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Journal of Chinese Language and Literature

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수록범위 : 1권0호(1988)~100권0호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 1,611
중국어문논총
100권0호(2020년 08월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1“V+一下”的历时性考察

저자 : 王帅 ( Wang Shuai )

발행기관 : 중국어문연구회 간행물 : 중국어문논총 100권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 1-21 (21 pages)

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This paper examined “V+一下(Yixia)” from diachronic perspective.
As a verb-measure word, “下(xia)” is frequently used in modern Chinese. It can be used by combining with verb, adjective or other part of speech. In these pattens, “V+一下(Yixia)” is one of the most widely used. If “V+一下(Yixia)” has a object(O), there are two word orders, which one is “V+O+一下(Yixia)” and the other is “V+一下(Yixia)+O”. We found that “V+一下(Yixia)+O” is the dominant word order and used very frequently, on the contrary “V+O+一下 (Yixia)” is the inferior word order and not used ofen based on searching modern Chinese corpus. But in ancient Chinese corpus, “V+O+一下(Yixia)” was used more often.
In ancient Chinese, the meaning of “下(xia)” had a semantic change process. “下(xia)” has two meanings during the grammaticalization. One is “一下1(Yixia1)” which is used by count the number of actions. The other one is “一下2(Yixia2)”. It means short-time. With the data in ancient Chinese corpus, We found that “V+ 一下1(Yixia1)” was used with decreasing trend and “V+一下2(Yixia2)” was used with increasing trend from the Tang Dynasty until the present. At the same time, “V+O+一下(Yixia)” is used with decreasing trend and “V+一下(Yixia)+O” is used with increasing trend.
Since “一下1(Yixia1)” has actual semantics, it can be regarded as the semantic focus at the end of a sentence. However “一下2(Yixia2)” has lost the actual semantics, so it is mostly used in front of the object of a sentence.
So the semantic change of “下(xia)” affected the word order of “V+一下(Yixia)” which has a object. But it is undeniable that there are many factors can affect word order.

KCI등재

2汉韩“手”类词语义取象特征分析

저자 : 朴花艳 ( Piao Huayan ) , 韩容洙 ( Han Yongsu )

발행기관 : 중국어문연구회 간행물 : 중국어문논총 100권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 23-47 (25 pages)

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The “hand” of the human body part is the part of the front end of the arm of a human or other primate, which is mainly used to grab or hold things. 
Humans perceive the cold or hot, rough or delicate, hard or soft of things through the touch of their hands. Based on cognitive behavior, they reflect their signals to the brain to make subjective judgments on things. 
Revolving around the “手c” and “손/手k” which had been frequently used to describe “hand” in Korean and Chinese linguistics, this study aimed at analyzing he semantic image reflected by their single-morpheme words and compound words. 
Furthermore, based on the theories of contrastive and cognitive linguistics, this study analyzed the meaning of “手c” and “손/手k” in the dictionary from the perspective of structural form and functional form respectively. Among which, structural form is the synthesis of shape, structure and position of face in human body; functional form includes the use function, semantic function and grammaticalization. 
Through this comparative research, this study discussed the origin, process and future direction of body words referring to “hand” in Korean and Chinese linguistics, and compared their similarities and differences in hopes of providing insight into the field of Korean-Chinise language education, Korean-Chinese body word teaching, and Koran-Chinese translation.

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The subjects of this study, Yuxuan Guwenyuanjian(≪御選古文淵鑒≫), Guwenyuexuan(≪古文約選≫) and Yuxuan Tangsongwenchun(≪御選唐宋文醇≫), they are the anthology of classical proses which was selected, commented and published by Emperor and his ministers of Qing Dynasty. 
This paper first analyzed their motives and purpose, and also the aspects of their compilation system, text choices, and criticism. Through this, I have searched for the standard and the direction of Qing Dynasty's essay writing and criticism in it. In addition, I examined this in connection with academic thought and political situation of Qing Dynasty. And as an example of specific changes, I noticed Han Yu(韓愈), whose change of status seems to be prominent. And then, I have explored the meaning of Han Yu's change of status in literary stature which shows progressively throughout the era of Emperor Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qianlong. 
As a result, as the cultural policy of the Qing dynasty changed, the standardization of essay writing through the anthology of classical proses by Dynasty, and this proved that this had a great influence on the entire of Qing dynasty's literature including the success of Tongcheng School(桐城派). 
Therefore, the anthology of classical proses by Emperor and his ministers of Qing Dynasty shows that the ruler directly participates in the critical activities and uses literary criticism for political purposes to protect and integrate the rule of the Dynasty.

