간행물

한국미생물·생명공학회지 update

Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters

  • : 한국미생물생명공학회(구 한국산업미생물학회)
  • : 자연과학분야  >  생물
  • : KCI등재
  • : SCOPUS
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 계간
  • : 1598-642x
  • : 2234-7305
  • : 산업미생물학회지(~2001)→한국미생물·생명공학회지(2002~)

수록정보
수록범위 : 30권1호(2002)~48권4호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 1,132
한국미생물·생명공학회지
48권4호(2020년 12월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재 SCOPUS

1중금속 오염 토양 정화를 위한 식물생장촉진세균: 특성, 활용 및 전망

저자 : 조경숙 ( Kyung-suk Cho )

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회(구 한국산업미생물학회) 간행물 : 한국미생물·생명공학회지 48권 4호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 4-27 (24 pages)

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도시화 및 산업화로 인해 발생된 중금속으로 오염된 토양의 정화는 인간의 건강 뿐 아니라 지구생태계의 지속성을 위해 매우 중요하다. 중금속 오염 토양 정화 기술 중 식물상복원법은 타 방법에 비해 처리 단가가 저렴하고, 토양 비옥도 및 생물 다양성이 영향을 덜 받는 환경친화적인 방법이다. 이러한 식물상복원법에 식물생장촉진세균(plant growth promoting bacteria, PGPB)을 도입하여 중금속 독성 하에서 식물 생장을 촉진하고 중금속 정화 효율을 향상시킬 수 있다. 본 논문에서는 주요 토양오염물인 중금속의 발생원, 미생물·식물·인간에 미치는 중금속 영향 및 PGPB의 식물생장촉진 기작을 정리하였다. 중금속 오염 토양 정화를 위하여 식물상복원에 PGPB의 활용에 관한 최근 10년 동안의 연구 동향을 분석하였다. 또한, PGPB의 실제 적용시 중금속 제거 효율에 미치는 다양한 환경 인자와 PGPB의 접종 방법의 영향을 고찰하였다. PGPB 활용 식물상복원 기술의 혁신을 위해서는 실제 현장에서 PGPB의 거동과 식물-PGPB-자생미생물 사이의 상호작용에 대한 이해가 필요하다.


Remediating soils contaminated with heavy metals due to urbanization and industrialization is very important not only for human health but also for ecosystem sustainability. Of the available remediation technologies for heavy metal-contaminated soils, phytoremediation is a relatively low-cost environmentfriendly technology which preserves biodiversity and soil fertility. The application of plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) during the phytoremediation of heavy metal-contaminated soils can enhance plant growth against heavy metal toxicity and increase heavy metal removal efficiency. In this study, the sources of heavy metals that have adverse effects on microorganisms, plants, and humans, and the plant growthpromoting traits of PGPB are addressed and the research trends of PGPB-assisted phytoremediation over the last 10 years are summarized. In addition, the effects of environmental factors and PGPB inoculation methods on the performance of PGPB-assisted phytoremediation are discussed. For the innovation of PGPB-assisted phytoremediation, it is necessary to understand the behavior of PGPB and the interactions among plant, PGPB, and indigenous microorganisms in the field.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

2Advanced Technologies and Mechanisms for Yeast Evolutionary Engineering

저자 : Hong-yeoul Ryu

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회(구 한국산업미생물학회) 간행물 : 한국미생물·생명공학회지 48권 4호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 423-428 (6 pages)

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In vitro evolution is a powerful technique for the engineering of yeast strains to study cellular mechanisms associated with evolutionary adaptation; strains with desirable traits for industrial processes can also be generated. There are two distinct approaches to generate evolved strains in vitro: the sequential transfer of cells in the stationary phase into fresh medium or the continuous growth of cells in a chemostat bioreactor via the constant supply of fresh medium. In culture, evolutionary forces drive diverse adaptive mechanisms within the cell to overcome environmental or intracellular stressors. Especially, this engineering strategy has expanded to the field of human cell lines; the understanding of such adaptive mechanisms provides promising targets for the treatment of human genetic diseases and cancer. Therefore, this technology has the potential to generate numerous industrial, medical, and academic applications

KCI등재 SCOPUS

3Sclerotiorin: a Novel Azaphilone with Demonstrated Membrane Targeting and DNA Binding Activity against Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus

저자 : Chakradhar Dasagrandhi , Anup Pandith , Khalid Imran

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회(구 한국산업미생물학회) 간행물 : 한국미생물·생명공학회지 48권 4호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 429-438 (10 pages)

