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Studies in Modern Fiction

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1994)~26권1호(2019) |수록논문 수 : 718
현대영미소설
26권1호(2019년 04월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1'매드아담'의 (포스트)휴먼 창조와 어머니의 부재: 마거릿 앳우드의 『오릭스와 크레이크』

저자 : 강영아 ( Yeong-a Kang )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 5-24 (20 pages)

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This article aims to study the (post)human creation of MaddAddam, a genius of genetic manipulation, and the resulting absence of mothers in Margaret Atwood's Oryx and Crake (2003), the first novel of MaddAddam Trilogy. Unlike some radical feminists' prospect that technology will liberate women from the body of reproduction, Atwood warns that misused reproductive technology can be a patriarchal medium for controlling women's fertility. In Oryx and Crake, the omnipresent absence of mothers illuminates that MaddAddam's creation of Children of Crake is meant to deprive women of their maternal status. As a matter of fact, in a multi-corporate society Compound, where all children are customized in laboratories, women are not allowed to be subjects of childbirth and mothering. For instance, two mothers―Oryx, the care-giver of the new hybrid human species and prostitute, and Sharon, the narrator Snowman's mother and terrorist―were executed by MaddAddam(s), who schemed to monopolize the reproductive power. Moreover, a (post)modern mad scientist, Crake, programs the new women, Children of Oryx, as childbirth machines by manipulating their sexuality only to serve for reproduction. Through the speculative 'Ustopia' novel, Atwood asks her readers to rethink of the controversial alliance between women and technology.

KCI등재

2남아공 디아스포라 작가가 바라본 모국의 이미지와 역사적 회한 ―자케스 음다의 『엑셀시오의 마돈나』

저자 : 김현아 ( Hyun Ah Kim )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 25-49 (25 pages)

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This thesis aims to analyse the issues of racism and sexual harassment for non-white women represented in The Madonna of Excelsior of South African novelist, Zakes Mda. Mda has examined South Africa's political and historical issues in his novels since he was forced to leave his home country with his family. That was because his family members were victims of Apartheid policy. Writer's life like this made him focus on subjects originated in motherland. He criticizes legal and ethical inequalities, contradictions and racism reality seen in the process of release of white men and imprisonment of only black women in The Madonna of Excelsior, based on South Africa's sex scandal which occurred in Excelsior of South Africa in 1971, between white men and black women, The main reason for this discussion with great importance is by demonstrating that they are the ones who broke the law of immorality-the interracial sex prohibition law created by white people to isolate blacks, to prove that how white people's beliefs is just fictional that have been asserting racial purity. This theme is closely related to the epic intentions of Mda, which portrays a true story that actually happened in South Africa. It is about white people's racial discrimination against non-white people as well as white men's sexual assault on black women who have been overlooked in the South African and about how usual overall-violence was against these people. Through this discussion, this paper reveals that although the issues of racial discrimination and sexual violence depicted in this novel are the subject that appears in other African novels, Mda reinterprets, centering on such topics, the history of race before and after apartheid through differentiated epic strategy of ridicule and satire against racial assailants.

KCI등재

3코맥 맥카시의 『로드』: 언어와 기억하기를 통한 구원

저자 : 신혜원 ( Hyewon Shin )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 51-70 (20 pages)

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In the absence of a universal religious system, the quest for religious meaning remains a central theme in the works of some American novelists such as Cormac McCarthy. This essay examines McCarthy's exploration of the possibility of redemption in his post-apocalyptic novel, The Road. The unnamed father's selfless devotion to his son, a messianic figure, illustrates the Christian virtues of hope, faith, and charity as described in the Bible. In contrast to the mother's despair and Ely's nihilism, the father's belief in his son's sacredness and his ritualistic care of the boy are excellent examples of the aforementioned Christian virtues through which individual redemption may be possible. However, The Road is not a traditional narrative of redemption because it does not end with the man's triumphant transcendence of death or the world's regeneration after violence and destruction. Instead, the novel's last paragraph depicts brook trout, a symbol of sacredness. McCarthy suggests that language has the power to recover the lost world and redeem life by evoking memories of things past. The Road is a modern narrative of secular redemption that assimilates the possibility of experiencing spiritual transcendence within the power of language and remembrance.

KCI등재

4『한지(韓紙) 비행기』에 나타난 노동 투쟁의 기억과 비판적 지역주의

저자 : 이석구 ( Suk Koo Rhee )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 71-98 (28 pages)

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The life journey of Kim Sung Wha, the protagonist of Gary Pak's A Ricepaper Airplane, illustrates a multilayered form of diaspora. It includes not only the traditional trait of a strong orientation to a homeland, as emphasized by William Safran, but also the new characteristics of localization and creolization, as highlighted by Rogers Brubaker and Paul Gilroy. This paper reads the protagonist's life in Hawaii against the historical accounts of the early Korean immigrant laborers trapped within the circuits of the rapacious Hawaii plantation economy of the early twentieth century. In so doing, it investigates the later days' memories of both the Japanese-Filipino labor strikes of 1920 and the role of the Korean plantation workers in them, measuring them against other, alternative, histories. In his work, Gary Pak not only provides a voice to the subaltern group of Korean plantation workers but also offers a vision for pan-ethnic solidarity. Through Sung Wha's early relationship with Filipino workers and his later commitments to the struggles of the working-class renters, the novel offers itself as a critical localist narrative that explores the Korean diaspora in Hawaii, allowing the subaltern minority class to speak for itself.

