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The Journal of Korean-Japanese National Studies

  • : 한일민족문제학회
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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(2001)~37권0호(2019) |수록논문 수 : 314
한일민족문제연구
37권0호(2019년 12월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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1해방 직후 재조일본인의 한미 이간 공작 음모

저자 : 이상호 ( Lee Sang-ho )

발행기관 : 한일민족문제학회 간행물 : 한일민족문제연구 37권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 5-35 (31 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to examine the perception of the situation of the Japanese Government General of Korea, the Japanese settlers in colonial Korea toward Japan defeat, and the intention of the conflict between South Korea and the US by the Japanese return group, especially the Japanese Relief Society, during the period of US military in South Korea.
The Japanese government decided that the sovereignty of the Korean peninsula remained in Japan until it ratified a peace treaty that would define Japan's postwar status, and informed the Japanese Government General of Korea on August 24 1945. The Japanese government retained the conventional view that Japan's sovereignty over colonial territories, including the Korean Peninsula, was not in the signing of the Potsdam Declaration to surrender to the Allies, but in a signing of a treaty with the Allies even after the defeat.
After the defeat, the Japanese Military Police and the Tokodai movement was very significant. They were planning to form a subterranean secret organization to distract South Korea's order, and to alienate between the US military and Koreans.
Another secret organization was under investigation by the US military intelligence agency in October 1945, when a clandestine group of former military policemen, who led the operation of the US-Korea separation after US occupation, was being caught by the US military's CIC. The object was the organization of Japanese Relief Society. These groups advocated private organizations aiming for the safe return of Japanese citizens, but they were formed with enormous financial support and support from the Japanese Government General of Korea and the Japanese Military Command in Korea.
In addition, the 'Kim Ke Cho incident' was revealed. Kim Ke Cho, a pro-Japanese leader sponsored by the Japanese Government General of Korea, was brought to trial after being caught by the US military in preparation for the work between Korea and the United States in connection with the Japanese Relief Society. In other words, this event can be evaluated as showing that the space of liberation was not free from the influence of Japanese imperialism, and thus the space of continuity is stronger than disconnection.


本研究では、米軍の南朝鮮への進駐時期において、朝鮮総督府及び在朝日本人の情勢認識を考えながら、日本人引揚団体とくに日本人世話会等が韓米に割り込んで葛藤を作り出そうとした意図がどこにあったのかを究明しようとした。
日本政府は朝鮮半島における主権は日本の戦後地位を定める講和条約の批准までには日本にあるものとし、これを1945年8月24日に朝鮮総督府に通報した。日本政府は朝鮮半島を含む植民地領土に対する主権の手放しは連合国に降伏を表明するポツダム宣言に調印することにあるのではなく、連合国との講和条約に調印することにあるとの従来の認識を敗戦後も維持していた。
敗戦後、日本の憲兵隊と特務機関の従事者らが見せた行為には意味深いものがあった。彼らは地下秘密結社を組織し南朝鮮の秩序を揺さぶったり、米軍と韓国人との間に亀裂をもたらす様に企んだ。
米軍の進駐以来、韓米に亀裂をもたらす様企んだ元憲兵隊員で作られた秘密組織はすでに米軍のCICによって摘発された。1945年の10月にはさらにもう一つの秘密組織が米軍情報局によって調査をうけていた。それが日本人世話会だった。この団体は在朝日本人の安全な引揚を目的に掲げていたものの、朝鮮総督府と朝鮮軍司令部から莫大な財政的後援と支援で作られた半官的なものであった。
さらに言えば、金桂祚事件を挙げなければならない。朝鮮総督府から支援をうけた親日派金桂祚は日本人世話会と組んで韓米に亀裂をもたらす様準備中摘発され裁判に掛けられた。この事件から見られる様に、解放空間というのはまだ日本帝国主義の影響力から離れていなかった。この時期はまだ断絶というよりは連続の側面が強かったと言えよう。

KCI등재

2한일어업협정의 체결에 따른 '평화선'의 소멸

저자 : 최영호 ( Choi Young-ho )

발행기관 : 한일민족문제학회 간행물 : 한일민족문제연구 37권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 37-65 (29 pages)

