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대한내분비학회> Endocrinology and Metabolism(구 대한내분비학회지)

Endocrinology and Metabolism(구 대한내분비학회지) update

  • : 대한내분비학회
  • : 의약학분야  >  내과학
  • : KCI등재
  • : SCI,SCOPUS
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 계간
  • : 2093-596X
  • : 2093-5978
  • : 대한내분비학회지(~2009) → endocrinology and metabolism(2010~)

수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(1986)~35권2호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 2,380
Endocrinology and Metabolism(구 대한내분비학회지)
35권2호(2020년 06월) 수록논문
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KCI등재 SCI SCOPUS

1Encountering COVID-19 as Endocrinologists

저자 : Eun-jung Rhee , Jung Hee Kim , Sun Joon Moon , Won-young Lee

발행기관 : 대한내분비학회 간행물 : Endocrinology and Metabolism(구 대한내분비학회지) 35권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 197-205 (9 pages)

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The world is entering an era of disaster and chaos due to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. Since its first emergence in December 2019 in Wuhan, China, COVID-19 has swept through Asia and propagated throughout the world to Europe and North America. As of April 13, 1,773,084 people were infected and 111,652 people had died from COVID-19 globally, and new record levels of infection are being reported every day. Based on the data that have been amassed so far, the primary risk factors for a severe disease course or even mortality from COVID-19 are underlying diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. As the global prevalence of diabetes continues to increase, patients with endocrine diseases such as diabetes mellitus and those who are on long-term corticosteroid therapy due to adrenal insufficiency or hypopituitarism are at risk for a poor prognosis of COVID-19. As endocrinologists, we would like to briefly review the current knowledge about the relationship between COVID-19 and endocrine diseases and to discuss what we can do for the safety and health of our patients with endocrine diseases in this globally threatening situation.

KCI등재 SCI SCOPUS

2Precision Therapy in Acromegaly Caused by Pituitary Tumors: How Close Is It to Reality?

저자 : Cheol Ryong Ku , Vladimir Melnikov , Zhaoyun Zhang , Eun Jig Lee

발행기관 : 대한내분비학회 간행물 : Endocrinology and Metabolism(구 대한내분비학회지) 35권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 206-216 (11 pages)

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Acromegaly presents with an enigmatic range of symptoms and comorbidities caused by chronic and progressive growth hormone elevations, commonly due to endocrinologic hypersecretion from a pituitary gland tumor. Comprehensive national acromegaly databases have been appearing over the years, allowing for international comparisons of data, although still presenting varying prevalence and incidence rates. Lack of large-scale analysis in geographical and ethnic differences in clinical presentation and management requires further research. Assessment of current and novel predictors of responsiveness to distinct therapy can lead to multilevel categorization of patients, allowing integration into new clinical guidelines and reduction of increased morbidity and mortality associated with acromegaly. This review compares current data from epidemiological studies and assesses the present-day application of prognostic factors in medical practice, the reality of precision therapy, as well as its future prospects in acromegaly, with a special focus on its relevance to the South Korean population.

KCI등재 SCI SCOPUS

3Effects of Cardiovascular Risk Factor Variability on Health Outcomes

저자 : Seung-hwan Lee , Mee Kyoung Kim , Eun-jung Rhee

발행기관 : 대한내분비학회 간행물 : Endocrinology and Metabolism(구 대한내분비학회지) 35권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 217-226 (10 pages)

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Innumerable studies have suggested “the lower, the better” for cardiovascular risk factors, such as body weight, lipid profile, blood pressure, and blood glucose, in terms of health outcomes. However, excessively low levels of these parameters cause health problems, as seen in cachexia, hypoglycemia, and hypotension. Body weight fluctuation is related to mortality, diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease, and cancer, although contradictory findings have been reported. High lipid variability is associated with increased mortality and elevated risks of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, end-stage renal disease, and dementia. High blood pressure variability is associated with increased mortality, myocardial infarction, hospitalization, and dementia, which may be caused by hypotension. Furthermore, high glucose variability, which can be measured by continuous glucose monitoring systems or self-monitoring of blood glucose levels, is associated with increased mortality, microvascular and macrovascular complications of diabetes, and hypoglycemic events, leading to hospitalization. Variability in metabolic parameters could be affected by medications, such as statins, antihypertensives, and hypoglycemic agents, and changes in lifestyle patterns. However, other mechanisms modify the relationships between biological variability and various health outcomes. In this study, we review recent evidence regarding the role of variability in metabolic parameters and discuss the clinical implications of these findings.

