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Studies in Modern Fiction

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1994)~25권3호(2018) |수록논문 수 : 711
현대영미소설
25권3호(2018년 12월) 수록논문
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1넬라 라슨의 『패싱』 속 흑백 패싱과 정동 연구

저자 : 김대중 ( Dae-joong Kim )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 25권 3호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 5-24 (20 pages)

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This article examines affect and its functions in Passing written by Nella Larsen, a prominent female writer during the Harlem Renaissance. As theoretical scaffoldings, the article utilizes the concept of affect Spinoza first introduced in his Ethics to present material understanding of human emotions and Gilles Deleuze's concepts of war machine, line of flight, and so on. The article elucidates operation of three affective modes―joy, sadness, desire―which help readers understand complicated emotional interactions between Irene and Clare who racially pass as white women because of their racial hybridity. This elucidation purports to find how racial politics operate in affective interaction between two mulattoes. Both women live in different situations but they both get threatened by racial violence. Clare especially live in the danger of debunking of her true identity by his husband, John Bellew, a white supremacist. Irene gets attracted to Clare secretively but also apprehends tragic consequences of her desire simultaneously confused by complicated mixture of joy and sadness as affects. The essay then analyzes political meaning of the spectrum of affects such as 'uncanny.' The article illuminates Claire's affective challenge as war machine that covertly deconstructs seemingly impregnable castle of racialism and binary separation between whites and blacks and its failure.

KCI등재

2루이스 어드리크의 『마스터 푸주한들의 노래 클럽』에 나타난 민족 정체성과 역사

저자 : 김형희 ( Hyung-hee Kim )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 25권 3호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 25-45 (21 pages)

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Louise Erdrich is a prolific Native American writer who has been garnered since her first novel Love Medicine in 1984. She has attempted to create a unique literary style, which involves multiple narratives of storytelling, including even animals. She has also tried to expand the subject matter, as in The Beet Queen, of white characters in white society as she claims her mixed blood ethnic background. Similarly, The Master Butchers Singing Club focuses on white society in the fictional town of Argus, North Dakota. Unlike The Beet Queen, however, this novel particularly delineates the relationships between American and German ethnicity and history. Fidelis immigrates to the United States in order to hopefully pursue a new and better life. But his memories and experiences as a sniper in the First World War never disappears while on the new continent. Furthermore, during the Second World War, his two sons are killed and one son, brainwashed by Nazi's propaganda, ignores his father at a POW camp in Minnesota that results in his eventual heart attack. Fidelis's singing club shows the center of American ethnicity at this particular period. On the surface, Fidelis's masculinity and industrious hard-working efforts look strong. However, Erdrich emphasizes the role of women at home as well as in society, breaking with the traditional family boundary. Eva and Delphine establish Fidelis' home, giving order by wisely managing the butcher shop and zealously raising for children, as the first and second wife, respectively. Their special relationships as mother-daughter and friends are portrayed as ideal and a reason for a brightened home and society. With the two World Wars, above all, Erdrich asks the reader to be retrospective about one of the most tragic incidents in American history in connection with Native Americans: The Wounded Knee Massacre. Delphine's father Roy gives an indirect but vivid description with historic present calls for our attention, while Step-and-a-Half's experience at the huge incident as a child does not stop her from walking off with horrible memories held until her death in this seemingly peaceful landscape.

KCI등재

3(맨)부커상과 영소설의 대중화: 바이어트의 『포제션』을 중심으로

저자 : 박선화 ( Sun Hwa Park )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 25권 3호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 47-76 (30 pages)

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This paper attempts to examine the popularization of A. S. Byatt's Possession, the 1990 Booker-Prize winning novel, by following the 'collecting' process based on the detective narrative. Possession begins with the two letters which Henry Ash sent to Christabel LaMotte in the Victorian age and which were subsequently discovered by Roland Mitchell, a modern scholar. Along with Maud Baily who works on LaMotte, Roland collects relative materials for finding out the connections between Ash and LaMotte. Given the collection of heritage, James Clifford argues there can exist obsessed collectors and collectors with healthy minds. As healthy collectors, Roland and Maud take the opportunity to develop their self-esteem and form their identity in the process of their collecting. In contrast, English professor Blackcadder and American professor Cropper show an obsessed approach towards collecting English heritage, such as the letters between Ash and LaMotte, which consequently makes all the people who are concerned about their own interests and purposes join the grave robbery of Ash. Here, it is interesting for Byatt to wrap up the accident with a Shakespearean saying, 'All's well that ends well,' after all the conflicts and problems, whether legal or illegal. In addition, Byatt creates an unfinished ending of Possession with “Postscript 1868,” encouraging readers to have more curiosity by letting them think of their own endings about the relationship of Roland and Maud. With this approach, Byatt's Possession can be read as one of the contemporary commercial literary novels which are associated with potential readership.