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This paper arranges on the basis of the published documents about fishery negotiations of Korea and Japan diplomats during normalization process clarifying what were the issues of the 'peace line' proclaimed unilaterally by Rhee Syngman government and how the line was dissipated in the process of establishment of fishery agreement in 1965. President Rhee declared abroad the 'marine sovereignty' in the Busan temporary government building on Jan. 18th, 1952. Subsequently he began to seize the Japanese fishing boats for the reason of invading the boundary under promulgation of an enforcement ordinance 'capture and Judgement' on Oct. 4th. According to the ordinance, capturing tribunal had the first judgement under the article 2 and high capturing tribunal had the second under the article 24 without verbal trial. Further more governmental draft of 'fishery resources protection law' as a follow-up measure passed the parliament on Dec. 1st, 1953. This paper remarks mainly on the result of the investigation about provision of fishery agreement as the final phase of sustentation of 'peace line' analyzing mainly the diplomatic negotiation documents for differentiation to the preceding researches. I utilize the documents of diplomatic negotiation between Korea and Japan for investigating the content of negotiations and I refer to the other researching results for expressing the structures of the line and agreement.


この論文は、'李ライン'をめぐる韓国と日本の間の争点が何であったのか、1965年の国交正常化に伴う漁業協定の締結により、それがどのように消滅していったのかについて、主に韓国と日本で一般開示された会談資料に基づいて言及しようとするものである。李承晩政府は1952年1月18日、釜山の臨時政府庁舎で'海洋主権'(大韓民国の隣接海洋の主権についての大統領宣言)を国内外に発表した。続いて'海洋主権'の境界線を侵犯する外国(主に日本)の船舶を拿捕するために、同年10月4日には'捕獲審判令'を緊急命令(大統領令)第12号として公布し、同日より施行に入った。この緊急命令は、第2条において捕獲審判所に一次審判を担当させ、高等捕獲審判所に二次審判を担当させるものであったが、高等捕獲審判所の第二審では書類審理のみで審判するように決めた。さらには'海洋主権'の後続措置として政府側の漁業資源保護法法案が作成され、1953年12月1日に国会を通過しその日から施行されるようになった。この論文は、最後の段階である漁業協定の条文化作業に関する調査結果を主な内容とする。先行研究からみてこの論文の特徴といえば、漁業協定を条文化する最後の段階に限って、韓日会談資料をもって調査するものである。李ライン問題の構造についての説明のために既存の研究を参考にしながら、会談の内容にていてはできるだけ会談資料を活用しようとする。

KCI등재

3히가시우에노(東上野) 친선마켓의 형성과 변용

저자 : 박미아 ( Park Mi-a )

발행기관 : 한일민족문제학회 간행물 : 한일민족문제연구 37권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 67-103 (37 pages)

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As a microcosm of the fierce postwar struggle for survival, the black markets connote various aspects. After liberation, the large scale of repatriation to Korea and serious unemployment had led to a major change of the life of Koreans in Japan. Ueno was one of the most crowded black market in Tokyo, Zainich Korean also gathered here for more profit and became significant power group in Ueno. However, conflicts continued steadily due to disputes over interests in black markets and mutual checks based on national sentiment. In response, the police and Daito-ku(台東區) district office proposed separation Korean from Ueno and helped to find replacement.
Higashi Ueno became the base of the Zainich Korean with the result that the project had been accomplished. Higashi Ueno was a place for commerce and housing, which was called the Goodwill Market. It had become known as Tokyo's representative Koreatown after liberation, mainly focused on the necessities of the life of Zainich Korean.
The Korean villages in Japan of pre-liberation era, which were mainly formed in places with inconvenient traffic and poor environment, lasted similar aspects even after liberation. On the other hand, Higashi Ueno was a place where land was purchased in a legal manner, and here, commercial and living rights of the people were guaranteed. It means that the Zainich Korean could lead a stable life in a guaranteed place and also reflected the change of life style after liberation.
Higashi Ueno has been the representative Koreatown of Tokyo over 70 years, however, as generations change, the region is also undergoing changes. Since the 2000s, exchanges between Korea and Japan have expanded further, and a new Koreatown has been formed around Shin- Okubo near Shinjuku. Thus, the uniqueness of the Higashi Ueno has been much smaller than before. Higashi Ueno reflects more than 100 years of Zainich Korean history, which could be called a barometer for predicting the future of Korean society in Japan.


