간행물

형사정책 update

Korean Journal of Criminology

  • : 한국형사정책학회
  • : 사회과학분야  >  법학
  • : KCI등재
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  • : 연속간행물
  • : 연3회
  • : 1226-2595
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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1986)~29권3호(2017) |수록논문 수 : 626
형사정책
29권3호(2017년) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

1소년보호처분의 유형별 진단 및 개선방안

저자 : 이승현 ( Lee Seung-hyun )

발행기관 : 한국형사정책학회 간행물 : 형사정책 29권 3호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 7-34 (28 pages)

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Recently, public interest of juvenile justice has been getting high by elementary school child murder case in Incheon and middle school student assault case in Pusan. This interest continued to discussion of lower the age of criminal liability, need of tougher penalties, and exclusion of mitigating circumstances. The number of juvenile crime has been decreased, but the quality of juvenile crime is getting exacerbate. Over 70% of juvenile delinquent experience protective disposition so that check of educational approach for them is important matter. Improvement of protective disposition is as follows. First, disposition No.1 faces new aspect by foundation of Juvenile Recovery Center. Systemic educational support should be provided through community connection because the center is small scale and plays a role of family. They are run by donation but it should be supported by national budget. Also support for rehabilitation of relationship and family function have to be provided. Second, with respect to probation, the juvenile probation should be intensive probation. For that, the frame of recidivism assessment, the standard of subjects, effectiveness assessment need to be checked. Moreover, juvenile probations officers need to be more specialized and the resources of community should be effectively connected. Third, regarding dispositional No.6, establishment of identity as half way treatment and selection of proper subject to child welfare facility referral is significant matter. The facilities should be run by national budget and the standards of operation proper to disposition No.6 have to be newly set up. Also, after care should be emphasized for continuous correction. Fourth, with respect to short youth detention, standards to select proper subjects should be made. Also, customized educational program needs to be developed to meet the purpose of change through humanistic education in a short period.

KCI등재

2의료소년원의 운영현황과 발전방안

저자 : 박찬걸 ( Park Chan-geol )

발행기관 : 한국형사정책학회 간행물 : 형사정책 29권 3호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 35-66 (32 pages)

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The main purpose of properly rendering individual treatment to antisocial juveniles might be to strengthen protection of human rights for protected juveniles and enhance the effectiveness of corrective education. For this, the revised Juvenile Act in 2007 added juvenile medical facilities besides hospitals and sanitariums as the institutions for the Subparagraph 7 Disposition and revised Protected Juvenile Act in 2013 made clear the legal grounds for treatment of juveniles requiring medical, rehabilitation education. These came to provide both legality and justification for practices which used to have either ambiguous or no grounds in the existing law. But as a matter of fact, there are still so many legal or institutional shortcomings in our society's path towards complete sorting out problems emerged while operating our country's medical youth training centers. Having that issue in mind, this article firstly looked at the current state of regulations and organizations related with medical youth training centers. And then the study moved to examine the current state of operation focused on foster care period, the state of foster completion, the state of transfer of juveniles requiring medical/rehabilitation treatment, the state by the handicap type, the state by age and gender. The study then examined the current state of actual education, focused on education of newcomers, classification of the target of education. process and organization of concentrated education. Following the solid understanding of the current operational state of medical youth training centers as such, the study sought to find futuristic methods for their development. For these, the study suggested several solutions by grouping; deletion of regulations related with treatment of 'hospitals and sanitariums', sorting out overcrowded accommodation, necessity for installing independent medical youth training centers, separate accommodation by the target and individual treatment. And the study concluded the discussion.

