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Studies in Modern Fiction

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1994)~25권2호(2018) |수록논문 수 : 700
현대영미소설
25권2호(2018년 09월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1이언 매큐언의 『낯선 자들의 위로』에 나타난 폭력 연구: 금지된 욕망의 정체와 '아버지'의 처벌

저자 : 김정순 ( Jeong Soon Kim )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 5-28 (24 pages)

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This paper aims to examine the psychoanalytical 'desire', 'trauma' and 'repetition' represented in Ian McEwan's The Comfort of Strangers on the basis of Lacanian psychoanalysis. For this purpose, I take a brief look at various related psychoanalytical concepts of Jacques Lacan, and Slavoj Zizek. Then, I analyze the metaphor of maps and cameras which make the novel's setting claustrophobic and inscrutable to define the state of mind of Mary and Colin. They are strongly left-liberal in political views and feminists, but actually lacking in conviction judging from the confusion and enervation they're suffering in this supposedly patriarchal city.
Dealing with the most disturbing violence in all of McEwan's work, the murder scene, I focus on the ambivalent desire, conscious and unconscious, of Robert. It's closely associated with a trauma from his childhood where he was indoctrinated with machismo and misogyny by his severe father, repressing his own desire for feminine. However, because it can be never completely eliminated, in an unconscious aspect, Robert is irresistibly attracted to Colin stimulating his repressed desire for feminine. I also analyze Robert's conscious desire to destroy the womanly and effeminate Colin. It is desire to punish his past failed, effeminate self and, at the same time, to explicitly show his loyalty to his dead father as being a 'symbolic father'. Through these analyses, I show how paternal violence and stereotyped patriarchal value about gender identity produce a distorted sexual imagination leading to ultimate violence and unpredictable results such as murder.

KCI등재

2크리스 리의 『내 고국은 어디에』: 유동적인 지구촌 시대 동북아의 디아스포라 재현

저자 : 노은미 ( Eunmi Noh )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 29-48 (20 pages)

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This paper explores the world of diasporas depicted in Krys Lee's novel, How I Became a North Korean, in terms of Zygmunt Bauman's critical frame of 'liquid modernity'. Lee, using the first person voices of three central characters, vividly recreates the harrowing experiences of the refugees and their journeys to a new world, fighting against the pitfalls of uncertainty and hostility.
Following Lee's compelling vision of Northeast Asia, one encounters the complex worlds of North Korea, South Korea, China, the refugee, the immigrant, the gay Christian, and the straight nonbeliever and so forth. The villains hidden in the landscape are the Christian aid workers who require refugees to convert in exchange for freedom. The missionaries go to extremes, holding the refugees hostage in 'the safe house,' thus delaying their escape from China. Through her portrayal of the precarious lives of diasporas and the predicaments of the outcasts strayed in the vast land of China, Lee contemplates the possibility of hospitality, co-existence, and tolerance. As such, Lee brings home to us that such moral sensibility would eventually define who we are.

KCI등재

3심리적으로 소멸된 시간: 퀜틴의 분열서사와 그의 죽음

저자 : 류춘희 ( Chunhee Rhew )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 49-71 (23 pages)

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This paper, paying attention to Quentin's narrative of the second chapter of William Faulkner's The Sound and the Fury, observes dissipated time that reveals several de-constructive aspects and eventually calls for Quentin's suicide. This outstanding Modernist novel adopts its typical narrative technique of 'stream of consciousness', but it depicts considerably de-constructive facets in which time and gender identity of Quentin were disrupted. Quentin's psychological complication to efface time leads to his death as a kind of compromise with his emotional deadlock.
Quentin, who has cherished the pre-modern idealism of the South and been obsessed with memories of his sister Caddy, does not harmoniously cope with modernistic changes and only tries to adhere to the antebellum morals. Quentin's wavering self-consciousness potentially caused from his subconsciously incestuous desire for Caddy dissolves time and space already mutually inter-fused, not clearly defining the boundary between the real and the fictitious as well as the past and the present.
Quentin's fragmented consciousness and confused gender identity, along with the collapsed traditional values, results in his death relocating himself in the moment/spot without time. Death, one of the epistemological themes of Modernism, functions here as an escape for Quentin from his struggles over time and silences his anachronistic perception of time and space.

KCI등재

4거울 뉴런과 문학 1: 쿳시의 『야만인을 기다리며』에 나타난 자의식적 서사의 신경 윤리학

저자 : 백진 ( Jin Paik )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 73-94 (22 pages)

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This essay attempts to determine neuro-ethical implications of the self-conscious narrative in J. M. Coetzee's Waiting for the Barbarians, on the basis of research on “mirror neurons.” Results show that the activation of mirror neurons in the human brain enables us to read others' actions and intentions, thereby helping us to develop a “theory of minds” of others. In particular, V. S. Ramachandran has speculated that these “mind-reading” neurons could provide the basis and the rudiments for self-awareness and other-awareness. With regard to neuroethics, this concept of the two (“turning inward” and “turning outward”) aspects of the self implies that we have a neural mechanism that makes empathic concern for others very natural. From the socio-cognitive neuroscience perspective, the self can also be understood as resulting from “interactive social processes that are memorised and constantly evaluated” (Kollek 79), whereas identity can be considered to be consisting of “a self-narrative that integrates one's past events into a coherent story” (Polkinghorne 107). In this sense, the self-conscious narrative of Waiting for the Barbarians can be interpreted as the process of establishing the identity of the magistrate, who is the narrator of this novel, and thus sympathizing with others and developing the ethical relationships with them.

