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수록범위 : 1권0호(1996)~49권0호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 888
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KCI등재

1데커의 팸플릿에 재현된 '카멜레온 같은' 역병

저자 : 조영미 ( Cho Youngmi )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 49권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 12-37 (26 pages)

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This paper explores Thomas Dekker's plague pamphlets, especially The Wonderful Year as compared to other contemporary plague discourses. Unlike writers of religious or medical treatises on the plague, who invariably interpret the disease as God's scourge for human transgressions, Dekker represents it as inscrutable, as being “Chameleon-like,” in that it is outrageously random in the selection of its victims, and its affliction is unfathomable for the living within the “charnel-house” that the city was converted to. His reportage-style depiction of the utter terror of the plague leads him to conclude that dogmatic sermons and preposterous health advice are not efficacious in the relief of the agony from the devastating epidemic. Dekker, instead, offers narratives of dreadful experiences rendered delectable as an agent of consolation for the survivors. He suggests that the memory rehearsal of the past plague outbreaks helps people cope with its trauma by making them culturally accommodated to the disease. Through the sundry tales at the end of The Wonderful Year, Dekker demonstrates that mirth and laughter from the stories can be “wholesome against the plague” as he has proclaimed in the dedication.

KCI등재

2정상성의 생명정치 : 윌리엄 워즈워스의 『서곡』 다시 읽기

저자 : 이하람 ( Lee Haram )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 49권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 36-65 (30 pages)

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This article examines William Wordsworth's critique of normativity in the context of emerging biopolitics in Romantic-era Britain. In The Prelude, Wordsworth criticizes what can be called a “biopolitical” attempt to normalize the able body by investigating the problems of embodied subjectivity. If emerging biopower in the late eighteenth century operates to control populations to maximize their labor force, as Michel Foucault suggests, it does so by distinguishing between those who can perform simple, mechanical labor and those who cannot, and by defining the former (so-called the “able-bodied”) as normal and the latter (the “disabled-bodied”) as abnormal. I argue that Wordsworth's The Prelude provides critical insights into the bodily subject that biopower seeks to normalize, demonstrating its potentials and limits through his depiction of natural man. In this autobiographical poem, Wordsworth portrays above all the poet himself as a natural man in an ambivalent or “paradoxical” sense: he is described to oscillate between two contrary states, between a simple natural creature reduced to its physicality and a full-fledged, human subject capable of thinking. Wordsworth registers this ambivalence of the natural man as such when he describes his alter-ego, the Boy of Winander, in Book 5. This wild boy running around in the mountains appears to be an animalistic existence like Wordsworth's own childhood self, and yet he somehow develops self-consciousness, albeit only temporarily. Moreover, Wordsworth attributes the natural man's self-transformative power to his body, especially to its affective capacity. As he traces the “growth of the poet's mind,” Wordsworth becomes the Poet, an individual with exceptional sensibility and intelligence, by readjusting his relationship to his own body. He illustrates this corporeal aspect of his “growth”in his visions after the ascent of Mount Snowdon in Book 13. Once the “naked savage,” Wordsworth now (re)gains a capacity for thinking by reinforcing the body's affective capacity, or what he terms Imagination: a power for producing a self-reflective feeling. In portraying natural man in The Prelude, Wordsworth then rethinks the normative body in the age of biopolitics: it resides within a spectrum that oscillates between a living body and a thinking body.

KCI등재

319세기 팬데믹과 영국소설 : 킹즐리, 코렐리, 웰스의 경우

저자 : 성은애 ( Sung Eunai )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 49권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 64-91 (28 pages)

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This article, written in quarantine during the Covid-19 global pandemic, aims at examining some 'cholera fictions' of the late 19th century. Cholera in the 19th century, orientalized as 'Indian plague' or 'Asiatic cholera,' was feared for its ability to spread and for its deadly effects by the Europeans, but rarely used as a main subject matter in the plot of prose fiction. According to Sontag, cholera is a kind of disease which simplifies the individual's complex self, reducing it to collective sickness, which makes it difficult to probe into the inner self of individuals. That's why there are not so many 'cholera novels' produced during the Victorian cholera pandemic.
Charles Kingsley's Two Years Ago, allegedly 'the best cholera novel,' is one of the rare works which depicts vividly the cholera pandemic of 1854, from the viewpoint of a young materialist surgeon Tom Thurnall, who fights cholera in Aberalba, a fictional English fishing village. Tom finds that political, economic, religious factors prevent the village from responding effectively. Marie Corelli's Vendetta, set in the thick of the 1884 cholera in Naples, is a typical 'Sensation Novel' with a revenge plot. Fabio Romani, the narrator, buried alive for being considered dead of cholera, returns from the grave to seek revenge on his wife and his best friend for committing adultery. H. G. Wells' “The Stolen Bacillus” is the first fiction in English to deal with 'bioterror,' caused by one who uses cholera bacillus to pollute the London's water supply.
The change in the way to deal with cholera shown by the fictions of the late 19th century demonstrates that British people becomes more and more confident about preventing and controlling the disease, eventually containing it in the bacteriologist's lab. And also, they show that controlling the epidemic relies more on political and economic situations, healthcare systems, mature civic awareness than on the discoveries of medical science.

