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수록범위 : 1권0호(1995)~55권0호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 646
한말연구
55권0호(2020년 03월) 수록논문
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1뉴스 앵커의 발화와 제도적 정체성 - KBS <뉴스9>·JTBC <뉴스룸>·TV조선 <뉴스9>를 중심으로 -

저자 : 김병건 ( Kim Byeong-keon )

발행기관 : 한말연구학회 간행물 : 한말연구 55권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 5-33 (29 pages)

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We perform our identities by means of languages. Languages are constituted in the light of the types of persons, whom we deal with and the ways of thinking, feeling and acting that we want them to do.
This study was carried out to compare and analyze diverse identities that TV news program anchors showed by the medium of language, focusing on the GSOMIA news of KBS < NEWS 9 >, JTBC < NEWS ROOM > and TV CHOSUN < NEWS 9 > from July 18th to August 23rd 2019.
According to modal and mood analysis, there were various roles of anchors, such as a 'messenger', an 'assistant' and an 'authority' on TV news programs, and each program gave slightly different weight to each role. The result of presupposition and evaluation analysis showed the worlds configured by anchors of individual programs. To be specific, KBS and JTBC were negative about the Japanese government, while TV CHOSUN was negative about the Korean government. Also, when analyzing expressive dimensions including vocabulary, it was revealed that JTBC made striking use of private language. The use of private language on JTBC functioned as a means of forming intimacy and bond by enhancing the perception of parasocial interaction.
When it comes to anchors' identities to position viewers, on KBS and TV CHOSUN that mainly perform a role as a 'messenger', viewers were positioned as (passive) 'consumers' of information, but on JTBC with similar proportions of the three roles; a 'messenger', an 'assistant' and an 'authority', viewers were positioned as those that are more active (such as an 'interpreter'). In terms of ideological implications contained in anchors' identities, also, TV CHOSUN put more emphasis on the responsibility of the Korean government for terminating/breaking the GSOMIA, whereas KBS and JTBC put the responsibility on the Japanese government.

KCI등재

2한국어 문법론에서 중동태의 설정을 위하여

저자 : 김영일 ( Kim Young-il )

발행기관 : 한말연구학회 간행물 : 한말연구 55권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 35-78 (44 pages)

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This study describes the grammatical and semantic characteristics of the middle, which is distinguished from other types of voice, in order to set the middle voice in the studies in Korean grammar. In particular, this study explains the representation of the property of a subject, usage of the present tense of a verb, representation of genericity, the responsibility or cause of property that lies with a subject, implication of random and multiple agents, and the usage of manner verbs. In addition, this study examines whether the infinitive characteristics of the passive appears in a middle sentence. As a result, the argument was confirmed that a middle sentence and a corresponding active sentence cannot become synonymous sentences with mutual entailment while the sentences cannot be deemed to represent separate events. Additionally, an oblique that has a semantic role of an instrument is promoted to the subject of a middle sentence. However, because the oblique shares the same characteristics as the adjunct middle of the Dutch language, it could be accepted as the middle. Also, the fact that the middle is generally and cross-linguistically marked as a passive marker could be confirmed. Based on the results, this study concludes that the middle can be acknowledged in studies in Korean grammar.

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3우즈베키스탄 초급 학습자 작문에 나타난 문법 범주별 오류 양상 연구

저자 : 김용경 ( Kim Yong-kyung )

발행기관 : 한말연구학회 간행물 : 한말연구 55권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 79-107 (29 pages)

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This study analyzes the characteristics of grammatical errors that occur during the writing process of beginner Korean learners in Uzbekistan. I also examined the teaching methods by grammar category.
In Chapter 2, the error realization patterns were examined by grammatical categories such as honorific, tense, causative, passive, negative, and case. In the honorific system, the tense system, the passive system, and the case, there are many errors, while the causative system, the negative system do not show much errors. By type of error, there were most substitutions, and omissions or additions appeared depending on grammar factors. In many cases, the relative honorific were not used consistently, but were often used mixed and '-(으)시-' was often missing from the sentence. Due to the lack of understanding of '께 서', it was often replaced by another adverbial case marker. There were also a lack of understanding of the object honorific adverbial case markers, which was often replaced by other adverbial case markers. There were many errors that used the present tense endings as the past tense endings and the past tense endings as the present tense endings. The use of '-겠-', which means the future or presumption, has never appeared. In the passive expression, a lot of errors occur in the process of representing the active expression as the passive. Uzbekistan beginners of Korean learner have shown errors in the use of case marker without exception. The types of case marker errors are also replaced, missing, and added, and the case markers error realization pattern is irregular.
In Chapter 3, we discussed the ways to reduce the errors of grammar categories. Teachers should be instructed to consistently use the relative honorific, which is realized as a sentence endings in writing, and teach the use of '-(으)시-' by linking the relationship between the subject and the predicate in the sentence. Learners have shown a lack of understanding of the object honorific, and teachers should instruct each other by comparing the sentences in which '이/가' and '께서' are realized. In the tense, the time of an utterance and the time of an event should be used to teach the use of '-았/었-'. In addition, the teacher should teach the future tense ending '-겠-' to be balanced with other tense endings. It is a good idea to provide learners with the ability to make good use of active expressions first and then replace them with passive expressions. Uzbekistan beginners of Korean learner still lack understanding of Korean sentence components, especially the relationship between predicates and other sentence components. Therefore, it is necessary to give examples of the use of each case markers in relation to sentence components. In addition, it is necessary to be careful not to omit the case markers when speaking or writing.