KCI등재

5『그 지방의 관습』에서 '진짜'와 예술과 몸의 상품화

저자 : 손영희 ( Younghee Son )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 95-125 (31 pages)

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In Edith Wharton's The Custom of the Country, the aboriginal New York High Society and French aristocracy are being invaded by the nouveau-riche capitalists. The Aborigines value their possessions associated with their family tradition as 'authentic' heirlooms that are not fungible. On the other hand, the Invaders can not build a strong bond with their possessions and regard them as fungible commodities. The Invaders' purchase of the Aborigines' heirlooms and works of art is the acquisition of status symbol as well as an act of speculation that inflates the monetary value of art commodities. By marrying Undine Spragg, an invading nouveau riche, Ralph Marvell and Raymond de Chelles seek to preserve their 'authentic' heirlooms and works of art. However, Undine subjects them to the market as fungible commodities. Undine's insatiable and ceaseless pursuit of 'the best' makes her an equivalent for greedy capitalism. As a ruthless capitalist, Undine trades herself and her son as a commodity to get 'the best' she wants. At the same time, she effectively demolishes obsolete structure of Aborigines' taboos, rites, sanctions, and fossilized tradition that constitutes their authenticity, exposes their snobbishness and hypocrisy, and accelerates their extinction triggered by their failure to adjust to the capitalist economy.

KCI등재

6J.M. 쿳시의『마이클 K의 삶과 시대』: 먹기와 단식의 윤리학

저자 : 오현숙 ( Hyun Sook Oh )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 127-151 (25 pages)

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This paper aims to explore the ethical and political aspects of eating and fasting in J.M. Coetzee's novel, Life & Times of Michael K. The novel demonstrates the strategies of bio-power used to control the bodies of racial minority and to confine them in labour camps in apartheid South Africa. Categorized as idle and accused of being like a parasite, the eponymous protagonist is interned in labour camps, but he continues to escape. The escapee also refuses to eat and to speak in the camps. K's escape and refusal can be considered as a form of resistance against the oppressive social and political landscape of apartheid South Africa. However, Michael Hart and Antonio Negri criticize K's refusal as the novel's limitation since his fasting leads only to a kind of social suicide. Nevertheless, K's fasting provides a potentiality for subverting the logic of camps, which are designed for people without jobs or food. Additionally, K's fasting can be regarded as an ethical and political method of engaging with the escape from exploitation of the bodies of the Other, including animals and minorities. Consequently, K experiences the bodily transformation, as his fasting deterritorizes the body in the camps, which otherwise force minorities to labour for food.

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Still Alice and Elizabeth is Missing are dementia driven narratives in which the protagonists are not only Alzheimer's patients but are also agents who lead the narrative. The neuro-novel, Still Alice incorporates current and detailed medical knowledge as it introduces Alice fighting against her own Alzheimer's disease and social stigmatization. Elizabeth is Missing dramatizes Mode's loss of memory, the typical symptom of dementia, as a major motif of the mystery story, thus defamiliarizing the usual plot of the detective story. Despite different ways of dealing with dementia, the authors implicitly attempt to find 'self' which remains in dementia patients and thereby re-imagine the social stigmatization against dementia which stereotypes both the symptoms and patients as living funerals, zombies, and living corpses. Alice claims that she is more than what she can memorize and express. Mode's broken memory turns out to be the key to solve a 70 year old murder case. Ironically, this novel proves that even the broken memory of an Alzheimer's patient can be a liberative power for the individual. The message of these two novels can be a criticism of the logocentricism which places human value squarely on language, cognition, and memory.

KCI등재

8생태현상학으로 버지니아 울프 다시보기: 큐「식물원」과 『플러쉬』에 나타난 자연의 생태와 그 의미

저자 : 이상규 ( Sanggyu Lee )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 173-196 (24 pages)

