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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1996)~23권2호(2018) |수록논문 수 : 255
중앙아시아연구
23권2호(2018년 12월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

1실크로드 문화지도 DB 구축 시론

저자 : 정재훈 ( Jeong Jaehun )

발행기관 : 중앙아시아학회 간행물 : 중앙아시아연구 23권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 1-29 (29 pages)

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This paper is an introduction to the project that constructs an electronic cultural map of the Silk Road with the support of the Korea Research Foundation(KRF). This research project aims at extracting the cultural elements of the Silk Road and Data Basing them into digital materials and creating electronic maps based on them. By introducing a historical geography approach by using information system as map interface, it is going to prepare basic data to explore new possibilities of studying Silk Road culture. This is an introduction to the recent issue of fusion methodology, which aims at reaffirming UNESCO's efforts to promote inter-cultural interaction and his dialogue through the theme of Silk Road Culture. In order to develop academic research in Central Asia, this project is planning to secure basic data by introducing new digital anthropological methodologies.
This was designed to provide various visual effects of maps made from dots and lines through the establishment of XML(eXtensible Markup Language) DB, HGL(Historical Geographic Layers Set) DB, and Map Space DB of text material, as well as various visual effects such as art, music languages, religions etc. Through this process, we want to provide integrated information that will not only provide visual information, but also provide historical and cultural information on a single map. By building various databases with this purpose, the academic community wanted to provide accurate and systematic information necessary for Silk Road research, and opened the door to its potential for expanded development. Based on an attempt to build a database through the implementation of the methodology presented in this study, we would like to give that meaning to the extent that we have shown the potential for a new convergence of research in this field in the future.

KCI등재

2실크로드 문화지도의 디지털 구현을 위한 시공간 모델 설계와 구축

저자 : 김현종 ( Kim Hyeonjong ) , 김석환 ( Kim Seokhwan )

발행기관 : 중앙아시아학회 간행물 : 중앙아시아연구 23권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 31-53 (23 pages)

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“Silk Road Cultural Map” is composed of Current Base Map, Historical Base Map, and Cultural Thematic Maps. Historical Base Map is a time series spatial database of main administrative, military, and physical place names and it serves as a base map at a specific time in the past. Current Base Map shows present geographical information including names of main administrative and physical places and other geographical features. Each Cultural Thematic Map contains a cultural feature related with Silk Road as tribes, music, arts, religions, languages, foods, clothings, shelters, principal products, and trade materials. This article examines the design and construction of the spatio-temporal model in Historical Base Map and Current Base Map. First, we describe the concept, structure, and build process of Historical Base Map and, also, show our works that we have done until now. Second, we analyze the composition of the GIS spatial Database which is already created as a continental level and try to find the possibility to apply it when making Current Base Map. We hope this paper could provide an overview of how Silk Road Cultural Map is created in the technical perspectives.

KCI등재

3실크로드 문화의 모듈화와 그 변수 ― 실크로드 문화지도 DB 프로젝트의 관찰·면담 분석 ―

저자 : 설배환 ( Seol Paehwan )

발행기관 : 중앙아시아학회 간행물 : 중앙아시아연구 23권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 55-91 (37 pages)

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This paper scrutinizes the methods with which researchers interact with digital mapping models and the many issues that they have encountered in the course of executing their project as they endeavor to modularize historical cultures on the Silk Roads and to formulate these modules on digital maps. To build these maps, the research team in September 2016 began to collect geographical and cultural data from historical texts for its database. At the same time, the cultural information from original analog texts were extracted and transformed into a digital XML (Extensible Markup Language) format.
Some errors were made in the process of creating the database due to both digital and human errors. Digital errors resulted from the configuration process of codifying data, which was done by way of a one-to-one match regardless of cultural varieties and variability. Human errors occurred due to researchers' negligence and insufficient knowledge of digitalization in the analysis of cultural elements, to the project's three-year time limit, and to variations in the database in terms of areas, periods, and languages. Human and digital errors resulted from the steady interplay between researchers, texts, and digital data.
The diversity of texts and personnel probably disturbed digitalization as well as stimulated the drive for new human-centered digitalization. A revolutionary digital transformation of the Silk Roads relies on the credibility and interactivity of data, and variables in history and cultures, despite any unstable deficiencies in the digitized data.

