze old growth forest management on U.S. national forests including the implicit amenity values of national forest managers. Using a data set from western Washington we estimate the implicit values of non-timber services by U.S. national forest managers. The average non-timber service changes during the study period, and increases as the stock of old growth forest decreases. The estimated value of per acre non-timber services is considerably higher than the values from previous studies. The results also suggest that national forest managers have at least partially recognized the non-timber benefits of old growth forests.

2Economic Effects of Trade Policy Adjustments in the World Market for Japonica Rice

저자 : Hyun Ok Lee , Daniel A. Sumner

발행기관 : 한국농촌경제연구원 간행물 : Journal of Rural Development 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2005 페이지 : pp. 119-142 (24 pages)

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World agricultural markets are entering another key period of policy adjustment as the Doha Development Agenda negotiation is being finalized. This paper investigates likely global market effects of expansion of access into the market in Japan and Korea and reduced subsidy for japonica rice in the United States. Using an equilibrium displacement model, we simulate changes in market prices, quantities and other aggregates in the presence of policy shocks. Results show that when U.S. subsidies decrease by 50 percent in addition to the full implementation of quota expansion in Korea and Japan, U.S. production decreases by more than 30 percent, and the U.S. is no longer an exporter. Instead, China increases its exports by 53 percent. The rest of the world increases exports by 14 percent and the world price rises by 0.7 percent. Changes in the Korean market are modest. Since Korea imports solely on the basis of its quota schedule, the Korean rice market is not connected to the world market, and these quotas remain relatively small compared to the size of the Korean market. The rice price in Korea decreases by 1.3 percent and production falls by 3.9 percent.

3Price Transmission Between U.S. Grain And Korean Import Grain

저자 : Re Nee Kim , Mil Ton Boyd

발행기관 : 한국농촌경제연구원 간행물 : Journal of Rural Development 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2005 페이지 : pp. 143-158 (16 pages)

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This study examines the price transmission between U.S. farm level grain prices and Korean imported grain prices. Price transmission results for corn, soybeans, and wheat indicate that the policy of liberalizing of imported grain markets in Korea has been progressing relatively well. This is important for Korean grain importers and livestock producers who rely heavily on international price signals.

4Rural Partnership as A Governance Mechanism: Toward an Organizational Economics Perspective on Rural Governance

저자 : Vladislav Valentinov

발행기관 : 한국농촌경제연구원 간행물 : Journal of Rural Development 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2005 페이지 : pp. 159-183 (25 pages)

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The paper develops an organizational economics approach to explaining rural governance by viewing rural partnerships as a governance mechanism that can be used for organization of rural development activities along with markets and hierarchies. Utilizing the framework of the property rights theory of the firm and transaction cost economics, it is argued that rural partnerships exhibit superior transaction cost-economizing attributes due to their ability to accommodate high commonality of interests of local actors in the sustainable development of their rural areas. This argumentation is based on the proposition to regard the commonality of transaction participants` interests, rather than transaction attributes, as a major determinant of suitability of governance mechanisms to specific transactions. The paper concludes with the discussion of limitations of partnership-based governance.

5Coping With Drought among Pastoral and Agro-Pastoral Communities in Eastern Ethiopia

저자 : Kassa Belay , Fekadu Beyene , Winfried Manig

발행기관 : 한국농촌경제연구원 간행물 : Journal of Rural Development 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2005 페이지 : pp. 185-210 (26 pages)

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This paper examines coping strategies of pastoral and agro- pastoral communities in six districts of Eastern Ethiopia. Data collected from a random sample of 360 households were used in the study. The results of the study indicate that the study area has been stricken by recurrent droughts since the early 1980s and that drought has increasingly devastating effects on the lives of pastoral and agro-pastoral communities. In response to the degrading production environment, the pastoral and agro- pastoral communities become more provident and employ a variety of techniques to cushion themselves against contingencies. Moreover, the results of the study show that most of the coping strategies are aimed at counteracting the detrimental effects of droughts after their occurrence rather than identifying the root causes of droughts. Finally, we suggest the need for political actors to move from crisis management through emergency intervention to improving the capability to cope in changing environmental conditions.

6Consumption of Livestock Products at the Regional Level in China

저자 : Xian Xin , Zhang Yue Zhou , Nai Hua Jiang

발행기관 : 한국농촌경제연구원 간행물 : Journal of Rural Development 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2005 페이지 : pp. 211-233 (23 pages)

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Since the late 1970s, consumption of livestock products has increased rapidly in the diet of the Chinese. However, this is accompanied by a notable difference in the level of consumption of livestock products between rural and urban residents, the rich and the poor, and between regions. While there is literature examining the consumption differences between the rural and urban and the rich and poor, studies that examine regional differences have been scarce. This study focuses on examining the differences in the level and pattern of consumption of livestock products between regions and empirically estimates price and income elasticities of demand for various animal products by rural and urban consumers at the regional level. Implications are drawn for animal product market development.

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