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Grammar Education

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(2004)~39권0호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 390
문법교육
39권0호(2020년 08월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1한국어교육에서의 문법 요소 위계화 양상 및 쟁점 연구 - '-(는)군(요)', '-네(요)', '-(는)구나'를 중심으로 -

저자 : 김호정 ( Kim Hojung ) , 정연희 ( Jung Yonhee ) , 안정민 ( Ahn Jeongmin )

발행기관 : 한국문법교육학회 간행물 : 문법교육 39권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 1-36 (36 pages)

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In Korean language education, the word endings, “-(neun)gun(yo)”, “-ne(yo) ” and “-(neun)guna” are taught as similar grammatical elements. However, there are significant differences between their grading and educational order in the curriculum and textbooks. In this paper, we examined the grading issues relevant to these endings in the Korean curriculum, evaluation, and textbooks, and explored how to apply the criteria for grammatical elements in Korean language teaching.
We examined whether the grading aspects of these grammatical items sufficiently reflect the linguistic criteria and language utilization values. Furthermore, we discussed the need to reconsider the validity of setting and applying the grading criteria to introduce “-(neun)gun(yo) ”, “-ne(yo)” and “-(neun)guna” in the teaching and learning context. We concluded that learners' characteristics of grammatical development must be considered when grading grammatical elements using a “systematic and holistic” approach.

KCI등재

2한국어 계승어 학습자를 위한 '명시적' 문법 교육의 효과 - 소유격 조사와 처소격-정태 조사 및 처소격-정태 조사와 처소격-동태 조사-

저자 : 신성철 ( Shin Seong-chul ) , 주앨리스 ( Joo Alice )

발행기관 : 한국문법교육학회 간행물 : 문법교육 39권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 37-76 (40 pages)

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지금까지의 연구에서 한국어 계승어 학습자들의 한국어 작문시에 온전하지 못한 문법 지식과, 구어에서 문어로의 전환 등 때문에 특정한 언어학적 요소에 대해 독특하고 확연한 어려움이 있음이 제기되어 왔다. 그 중 두 개의 경우 즉, 소유격 '-의'가 처소격 (정태)조사 '-에'로 대체되거나 처소격 (정태) '-에'와 처소격(동태)'-에서'의 쓰임이 대체되는 경우가 두드러진다. 이들 오류 발생을 최소화할 수 있을지, 또 '명시적'지도 (explicit instruction)를 통해 학습자의 언어습득이 개선될 수 있을지 여부는 미래 한국어 계승어 학습자의 교수-학습의 발전을 위해 연구를 통해 확인해야 할 중요한 과제이다. 이에 본 연구는 사전검사, 교정지도 및 사후검사를 통해 20명의 한국계 2 세 계승어 학습자를 대상으로 소유격 조사 및 처소격 (정태, 동태) 조사의 습득에 대해 '명시적' 지도의 효과를 조사하였다. 사전검사 결과, 그 세 개의 격조사의 인지와 사용에 있어 약간의 문제가 있음을 확인하였으며, 사후검사는 특정한 검사 장치에서만 계승어 학습자들의 격조사 인지력과 사용상에 제한적이지만 약간의 유의미한 개선의 결과가 있음을 나타냈는데, 이는 명시적 교육이 특정한 유형의 학습 도구를 활용할 때 학생들의 계승어 언어 습득을 촉진하게 할 수 있음을 암시한다.


Previous research suggests that KHL learners present unique and distinctive difficulties in certain linguistic items in writing, particularly due to incomplete knowledge and transfer of speech to writing. Two notable cases are the substitution errors of locative-static -ey for genitive (possessive) -uy, and locativestatic -ey for locative-dynamic -eyse. Whether these errors can be minimised, and thus their acquisition can be improved by 'explicit' instruction, is an important aspect to clarify through research for future developments to KHL learning and teaching. This study thus investigates the effects of 'explicit' instruction on the acquisition of the genitive, locative-static and locativedynamic case markers based on 20 second-generation KHL students, through a pre-test, instructional treatment and a post-test. Results of the pre-test confirmed that their recognition and production of the three markers are indeed problematic. Post-test results revealed a limited but small meaningful improvement in heritage students' intuitions and production in a particular type of exercise only, implying that explicit instruction may facilitate students' classroom heritage language acquisition when utilising certain types of learning exercises.

KCI등재

3시 텍스트 이해와 표현 과정의 문법 교육적 접근 - 창의적 국어 사용 차원에서 문법 교육 방안 모색 -

저자 : 양세희 ( Yang Sehui )

발행기관 : 한국문법교육학회 간행물 : 문법교육 39권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 77-110 (34 pages)

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This study aimed to approach the process in which poetic texts are understood and created, from the perspective of grammar education, by examining how grammar acts in poetic texts.
First, it conceptualized the creative thinking in grammar education, in order to understanding the grammar which acts in understanding and expressing poetic texts. It explained the creative thinking as a grammatical property. The creative grammatical thinking is associated with the creative use of Korean language. Poetic language is based on a set of grammatical rules but also properly used in the context of poetry (in a similar way of daily language) or creatively used to represent poetic meanings, by deviating from the characteristics of daily language.
Second, it investigated the use patterns of grammar in specific poetic texts. Then, it distinguished the contextual use of grammar from the creative use of it and analyzed them by the units of language.
This study has an implication, in that it can extend the data of Korean language, with which grammar can be explored, by setting poetry, a register, and that it approached poetic language which has been interpreted as poetic license, in terms of the creative use of grammar.