日本の敗戦により、在日朝鮮人は解放を迎えた。解放後、多くの在日朝鮮人が帰国したが、様々な状況のためすぐに帰国できなかった人々も多く、戦時産業に従事した在日朝鮮人は大量失業状態に陥った。
職を失った在日朝鮮人たちは戦後に現れた闇市で生活の方策を求めようとした。東京の交通要衝地の一つである上野にも戦後の闇市が入った。在日朝鮮人はより良い収益を期待して上野闇市に集まり、戦争以前にはコリアン·コミュニティの機能が大きくなかった上野駅周辺は闇市を通じて在日朝鮮人の活動の中心地になっていった。敗戦後の一定時期までは在日朝鮮人が「治外法権」的存在として認識されており、在日朝鮮人の活動が際立って浮き彫りになっていた上野闇市の在日朝鮮人も、自分たちのそうした権利を当然のことと考える傾向があった。
しかし闇市の内の利権争い、民族的感情による相互牽制などは絶えず葛藤を引き起こした。これに対し警察と台東区役所は在日朝鮮人を別々に分離することを提案し、その結果、上野闇市から大路を面した東上野地域を払い下げることとなった。東上野地域は「国際親善マーケット」と呼ばれる住商複合空間であり、在日朝鮮人の独自の商業と生活圏域として形成された。
解放以前、日本全域に存在した在日朝鮮人村は主に肉体労働、鉱山、工場労働者が中心になっていた場所で、交通が不便であり生活環境が非常に劣悪な場所が多かった。解放後にも同様の様相を見せた。一方、東上野は合法的方式で土地を買い取り、商圏と生活圏を形成した場所で、解放以降在日朝鮮人の変化したライフ·スタイルを反映する場所でもあった。親善マーケットは在日コリアンを相手にする衣食住事業を中心に、東京の代表的なコリア·タウンとして知られるようになった。
東上野は70年間東京を代表するコリア·タウンだったが、世代が変わり、この地域も変化を経験している。2000年代以降、韓日両国の交流がさらに拡大されて韓国から新たに流入された人々は新宿付近の新大久保を中心にコリア·タウンを形成した。したがって東上野のユニークさも以前に比べてかなり縮小された。東上野は100年以上の在日コリアンの歴史を反映しており、この地域の変化は結局、在日コリアン社会の将来を予測するバロメーターとも言えるだろう。

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4한국전쟁기 재일조선인의 기억과 재현 -『조선평론(朝鮮評論)』 수록 전화황(全和凰) 작품을 중심으로-

저자 : 한정선 ( Han Jung-sun )

발행기관 : 한일민족문제학회 간행물 : 한일민족문제연구 37권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 105-133 (29 pages)

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This paper sheds light on poetry and paintings during the Korean War that have been excluded from the research on Chun Hwa Hwang. Although research outputs have been made with the recent accumulation of research Zainichi' art regarding the life and artworks of Chun Hwa Hwang, the first generation Zainichi artist.
The first objective of this research is to discover and introduce primary documents that were omitted from the research on Chun Hwa Hwang research. This study also intends to examine how he was associating himself with the Zainichi society based on the data. In other words, this study is an attempt to clearly identify how Chun Hwa Hwang shared experiential bond of empathy and collective expression with Zainichi organization during the Korean War while clearly examining what he was particularly observing. To be more specific, this research probes into how Chun was viewing the Korean War by focusing on the five poetry works, cover pages, and illustrations he published on “Chosun Critique” during the Korean War, and recovers his activities during the Korean War that have been neglected in discussions. By doing so, the study aimed to complement the research on Chun Hwa Hwang that has been limited and shed a new light on the activities of Zainichi artists during the Korean War. This paper is a research on Chun Hwa Hwang, a Zainichi artist, and examines how Zainichi who are minority of the Japanese society have remembered and reproduced the Korean War.