KCI등재

3아동·청소년의 성매매 현황과 대응방안

저자 : 김혁 ( Kim Hyeok )

발행기관 : 한국형사정책학회 간행물 : 형사정책 29권 3호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 67-90 (24 pages)

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Children and juveniles have a lower awareness and ability to judge the meaning of the actions they commit. Recently, with the spread of smartphones, the central axis has shifted from traditional store-style prostitution to personal prostitution through chat apps, and children and juveniles are exposed to the environment where they can easily fall into prostitution. It is too irresponsible to treat prostitution committed by children and adolescents solely as an individual deviating from this reality. The protection and rehabilitation of children and adolescents prescribed by the Act on the Protection of Children and Juveniles against Sexual Abuse is merely a plausible package. In fact, the reality is merely an attempt to solve the prostitution problem of children and juveniles through criminal sanctions in view of the infringement of the law. In order to eradicate their prostitution, it is necessary to clarify that they are victims through revision of related laws and to newly regulate their legal status by excluding criminal sanctions. There should also be an improvement in the environment that promotes their prostitution. It is especially important to have regulatory measures for chat apps being exploited for prostitution. In addition, a system should be established to strengthen the cooperation between related organisations so that the protection and support for children and juveniles can be smoothly achieved.

KCI등재

4한국의 부부간 심리적 폭력의 실태와 형사정책적 함의-강압적 통제론과 네크로필리아(necrophilia) 개념을 활용하여-

저자 : 민윤영 ( Min Yoon Young )

발행기관 : 한국형사정책학회 간행물 : 형사정책 29권 3호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 93-125 (33 pages)

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This article aims at improving Korean criminal justice policy on domestic violence through adopting Evan Stark's theory of coercive control. It introduces U.K.'s Serious Crime Act 2015 which fully implemented Stark's concept of coercive control into its criminal law regime, and compares its underlying philosophy with that of Korean domestic violence laws. It also discusses the result of 2016 national survey which examined the reality of psychological violence between spouses in Korea in light of coercive control. Additionally, it analyses the meaning of psychological violence between spouses through the concept of necrophilia from Fromm's psychoanalysis, in order to argue further the importance of understanding the concept of coercive control for the improvement of Korean criminal justice policy on domestic violence issues.

KCI등재

5범행 동기에 따른 가중처벌의 문제점 -혐오범죄를 예로 하여-

저자 : 박상민 ( Park Sang-min )

발행기관 : 한국형사정책학회 간행물 : 형사정책 29권 3호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 127-150 (24 pages)

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In this article, I have studied the criminal theoretical point of view, hate crime that is motivated by prejudice or hate for a person's attributes (such as a gender, race, disability, religion, sexual orientation), whether it is right to punish additionally for general crimes. In our society, with a spotlight for this crime, the necessity for additional punishment for regular crimes has constantly discussed. According to the argument, hate crime is a possibility of special criticism for the attitude of violating equality of all people and human dignity and there is huge risk of crime because it is based on hatred or hostility. In particular, the fact that it belongs to a particular group has a unique illegality with a anxiety and fear that can be a victim at any time. Therefore, it needs a different criminal measure against the existing crime. However, the argument that the hate crime should be additionally punished for general crimes may be limited from the following reasons. First of all, in a liberalism constitutional nation, a criminal law based on mind that weighted evaluation on behaviors with a simple thought is not allowed. In addition, motivations or feelings should not be regarded as a specially important aspect of the determination of punishment, as well as stage for criminal establishment. Second, if there is a risk of violating the rights and profits of others due to prejudice or hate, the national measures are related to the Police Act area, not the criminal law. It is necessary to set strict limits on criminal law and police act in order to prevent constitutional nation from becoming a police nation. The additional punishment for hate crime is an example of a regulation that makes the limit unclear. Third, the legal faith of the general public, that is, the belief that potential victims protect and safeguard their safety is not an independent legal benefit that criminal law should protect. Fourth, it is difficult to form a clear concept of hate and to formulate its compositional requirements accordingly. The way to punish them additional punishment with an emphasizing specific groups that are subject of prejudice or hate, it deepens social stigma and collective conflict. Protection creates another discrimination. Fifth, there is a possibility that the veto of the statement is violated in the process of figure out the motive of the actor. Sixth, there is doubt about the effectiveness of additional punishment of hate crime. In other words, it is not known whether the additional punishment can actually prevent and reduce the crime. If the state is merely the most basic symbolic function of hate crimes. It is doubtful whether the weighting of a punishment is necessary. If prejudice, hate of a particular group appears as a crime, as the result, the impact and harm may be great damaged and it is sure that these crime should be suppressed. However, it needs to approach criminal policy measures carefully that based on strong punishment. Even if the importance of the prevention can be emphasized in criminal policy, there should be limitations. The criminality must have a standard that can be applied equally to anyone. Additional punishment should not be judged on the basis of specific motives of the actor's intention only because it conforms to law feeling of the general public. It is also the request of constitutional nation. Rather than enact laws for additional punishment. It is necessary to find ways to resolve discrimination and hate by social interaction as communication and empathy in a healthy community.