KCI등재

4손의 마법 : 『가련한 핀치 양』의 위험한 동화

저자 : 김선재 ( Kim Sun Jai )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 49권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 90-116 (27 pages)

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This essay aims to analyze Wilkie Collins's later novel Poor Miss Finch to point to its unique position among a set of nineteenth-century literary texts that feature disability. Different from these texts in which disabled people are consigned to the periphery, Poor Miss Finch reveals unprecedented interest in representing the body and sexuality of a blind woman, Lucilla Finch, at the forefront of its narrative. The novel significantly reclaims the disabled woman's right to marry a man of her choice and become a mother. However, I contend that the novel's real radicality is achieved by its rewriting of the way the senses operate in Lucilla's disabled body. Specifically, the novel intervenes in the prevalent accounts of blindness either as a lack of sight or a mystical charm and attempts to redefine it according to the surplus of other senses. I particularly draw on the notion of touch-sense to delve into the prospect of physical potentiality of blind bodies that the novel inquires into through Lucilla Finch. Examining the ways in which the novel thinks about the surprising potency of Lucilla Finch's touchsense for identifying and satisfying her sexual desires, this article argues that Collins construes blindness as a status of full sovereignty and of enabling a vibrant engagement with myriads of sensations surfacing on bodies.

KCI등재

5얀 마텔의 『라이프 오브 파이』 : 아픈 몸 되기

저자 : 이주리 ( Lee Joori )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 49권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 115-156 (42 pages)

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This paper explores ways in which Yann Martel's novel Life of Pi (2000) presents and embodies trauma and physical disability, in particular, the visual impairment caused from a traumatic accident. Although Martel's Life of Pi can be read as a survivor story or bildungsroman purported to idolize the life of a hero coping with lifethreatening problems, the novel escapes from Robinsonades based on the cultural admiration toward the image of the strong and healthy male. Placing the motif of trauma and disability at the core of the narrative, Martel's novel stops reproducing heroic male characters circulated since the 18-19th centuries. Distinguished from a group of literary and cultural texts aestheticizing the image of athletic, muscular, and healthy males, Life of Pi brings two male characters, who are more aching than athletic, and portrays them as positively disabled. Drawing on the motif of trauma and disability, I have two purposes in this paper. On the one hand, I examine how Life of Pi presents aspects of trauma and disability, with a focus on the subject of blindness, and consider the meanings and functions of the trope of disability on the level of representation. On the other hand, I articulate how the novel's exploration of the theme of disability contributes to the making of the entire narrative. Through the discussion, this paper argues that Life of Pi becomes a kind of body resembling that of a disabled person, who undergoes a slow and long process of recuperation, thereby advocating different bodies which are often made invisible in society.

KCI등재

6미국 민주주의의 위기 : 트럼프의 등장과 반동의 정치

저자 : 하상응 ( Ha Shang E )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 49권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 156-179 (24 pages)

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In 2016, Donald Trump was elected as the president of the United States by those who shared four sociodemographic characteristics: whites, Protestants, high school graduates, and those living in rural areas. Trump's core supporters, once the majority in the country, become a minority as the demographic changes take place, and their experience of 'status threat' leads them to an overt expression of racism and anti-immigrant sentiments in the political arena. The division between Trump's core supporters and other Americans is the backbone of ideological and affective polarization, and facilitates the rise of populism, a deviant form of democracy characterized by ingroup favoritism and out-group prejudice. The rise of Donald Trump can be attributed to the nature of American political system, which is systematically biased to over-represent the voices of conservative voters. As the equal number of Senators is assigned to each state regardless of its population size, the Electoral College system is tilted toward the interests of the Republican Party. A political reform is necessary to reflect the demographic changes among the American electorate. Otherwise, the American politics will continue to be critically affected by a minority, who wants to “make America great again,” a slogan of the reactionary politics.