KCI등재

4동사와 형용사의 구분에 관한 논쟁거리를 활용한 문법 토론

저자 : 김홍범 ( Kim Hong-beom ) , 윤교찬 ( Yoon Kyo-chan )

발행기관 : 한말연구학회 간행물 : 한말연구 55권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 109-127 (19 pages)

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There is a problem in the division criteria of Korean verbs and adjectives. This problem causes confusion not only in the field of Korean language education but also to Korean language learners.
The author compared the main Korean dictionaries--Standard Korean Dictionary, Korea University Korean Dictionary, Yonsei Korean Dictionary--and found that the informations on the same headings for verbs and adjectives do not match. This evidence was confirmed by a complete survey of the 1000 items that were listed both as verbs and as adjectives.
This paper describes the criteria for distinguishing verbs and adjectives that have been listed at the school grammar level and academic grammar level. We will apply it to the same headings in the three dictionaries to be verified and explore solutions. Actually, recently, National Institute of the Korean Language has modified the information of some headings of the Standard Korean Dictionary. It means that we have still some problems in the division of criteria of Korean verbs and adjectives.
I hope this paper would contribute to triggering more fruitful academic debate on the issue of the criteria of Korean verbs and adjectives, and also eventually to the field of Korean language education as a foreign language.

KCI등재

5국어사전의 형태론적 정보 - ≪표준국어대사전≫(1999)을 중심으로 -

저자 : 박용찬 ( Park Yong-chan )

발행기관 : 한말연구학회 간행물 : 한말연구 55권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 129-165 (37 pages)

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This study examined the problems of using hyphens as a marker of complex word and selecting forms of declension and conjugation as a inflectional information in Standard Korean Dictionary(1999). Then, I proposed a solution to these problems.
First, it is impossible to consistently use hyphens as a marker of complex word in the headword notated according to the Hangeul orthography in the dictionary. In classifying words according to morphological characteristics, it is more important to check whether it is a inflected word than whether it is a complex word. Considering this, a hyphen can be used for the analysis of the inflected words.
Second, in order to show the morphological characteristics systematically, appropriate forms of declension and conjugation as a inflectional information must be selected and presented. In this process, syntactic functions and morphophonological alternats of each declensional endings and conjugational endings should be considered. As a result, in case of substantives, the forms of declension combined with declensional endings '이/가', '을/를', '으로/로', '만', '도', '이나/나', '과/와, 'etc., and in case of the predicates, the forms of declension combined with conjugational endings '-ㄴ다/는다/다', '-ㅂ니다/습니 다', '-아/어', '-니/으니', '-는/ㄴ/은', '-ㅁ/음', '-게', etc. were selected.
Third, the complex word is analyzed its morphs with a hyphen for its phonetic form. The morph analysis at this time should be performed to the phoneme level. The same is true of forms of declension and conjugation.

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In this paper, from the point of view of the history of mother tongue education, we tried to address the tradition and innovation of mother tongue education, and the tradition and innovation of mother tongue grammar education.
The "mother language" concept set up here is not limited to the language of the use of Korean residents as a geopolitical concept. In other words, the main school wanted to address the "traditions and innovations of mother tongue education" in terms of the history of mother tongue education, including the history of Korean grammar (education) of overseas Koreans (China, Japan and Russia), and the history of Korean grammar (education) in North Korea, not just in South Korea's own tradition.
In addition, this paper did not address the main discussion at the time based on the basic view that 'innovation' could not be discussed without 'tradition', but it sought to explore the direction of tradition and innovation around the discussions that are deemed significant from the present perspective.
The tradition of grammar education and the direction of innovation presented in the original text is largely 1) the reconstruction of overall grammar knowledge centered on spoken language, 2) the restructuring of overall grammar knowledge centered on syntax structure, and 3) the reconstruction of overall grammar knowledge centered on meaning.