KCI등재

4실크로드 문화지도 텍스트 DB 구축과 페르시아어 사료의 특수성

저자 : 이주연 ( Lee Juyeon )

발행기관 : 중앙아시아학회 간행물 : 중앙아시아연구 23권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 93-113 (21 pages)

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This article introduces and analyzes the several problems that we meet in the process of extracting historical records from Persian historical works for constructing text DB of Silk Road cultural map. First of all, we find some problems in the course of selecting historical works for extracting DB, and other problems on account of some spatio-temporal standards given to this whole work in order to classify the extracted DB. In spite of those problems, I think this work is still meaningful in that we can find some expected effects from the results of this work.
First, when we make a list of Persian historical writing in order to use in this work, we have to know some historical, and historiographic knowledge about regions that Persian historical writing has presented. This region is so large that it can be divided into several cultural areas. On the other hand, the Persian historical documents that could be easily obtained are the genre of Tarikh, whose contents are full of chronological, political events. And other documents which contain a lot of socio-cultural things are now about to be published or not yet published. So historical documents that would be used for our DB work are mostly chronological history.
Second, some standards that would be used for dividing articles ―seven phases of periodization, 110 Silk Road cities, 11 cultural elements― are not appropriate for Persian historical documents. In case of periodization, the first three phases applied to ancient, middle Persian, and in the 4th phase there was no 'modern Persian historiography' in Persian speaking and writing areas such as Iran, Central Asia, Afghanistan and so on. Moreover, the starting points of the 6th and 7th phase(1500 and 1700 CE) do not correspond to the Persian periodization.
And, '110 selected Silk Road cities' sometimes do not match up with nomadic rulers' living spaces, whose chronicles were written about rulers' activities in summer and winter pastures or battlefield far from famous Silk Road city. Moreover, so many cultural elements are found not in the name of city, but in the name of larger area.
In spite of those problems, we can think about several advantages of this work. First, if there is some spatio-temporal information about extracted articles, it is helpful to read Persian historical documents that are really literary and full of narrative. Second, if this DB system is completed, we can apprehend the spatio-temporal tendency of certain cultural elements. So it might be useful not only for scholars who want to know about other regions or periods, but also for unprofessional people who want to read some primary materials.

KCI등재

5만주-퉁구스 영웅서사에 나타난 '새'의 상징적 의미 고찰 ― 오로첸과 허저족을 중심으로 ―

저자 : 박수진

발행기관 : 중앙아시아학회 간행물 : 중앙아시아연구 23권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 115-141 (27 pages)

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在黑龍江沿岸地區居住的赫哲與鄂倫春族都有自己的口頭文學, 其中有很多英雄故事。尤其以赫哲族'伊玛堪'和鄂倫春'莫蘇昆'的英雄故事,這些故事體現的情節和結構非常相似。這也許兩個民族的來歷、文化背景相似和血緣相近的緣故。不過怎么類似的英雄故事里出現的'神鳥'的形象却截然不同。亞洲薩滿文化圈里出現的'鳥'非同尋常,是很神靈的存在,因此不但宗敎信仰而且文學作品之中也經常出現各種鳥類。尤其据說神鷹保護薩滿的靈魂,它引導薩滿往來神靈界,這樣的信仰在兩個民族的宗敎中體現的幾乎相同。不過英雄故事中出現的神鷹形象與信仰中的體現的有所不同。赫哲族'伊玛堪'英雄故事中出現的'闊力;赫哲族的神鷹'以英雄的妻子形象出現,她幇助英雄使他完成使命,具有褒義的形象。鄂倫春族的英雄故事中出現的'鳥'都維護惡魔蟒猊的靈魂,顯得非常邪惡。同樣的素材却表現相反的形象,這該說他們兩個民族文化傳播過程之中受到不同文化圈子的影響。雖然他們兩個民族同樣沿着黑龍江生活,可是鄂倫春生活在森林中,赫哲族生活在江邊。鄂倫春族相隣着內蒙和西伯利亞,赫哲族與滿族共享居住地。蒙古族和滿族各有强大的敍事文學傳統。再加上鄂倫春族的敍事傳統更顽固地保留着西伯里亞地區民族神話中出現的'神鷹'的原形。居住的環境和相隣的文化的不同,自然會出現文化傳播之中産生不同的影響,這應該不同'神鷹'形象出現的最大原因之一。

KCI등재

66-8세기 몽골 초원의 제사유적과 석인상 연구

저자 : 박아림 ( Park , Ah-rim , 낸시S.스타인하트 ( Nancy S. Steinhardt ) , L.에르덴볼드 ( L. Erdenebold )

발행기관 : 중앙아시아학회 간행물 : 중앙아시아연구 23권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 143-167 (25 pages)

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Including in the long lineage of the history and culture of the Mongolia steppe starting from the Xiongnu(209 BC- AD 93), the Xianbei(1-3th centuries AD), the Rouran(330-555 AD), the Turk(552-745), the Uyghurs(745-840), the Qidan(901-1125), and the Mongol(1271-1368), the archaeology and art of the Turk period are the contemporary to Koguryo and Parhae which would be the important comparative materials. While the funerary art of the Xianbei has been actively studied based on the excavations and written evidence, the arts of the Rouran and the Turk have not been fully explored due to the lack of the written source and excavation. In this paper, the Turk period ritual complexes and the stone statues have been investigated to determine their characteristics and uniqueness and have been discussed as the case of extraordinary artistic cultural exchanges of the time period.
First, it examined the general features of the ritual complexes of the 6th to the 8th centuries of the Turk period in Mongolia. It tried to put the chronological evolution of the ritual complexes of the Turk period in order to understand the differences of the ritual complexes from the 6th century, the 7th century and the 8th century. Next, the general features of the stone statues of the Turk period were viewed in relation with the stone statues found in the Tang tombs of China.