KCI등재

4전쟁시로서의 <종군행> 곡조 악부시 개관

저자 : 洪承直 ( Hong Seungjic )

발행기관 : 중국어문연구회 간행물 : 중국어문논총 100권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 79-100 (22 pages)

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Guo Maoqian of Song China, compiled the Yue Fu, a collection of Yue Fu Poetry. Cong Jun Xing is one of the melodic tunes of Yue Fu. In addition, it is one of that deals with war-related contents. The song's emotions, psychology, routes, geography, battles, climate, etc. are all related to all processes related to war, such as war decisions, recruitment of soldiers and supplies, marching, combat, victory, defeat, and return.
The goal of this article is to take a look at the overall appearance of Cong Jun Xing. For the sake of convenience and systematization, the development of the poetry of Cong Jun Xing has been divided into three periods: the 'First, Second, and Third' period.
After the formation of the Cong Jun Xing tune in Yue Fu Poetry, Cong Jun Xing became one of the representative tunes of war poetry.
In the first period, Cong Jun Xing was war poems without exception. The keywords related to the sentiment related to the warlords are 'Suffering', 'Pleasure', 'Longing', 'Loneliness', 'Curvy', 'Sorryness', 'Worring', 'Resentment'.
In the second period, Lu Sidao changed the basic 5 characters phrase format of the song Cong Jun Xing, which had been passed down to that, to the basic 7 characters phrase format. In the beginning of the period, Cong Jun Xing, which started mainly in 5 characters phrases, reached the developmental stage and expanded to 7 characters phrases and miscellaneous phrases, and the original 5 phrases were still favored.
The above-mentioned war song, built by Lin Chang, is completely out of solid language and form. The language is modern Chinese, and the development of phrases is a variant that forms a part of the phrase. It was written during the war under the title of Cong Jun Xing, which was conveyed by song lighting, but it was filled with a new language and a new song was added. Cong Jun Xing The tune produced several derivative tunes.
In this article, we were limited to looking only at the poems of the song Cong Jun Xing. Furthermore, it is expected that this article will serve as the goodness of the consideration of the mischief of other tunes, such as Cong Jun Xing.

KCI등재

5共同话语与相互认知: 日帝时期中韩革命人士的互动 - 以大同党活动为中心

저자 : 柴琳 ( Chai Lin ) , 牛林杰 ( Niu Linjie )

발행기관 : 중국어문연구회 간행물 : 중국어문논총 100권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 101-122 (22 pages)

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As the Korean Peninsula was completely colonized by Japan in 1910, many Korean revolutionary ideologues went into exile and launched an indomitable national independence movement in China. At the same time, they also wrote articles, published books, magazines and had extensive and in-depth exchanges with intellectuals in China.
Since the establishment of the New Asia Alliance Party with Korean students in Japan in 1916, Chinese intellectuals such as Huang Jiemin and Korean independence activists have been inseparable, and their interaction and collision of ideas are of great significance in the history of ideological and cultural exchange between China and Korea in modern times. In pursuit of their respective national independence and liberation, they took the Datong Party as the exchange position, “human equality and cosmopolitanism” as the fundamental tenet, nation salvation and survival as the first duty to cooperate. The members of Datong Party always stressed the importance of helping Korea to win national independence and hoped that the Chinese government could talk to Korea based on mutual equality, then Korea will also contribute to the Anti-Japanese War. Since the early days of the activities of the Datong Party, Chinese intellectuals and Korean independence activists have attached great importance to the joint resistance against Japan by China and Korea, and expressed their ardent hope for the two peoples to join hands to fight against the enemy. After the victory of the Second Sino-Japanese War, Huangjiemin also expressed his expectation for the new Korea and hoped to establish a new country with a new look of freedom and equality on the basis of the cosmopolitanism when he sent important officials of the Korean Provisional Government back to Korea.
The establishment and activities of groups like Datong Party show that in the face of the Japanese imperialist hegemony, China and Korea cooperated with each other to confront the enemy on the basis of equality and mutual assistance, which reflected the dialogue and mutual learning of the thinking and ideas of the insightful people of China and Korea in modern times. The common discourse and mutual cognition between the intellectuals of China and Korea left a profound mark in the history of east Asian civilization exchanges in the 20th century.

KCI등재

6≪殷虛文字丙編≫032∼040譯註

저자 : 金赫 ( Kim Hyeok )

발행기관 : 중국어문연구회 간행물 : 중국어문논총 100권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 123-146 (24 pages)

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Although ≪Bingbian(丙編)≫032/033 does not specify a specific location or situation, I assume that he moved during the war, based on the fact that the person Ge( ) (mainly a person who participates in the war) is somewhere without a hailstone, whether the person Shi(食) arrives, whether the dispatched person in the north captures the Qiangzu(羌族), moves the ancestral tablet, and whether the king enters. The contents of the memorial service were probably held to solve the problems that occurred during the war.
≪Bingbian(丙編)≫034~038 are basically filled with the same content in Chengtaobuci(成套卜辭). The king went out somewhere and returned to Sangtung. It is thought that he carefully divined his fortune due to the risk of obstructing or witchcraft.
≪Bingbian(丙編)≫039~040 are based on the question of whether ancestors such as Chengtang(成湯), Dajia(大甲) and Xiayi(下乙) are next to Shangdi(上帝), and whether Dajia(大甲) and Xiayi(下乙) are next to the upper ancestor, Chengtang(成湯). According to ancient documents and materials such as bronze ware, it is well-meaning that certain ancestral gods are next to Shangdi(上帝). The specific circumstances are unknown, but it is presumed that they were looking at the relationship between the ancestral gods and the ancestral gods and the Shangdi(上帝) to find out whether the circumstances were favorable to them. If more detailed literature related to this appears, it will provide an opportunity to understand the myths of the Chinese ancient people.
In this paper, translations and annotations of ≪Bingbian(丙編)≫032~040 were conducted. For Korean researchers studying the oracle bone inscriptions and Shang Dynasty history, I hope this paper will serve as a reference to deciphering the basic historical material of the oracle bone inscriptions.