KCI등재 SCI SCOPUS

4Amino Acid Transporters as Potential Therapeutic Targets in Thyroid Cancer

저자 : Keisuke Enomoto , Muneki Hotomi

발행기관 : 대한내분비학회 간행물 : Endocrinology and Metabolism(구 대한내분비학회지) 35권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 227-236 (10 pages)

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Thyroid cancer cells have a high amino acid demand for proliferation, invasion, and metastasis. Amino acids are taken up by thyroid cancer cells, both thyroid follicular cell and thyroid parafollicular cells (commonly called “C-cells”), via amino acid transporters. Amino acid transporters up-regulate in many cancers, and their expression level associate with clinical aggressiveness and prognosis. This is the review to discuss the therapeutic potential of amino acid transporters and as molecular targets in thyroid cancer.

KCI등재 SCI SCOPUS

5Epidemiology of Functioning Pituitary Adenomas

저자 : Sang Ouk Chin

발행기관 : 대한내분비학회 간행물 : Endocrinology and Metabolism(구 대한내분비학회지) 35권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 237-242 (6 pages)

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Pituitary adenomas (PAs) are defined as benign monoclonal tumors in the pituitary gland that cause symptoms due to either hormonal hypersecretion or a space-occupying effect, and are classified as functioning or non-functioning. Because of their rarity and slow-growing with symptomless nature in most cases, it has been challenging to investigate the epidemiology of PAs. Considering their public health impact and association with increased morbidity and mortality, however, it is essential to understand the prevalence and incidence of PAs in order to improve patient outcomes and to minimize the resultant burden on the health care system. Fortunately, developments in imaging modalities and easier access to large-scale population data have enabled investigators to analyze the epidemiology of PAs more accurately. This review summarizes previously reported epidemiologic data on functioning PAs in Korea and other countries.

KCI등재 SCI SCOPUS

6Noninvasive Evaluation of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

저자 : Dae Ho Lee

발행기관 : 대한내분비학회 간행물 : Endocrinology and Metabolism(구 대한내분비학회지) 35권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 243-259 (17 pages)

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Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most prevalent liver diseases and can progress to advanced fibrosis and end-stage liver disease. Thus, intensive research has been performed to develop noninvasive methods for the diagnosis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and fibrosis. Currently, no single noninvasive tool covers all of the stages of pathologies and conditions of NAFLD, and the cost and feasibility of known techniques are also important issues. Blood biomarkers for NAFLD may be useful to select subjects who need ultrasonography (US) screening for NAFLD, and noninvasive tools for assessing fibrosis may be helpful to exclude the probability of significant fibrosis and to predict advanced fibrosis, thus guiding the decision of whether to perform liver biopsy in patients with NAFLD. Among various methods, magnetic resonance-based methods have been shown to perform better than other methods in assessing steatosis as well as in detecting hepatic fibrosis. Many genetic markers are associated with the development and progression of NAFLD. Further well-designed studies are needed to determine which biomarker panels, imaging studies, genetic marker panels, or combinations thereof perform well for diagnosing NAFLD, differentiating NASH and fibrosis, and following-up NAFLD, respectively.

KCI등재 SCI SCOPUS

7Recent Updates on Vascular Complications in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

저자 : Chan-hee Jung , Ji-oh Mok

발행기관 : 대한내분비학회 간행물 : Endocrinology and Metabolism(구 대한내분비학회지) 35권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 260-271 (12 pages)

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It is well known that patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are at an increased risk of morbidity and mortality from atherosclerotic cardiovascular (CV) complications. Previously, the concept that diabetes mellitus (DM) is a “coronary artery disease (CAD) risk equivalent” was widely accepted, implying that all DM patients should receive intensive management. However, considerable evidence exist for wide heterogeneity in the risk of CV events among T2DM patients and the concept of a “CAD risk equivalent” has changed. Recent guidelines recommend further CV risk stratification in T2DM patients, with treatment tailored to the risk level. Although imaging modalities for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) have been used to improve risk prediction, there is currently no evidence that imaging-oriented therapy improves clinical outcomes. Therefore, controversy remains whether we should screen for CVD in asymptomatic T2DM. The coexistence of T2DM and heart failure (HF) is common. Based on recent CV outcome trials, sodium glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon like peptide-1 receptor agonists are recommended who have established ASCVD, indicators of high risk, or HF because of their demonstrated benefits for CVD. These circumstances have led to an increasing emphasis on ASCVD and HF in T2DM patients. In this review, we examine the literature published within the last 5 years on the risk assessment of CVD in asymptomatic T2DM patients. In particular, we review recent guidelines regarding screening for CVD and research focusing on the role of coronary artery calcium, coronary computed tomography angiography, and carotid intima-media thickness in asymptomatic T2DM patients.

