간행물

한국학술연구원> Korea Observer

Korea Observer update

  • : 한국학술연구원
  • : 사회과학분야  >  기타(사회과학)
  • : KCI등재
  • : SSCI,SCOPUS
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 계간
  • : 0023-3919
  • :
  • :

수록정보
수록범위 : 16권1호(1985)~49권4호(2018) |수록논문 수 : 1,013
Korea Observer
49권4호(2018년 12월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
| | | |

KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

1Cutting Corruption without Institutionalized Parties: The Story of Civic Groups, Elected Local Government, and Administrative Reform in Korea

저자 : James C. Schopf

발행기관 : 한국학술연구원 간행물 : Korea Observer 49권 4호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 573-604 (32 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

How did South Korea come to adopt successful anti-corruption administrative reforms in the early 2000s which markedly improved the nation's corruption perception and bribe survey scores? Emergent democracies generally lack the institutionalized political parties needed to push through anti-corruption policies, and Korea was no exception. While Korean civic groups took the lead against corruption, they failed to sufficiently press President Kim Young Sam, who implemented reforms which instead focused on increasing executive control over the bureaucracy. NGOs eventually succeeded by redirecting efforts towards the more accessible, newly established elected municipal governments, to introduce administrative reforms like the E-government OPEN program, which reduced uncertainty and strengthened the pro-reform political coalition, paving the way for President Kim Dae Jung's eventual adoption of anti-corruption administrative reforms in 2000. The Korean case shows how elected local government offers civic groups an avenue through which to advance reform, offering hope to the many young democracies lacking institutionalized parties which struggle to contain corruption.

KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

2Theorizing the Park Chung Hee Era

저자 : Jungmin Seo

발행기관 : 한국학술연구원 간행물 : Korea Observer 49권 4호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 605-618 (14 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

The purpose of this critical review is to seek the possibility of theorizing the Park Chung Hee's era by responding to two recent publications, Park Chung Hee and Modern Korea by Carter J. Eckert and The Rise and Fall of Korea's Economic Development by Sung Hee Jwa. Eckert puts Park Chung Hee's ideology and policies in the broad contexts of East Asian modernity and Jwa tries to extract a coherent principle that can explain not only the economic performance under the Park Chung Hee's leadership but also the logic of economic development in general. This critical review paper engages with two authors by emphasizing the role of modern nation-state that have been relatively neglected in their works and conjectures the possibility of interdisciplinary studies on the Park Chung Hee era.

KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

3US Trade Policy, President Trump and the KORUS FTA

저자 : Jonathan Krieckhaus

발행기관 : 한국학술연구원 간행물 : Korea Observer 49권 4호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 619-642 (24 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

President Trump criticized the KORUS FTA and in 2018 South Korea and the United States renegotiated the KORUS. What explains Trump's antipathy? Why has he departed so radically from prior US free trade policy? I answer these questions by making four arguments. First, President Trump's protectionism is a surprising reversal given the range of US interests, institutions, and ideology supporting free trade. Second, while conceding that economic interests of low-skilled workers interacted with the electoral mechanisms of democracy to facilitate Trump's anti-KORUS position, I argue that the most important explanation is Trump's personal economic ideology. Third, trade policy during the Trump presidency is explained by the extent to which President Trump's cabinet has―or has not―been able to constrain his personal protectionist instincts. Fourth, the institutional process of renegotiating the KORUS FTA further constrained Trump's protectionism.

KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

4The Current Status of Legislation and Tasks Regarding the Improper Solicitation and Graft Act of Korea

저자 : Myeongjin Han

발행기관 : 한국학술연구원 간행물 : Korea Observer 49권 4호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 643-663 (21 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

The Improper Solicitation and Graft Act (hereafter Solicitation Prohibition Act) consists of 5 chapters and 24 articles regarding the prohibitions of improper solicitations and receiving bribes and relevant procedures and punishments for violation of the Act. It can be viewed as reasonable legislative policy to have the Solicitation Prohibition Act classify improper solicitation acts that were previously not addressed by the legal system and place them on the prohibition list and devise proper measures such as imposing criminal punishment or fines depending on the gravity of the offense. However, the following aspects of the Act need improvement: limiting the application of the Act to specific groups based solely on consideration of the public nature of the education sector and public interest of the press; listing the types of improper solicitation so that those not included on the list may not be regulated by the Act; and deletion of the article regarding the prevention of public officials' conflicts of private interests, which was one of the major points in the proposed bill.

KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

5The Influence of Social Trust on Public's Trust in Nuclear-related Parties, Benefit and Risk Perceptions, and Acceptance of Nuclear Energy

저자 : Hyo Jung Kim , Young Hoon Song

발행기관 : 한국학술연구원 간행물 : Korea Observer 49권 4호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 665-686 (22 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Social trust is defined as the belief that others in society can generally be trusted (Sztompka, 1999). The cross-country differences in social trust have been empirically demonstrated by a series of global surveys, and South Korea is ranked as one of the lowest groups. This study investigated whether/how this factor of social trust influences public acceptance of nuclear energy in South Korea. This study also proposed and tested a causal model explaining public acceptance of nuclear energy. Specifically, it was proposed that publics' trust in diverse nuclear-related parties, and risk and benefit perceptions of nuclear energy directly influence the level of acceptance of nuclear energy. The postulated model was tested using structural equation modeling (SEM) procedures and data from the survey of 448 Seoul citizens between 20 and 59 years old. Results indicated that the proposed model fits the data well. It was found that social trust was not directly associated with acceptance of nuclear energy. Rather, it indirectly influenced public's trust levels in different nuclear-related parties, which affect risk and benefit perceptions of nuclear energy, which in turn affect acceptance of nuclear energy. The practical implications of the results are discussed.

KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

6The Effect of Foreign Investors on the Cost of Equity Capital in Korean Stock Market

저자 : Chang Seop Rhee , Hongmin Chun

발행기관 : 한국학술연구원 간행물 : Korea Observer 49권 4호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 687-708 (22 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This study investigates the effect of foreign investors on the cost of equity capital. Although foreign investors have significant influence in the Korean stock market, limited empirical results are being documented on how they contribute to the stock market. In this study, we explore the contributive role of foreign investors in terms of the cost of equity capital in Korean stock market. We perform empirical tests using 3,110 firm-year observations from 2002 to 2015 and find that there is a significantly negative association between foreign ownership and cost of equity capital. This result means that foreign investors help to reduce the cost of equity capital by mitigating agency costs in Korean stock market. This study is expected to contribute to the market participants and academia by providing empirical evidence that foreign investors would play a positive role in the Korea.

KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

7Comparative Analysis of the Framing of Childcare Policy by Korean Governments with Different Ideologies

저자 : Jae Moo Lee , Kyung Seu Cho

발행기관 : 한국학술연구원 간행물 : Korea Observer 49권 4호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 709-737 (29 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Childcare policies have special significance in the Republic of Korea, due to population aging and low birthrates. This study identified policy differences between governments with different ideologies and derived relevant policy implications. We analyzed the childcare policy framings of the conservative Park Geun-Hye administration and the progressive Moon Jae-In administration through validated media articles. We confirmed that the policies of both administrations are not different from each other: both employ negative problem-diagnostic framing. The media regard their policies as similar: both have strong state-led characteristics. Some differences exist: conservative media criticize childcare funding and progressive media support its principles. The progressive administration employed temporal framing and emphasized benefits to recipients, while the conservative administration did not employ temporal framing and emphasized political intentions. Further, the progressive administration had denser connections with policy performers and emphasized the private sector's active involvement. The paper concludes with recommendations for more effective policy processes.

KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

8Unveiling the North Korean Economy: Collapse and Transition By Byung-Yeon Kim, Cambridge University Press, 2017, 349 pages

저자 : Jonathan Krieckhaus

발행기관 : 한국학술연구원 간행물 : Korea Observer 49권 4호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 739-742 (4 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

키워드 보기
초록보기
1
권호별 보기
가장 많이 인용된 논문

(자료제공: 네이버학술정보)

가장 많이 인용된 논문
| | | |
1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

다운로드

2미국의 비트코인 규제

(2006)홍길동심리학41회 피인용

다운로드

가장 많이 참고한 논문

(자료제공: 네이버학술정보)

가장 많이 참고한 논문

다운로드

2미국의 비트코인 규제

(2006)홍길동41회 피인용

다운로드

해당 간행물 관심 구독기관

University of Toronto Leiden University University of British Columbia(CANADA) University of Washington 한국외국어대학교
 37
 27
 15
 10
 8
  • 1 University of Toronto (37건)
  • 2 Leiden University (27건)
  • 3 University of British Columbia(CANADA) (15건)
  • 4 University of Washington (10건)
  • 5 한국외국어대학교 (8건)
  • 6 Stanford University (8건)
  • 7 영남대학교 (6건)
  • 8 성균관대학교 (5건)
  • 9 American University Library (5건)
  • 10 고려대학교 (4건)

내가 찾은 최근 검색어

최근 열람 자료

맞춤 논문

보관함

내 보관함
공유한 보관함

1:1문의

닫기