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The emergence of multi-drug resistant, pathogenic methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a threat to global health and has created a need for novel functional therapeutic agents. In this study, we evaluated the underlying mechanisms of the anti-MRSA effect of an azaphilone pigment, sclerotiorin (SCL) from Penicillium sclerotiorum. The antimicrobial activity of SCL was evaluated using agar disc diffusion, broth microdilution, time-kill assays and biophysical studies. SCL exhibits selective activity against Gram positive bacteria including MRSA (range, MIC = 128-1028 μg/ml) and exhibited rapid bactericidal action against MRSA with a > 4 log reduction in colony forming units within three hours of administration. Biophysical studies, using fluorescent probes and laser or electron microscopy, demonstrated a SCL dose-dependent alternation in membrane potential (62.6 ± 5.0.4% inhibition) and integrity (> 95 ± 2.3%), and the release of UV260 absorbing materials within 60 min (up to 3.2 fold increase, p < 0.01) of exposure. Further, SCL localized to the cytoplasm and hydrolyzed plasmid DNA. While in vitro checkerboard studies revealed that SCL potentiated the antimicrobial activity of topical antimicrobials such as polymixin, neomycin, and bacitracin (Fractional Inhibitory Concentration Index range, 0.26-0.37). Taken together these results suggest that SCL targets the membrane and DNA of MRSA to facilitate its anti- MRSA antimicrobial effect.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

4Isolation of 2 Bacillus Strains with Strong Fibrinolytic Activities from Kimchi

저자 : Zhuang Yao , Yu Meng , Huong Giang Le , Se Jin Lee , Hye Sung Jeon , Ji Yeon Yoo , Diana Nur Afifah , Jeong Hwan Kim

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회(구 한국산업미생물학회) 간행물 : 한국미생물·생명공학회지 48권 4호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 439-446 (8 pages)

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Two Bacillus strains, K3 and K208, both demonstrating strong fibrinolytic activities were isolated from Kimchi, a traditional Korean preparation of fermented vegetables. Isolates were subjected to various molecular biology based identification methods including RAPD-PCR and identified as B. subtilis and B. velezensis, respectively. Tryptic soy broth (TSB) was found to best maintain both the growth and the fibrinolytic activity of these strains. Culture supernatants were analyzed by SDS-PAGE and fibrin zymography, and the results indicate that a 40 and 27 kDa band seem to be responsible for the fibrinolytic activities of these two isolates and the 27 kDa band was subsequently identified as the mature form of AprE, the major fibrinolytic enzyme. Thus the aprE genes were cloned and the translated amino acid sequences demonstrated 99.3% identity with each other, and 86.5% identity with BsfA, a fibrinolytic enzyme from B. subtilis ZA400 also isolated from Kimchi, and AprE2, a fibrinolytic enzyme from B. subtilis CH3-5 isolated from Cheonggukjang, a traditional Korean fermented soy. Given this B. subtilis K3 and B. velezensis K208 may be promising starter cultures in the production of fermented foods.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

5Abundance of Veillonella spp. does not Reflect Salivary Nitrite Production after Nitrate Ingestion

저자 : Takahiro Mitsui , Taichi Ishikawa , Ryo Harasawa , Minoru Sasaki

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회(구 한국산업미생물학회) 간행물 : 한국미생물·생명공학회지 48권 4호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 447-454 (8 pages)

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Veillonella spp. have been reported to be the most prevalent nitrate-reducing bacterial species in the oral cavity. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the abundance of Veillonella spp. and nitrite production after nitrate ingestion. Bacterial samples were obtained from the tongue surfaces of 50 university students. The predominant Veillonella spp., V. atypica, V. dispar, and V. rogosae were identified and enumerated using real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Salivary nitrate and nitrite were measured before and 30, 60, and 90 min after ingestion of 100 ml of beetroot juice. Increased nitrite concentrations were observed in all participants, with a mean increase of 0.61 (0.42-1.10) mM expressed as the median (interquartile range). Veillonella atypica was detected in 40 subjects (80%), V. dispar in 48 (96%), and V. rogosae in 48 (96%), at quantities ranging from 1.3 × 102 to 2.8 × 107 CFU/ml per subject. The strengths of the correlations of the log colony forming unit (CFU) values of V. atypica, V. dispar, V. rogosae, and the log CFU value of the three species together with the increase in nitrite levels were 0.091, 0.114, -0.228, and 0.060, respectively, none of which were significant (p > 0.05). Our results indicate that the abundance of Veillonella spp. is not related to salivary nitrite production after nitrate ingestion.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

6중금속 흡착능 Leuconostoc mesenteroides CJNU 0705 균주를 활용한 피부 건강기능성 소재 개발

저자 : 한민희 ( Min-hui Han ) , 문기성 ( Gi-seong Moon )

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회(구 한국산업미생물학회) 간행물 : 한국미생물·생명공학회지 48권 4호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 455-462 (8 pages)