本稿は、これまでの全和凰研究で看過されてきた朝鮮戦争期の詩画作品に注目したものである。在日朝鮮人画家の全和凰の生涯と芸術に関しては、最近在日美術分野の研究が蓄積され、研究成果が出始めたが、議論の対象が、主に美術作品だけに限られていて、彼が朝鮮戦争期の在日朝鮮人雑誌に掲載した詩画は正当な評価を受けられなかった。彼は1951年第6回行動美術展に出品した<群像>が行動美術賞を受賞し、日本画壇に名を刻印させた在日朝鮮人画家として注目を浴びた。このような点が浮上し、相対的に彼が在日朝鮮人団体とどのように連携していたのかについては、研究が行われていなかったのが事実である。
したがって、この論文では、全和凰が在日朝鮮人団体とどのような体験的共感および集団的表明を共有する一方、特にどのような点に着目していたのかを明らかにしようとする。これを通して、在日朝鮮人芸術家の全和凰の行跡を整理し、彼の業績を立体的に評価することを目指した。具体的には全和凰が朝鮮戦争期、在日朝鮮人雑誌『朝鮮評論』に発表した5編の詩画作品と表紙、挿絵を中心にして、彼が朝鮮戦争をどう見ていたかを明らかにし、これまで議論されなかった朝鮮戦争期の活動を復元した。本論文では、これまで制限的に行われていた全和凰研究を補完し、朝鮮戦争期の在日朝鮮人芸術家の活動を改めて見直そうとした。

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51990년 이후 재일잡지미디어 지형 고찰

저자 : 이승진 ( Lee Seung-jin )

발행기관 : 한일민족문제학회 간행물 : 한일민족문제연구 37권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 135-166 (32 pages)

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This study aimed to summarize the genealogy of the magazines that Zainichi Koreans have published since 1990, and to examine the significance of the trends of change that can be observed. The consciousness of the members of Zainichi Korean community became individualized in the 1990s, when the magazine media of Zainichi Koreans played a remarkably lesser role as a forum for discourse. In the past, such magazines had exerted a dominant cultural influence on various areas of the community, but they gradually lost their dominance in almost all areas, including literature, politics, history and popular culture. In terms of the number of magazines published, many Zainichi Korean magazines were still published even in the 1990s, including the in-house magazines or journals of various organizations, and lifestyle magazines. As the general literary magazines, however, which had played a pivotal role in the world of Zainichi Korean magazines, had markedly less influence on the community, the areas such magazines covered began to be sharply limited from this time. This change in the circumstances of the magazine media was a phenomenon that the Japanese publishing market was also experiencing. This is because the market was reorganizing to focus on fashion magazines, a trend that meant the magazines in the general literature, current affairs, and politics sectors were gradually reduced, which indicates a change in the function of Japanese magazine media.
On the other hand, the launching of Zainichi Korean magazines has not only been rapidly declining since the 2000s, but they also no longer function as a forum for discourse to bind together the Zainichi Korean community. This seems to be because the distinctiveness of the 'Zainichi Korean' media failed to embrace these changes, and instead served as rather obvious limits on them, as the consciousness of Zainichi Koreans was diversified by generation. This strongly supports the argument that the role and function of Zainichi Korean magazines started on the downward path irretrievably in the 1990s, which was a turning point. On the other hand, another perspective is also considered to be reasonable that the influence Japanese magazines maintain over Japan society may open up the possibility of a new consumption trend for Zainichi Korean magazines. This is because new experiments in the Zainichi Korean magazine market are currently underway; e.g. in the early 2000s, the first women's general literary magazine, Chinihuneokoge (地に舟をこげ) was founded; and in 2015 Koro (航路) was launched, which aimed to rehabilitate the Zainichi Korean general literary magazine. Many Zainichi Korean Magazines are now seeking a solution given the changes faced by the Zainichi Korean community.