KCI등재

7<궁달이시(窮達以時)> 고석(考釋) - 군자(君子)의 '시(時)'에 대한 인식과 태도

저자 : 姜信碩 ( Kang Shinseuk )

발행기관 : 중국어문연구회 간행물 : 중국어문논총 100권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 147-171 (25 pages)

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Qiong Da Yi Shi(<窮達以時>) is the Chu Bamboo Book of the Warring States Period(戰國楚竹書), which is one of the Guodian Chu Tomb Bamboo Slips(≪郭店楚墓竹简≫). The 'Shi(時)' in the Quan Da Yi Shi(<窮達以時>) in the Guodian Chu Tomb Bamboo Slips(≪郭店楚墓竹簡≫) refers to fortune, timing, time trend or world trend, etc. It is an important factor for the success of the scholar's career. 
As a concept of time, 'Shi(時)' is closely related to the Yinyangjia(陰陽家). It is also used as an important concept in the theories of Bingjia(兵家) and Taoists(道家), and it shows a strong color of Tianminglun(天命論). The so-called heaven(天) in the text is not divine, nor moral, but fateful. As supporting evidence, the article lists many historical and legendary examples of poor sages, such as Dashun(大舜) ploughing in Lishan(歷山), Zixu(子胥)'s merits, etc., 
Confucianism(儒家) also has its unique understanding of 'Shi(時)', which not only regards whether 'Shi(時)' is a key factor for the success of a career, but also connects 'Shi(時)' with Li(禮) and transcends the deterministic meaning of 'Shi(時)'. 
From my point of view in this paper, I would like to interpret the Junzi(君子) as a person who has the wisdom to use it as a field of self-discipline and self-realization in spite of being poor, beyond the limited situation of time and space.

KCI등재

8≪명어림(明語林)≫의 <기선(企羨)>편(篇) 역주(譯註)

저자 : 申旻也 ( Shin Minya )

발행기관 : 중국어문연구회 간행물 : 중국어문논총 100권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 173-213 (41 pages)

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Since Liu Yiqing(劉義慶) wrote Shishuoxinyu(≪世說新語≫) during Song Dynasty (420-479) in Southern Dynasties, the shishuoti(世說體) novels had been published which resembled its form. During Ming and Qing dynasties, the shishuoti novels were steadily published starting from He Liangjun(何良俊)'s Heshiyulin(≪何氏語林≫) during the mid-Ming dynasty to the period of Kangxi in Qing Dynasty. 
Mingyulin(≪明語林≫) is a shishuoti style novel published by Wu Sugong(吳肅公, 1626 ~ 1699) who was an adherent of Ming Dynasty in 1681 (20th year of Kangxi Emperor). Mingyulin is the first shishuoti styled work which was published in Qing dynasty. Its compiler, Wu Sugong, was a Confucian scholar, literary man and historian who chose to remain as an adherent of Ming Dynasty during the period of upheaval when the dynasty changed from Ming Dynasty to Qing Dynasty. Accordingly, Wu Sugong complied the book in order to keep the record of Ming dynasty, help the readers to reflect the history of dead dynasty, and pass down the history of indigenous Han people against the culture of other ethnic people. 
Mingyulin contains the description of 930 and more persons who lived from late Yuan Dynasty to early Qing Dynasty by classifying them into 38 items and listing 900 and more articles. As Mingyulin has a lot of episodes on the people of various classes, it can be described as encyclopedia of personal episodes for the people who lived in Ming dynasty. As the shishuoti style novel is made of the real life stories of people who lived in the past, thus having the nature of historical record. 
This study is the interpretation of Qixian Part out of 38 items recorded in Mingyulin. Qixian(<企羨>) means “to hope and want to be so”. In the Qixian Part, there are the episodes of the people who the complier Wu Sugong respected. Through the people introduced in the episodes, it is possible to take a look literature and life of Ming Dynasty's literati. In addition, as the Mingyulin contains the description of the literati such as Yang Shiqi(楊士奇), Xue Xuan(薛瑄), Li Dongyang(李東陽), Chen Xianzhang(陳獻章), Tang Shunzhi (唐順之), Kang Hai(康海), Li Dongyang(李夢陽), Xu Wei(徐渭), Yuan Hongdao(袁宏道), this interpretation paper helps to widen our understanding of Ming Dynasty's literati.

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