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Studies in Modern Fiction

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수록범위 : 1권0호(1994)~27권2호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 757
현대영미소설
27권2호(2020년 09월) 수록논문
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1소아마비에서 코로나 19까지: 『네메시스』 속 감염병과 존재윤리 연구

저자 : 김대중 ( Dae-joong Kim )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 27권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 5-28 (24 pages)

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This study aims to investigate how epidemic or pandemic contagious disease is represented in fiction by analyzing Nemesis, Philip Roth's most recent novel published in 2011. Nemesis takes on polio endemic in a Jewish community located at Newark in 1944 where Bucky Cantor, a young and healthy Jewish gym teacher who ironically could not be enlisted to the army because of his poor eyesight, struggles with polio endemic. This essay traces down how Bucky, as a mythic character, tussles with theological conundrum and scientific explanations to explain why his pupils die of polio. The essay also delineates how bio-politics operates in a full quarantine of the city and how people react to this state of exception utilizing Giorgio Agamben's theories. Bucky decides to retreat into Indian camp where his fiance waits in order to avoid polio but he could not help finding himself contagious, which results in tragic consequences. The paper, alongside delving into the narrative, unfolds how contagious disease debunks ethico-ontological meaning of 'shame' in humanity and aporia of communal ethics.

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2『젊은 예술가의 초상』: 근대와 육체, 그리고 아퀴나스의 감정론

저자 : 김상욱 ( Sangwook Kim )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 27권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 29-52 (24 pages)

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This paper illuminates the way in which James Joyce sees bodily appetite as a human reality contradicting Irish Catholic asceticism in A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. At the turn of the century, Dublin was propelled by the culture of commodity whose phantasmagoric nature accounts for Stephen's enchanting liaison with a prostitute and the rise of sensation novels. Stephen's guilty but pleasurable enchantment with a female body can be seen as an irresistible power of physical desire, the anti-religious internal drive of which signaled Charles Stuart Parnell's historical adultery with Katharine O'Shea. This paper particularly explores Joyce's idea of aesthetic emotions as the psycho-social dialectic of affect, which mediates between conventionalized emotions and non-conventional physical sensations. Thomas Aquinas's account of irascible passions is seen as the affect of spiritual bodiliness in Joyce's view of jealousy not as a hate for the other but as the medium for a good as higher pleasure in adultery. This paper further argues that Joyce's emotional aestheticism, which is transformatively borrowed from Aquinas's aesthetics, is an endorsement of bodily emotions against Irish Catholic oppression of physical desire.

KCI등재

321세기의 안락의자 탐정: 제프리 디버의 '링컨 라임'에 나타나는 기술과 네트워크

저자 : 박창숙 ( Chang-sook Pak )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 27권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 53-73 (21 pages)

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This paper aims to study the detective novel in the age of posthumanism, focusing on the formation of network between human and nonhuman elements in the novel. Jeffery Deaver's Lincoln Rhyme is an armchair detective, as Sherlock Holmes of the 21st century. Rhyme, a quadriplegic detective, has to rely on various machines and computer systems for movement, communication, and criminal investigation. He is a cyborg as a hybrid of human and machine. His body is combined with technology and extended to the outside. Rhyme's network for detecting crimes is linked to human and nonhuman factors including machines, evidences, and even information, all of which interact as actors. Actor-Network Theory(ANT) places humans and nonhumans on an equal footing, as the products of society by techno-science. As a cyborg, an actor, and a translator of ANT, Rhyme represents an intersection of heterogeneity to blur the dichotomous boundary between human and nonhuman. It provides a new point to reconsider thoughts that we have had about humanity and the relationship between human and nonhuman.

