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Studies in Modern Fiction

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1994)~26권2호(2019) |수록논문 수 : 730
현대영미소설
26권2호(2019년 09월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1카즈오 이시구로의 『부유하는 세계의 예술가』 속 부역자와 탈식민주의 멜랑꼴리 연구

저자 : 김대중 ( Dae-joong Kim )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 26권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 5-29 (25 pages)

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This paper aims to explore literal, historical and metaphoric meanings of 'sympathizer' and 'treason' in An Artist of the Floating World written by a Japanese English writer, Kazuo Ishiguro who won Nobel Prize in 2017. In An Artist of the Floating World, Masuji Ono, a painter and war criminal who used his paintings as propaganda for Japanese Imperialism, narrates his life story to unknown narratee called 'you,' Ono's understatement and euphemism in his narration rhetorically hide his past in which he collaborated with Japanese Imperialism. This paper first of all analyzes how contrast between his successful past and depraved present is represented through description of space including 'the bridge of hesitation,' 'pleasure district,' etc. Ono, as an unreliable narrator, looks back on his glory which was not represented realistically but selectively embellished. Yet Ono is not able to obliterate fully his personal mourning for the loss of his son and melancholy, which is founded on the fantasy of the loss of Japanese Imperialism or Japanese fascism. The paper utilizes Sigmund Freud's theory of melancholy and Paul Gilory's theory of postcolonial melancholy to expound Ono's melancholy. The paper then pries into theoretical explanations of fascism, totalitarianism, and imperialism and then explores the contradictory doubleness of collaboration and treason in Ono's life after delineating how German and Japanese intellectuals went through collaboration, treason, and renunciation in history.

KCI등재

2『어글리즈』와 『헝거게임』 시리즈에 나타난 신체정치와 공간성

저자 : 김지윤 ( Jiyoon Kim )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 26권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 31-63 (33 pages)

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Through the Uglies series and Hunger game series belonging to the Young Adult Novel genre, this paper analyzes the patterns in which places form individual identity. The novel's main characters focused on the process of breaking the norms of biopolitics through 'the space invasion'. If the “body” is social, then the place where the body stays also has a social meaning. The place creates discourse and socializes human beings accordingly. It is used to institutionalize and discipline.
A space where no group or individual is allowed to enter gives privileges and hierarchy to those within that space. The minorities are only accepted in the forbidden space when they have performed well the script of “citizen-to-be” required by the social system.
Body has been controlled and become materialized like a component of social system. This paper explores the influence that a place gives on power and control, as well as the aspect that a place constitutes an individual's identity. This paper also shows the part that 'body' won freedom as a 'move' that shows the process of escaping from its violent environment that restrained and suppressed the body, recovering its own original self and constituting its identity.
A place creates a discourse and it often socializes, systemizes and regulates human suitable to it. These works accuse indirectly the issues that the children who were brought up in such a specific place become incorporated into a social system as principal agents with stereotyped ideology.
By entering a restricted area, the main characters shows what it's like to be a 'spaces invaders' as Nirmal Puwar's book of the same name. The main characters in the novel invaded into the unauthorized places and broke the rules. Their passive, normal bodies are turned into active, unfamiliar bodies and shake the system.
In particular, this paper is meaningful because it is the first academic paper to cover the Uglies series, which has never been highlighted academically in Korea.

KCI등재

3셔만 알렉시의 『얼굴』 (Face)에 나타난 탈 부족주의 담론 연구

저자 : 노헌균 ( Heongyun Rho )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 26권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 65-87 (23 pages)

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This paper examines the meanings of the trans-tribalism in Sherman Alexie's Face, a collection of poetic proses. By the trans-tribalism I mean the combination of Inderpal Grewal's transnationalism in Transnational America and Shari M. Huhndorf's transnationalism in Mapping the Americas. Grewal shows how the people from India succeed in getting adjusted to multicultural America, making themselves transnational, without yielding their inherited Indian culture at all. Huhndorf exemplifies specific ways how Native Americans in Canada and arctic areas globalize their indigenous culture by making cultural compromises with the surrounding alien cultures. With the help of the two theoreticians, I elaborate proper meanings of Alexian versions of transnationalism, which I name trans-tribalism, by analyzing six selected works. “Tuxedo with Eagle Feathers” suggests the hybridity between Native American art and American luxury clothing will stimulate Indians's understanding of American capitalism. “Inappropriate” tells the American dream mythology can be applied even to Native Americans, teaching themselves they are indigenous immigrants. “Vilify” maintains the necessity of making new definitions of heroes, Indian and whites alike. “Bird-Organ” indicates the inefficacy of Indian authenticity. “On the Second Anniversary of My Father's Death” and “On the Second Anniversary of My Father's Death” point out how Indian fundamentalism and traditions are too out-dated to navigate Indians in the 21st century.