KCI등재

7원말(元末) 토곤 테무르 카안의 재상정치(宰相政治)와 당쟁(黨爭) ― 톡토 파(派)와 베르케 부카 파(派)의 대립을 중심으로 ―

저자 : 윤은숙 ( Yoon Eunsook )

발행기관 : 중앙아시아학회 간행물 : 중앙아시아연구 23권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 169-190 (22 pages)

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Toqto was the main person who achieved the reign of Toghon Temur but the fact that he was a branch of the Bayan's family acted as the biggest obstacle to his success. In the Royal Government, their ascendancy even led to having Toghon Temur recognize Toqto as another 'Bayan.' As the Zhizheng Reform(至正更化) was accelerated to correct the evil effect of Influential Vassal Politics and establish the national discipline, Toqto could not but fall into a target of the reform. Consequently, Toghon Temur's caution and doubt were expressed as the employment of Berke Buqa as the Chungso chwasungsang(中書左丞相).
They often say Berke Buqa would drive out Toqto because of a personal grudge. However, the nature of this case is that Toghon Temur incited confrontation and conflict, making use of the grudge between the two to prevent the emergence of Influential Vassal Politics. Eventually, as Toqto asked for resignation, Toghon Temur's doubt came to the end, but Berke Buqa, who had watched for a chance, would completely drive out Toqto from the Royal Government to strengthen his own party's power. Berke Buqa's maneuver succeeded to some degree, but as soon as he became the Junior Chief Councilor of the Central Secretariat, he came to lose his position because of Toqto Clique's fierce counterattack. Taiping took the initiative in eliminating Toqto Clique, beating Dorji, the Junior Chief Councilor of the Central Secretariat after Berke Buqa's dismissal and taking over the reign of the Royal Government. Toghon Temur trusted Taiping, appointing him greatly, against the ministers' opposition; however, he attacked Beloved Subject Qamar, using Censorate (御史臺), which aroused attention. Thus, he got rid of the bands of Berke Buqa Clique, which impeached Qamar fast, left the enticed Censorate to Toqto's brother Esen Temur and reemployed Toqto to check on Berke Buqa Clique. However, with the extinction of Berke Buqa Clique, as the power that could check Toqto disappeared, Toghon Temur's will of reform came to lose light.

KCI등재

8독립 이후 나타난 카자흐스탄 교육제도의 변화와 특징 연구

저자 : 성동기 ( Sung Dongki )

발행기관 : 중앙아시아학회 간행물 : 중앙아시아연구 23권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 191-235 (45 pages)

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Central Asian Republics proclaimed independence in 1991 and the economic system was transformed into capitalism. Due to the lack of government support in the education sector, public education and free education systems began to collapse and at the same time, the need for education system that can be applied to the international community has emerged.
Kazakhstan faced the same situation, but the reform of the education sector could not be carried out properly because of the special environment that is different from the surrounding countries. First of all, politicians often modified education reform policies and programs in line with their own development process. This forced students, teachers, and parents to be confused. The victory and defeat of education sector reform in Central Asian countries was absolutely dependent on economic development. The same was true for Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan has had the worst economic situation since independence in Central Asian but has been the country with the highest economic growth since 2000. Therefore, reforms in the education sector were forced to be influenced by such an extreme economic environment. The extreme demographic changes and language problems of the Kazakh have been a persistent obstacle to educational reform.
This paper will analyze the various changes, problems and their characteristics in the education sector of Kazakhstan in detail and the influence of current education on Kazakhstan's future will be presented. The contents of this paper are as follows.
First, the contents and features of institutions, policies and programs in the educational sector, which has been promoted by the government of Kazakhstan since the independence, will be analyzed in detail.
Second, students' and parents' perceptions of institutions, policies and programs in the education sector will be analyzed.
Third, the fundamental problems of reforms in education sector will be presented.
Fourth, I will anticipate how the problems of current education will affect the future of Kazakhstan.

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1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

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(2006)홍길동심리학41회 피인용

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2미국의 비트코인 규제

(2006)홍길동41회 피인용

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