KCI등재

4생명공학기술과 언어 관계에서의 포스트휴먼 비전: 마가렛 앳우드의 『오릭스와 크레이크』

저자 : 이정희 ( Chung-hee Lee )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 27권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 75-109 (35 pages)

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This paper aims to propose the posthuman ethics, investigating what results come out when humans intend to increase their own happiness through the excessive applications of biotechnology in Margaret Atwood's Oryx and Crake. This study pursues the affirmative solutions to resurrect language and empathy, because this novel shows the degradations of language and recognition when humans become the indiscrete consumers dominated by the ruthless empowerment of neoliberal corporations. This novel represents that in the post-apocalyptic devastated world driven by the geneticist Crake's annihilating humans in his totalitarian transgenetic vision, Jimmy (Snowman) struggles to survive and reanimate the language in his self-reconstruction. This novel suggests the eco-posthuman ethical vision because Snowman can understand the bioengineered hominids Crakers's virtues of accepting otherness, communal cooperations and environmental adaptability.
The eco-posthuman reading leads to the positive solutions of vital materialism that we can see the nature not as the uncontaminated pastoral garden but as the postnatural generative space overlapped with human and nonhuman. This perspective offers that we should pursue the postanthropocentrism paradigms. If we read the Crakers as the posthuman subjectivities, the tone of this dystopian novel can be reversed as the hopeful utopian one. The Crakers's virtues can expand the possibilities for humanity and human consciousness. The Crakers can nourish our compassion and community solidarity for the betterment of futuristic society. As Snowman has struggled to survive at the wasteland and to invent new narration in leading the Crakers, he can become a new posthuman and move toward the other human survivors for their reconciliations in the end of this novel. This novel would suggest the vital posthuman ethics, because Snowman's narrative future opens the geo-zoe-technology correlation and coevolution.

KCI등재

5역사 속에서의 개인의 정체성 서사: 필립 로스의 『미국 삼부작』을 중심으로

저자 : 장정훈 ( Jung-hoon Jang )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 27권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 111-141 (31 pages)

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This paper argues that The American Trilogy comprised of American Pastoral(1997), I Married a Communist (1998), and The Human Stain (2000) show how individual identity embodies national identity and how the forces of American history threaten to overtake personal freedom and individual agency. American Pastoral revolves around Swede Levov, his attempts to assimilate into the melting pot of WASP society, and how his daughter's involvement in radical anti-Vietnam politics destroyed this pursuit of the "American dream." I Married a Communist recounts the life of Ira Ringold and how his political ties to leftist causes his political persecution in the 1950s, instigated in many ways by the tell-all memoirs of his former wife, and former silent movie actress, Eva Frame whose book is also titled I Married a Communist. In The Human Stain, the protagonist Colemans Silk, classics professor and former Dean of Athena College, finds himself marginalized through the politically correct machinations of his colleagues, much in the way that Clinton was hounded by right-wing Republicans.
Nathan Zuckerman, the narrator, depicts the downfall of three protagonists; Swede Levov in American Pastoral, Ira Ringgold in I Married a Communist and Coleman Silk in The Human Stain. Considering why the main characters have no choice but to face tragedy, this thesis indicates that protagonists' falls result not only from the main character's tragic error, but also from violence and anarchy of the society, thought stuck in one idea or ideology, and political correctness based entirely on hypocrisy and prejudice. Reconsidering the key historical moments of post-World War Ⅱ: the red purge heydays of McCarthyism in the 1950s, radical anti-Vietnam war in the 1960s, and President Bill Clinton's impeachment in the 1990s, Roth reveals the façade and irony of the political and social structures in the 20th century America. As a writer, Roth analyses the relationship between the public and private life of people in America and examines the social health of America in his intensely intelligent way.