KCI등재

4미국문화와 베트남전쟁: 비엣 탄 응웬의 『동반자』에 나타난 혼종적 주체의 문제

저자 : 박진임 ( Jinim Park )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 26권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 89-111 (23 pages)

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This paper analyzes The Sympathizer by Viet Thanh Nguyen, which won Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 2015. Nguyen deconstructs the existing narratives on the Vietnam War by introducing the voices of indigenous Vietnamese people who have been long silenced in the representation of the war. Thus, he depicts the war and its after-effects from both American and Vietnamese perspectives. Moreover, he includes the rare voices of the North Vietnamese sympathizers and elaborates on how they regarded the war. The protagonist's subjectivity as a communist sympathizer enables him to critique both American and Vietnamese cultures simultaneously.
This paper first attempts to situate the text in the context of the shifting mode of historical sensitivity in the US society, evidenced by changing historical narratives of US school text books. Then it examines the role of the protagonist borrowing Homi Bhabha's notion of hybridity. This paper concludes that the protagonist's 'in-betweenness' or hybridity enables him to critique and represent both American and Vietnamese cultures in a balanced manner, which leads to the generation of a polyphonic novel, The Sympathizer.

KCI등재

5언어로 존재 증명해 내기: 『14호 수용소 탈출』을 중심으로

저자 : 방인식 ( In Shik Bang )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 26권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 113-135 (23 pages)

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Like other North Korean refugee narratives, Escape from Camp 14 covers troublesome issues of persecution, torture, hunger, rape, or execution, which occurred circa the 1990s and is commonly called “the Arduous March”(or “the March of Suffering”). In their painful retrospect, refugee narrators often confess that these distressing incidents cause “belated” sense of anxiety and related-emotional malfunction. In the case of Shin Dong-hyuk, symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) trigger him to be physically overwhelmed such as paralysis or self-torture, along with psychological effects. Based on Shin's traumatic experience in the totalitarian state, this paper examines the intersectional connection between experience, trauma, and language in Escape from Camp 14. First, I trace the ways in which Shin's experience is related not only to his own incidents but also to the lives of his family and other prisoners. Shin's narrative itself verifies how our experience is collective and thus how life narrative is relational. Focusing on Shin's escape to South Korea and eventually to the United States, I then examine disturbing symptoms that have been mostly caused by various types of violence in the internment camp and still threaten his current refugee life. Finally, this paper studies the ways in which Shin employs language to understand and possibly overcome his traumatic past. Despite of being sometimes tagged as a “tainted witness” by various groups, Shin's narrative unveils an authentic gesture that an individual is able to cultivate out of a sheer chaotic time-space(Gilmore 3).

KCI등재

6캐런 헤스의 『모래 폭풍을 지나서』에 나타난 애도의 메커니즘

저자 : 이은아 ( Eun-a Lee )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 26권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 137-159 (23 pages)

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Karen Hesse's Out of the Dust(1997) is the story of the people who lived in the 1930s in America, a period of depression and anxiety caused by the Great Depression and the Dust Bowl. Hesse, through the eyes and voice of a young girl, recounts the dark and desperate times like a reporter who delivers realistic information. The story of 'sustaining' life even in such desperate situations has been recognized as a work that makes an impression on children as well as adults, and it won the 1998 Newbery Award.
This paper will analyze the story of a main character, Billie Joe who suffers her mother's death and a serious natural disaster with Freud's “Mourning and Melancholia”(1917). Her story is in line with Freud's theory of mourning which goes through the process of 'the pain of the loss of objects, the awareness of object absence, and the substitution to the new object.' This work explains to readers that people can be restored to a healthy subject without suffering from pathological conditions, even in the face of great tragedy, such as a serious natural disaster or the death of a family member. In particular, this offers young readers who are vulnerable in the face of psychological pain ways to overcome and mourn their losses.

KCI등재

7포스트휴먼 시대의 기술 윤리학적 비전: 리처드 파워즈의 『이득』

저자 : 이정희 ( Chung-hee Lee )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 26권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 161-195 (35 pages)

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This paper aims to point out the excessiveness of the corporation and to suggest the technoethics in posthuman age through the restoration of humanity and body, investigating the inverse proportional relationship between corporate body and corporeal body in Richard Powers's Gain. Looking into the sovereign subjectivity of corporation, Powers proposes that humans should have the subjective responsibility for the prospect of posthuman material ecocriticism and biopolitics. Gain reveals the fictional aspects of the corporation as a legal person, analyzing the history of corporation in USA. Gain traces the history of multinational corporation, Clare Soap & Pharmaceutical Co., as Clare grows from the family business to the limited liability corporation. Laura Bodey, forty two-aged realtor, living in the vicinity of Clare Agricultural Chemical division at Lacewood, Illinois is diagnosed as having an ovarian cancer. Powers warns that the corporate capitalism can be a cancer. Laura Bodey's struggles with cancer is duplicated with the rise of Clare. Laura's body is invaded by the toxicity of Clare products. The Clare chemicals contaminate Laura's body/system and transform her immune system. Powers describes America as a collective corporation rather than a nation. In conclusion, Powers proposes to search the vital sustainability and the correlative enhancement with human and technology in the viewpoint of posthuman ecocriticism, getting out of the ruthless domination of multinational corporation and the powerlessness of human beings in global networked world. Gain emphasizes the vibrancy of life forms in the continuum, pursuing the post-anthropocentrism, hybridity, and heterogeneity with multi-species.