本稿は1990年以降の在日雑誌の系譜を整理し、その変化の意味を考察したものである。1990年代は在日社会の構成員の意識が個別化し、集団意識の表出の空間としての在日雑誌メディアの役割の縮小が著しく現れた時期であった。多様な領域において文化的な独占権を握ってきた在日雑誌は、文芸、政治、歴史、大衆文化を問わず、徐々にその支配力を失っていく。雑誌の発刊数のみを見ると、1990年代にも機関紙や会誌、生活や文化情報誌が数多く発行されたに違いはないが、それまで在日雑誌の中心の軸として機能してきた総合文芸誌の影響力の縮小が目立ち、在日雑誌の表現領域が急激に偏り始めたのがこの時期であった。在日雑誌を取り巻くこのような環境の変化は、日本の出版市場にも起こった現象であった。ファッション誌を中心に市場が再編され、文芸、時事、政治領域の雑誌が徐々に減っていく流れは、日本の雑誌における表現領域の縮小を示していたからである。ただし、消費層の細分化と脱活字化の流れの中でも、「週刊文春」をはじめとする週刊誌が日本社会の主要な話題を先取りし、政治、社会、文化、恋愛、スポーツなど全方位にわたって重要事件を談論化している例からもわかるように、日本の雑誌は各種の社会的な表象化の強力な主体として、依然として機能していることは確である。
これに比べて、在日雑誌は2000年代に入り、雑誌の創刊が急速に減少しているのみならず、在日社会、全体の公論の場として、これ以上機能しなくなってきた。これは、在日意識が多様化し、「在日」メディアという特殊性が、逆にこれらの変化を反映する際に、明らかな限界として作用するようになったゆえのことであろう。在日雑誌の役割と機能が1990年代をターニングポイントに取り返しのつかない道に入ってしまったという観点がここで浮上する。一方、日本社会における日本の雑誌の影響力の維持が、在日雑誌に対する新たな消費の流れにつながりうるという見方も有効である。2000年代の初め、最初の女性総合文芸誌である『地に舟をこげ』が出現し、2015年には、在日総合文芸誌の復権を目指した『航路』が創刊されるなど、在日雑誌の新たな実験は今も、なお続けられているからである。現在、様々な在日雑誌が在日社会が直面している変化の中で、それなりの解答を模索しており、今後の「在日雑誌」の未来は、これらの雑誌が歩む足跡にかかっていると言えよう。

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61920년대 초 재일본 조선인 유학생의 사회주의 활동과 코스모구락부(コスモ俱樂部)

저자 : 김진웅 ( Kim Jin-wung )

발행기관 : 한일민족문제학회 간행물 : 한일민족문제연구 37권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 167-208 (42 pages)

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This article attempts to restore the facet of early socialist activity of Choseon students in Japan by tracking the formation of Cosmo-Club and members' trends. Cosmo-Club was mere a social gathering originally established for the purpose of socialist research and exchange among international students. However, in June 1921, members such as Won Jongrin and Jung Taesin, who were involved in the plan of establishing the Communist Party of Japan, became a “Small International” of socialist international students by publishing 「Declaration」 based on the ideology of The Third International and taking an action. 
Since then, Cosmo-Club was operated with priority given to Choseon members. Members developed an active movement in close connection with the Gyomin Communist Party. This made Cosmo-Club position as one of the strong socialist groups in Japan. Cosmo-Club, however, was gradually declining since the second half of 1923, since major members changed the activity base. The suppression of Japanese imperialism, arrested and imprisoned and accelerated this by intimidating the members' activities. Eventually, Cosmo-Club was extinguished in 1925 since Kwon-Huiguk and Won Jongrin who were original members abandoned the international solidarity ideology based on socialism and transformed it into right-wing ideology. The beginning and end showed aspects of early socialism activities of Choseon students in Japan and the process of its division.


この研究は、コスモ倶楽部の結成過程と会員の動向を追跡することで在日本朝鮮人留学生の初期社会主義活動の一面を復元することがその目的である。コスモ倶楽部は当初、多国籍留学生の社会主義主義硏究と交流のために設けられた社交的集まりであった。ところが1921年6月、日本共産党樹立計画に関わっていた元鍾麟·鄭泰信などの会員が、第3インターナショナルの理念にもとづいた『宣言』を発表した後、それを行動に移したことによって、社会主義者の留学生の「小インターナショナル」に變貌した。
以後、コスモ倶楽部は主に朝鮮人の会員を中心に運営された。会員は、「曉民共産党」と緊密な連携の中、活発な運動を展開した。その結果、この団体は日本内で有力な社会主義団体の一つとして位置づけられた。しかし、コスモ倶楽部は、1923年下半期以降、主なメンバーが活動拠点を移すことによって、徐々に衰退の道を歩むことになる。結局、コスモ倶楽部は1925年、創立者である權熙國と元鍾麟が社會主義に基づいた国際連帯理念を放棄し、右翼の理念に基づいて団体を變容させたため消滅してしまった。これらの歷史的な過程は、朝鮮人留学生の初期社会主義活動の様態のみならず、それが分化する過程を見せている。

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8국가기록원 소장 고 김광열 기록물의 기본 현황

저자 : 정혜경

발행기관 : 한일민족문제학회 간행물 : 한일민족문제연구 37권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 217-237 (21 pages)

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