KCI등재

7두 도시 이야기 : 퍼거슨과 미니애폴리스

저자 : 이찬행 ( Lee Chanhaeng )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 49권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 178-201 (24 pages)

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The purpose of this essay is to examine why a number of blacks have been killed by police in the United States. The author maintains that police brutality should be understood not as the result of individual deviation but as the outcome of hierarchical racial structure by examining the 2014 death of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri and the 2020 horrific choking death of George Floyd in Minneapolis. After the 1970s, Ferguson, a once-vanilla suburb in which white Americans were the majority population group, was turned into a chocolate suburb where the majority of residents were blacks. Nevertheless, the white Americans still retained almost all of the city's power. The shooting and killing of an unarmed teenager named Brown was the inevitable tragedy caused by the racial conflicts between the chocolate suburb and vanilla power. In 2020, Floyd, a 46-year-old black, was murdered by a white police officer in Minneapolis. The city of lakes has been considered one of the most progressive cities in the United States. However, the city failed to put a ban on the use of excessive force by police officers. Floyd was victimized by Minneapolis police officers who became a group of beasts out of control.

KCI등재

8재난 시대의 인문학을 생각하며

저자 : 강의혁 ( Kang Euihuack )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 49권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 201-225 (25 pages)

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This paper suggests that the current outbreak of coronavirus be approached both as a singular event with its own catastrophic characteristics and as one of many disasters that have constantly plagued the modern world. To define the corona pandemic as a disaster is, by definition, to say that it is absolutely unpredictable precisely because the way our modern knowledge, culture, and civilization have been structured to systematically blind us to the impact and consequences of the disaster. A disaster, in other words, demands that we should engage with our past and present from a radically new perspective that defies the conventional thoughts available prior to the disaster. The unpredictability of the disaster, thus, leads us to the invention of new concepts and politics that necessarily problematizes the vulnerability of our community.
However, given that the infodemic that accompanies the corona pandemic has been fueled by economic as well as political attempts to directly profit from the large-scale crisis and to exploit the affective fluctuations, what is urgent is a genuinely collective thought that explores the conditions of possibility for the security of the whole community. In other words, the search for the collective right/ responsibility for security cannot be done within the confines of narrowly national, commercial, parochial interest. If everyone is vulnerable to the disaster, then whatever politics emerging from the disaster should be based upon the totality of community. And the invention of the forms and practices of common security is the task of Humanities in the age of disaster.

KCI등재

9다종적 얽힘과 돌봄 : 코로나 감염병 시대 공번성을 위한 윤리

저자 : 하대청 ( Ha Dae-cheong )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 49권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 224-249 (26 pages)

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This paper, drawing on multispecies approach, tries to see the relationship between human and coronavirus as a symbiosis embracing sacrifice and violence, rather than an opposing or hostile one. I explore how human, animals and virues have been knotted together, which can be called a multispeices entanglement. Viruses, as nonhuman “unloved others,” definitely have an agency but are so difficult to characterize their features or attributes which we can't scientifically predict and completely control their future. I argue that it is necessary to care for virus-animal-human nexus and the caring should be a slow, affective, mudane and careful practice rather than a control implied by technosciences, in pariticular examining the current situations about surveillance against infections and vaccine development. I finally argue that we should seek the ways how human-virus might better flourish together within the complexities of multispeces entanglement, above all through ethics of care and careful labor in worlding.

KCI등재

10퀴어 아카이브와 아카이브 퀴어링 하기 : 한국 퀴어영화의 도전과 과제

저자 : 김수연 ( Kim Soo Yeon )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 49권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 248-273 (26 pages)

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The publication of A History of Korean Queer Cinema (2019), the first attempt to build an archive of its kind, fulfills a long overdue wish for a legitimate inventory of LGBTQ films produced in South Korea, and invites an equally needed discussion on the parameters of Korean queer cinema. This paper investigates queerness portrayed in Korean queer cinema in order to show the paradoxical desires inherent in queer archives and the imperative to attend to such paradox in sustaining viable archives. The first part of the paper draws on Ann Cvetkovich's notion of “counterarchive” and argues that archiving queer cinema should translate to an act of counterarchiving, whose process involves archiving LGBTQ materials, on the one hand, and queering the notion of the archive per se, on the other hand, to break free from normalization. Then, I move to analyze A History of Korean Queer Cinema and a feature film directed by Kyung-mook Kim, Stateless Things (2012), as embodying each of the two processes respectively. I end with a quick comment on Weekends (2016), a feel good documentary following a gay choir, “G Voice.” Whereas this kind of cheerfully romantic portrait of gay people rules the queer cinematic scene of South Korea, my contention is that this film fails to create new forms of queer knowledge and should be exempt from the counterarchive.

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1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

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