KCI등재

6E. B. 화이트의 『샬롯의 거미줄』에 나타나는 기적의 의미: 수행적 언어, 자연의 일상성과 초월성으로서의 기적

저자 : 조성란 ( Sungran Cho )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 27권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 143-165 (23 pages)

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In spite of the common skepticism, including philosopher David Hume's, E. B. White places the miracle as the central event and main theme in his classic children's book, Charlotte's Web. This study explores the meaning and significance of this miracle in Charlotte's Web. The words written on the web are not the signs of the miracle from God as believed by Juckerman and townspeople. Charlotte, the spider, saves Wilbur, the spring pig, by writing series of the signifiers, 'some pig' 'terrific' 'radiant' and 'humble' on the web. She tricks people into believing the words as signs from God. The ordinary pig Wilbur becomes the pig as designated by the words. The miracle is the performative speech act of the language that gives birth to Wilbur by calling him with the words on the web. While the first meaning is the performative speech act that saves Wilbur, there are other interpretations of the miracle of the words on the web in the book. White introduces the concept of the 'ordinary miracle' through the minister's interpretation of the 'miracle-in-waiting' as that which can occur anytime, i.e., as the possibility of the miracle. Through Dr. Dorian's outlook that 'the web itself' is the miracle, White expands his concept of the ordinary miracle to include transcendence in Nature. As the paper emphasizes the significance of the performative speech act, it also argues that the book Charlotte's Web itself as literary performative speech act creates its story and characters to provide the occasion to reflect upon the meanings of the miracle for the (child) readers.

KCI등재

7영국령 트란스요르단 정신병원에 갇힌 무슬림 여성들: 아랍 여성 작가 파디아 파키르의 『소금기둥』

저자 : 차희정 ( Heejung Cha )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 27권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 167-188 (22 pages)

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This paper introduces a British-Jordanian writer Fadia Faqir unknown to Korean academia and explores her second novel, Pillars of Salt from a transnational and transcultural feminist perspective. Set in Transjordan during and after the British Mandate, it unfolds the disturbing stories of two Muslim women who end up sharing a room in a mental hospital managed by an English doctor - Maha, a Bedouin peasant from the Jordan Valley and Um Saad, a city housewife from Amman. The novel is characterized by three different narrators, an intricate structure of traditional Arabic storytelling, English style, Islamic sensibility, and Western feminist themes. The title of the novel, Pillars of Salt, refers to Lot's wife. In the Biblical account of the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, Lot's wife turned back to watch Sodom burn and was transformed into a pillar of salt for disobeying God's word. The paper defines the Muslim women as pillars of salt synonymous with rebellious, disobedient female subjects in terms of female madness and resistance. In doing so, it deals with religious, political, cultural, and gender conflicts in Islamic society in which women are religiously considered as being inferior to men and culturally confined in a well-closed room complexly constructed with patriarchal traditions, Islamic norms, and colonial orders.

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8Kate Chopin's “Athénaïse”: A 19th-Century Married Woman's Pursuit of Selfhood

저자 : Sun-ok Kim

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 27권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 189-211 (23 pages)

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This paper aims to explore a 19th-century married woman's pursuit of selfhood in the oppressive institution of marriage and examine the meaning and importance her challenge has in Kate Chopin's “Athénaïse”. Most of Chopin's short stories and novels set in Louisiana feature female characters of Louisiana Creole background and her highest interests are feminist issues related to marriage, sexuality, and motherhood as women's oppressive experiences in the Victorian American South where true womanhood was believed to be fulfilled only through marriage and motherhood. One of Chopin's representative works, “Athénaïse” ends with a happy vision for marriage, which has disappointed some critics expecting the protagonist's more active role against the oppressive social institution. However, within a moral safety zone in which a runaway wife returns to her husband with the pleasure of pregnancy, Chopin insinuates two important feminist issues, women's desire for selfhood and sexual awakening. Athénaïse's challenge has shown that a woman is also the subject of desires, not 'the other' defined by men, wanting independent selfhood and creating her own life. Another achievement “Athénaïse” has made is presenting an alternative vision for the male-dominated Victorian marriage through the change of a man who had patriarchal attitudes toward women's role. He realizes the marriage based on male domination over the wife is the same as slavery, deciding to respect his wife's free will and choice. This is a remarkable change in that he has admitted his wife as an independent subject with her own desires and free will. The fact that the happy ending is the outcome of a woman's pursuit of selfhood and a man's change of attitudes toward a female subject indicates that the conclusion of “Athénaïse” is not just a conventional happy ending but a positive vision for marriage.

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1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

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