KCI등재 SCI SCOPUS

8Diagnosis and Treatment of Growth Hormone Deficiency: A Position Statement from Korean Endocrine Society and Korean Society of Pediatric Endocrinology

저자 : Jung Hee Kim , Hyun Wook Chae , Sang Ouk Chin , Cheol Ryong Ku , Kyeong Hye Park , Dong Jun Lim , Kwang Joon Kim , Jung Soo Lim , Gyuri Kim , Yun Mi Choi , Seong Hee Ahn , Min Ji Jeon , Yul Hwangbo , Ju

발행기관 : 대한내분비학회 간행물 : Endocrinology and Metabolism(구 대한내분비학회지) 35권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 272-287 (16 pages)

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Growth hormone (GH) deficiency is caused by congenital or acquired causes and occurs in childhood or adulthood. GH replacement therapy brings benefits to body composition, exercise capacity, skeletal health, cardiovascular outcomes, and quality of life. Before initiating GH replacement, GH deficiency should be confirmed through proper stimulation tests, and in cases with proven genetic causes or structural lesions, repeated GH stimulation testing is not necessary. The dosing regimen of GH replacement therapy should be individualized, with the goal of minimizing side effects and maximizing clinical improvements. The Korean Endocrine Society and the Korean Society of Pediatric Endocrinology have developed a position statement on the diagnosis and treatment of GH deficiency. This position statement is based on a systematic review of evidence and expert opinions.

KCI등재 SCI SCOPUS

9Association of Serum Progranulin Levels with Progression of Papillary Thyroid Cancer

저자 : Won Gu Kim

발행기관 : 대한내분비학회 간행물 : Endocrinology and Metabolism(구 대한내분비학회지) 35권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 288-289 (2 pages)

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KCI등재 SCI SCOPUS

10Fasting and Postprandial Hyperglycemia: Their Predictors and Contributions to Overall Hyperglycemia in Korean Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

저자 : Jaecheol Moon , Ji Young Kim , Soyeon Yoo , Gwanpyo Koh

발행기관 : 대한내분비학회 간행물 : Endocrinology and Metabolism(구 대한내분비학회지) 35권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 290-297 (8 pages)

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Background: This study aimed to identify factors that affect fasting hyperglycemia (FHG) and postprandial hyperglycemia (PPG) and their contributions to overall hyperglycemia in Korean patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).
Methods: This was a retrospective study conducted on 194 Korean T2DM patients with 7-point self-monitoring blood glucose (SMBG) profiles plotted in 4 days in 3 consecutive months. We calculated the areas corresponding to FHG and PPG (area under the curve [AUC]FHG and AUCPPG) and contributions (%) in the graph of the 7-point SMBG data. The levels of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) were categorized by tertiles, and the contributions of FHG and PPG were compared.
Results: The relative contribution of FHG increased (44.7%±5.6%, 58.0%±4.4%, 66.5%±2.8%; PANOVA=0.002, PTREND <0.001), while that of PPG decreased (55.3%±5.5%, 42.0%±4.4%, 33.5%±2.8%; PANOVA=0.002, PTREND <0.001) with the elevated HbA1c. Multivariate analysis showed that HbA1c (β=0.615, P<0.001), waist circumference (β=0.216, P=0.042), and triglyceride (β=0.121, P=0.048) had a significant association with AUCFHG. Only HbA1c (β=0.231, P=0.002) and age (β=0.196, P=0.009) was significantly associated with AUCPPG.
Conclusion: The data suggested that in Korean T2DM patients, FHG predominantly contributed to overall hyperglycemia at higher HbA1c levels, whereas it contributed to PPG at lower HbA1c levels. It is recommended that certain factors, namely age, degree of glycemic control, obesity, or triglyceride levels, should be considered when prescribing medications for T2DM patients.

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