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Leuconostoc mesenteroides CJNU 0705 was isolated from a breast milk sample and identified by 16S rRNA gene sequencing and confirmed by its ability to produce dextran from tryptic soy agar plates supplemented with 2% sucrose. This strain can absorb various heavy metals including lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) which are both found in fine dust and have been shown to be harmful to human skin. In addition, Leu. mesenteroides CJNU 0705 has demonstrated antimicrobial activity against Propionibacterium acnes, the primary causative agent of acne. Given these traits it was natural to evaluate the use of this strain in the fermentation of several natural extracts from green tea, carrot, annual wormwood, parsley, broccoli, and corn silk, which are known to improve skin health, to see if it could increase their dextran content when supplemented with no sucrose, 2% sucrose, or 2% sucrose and 3% yeast extract. The extracts supplemented with both yeast and sucrose were found to produce the most dextran, which was confirmed by the scanning electron microscope (SEM) images. These results suggest that Leu. mesenteroides CJNU 0705 and its fermented natural extracts could be used as functional materials for improving human skin health.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

7Trametes velutina JS18 유래 멜라닌 탈색 효소의 생산, 정제 및 특성

저자 : 전숭종 ( Sung-jong Jeon ) , 김태윤 ( Tae-yun Kim )

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회(구 한국산업미생물학회) 간행물 : 한국미생물·생명공학회지 48권 4호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 463-470 (8 pages)

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삼림지역의 고목에서 분리한 JS18 균주는 합성 멜라닌을 탈색하는 세포 외 분비효소를 생산했다. JS18 균주의 internal transcribed spacer (ITS) 염기서열을 분석하고 계통학적으로 확인한 결과 본 균주는 Trametes velutina로 동정되었다. JS18 균주는 laccase 활성을 나타냈지만 manganese peroxidase 및 lignin peroxidase 활성은 나타내지 않았다. 본 균주를 회분배양한 결과 멜라닌 탈색 활성은 laccase 활성으로부터 유래하는 것으로 확인되었다. Laccase 유도인자로써 Syringic acid 및 CuSO4를 첨가하고 25℃에서 7일간 배양한 결과 배양상등액에서 98 U/ml의 laccase 활성을 나타내었다. GYP 배지에서 배양한 T. velutina의 배양상등액에서 ammonium sulfate 침전, Hi-trap Q Sepharose 컬럼 및 gel filtration을 이용하여 효소를 정제하였고, SDS-PAGE에서 약 67 kDa의 분자량을 나타내었다. 정제된 효소의 멜라닌 탈색율은 효소 단독으로는 24 시간 만에 단지 4% 만을 나타내는 반면, HBT의 존재 하에서는 80%로 향상되었다. 또한 1.5 mM HBT의 농도에서는 최대 81%의 멜라닌 탈색율을 나타내었다. 본 효소의 멜라닌 탈색에 대한 최적 pH 및 온도는 각각 5.0와 37℃를 나타내었다. 본 연구에서는 T. velutina JS18 유래 laccase가 촉매하는 멜라닌 탈색 반응에서 redox mediator로써 HBT의 적용 가능성을 확인하였다.


The JS18 strain was isolated from an old tree forest and produced extracellular enzymes that decolorize synthetic melanin. Phylogenetic analysis, based on the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequence, indicate that JS18 belongs to the Trametes velutina species. JS18 demonstrated laccase activity but no manganese peroxidase or lignin peroxidase activity. Batch culture indicated that the melanin decolorization activity of JS18 strain originated from the laccase. Syringic acid and CuSO4 induced maximum laccase production, yielding 98 U/mL laccase activity after cultivation for 7 days at 25℃. T. velutina secretes an extracellular laccase in GYP medium, and this enzyme was purified using (NH4)2SO4 precipitation, Hi-trap Q Sepharose columns and gel filtration. The molecular weight of the purified enzyme was estimated to be 67 kDa using sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. This enzyme produced 80% of its melanin decolorization activity within the first 24 h of evaluation in the presence of 1-hydroxybenzotriazole (HBT), while only about 4% of the melanin was decolorized in the absence of the mediator. The greatest decolorization was observed at 1.5 mM/l HBT, which decolorized 81% of the melanin within the first 24 h. The optimum pH and temperature for this decolorization were found to be 5.0 and 37℃, respectively. Our results suggest the possibility of applying HBT induced T. velutina JS18 laccase-catalyzed melanin decolorization.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

8Anti-oxidant and Anti-inflammatory Effects of the Fermented Rhododendron weyrichii Flower Extracts in Shindari, a Traditional Jeju Fermented Drink

저자 : Nari Lee , Su Bin Hyun , Suk Hyun Yun , You Chul Chung , Chang-gu Hyun

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회(구 한국산업미생물학회) 간행물 : 한국미생물·생명공학회지 48권 4호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 471-479 (9 pages)