KCI등재

6문서범죄 보호법익에 대한 체계적 해석

저자 : 장성원 ( Jang Seong Won )

발행기관 : 한국형사정책학회 간행물 : 형사정책 29권 3호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 151-183 (33 pages)

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Was ist ein Geschutztes Rechtsgut der Urkundendelikte im Sinne des Gesetzes? Die Urkundendelikte werden ausgelegt, dass sie die “publia fides“ als das Rechtsgut haben. Auf die Differenzierung von offentlichen und Privaturkunden wird in kStGB im Gegensatz zu dem dStGB Vorbild verzichtet. Bis dem Reichsstrafgesetzbuch von 1871 werden Privaturkunden nur in Ausnahmefallen geschutzt, der Schwerpunkt des strafrechtlichen Schutzes liegt in der Beweissicherung durch offentliche Urkunden. Im Gegensatz hierzu erkennt die herrschende Auffassung in Deutschland das geschutzte Rechtsgut der Urkundendelikte in der “Sicherheit und Zuverlassigkeit des Rechtsverkehrs“. Ein rechtsvergleichender Blick lehrt, dass diese Differenzierung zwingend ist. Maßgeblich fur die dogmatisch historische Entwicklung der Rechtsgut der Urkundendelikte ist der “publia fides“, welchen Erb als historischen Vorlaufer der Urkundendelikte bezeichnet. Allenfalls lassen sich die Rechtsbruche als ein Verstoß gegen die offentliche Treue und Glauben begreifen. Die Bestimmung des Rechtsguts der Urkundenfalschung wird damit zum Schutz des Vertrauens auf eine bestimmte Beglaubigungsform. Die Straftatbestande der Urkundendelikte bezwecken den Schutz des Vertrauens und der Zuverlassigkeit, welche einer Urkunde als Beweismittel im Rechtsverkehr entgegengebracht wird. Die herrschende Auffassung werden systemfremd unter der Uberschrift Urkundendelikte des kStGB zusammengefasst. Nach meiner Ansicht ist die verfehlte systematische Einordnung das geschutzte Rechtsgut der Urkundendelikte auf ein Nachwirken des gemeinrechtlichen Rechtsgutsbegriffs zuruckzufuhren.

KCI등재

7군형법에서 명령위반행위에 대한 구성요건의 개정방안

저자 : 정승환 ( Jung Seung Hwan ) , 김현주 ( Kim Hyun Joo )

발행기관 : 한국형사정책학회 간행물 : 형사정책 29권 3호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 185-215 (31 pages)