KCI등재

4남부 역사의 짐과 양가적 서사: 윌라 캐더(Willa Cather)의 『새파이라와 노예 소녀』 (Sapphira and the Slave Girl)

저자 : 이승은 ( Seungeun Lee )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 25권 3호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 77-104 (28 pages)

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This paper aims to explore Willa Cather's attempt to confront the Old South with slavery in Sapphira and the Slave Girl, focusing on the way Sapphira, a white mistress, as well as black slaves and slavery are represented. In her selfish treatment of Till and her plot for making Nancy a victim of sexual assault, Sapphira is depicted as a cruel and evil mistress. Simultaneously she is presented as a courageous woman who confronts imminent death without losing human dignity as well as a kind and generous mistress taking care of her slaves' necessities. This ambivalent narration is repeated in treating black slave women, Till and Nancy. Despite being described as a typical 'Black Mammy' who devotes herself to managing the white mistress's household, Till reveals her motherly concerns for her daughter Nancy. Nancy attempts to protect her chastity from the sexual assaults of a white man Martin, resisting the image of promiscuous black slave woman. However, these somewhat non-stereotypical representations of black slave women are negated in the Epilogue in which Till speaks her own voice, only to repeat the dominant narrative by extolling Sapphira and her world. Likewise, even though the author criticizes the violent influences of slavery on the white dominant group by depicting how Sapphira's desire for control is distorted in racializing slave women, she ends in repeating the plantation myth of the Old South. Thus, Willa Cather's daring and crucial attempt to confront the burden of Southern history turns out to be unfruitful due to her inability to overcome her warm nostalgia for her own childhood in the Old South and her repeating ambivalent narratives of white mistress and black female slaves.

KCI등재

5테러리즘에 대한 저항서사와 포스트휴먼 윤리학: 돈 들릴로의 『폴링맨』

저자 : 이정희 ( Chung-hee Lee )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 25권 3호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 105-139 (35 pages)

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This paper aims to reconsider the stereotype of man's man through Keith Neudecker's change by the 9/11 trauma and to suggest the posthuman ethics through Lianne Glenn's finding the importance of quotidian life in Don DeLillo's Falling Man. Keith attempts to begin the profession as a poker player reflects his instability of masculinity. After the 'Fall of Man,' Lianne's efforts for the vibrant life can be the ethics of posthumanism.
Unlike Keith's disconnection and inert stasis in the poker world, Lianne becomes the central character in the redemptive process. Lianne learns the life-oriented value by the aesthetic vital interpretation of Morandi's still life. She searches for the motivations in David Janiak, falling man's performance art and Richard Drew's “The Falling Man” image, and recognizes the importance of dailiness and material world. Lianne finds communal solidarity and sacredness in dailiness, introspecting her father's Catholicism. Her meditations on the prosaic cultures show her efforts for Americans' spirituality and morality. DeLillo suggests that rediscovering the riches of quotidian life can be the vital futuristic vision in the posthuman age.
In conclusion, through two divergent lives in Keith and Lianne's efforts to relieve the 9/11 trauma, the ways for life fulfillment are to connect with the material world and to write the effective counter-narrative to the terrorism of destruction and death. The ethics of vital posthumanism should be the tools to solve the present problems. In this prospect, the life is the equivalent to the power of agency that can enact the possibility of organism. Posthuman ethics should be the politics of inventiveness and to experiment the formation of new vital subjectivity.