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The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of the Rhododendron weyrichii flower extract fermented using Shindari, a traditional Jeju barley Nuruk-based fermentation. In this study, we examined the antioxidant potential of R. weyrichii flower extracts (RF) and R. weyrichii flower extracts fermented with Nuruk or Shindari (RFFN or RFFS, respectively) using various in vitro antioxidant assays including DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging assays, total phenol content and FRAP assays. We also evaluated the anti-inflammatory activity of the RF and RFFS on murine RAW 264.7 cells. The anti-inflammatory activity was evaluated by treating the RAW 264.7 cells with various concentrations (6.25, 12.5, 25, and 50 μg/ml) of RF or RFFS. As a result, we observed that the ABTS radical scavenging activity and total phenol content of RFFS was higher than that of RF and RFFN. Additionally, lipopolysaccharide- induced nitric oxide (NO) production was significantly lower in RFFS-treated cells when compared to the LPS-treated control. In addition, RFFS-treated cells exhibited decreased expression of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) proteins and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprinting showed that both the quercetin and quercetin glucoside (quercitrin and isoquercitrin) levels were affected by the fermentation process. In conclusion, our data suggests that traditional fermentation could be an important strategy in improving the biological properties of raw materials including their antioxidant and antiinflammatory activities. Finally, RFFS may be a candidate for developing topical antioxidant and antiinflammatory agents.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

9Isolation and Characterization of a Novel Triolein Selective Lipase from Soil Environmental Genes

저자 : Hee Kyung Lim , Ye-jin Han , Moon-sun Hahm , Soo Youl Park , In Taek Hwang

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회(구 한국산업미생물학회) 간행물 : 한국미생물·생명공학회지 48권 4호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 480-490 (11 pages)

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A novel lipase gene, Lip-1420, was isolated from a metagenomic library constructed from reed marsh from Mt. Jumbong in Korea, comprising 112,500 members of recombinant plasmids. The DNA sequence of Lip- 1420-subclone (5,513 bp) was found to contain at least 11 ORFs according to the GenBank database. The ORF-3 gene was inserted into the pET21a plasmid containing the C-terminal 6-His tag and transformed into E. coli BL21(DE3) to express the recombinant lipase protein. Lip-1420 was purified using a fast protein liquid chromatography system. The gene was registered in GenBank (MH628529). The values of Km and Vmax were determined as 0.268 mM and 1.821 units, respectively, at 40℃ and pH 8.0, using p-nitrophenyl palmitate as the substrate. This lipase belongs to family IV taxonomically because it has conserved HGGG and GDSAG motifs in the constitutive amino acid sequence. According to the predicted structural model, the binding sites are represented by residues H78, G81, D150, S151, A152, V181, and D236. Finally, Lip-1420 showed triolein selectivity for methanolysis between triolein (18:1) and tristearin (18:0) substrates. Further study of the selective mechanism and structure-function relationship of this new lipase could be useful for more practical applications.

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10Purification, Characterization and Immobilization of Lipase from Proteus vulgaris OR34 for Synthesis of Methyl Oleate

저자 : Asmae Misbah , Saad Ibnsoudakoraichi , Mohamed Ali Tahri Jouti

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회(구 한국산업미생물학회) 간행물 : 한국미생물·생명공학회지 48권 4호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 491-505 (15 pages)

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A newly isolated strain, Proteus vulgaris OR34, from olive mill waste was found to secrete an alkaline extracellular lipase at 11 U·ml-1 when cultivated on an optimized liquid medium. This lipase was purified 94.64- fold with a total yield of 9.11% and its maximal specific activity was shown to be 3232.58 and 1777.92 U·mg-1 when evaluated using the pH-stat technique at 55℃ and pH 9 and Tributyrin TC4 or olive oil as the substrate. The molecular mass of the pure OR34 lipase was estimated to be around 31 kDa, as revealed by SDSPAGE and its substrate specificity was investigated using a variety of triglycerides. This assay revealed that OR34 lipase preferred short and medium chain fatty acids. In addition, this lipase was stable in the presence of high concentrations of bile salt (NaDC) and calcium ions appear not to be necessary for its activity. This lipase was inhibited by THL (Orlistat) which confirmed its identity as a serine enzyme. In addition, the immobilization of OR34 lipase by adsorption onto calcium carbonate increased its stability at higher temperatures and within a larger pH range. The immobilized lipase exhibited a high tolerance to organic solvents and retained 60% of its activity after 10 months of storage at 4℃. Finally, the OR34 lipase was applied in biodiesel synthesis via oleic acid mediated esterification of methanol when using hexane as solvent. The best conversion yield (67%) was obtained at 12 h and 40℃ using the immobilized enzyme and this enzyme could be reused for six cycles with the same efficiency.

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