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Members of the Armed Forces are "citizens in uniform," and tens and thousands of such persons are subject to military criminal law. Thus, it goes without saying that military criminal law must strictly follow the basic principles of criminal law that apply to non-military citizens, such as the rule of law and the principle of "nulla poena sine lege." However, the current military criminal law is problematic in that many of its provisions may be void for vagueness, if the principle of "nulla poena sine lege" were to be strictly enforced. The special position that military criminal law occupies in our current justice system, which makes it less visible to both the academia and the general populace, probably accounts for the lack of efforts in resolving such problems. This article first analyzes problems in applying Article 47 of the military criminal code ("failure to obey order") with focus on the elements of the crime. In reality, Article 47 "failure to obey order" and Article 44 "insubordinate conduct" do seldom serve as grounds for punishment, considering the number of complaints raised. They rather serve as grounds for punishing deserters (in case fo Article 47) and conscientious objectors (in case of Article 44). There are also criticisms about these Articles' violating limits on delegated legislation, proportionality, and due process of the law. This article points out the vagueness in the relation between the elements of the current military criminal code and those in the disciplinary rules provided in Military Personnel Management Act, and claims that such vagueness makes the whole "system of elements" vague. As for the limits on delegated legislation, this article argues that "orders and commands" must maintain certain "formality," in accordance with the principle of "nulla poena sine lege," and thus, Article 47 violates such principle. This article further suggests removing Article 47 from the military criminal code, and if it were to be retained, it suggeests that "orders and commands" under the article must be specified. It also suggests combining Article 44 and 47 in a way that "failure to obey order" is punished only if grave results follow, in order to resolve the problem of vagueness in its application. Also, this article emphasizes that "commands of return," which distorts the purpose of Article 44, must be discontinued.

KCI등재

8휴리스틱과 검사의 인지편향

저자 : 이상원 ( Lee Sang Won )

발행기관 : 한국형사정책학회 간행물 : 형사정책 29권 3호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 217-246 (30 pages)

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Prosecutors are under influence of cognitive biases from the initial phase of criminal process. Anchor effect and availability heuristic may provide prosecutors with presumption of guilt, which is strengthened by confirmation bias and selective information processing. Egocentric bias and the avoidance of cognitive dissonance make prosecutors adhere to the former belief of guilt, Owing to investigative and prosecutorial biases, it is extremely hard for an innocent man to get free from presumption of guilt. This paper offers several ideas to improve prosecutorial decision making: education, switching sides, and ethical activities, as individual level solutions; transparent and ambivalent investigation, reexamination by the third, as systematic ones.

KCI등재

9독일 형사소송법 최근 개정의 형사정책적 시사 -수사절차를 중심으로-

저자 : 김성룡 ( Kim Sung-ryong )

발행기관 : 한국형사정책학회 간행물 : 형사정책 29권 3호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 247-275 (29 pages)

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Am 17. August 2017 hat der Bundestag das Gesetz zur effektiveren und praxistauglicheren Ausgestaltung des Strafverfahrens beschossen. Dieses Gesetz enthalt zahlreiche Regelungen zur Effektivierung und Steigerung der Praxistauglichkeit des Strafverfahrens. Um die Erfassung des sog. DNA-Beinahetreffers bei der DNAReihenuntersuchung zu ermoglichen, werden entsprechende Anpassungen des §§ 81e und 81h der StPO erfolgt. Die Pflicht der Zeugen, bei der Polizei zu erscheinen und zur Sache auszusagen, wird eingefuhrt. Auch durch dieses Anderungsgesetz erfahrt die geltende Strafprozessordnung eine neue Vorschrift fur die notwendige Verteidigung. Im Strafverfahrensrecht wird fur bestimmte Straßenverkehrsdelikte eine Ausnahme von der vorrangigen richterlichen Anordnungskompetenz fur die Entnahme von Blutproben geschaffen und die Anordnungskomptenz auf Staatsanwaltschaft und Polizei als ihre Ermittlungspersonen ubertragen. Der Erprobung zeitgemaßiger Instrumente zur Ermittlung des wahren Sachverhalts soll die Regelung zur verpflichtenden audiovisuellen Aufzeichnung von Beschuldigetenvernehmungen im Ermittlungsverfahren dienen. Die Rechtsgrundlagen fur die Online-Durchsuchung und die Quellen- Telekommunikationsuberwachung sind im Gesetz klar geschaffen worden. In dieser Arbeit werden die Inhalte des Anderungsgesetzes, insbesondere des Ermittlungsverfahrens zusammenfassend geschildert, und das herausgefunden, was die kriminalpolitischen Implikationen im Bezug auf koreanische Praxis und theoretische Diskussion sind.

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1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

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