KCI등재

5낯선 몸과 익숙한 기억: 『전갈의 아이』와 『파랑피』로 읽는 포스트휴먼 주체

저자 : 이수진 ( Sujin Lee )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 99-122 (24 pages)

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In children's and adolescent literature, the categories of humans and animals have been ambiguous and arbitrary. The talking animals and the moving things make readers consider the strict division and the gaps between human and non-human.
“Cogito, Ergo Sum” is one of the fundamental elements of Western philosophy. This entity with thinking ability is regarded as human. However, the criterion matters; it depends on whether the person is he/white/adult/normal/logical/rational/with authorities or not. By this criterion, women, children and adolescence, who are immature/ignorant/uneducated/emotional/irrational/without authorities, are represented as non-human being and isolated others such as cyborg and clones.
Matt the clone is created as a donor of old El Patron's desire for everlasting life, and Jenna the cyborg is regained her body through Bio-Gel by the illegal result of her parents' adorable love. The point is that they are barely human, because Matt is just a product/copy of original human, and Jenna is a product/mixture of ten percent of her original brain and Bio-Gel. Through struggling with authorities which try to oppress and control them and realizing what/who they are, Matt and Jenna questioned not only their identity and the definition of human, but also ethics of the development of technology. Their physical bodies were partial, illegitimate, and abnormal.
Children's and adolescent bodies in these novels are examined as controlled and modified ones by the adult/authorities. In addition, the relation between human and the darker side of the development of technology is questioned as well.

KCI등재

6윌리엄 포크너의 『성역』에 나타난 템플 드레이크의 '부정성' 연구

저자 : 최현숙 ( Hyunsook Choi )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 123-140 (18 pages)

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The purpose of this paper is to analyze the loathing of Temple's body in William Faulkner's Sanctuary through the concept of Julia Kristeva's negativity. Kristeva's negativity is a re-contextualization that transforms denial into affirmation, ultimately bringing about a rupture and change in discourse and dominant society. Temple shows the process of restoring the suppressed sexuality, the semiotic of the Virgin Mary's tears. In this process, the inhuman reality of women is revealed. Temple's body shows the character of the filthy and abominable abject, for she is not connected to the symbolic gender. In the end, the application of abject to Temple's body means symbolic death to eradicate the male-centered gender, and it restores the newness of the body.
The study on negativity of Temple's body draws to the possibility of the existence external to the discourse by sustaining critical thinking about discourse that regards women as male deficiencies or passive victims. In the courtroom, she shows the immorality of violating justice as much as her inhuman sexuality, which ultimately shows the negativity of 'evil is a logical form'. But this evil is a principle that is not reduced to the way it is represented by the dichotomy of an angel and devil, resulting in disturbing and rupturing the given order. While male figures are both destroyed by violations of the law and by refusal of language, Temple has redesigned her existence through a way of negativity that reveals her dirty and polluted appearance. Unlike male figures, the negativity shown by Temple is not simply a violation of the law and morality, but a practice of violation outside the principle of symbolic law that makes women a victim.

KCI등재

7Theorizing Diasporic Future: Afro-Posthuman Ontology and Black Movement

저자 : Myungsung Kim

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 141-165 (25 pages)

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This article explores the aesthetic inspiration that has translocated African American presence within another dimension. Since Martin R. Delany conceived the allohistorical antebellum U.S. in Blake; or, The Huts of America, black writers have created diverse alternate universes, which store and inherit Africana culture in its own ontological vein, interrogating and revising historical events insufficiently treated by realism.
In the post-war and post-Civil Rights Movement eras African American artists began reflecting on shifting racial dynamics in light of technological changes. This shift, in which black experience became mechanized and digitized, explains how technology became a source of new black cultural production. Responding to the conceptual transformation of humanity with a race-specific scope, such futuristic devices as transhuman anamorphosis, cyberspace, and digital souls, which explore humanity outside its phenotypic boundaries, provide African American artists with representational tools to demystify deterministic views of race.
Focusing on shifting racial dynamics caught up in the swirl of technological changes, in which posthumanistic imaginations make it possible for African American artists to envision how racial power can be reconfigured and renegotiated, this article illuminates a process of literary production in which black culture and identity have been continuously reinterpreted.

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1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

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