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7구어 말뭉치에 나타난 비동의 응답화행 연구

저자 : 전정미 ( Jeon Jung-mi )

발행기관 : 한말연구학회 간행물 : 한말연구 55권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 215-242 (28 pages)

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In this study, the reaction involving the non-cooperative attitude toward the previous utterance is defined as the 'disagreement response speech act' and its scope is first specified. This study used the 62,880 eojeol 21st century Sejong corpus in order to classify the aspects of realization of the response speech acts of disagreement. There were a total of 1,381 instances of the disagreement response speech act in the corpus. A total of 948 utterances occurred in the everyday conversation texts, and the total of 433 utterances in the discussion texts. In the everyday conversation, the strong disagreement 63.50% is followed by the weakened disagreement 20.25%, and the passive disagreement 16.25%, while in the discussion texts, the strong disagreement 65.13% is followed by the passive disagreement 23.56 % and the weakened disagreement 11.31%. The examining the spoken corpus shows that the strong disagreement response speech acts are most frequently used both in the everyday conversation and discussion texts. In the case of the discussion texts, the high frequency of the disagreement speech acts, specially the strong disagreement responses can be attributed to the nature of the texts that the discussion operation on the principle of competition. However, what is of note is that the high frequency of the strong disagreement types in the everyday conversation texts even though the overall frequency of disagreement speech acts is relatively low. This may result from one of the characteristics of the corpus, that is, the participants of the everyday conversation in the corpus are mainly in their 20s and 30s, who know each other well. As they are personally close, there is not much power difference between them, and the necessity of saving each other's face in the situation of light conversation is low. As a result, the frequency of realization of disagreement speech acts is low and the consideration of politeness is also less prominent. This highlights the need to take these factors into account when constructing a corpus as they affect the selection of types of disagreement speech acts.

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8근대 학문 발달과 신문사장판(新文社藏板) 『최신실용 조선백과대전』의 의미

저자 : 허재영 ( Heo Jae-young )

발행기관 : 한말연구학회 간행물 : 한말연구 55권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 243-267 (25 pages)

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This article aims to examine the meaning of encyclopedia compilation based on modern academic formation. The encyclopedia is a type of dictionary that emerged from similar circumstances in Japan, China, and Korea in modern East Asia, as well as in the Western philosophy of enlightenment in the 17th and 18th centuries. In other words, the encyclopedia is a dictionary with a strong purpose to collect and classify knowledge at the practical level and to distribute it to the public. The word "BAEK(百, Hundred)" in "BAEKHAK(百學)" means "all", and "BAEKHAK(百學)" or "BAEKGWA(百科)" refers to knowledge of all existing fields.
From this point of view, there was a great interest in encyclopedia compilations in modern Japan and China, and in modern Korea, interest in terminology or encyclopedias has increased since the 1900s. The CHOISIN SILYOUNG JOSEON BAEKGWADAEJEON(最新實用朝鮮百科大典), published by the SINMUNSA(1916), was compiled in this trend, and the intention was to disseminate knowledge based on the latest and practical knowledge.
Nevertheless, this dictionary is a dictionary compiled by Japanese people in the colonial period and has some limitations in terms of Korean modern knowledge dissemination and Korean language research. The most representative of them was that Japanese people were the colonists during the period of knowledge collection and classification. Therefore, most of the listed knowledge was colonial domination-oriented knowledge (the governing bodies and laws and regulations), and many vocabulary materials such as letters and new words were also Chinese character-oriented. Idioms or new words were not used. Therefore, many expressions appearing in this dictionary can be confirmed that many are not used well at present. Even with these limitations, this dictionary can be used as an important data for understanding the characteristics of Korean modern scholarship and the history of Korean linguistics.

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9부산 지역어 노년층 화자의 모음 /ㅡ/, /ㅓ/, /ㅗ/, /ㅜ/ 실현 양상 연구

저자 : 황미경 ( Hwang Mi-kyeong )

발행기관 : 한말연구학회 간행물 : 한말연구 55권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 269-292 (24 pages)

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This study is an analysis of phonetic sound of vowel /ㅡ, ㅓ, ㅜ, ㅗ/ in Busan dialect speakers over 70 years old. In particular, this study focused on distinctive realization of the vowel distribution of /ㅡ/ and /ㅓ/, /ㅡ/ and /ㅜ/, /ㅗ/ and /ㅜ/ appears according to the high and low tone. The study was conducted with 34 male and female speakers of Busan dialect over 70 years old. For the collected vowels, F1, F2, F3, and F4 of the vowels were measured. The results of this study showed that /ㅡ/ and /ㅓ/ did not show statistically significant differences in the F1 and F2 values, but were show statistically significant differences in F3 and F4 values in high /ㅡ/ and /ㅓ/, low /ㅡ/ and /ㅓ/ were only distinguished for F4 values. /ㅡ/ and /ㅜ/ vowels were show statistically significant differences in F1 and F2 values regardless of the tone. Especially, In the low /ㅜ/, the vowel weakening phenomenon is often realized overlapping the /ㅡ/ F1XF2 distribution region. The vowels of /ㅗ/ and /ㅜ/ were distinguished by the F1 values in both male and female speakers, and the F1XF2 ranges of male between the high /ㅗ/ and /ㅜ/ were closer than the male speakers. And the vowel weakening was also observed in low /ㅗ/ vowels.

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1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

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