KCI등재

8호주 원주민의 소멸과 호주의 아이히만들 그리고 남겨진 세대: 도리스 필킹턴 가리마라의 『토끼 울타리를 따라서』

저자 : 차희정 ( Heejung Cha )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 26권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 197-215 (19 pages)

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This paper reads Follow the Rabbit-Proof Fence by Australian aboriginal writer Doris Pilkington Garimara as a testimonial text. While rewriting colonial history from an aboriginal perspective, Pilkington Garimara's documentary novel revolves around the homecoming escape of three half-caste girls, Molly, Gracie, Daisy from the governmental supervision to their home in the Outback. This heroic story of the aboriginal mixed-race girls called the stolen generation demonstrates female courage and resistance to white people's civilized violence and deceptive authority. Utilization of ideas and concepts from Jared Diamond and Hannah Arendt assists in understanding aboriginal traumatic experiences and degrading conditions by critiquing white Australian authority. Diamond illustrates the environment of aboriginal society and interrogates white Australians's interpretation of aboriginal lifestyles and behavior as being culturally backward. Likewise, Arendt observes the Holocaust trial of Adolf Eichmann and conceptualizes the 'banality of evil' within practices of degradation. Based on the theories of Diamond and Arendt, this paper defines the common humanitarian white Australians with self-declared eugenic superiority as 'Australian Eichmanns' committing unexceptional crimes against aborigines. A case in point is A. O. Neville who promoted biological absorption and defended the policies of forced settlement. Pilkington Garimara's life writing on the stolen generations makes possible reconciliation discourse for genuine social integration between future generations and raises global awareness against physical and epistemological violences caused by racial hatred and cultural misunderstanding.

KCI등재

9Possibilities of “Moments of Ordinariness” in Mobility in Dionne Brand's Love Enough

저자 : Myoung Shin Kang

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 26권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 217-240 (24 pages)

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Dionne Brand's Love Enough ponders the positionality of alienated characters in the cosmopolitan city of Toronto. Brand particularly depicts her characters in their mobile status, which is peculiar as they are restlessly moving, either physically or psychologically, while being stuck at the same time. The scholars including Sara Ahmed point out that the mobility does not always entail the positive value due to the certain circumstances that drive people into mobility. For Brand's characters, the central cause for their static-mobility, notwithstanding the various roots of the cause, lies in their troubled body schema. This paper therefore first explores the different forms of static-mobile state of main characters in Love Enough in order to argue that Brand attempts to find the possibility for the alienated characters to negotiate their position in the city space of Toronto in the “moments of ordinariness” within the endless movement. In this brief moments, which are short but influential, the characters in Love Enough become able to reestablish their relation to the world and the people they encounter by re-viewing the same space and situation in their own perspective.

KCI등재

10The Ambivalent Representation of the 1920s American New Women, the Flappers in The Great Gatsby

저자 : Sun-ok Kim

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 26권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 241-264 (24 pages)

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This paper aims to explore the ambivalence in the representation of the flappers in The Great Gatsby focusing on Nick Carraway's unreliability as the narrator and the gap it causes in his narration. The Great Gatsby is Fitzgerald's masterpiece, in which the 1920s new women called flappers seem to be negatively represented on the surface. The main reason for this is that all of them are judged by the male narrator in a negative way about their morality. However, the text includes some gap or space where they can be interpreted differently from the narrator's point of view. In other words, given Nick's unreliability, except for the characters' external behaviors and remarks, his judgement of them could be just his specific view or interpretation as a male character himself. From this point of view, the three main flapper characters, Daisy, Jordan, and Myrtle can be more objectively evaluated in the social context in women's view, not just as “a rotten crowd” as Nick judged. Fitzgerald, a keen observer of the 1920s, contributed to spreading the image of the flappers to the public through all his novels revealing ambivalent attitude towards them. Even though it seems that Fitzgerald had more negative ideas about the flappers while writing The Great Gatsby, he still reveals his ambivalent attitude in representing them through the subtle narrative device, showing the possibility and limitations of the 1920s flappers as an emblem of women's liberation.

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1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

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