KCI등재

4중국인 학습자를 위한 한국어 유사 원인·이유 표현의 기술 방안 연구 - '-는 바람에', '-(으)ㄴ/는 탓에'와 '-는 통에'를 중심으로 -

저자 : 장레이 ( Zhang Lei )

발행기관 : 한국문법교육학회 간행물 : 문법교육 39권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 111-164 (54 pages)

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There are many grammar items that indicate the cause and reason in Korean, and many of them are distinguished from each other by fine differences which used to be difficult for Chinese learners. Among various causes & reasons expressions, '-neun barame', '-(eu)n/neun tasse ' and '-neun tonge' are not only similar in form, but also semantically express the causes or reasons for negative results. Nevertheless, there are quite a few differences between those three expressions in terms of form and syntactic constraints as well as semantic and pragmatic functions. Korean language speakers naturally have the ability to discern differences between those expressions in the process of language acquisition, while Chinese learners will find it difficult to identify the differences between similar grammar items without explicit teaching. However, when looking at the grammatical description of published textbooks, there is a tendency to deal only with the basic usage of the grammar expressions, and it does not provide learners with the constraints, or the similarities and differences between similar grammar items in need to understand and master the usage of a grammar item. Therefore this study aims to find an effective descriptions for similar cause & reason expressions of Korean for Chinese learners. For this purpose, first, this article reviewed previous studies to analyse the form and syntactic constraints, also semantic and pragmatic functions of '-neun barame', '-(eu)n/neun tasse' and '-neun tonge'. Next, this article selected representative Korean textbooks published in Korea and China, analysed the descriptions of these three expressions and pointed out the problems need to be improved. Finally, based on those discussions, the principles of grammatical descriptions were defined and the specific descriptions for those three cause & reason expressions were proposed in stages.

KCI등재

5반복 구문 'V-느라고/노라고 V'에 대한 고찰

저자 : 진관초 ( Chen Kuanchao )

발행기관 : 한국문법교육학회 간행물 : 문법교육 39권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 165-202 (38 pages)

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This paper aims to analyze the repetition construction 'V-neurago/norago V', which is formed by the connective ending '-neurago/norago' with the same verb stem in both its antecedent and the following clause. The analysis of this construction is focused on its constructional, syntactic and semantic features. The constructional features are as follows. In this construction, there is a constraint that repeated predicates cannot be replaced by other elements such as substitutes. In addition, this construction functions as a syntactic island that cannot be separated internally because the conjunctive function is invalid. The scope of the repetition of the predicate is not the repetition of a clause-unit but a phrase-unit.
As for syntactic features, first, I discussed that it can be combined with tense-aspect markers. Second, there is a constraint that this construction can not be used in such sentence types as imperative or propositive sentences. Third, it is difficult for the predicate of the construction to take a negative form. Fourth, only transitive verbs are used as predicates in this construction. Fifth, the subject with [+person] should be used without the subject person constraint.
The construction indicates that the speaker has tried to do the typicality of events. This meaning does not imply the state of the result, but it shows the direction of a specific state. Finally, the following clause of the construction not only expresses the speaker's negative statements but also the non-assertive attitude.

KCI등재

6참조점 관계로 본 한국어 학습자의 보조사 '은/는' 사용 분석

저자 : 홍고은 ( Hong Koeun )

발행기관 : 한국문법교육학회 간행물 : 문법교육 39권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 203-235 (33 pages)

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Korean particle 'eun/neun' is a grammatical unit that requires discourse-based grammar teaching, but there have been many cases in which teaching contents were derived based on the results of syntax-based error analysis. The purpose of this study is to find implications of discourse-based grammar teaching for Korean particle 'eun/neun' based on the reference point relation in cognitive linguistics. The reference point relation(Langacker, 2008) is conceptually similar to 'topic' which is one of the semantic functions of Korean particle 'eun/neun', and from the point of view of 'topic', the reference point have the following formal characteristics. First, the reference point is located at the beginning of a sentence and is a noun phrase. Second, reference points are repeated and appear at high frequency in discourse. Third, the reference point is related to the cohesion of a text. In this study, based on the three formal characteristics, reference points were found in Korean learners' compositions and the chain of the reference point relation was analyzed. Next, it was analyzed that reference points were combined with Korean particle 'eun/neun' or not. As a result of the analysis, Korean particle 'eun/neun' was involved in the binding structure of a text with reference points. In addition, when Korean particle 'eun/neun' used where it is not a chain of the reference point relation or omitted from a chain, the cohesion of the text had weakened, and sentences had not 'flown' in the text.

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