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The primary goal of this study aims at understanding Virginia Woolf from the phenomenological point of view in order to understand the way of communication and mutual difference between humans and inhuman nature among Woolf's works unlike the existing human-centered criticisms. First of all, I look at the nature of Merleau-Ponty's phenomenology in order to discuss ecology and its meaning through Woolf's works. I also try to identify how the human emotional involvement in nature plays an important role in the formation of a plot, and how it is occurring. In addition, it is shown that the gap between human and nature can be overcome while emphasizing the existence of an integrated unity in the universe.
Among the works of Woolf, works that can provide the material of ecological phenomenology critically by combining the natural environment including the animals and the human conscious world appropriately, are an essay “Kew Gardens” in The Common Reader and a short novel Flush. First of all, it is necessary to examine how the natural environment is combined with humans to pursue the value of nature. In “Kew Gardens”, there are a description of mutable voice interchange between humans and flowers, and even some consciousness of a snail treated as human life. In Flush, it is also depicted that the sense of smell of a dog surpasses human sensory abilities. Woolf portrays the communication between human and inhuman animals or nature as if it were showing a kind of real communication among people. In the end, she is re-illuminating the values of both characteristics of animals and natural environment elements that have not been treated as the core in anthropocentric society.

KCI등재

9마거릿 드래블의 『붉은 왕세자빈』: 여행문학과 글쓰기 그리고 재현

저자 : 장경순 ( Kyong-soon Chang )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 197-218 (22 pages)

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Traveling is a crossing of cultural boundaries and this action brings new imagination to the writers, driving them to engage in writing with new ideas. Traveling is inseparable from transcultural writing, which crosses cultural borders. The Red Queen, written by Margaret Drabble, who is considered to be one of Britain's most representative contemporary authors, is a transcultural travel literature and can be seen as a product of travel. Drabble's The Red Queen is a postmodern travel literature with a subtitle of 'transcultural tragicomedy,' which reveals the conflicts and commonalities of the two cultures experienced by the writer. Drabble is fascinated by Han Joong Nok, the incredible text of Lady Hong from 18th century Korea, whose metafictional ghost is very self-conscious about her own writing. And Drabble writes a multicultural postmodern travel literature based on Lady Hong's text with limitations of representation.
In this study I analyze The Red Queen as travel literature, exploring the theory of 'the fundamental fictionality of all representation' and 'the violence of homogenization' revealed in her postmodern writing. The Red Queen exposes the inherent problems of representation which travelers, who view other cultures on the other side of the world, have. The unique cultural identity of travelers is deep-rooted and subjective; and it discloses inevitable limitations of representation when travelers write about other cultures even if they try to understand them.
I trace how Drabble reveals 'the fundamental fictionality of all representation,' while rewriting Han Joong Nok through the eyes of Barbara Halliwell as a traveler and a modern English woman who deeply recognizes the mission of Lady Hong's messenger. Also, I explore how Drabble makes an effort to overcome the limits of representation. The process of overcoming such limitations is revealed through an attempt to find commonality between Barbara Halliwell and Lady Hong. However, it is possible to find 'the violence of homogenization' which eliminates the difference in the process of seeking commonalities between individuals and cultures. I examine how Drabble explores the limitations and meanings of seeking cultural homogeneity, while trying to recognize cultural differences in her multicultural postmodern travel writing.

KCI등재

10“피와 젖으로 봉인된, 오래된 권력의 마지막 조각”: 『성의 변증법』과 『시간의 경계에 선 여자』에 나타난 인공생식

저자 : 최하영 ( Hayoung Choi )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 219-243 (25 pages)

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Procreation and reproduction are essential activities for human beings to sustain and continue. Therefore, worth of women, in patriarchal society, mostly has come from being a mother, that is to say, 'motherhood,' and 'motherhood' has readily been reduced to 'womb' and 'breast.' There have existed various opinions and positions around the issues of gestation and birth, in which sexuality and sexual difference are involved, and on which gender oppressions are founded, and they are still fought over within and without feminism. 'Right to give birth' and 'Right not to give birth' have been claimed along the issues of contraception, abortion, infertility/subfertility treatments, adoption, etc.
Radical feminists have seen gestation, child-bearing, and child-rearing, as the foundational causes of gender oppression and inequality. This paper explores, as a representative radical feminist idea, Shulamith Firestone's vision of Cybernetic Communism society presented in The Dialectic of Sex. In the society, women are liberated from 'child-bearing' and 'child-rearing' by means of artificial reproduction and community care of children. Furthermore this paper analyzes Marge Piercy's Woman on the Edge of Time, which is considered as a faithful novel adaptation of Firestone's idea. While this paper examines how these two revolutionary works are similar and where they diverge, it intends to explore what Firestone and Piercy wanted to claim about these 'feminine' experiences and in what way technology can contribute to improving gender equality.
This paper interprets differences between Firestone and Piercy in their vision of future society as resulting from those between radical-libertarian feminism, which posits androgynous being as ideal, and radical-cultural feminism, which cherishes essential feminine quality uncontaminated by patriarchal oppression. Finally, while Firestone expects the desired future will come by itself, more or less, out of the patriarchal society's contradictions, Piercy puts more emphasis on efforts of awakened individuals, making it more than a flat and dogmatic representation of the former.

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1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

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2미국의 비트코인 규제

(2006)홍길동심리학41회 피인용

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2미국의 비트코인 규제

(2006)홍길동41회 피인용

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