KCI등재

6존 스타인벡의 『불만의 겨울』: 포스트모던적 접근과 자연과의 연결성

저자 : 황치복 ( Cheebok Hwang )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 25권 3호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 141-164 (24 pages)

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The aim of this study is to examine and analyze John Steinbeck's last novel The Winter of Our Discontent(1961) through postmodern approaches and ecocriticism. In fact, although this novel has not received much recognition on a critical level and has focused only on the moral theme of the novel, it has been neglected on the postmodern and ecocritical aspects. Therefore, this paper examines how human connectedness with nature is a postmodern phenomenon about the identity crisis and disintegration, alienation, and the regression of morality. In this context, nature asserts that it is a place and refuge for humans from the rapidly changing capitalism and consumerism of America. In this paper, I argue that this novel emphasizes Steinbeck's ecocentric perspective which destabilizes the dichotomous notion that humans are superior to nature on the premise of interdependence that controls the relationship between humans and the environment. Here, the main character Ethan's ontological figure, who seeks to find a collapsed identity and tries to escape from moral backwardness, forms one ontological structure within the typical postmodern literature text. In conclusion, I argue the link between postmodernism and ecocriticism and studied that Ethan's attempt to establish a connectedness with nature affects the impact of postmodern isolation, identity crisis, and moral erosion.

KCI등재

7Capitalism without Brake: Automobilism and Agency in The Great Gatsby

저자 : Younghee Kho

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 25권 3호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 165-192 (28 pages)

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One of the most powerful and enduring symbols of American capitalism is automobile. It transforms the economic and cultural landscape of America in the early twentieth century. It is no coincidence that the narrative of F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby is closely tied to automobilism, as the narrative depicts a particular phase of capitalism―that of the 1920s. This essay, which examines automobilism in the novel, attempts to reconsider its major topic of human subjectivity. I argue that human agency is limited, if not impossible, under the automotive capitalist system of America. The inability to handle the capitalist system is revealed in the scene where Gatsby and Daisy are unable to stop the car before hitting Myrtle. Myrtle's death may be seen as an inevitable consequence of America's capitalist development at breakneck speed. In the novel, the individual attempt to claim human subjectivity is doomed to be futile. All the more so for women, as the crash reveals the circumscribed nature of female subjectivity, for the crash is a culmination of both Daisy and Myrtle's attempted escapes from patriarchal control. This essay traces such futility by examining characters' illusory sense of empowerment that is aroused by driving fast, while their identities and their relationships are mediated through cars in consumer society.

KCI등재

8Creating the Black Female Subject and Rewriting Black Womanhood in Maya Angelou's I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings

저자 : Sun-ok Kim

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 25권 3호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 193-214 (22 pages)

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This paper aims to explore a new black female subject in Maya Angelou's autobiography, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings (hereafter Caged Bird) and read the protagonist's subject formation as part of the autobiographical subject's constructing her own subjectivity by organizing memories and rewriting black womanhood distorted by the dominant racial ideology. Caged Bird basically deals with a coming-of-age story of a marginalized black girl who grows up to be a black woman with positive sexual and racial identities through the journey to establish a worthwhile subject. Abandoned by her parents, faced with racist oppression of the South and raped by her mother's boyfriend at age 8, Maya suffers from psychological instability, loss of self-esteem, and identity crisis. However, she overcomes all the familial, sexual and racial challenges, constructing a positive black female subject in the black community, especially in the relationships with black adult women. Angelou, arranging and organizing her memories and experiences, creates an active, independent, dignified black female subject and rewrites black womanhood distorted by the dominant culture. By rewriting black womanhood against the negative stereotypes and connecting black women's positive subjectivities, the autobiographer Angelou, through Maya's subject formation, creates a new hybridized black female subject who is continuously growing and developing.

KCI등재

9Rebel Youth's Affective Potential in the Early Cold War Era in Joyce Carol Oates' “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?”

저자 : Chang-hee Kim

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 25권 3호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 215-242 (28 pages)

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This paper investigates how Joyce Carol Oates's 1966 short story, “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?,” takes on a dramatic portrayal of the familiar yet implosive reality of a nuclear family in the United States in the 1950s, whose domestic order is at risk of being affected―hybridized, transgressed, and compromised―by the presence of something exotic and foreign that unexpectedly yet fatefully arrives at its doorstep. It, thus, examines how this realistic yet supernatural text serves as a point of literary reference to the American 1950s, to the extent that the Cold War-oriented social ethos of a homebound familial ideology in an era of containment, affluence, and conformity came to incubate its rebellious potentials realized in the 1960s, a decade of resistance, diversity, and subversion.

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10Power, Genealogy, and Education in Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone

저자 : Jihun Yoo

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 25권 3호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 243-267 (25 pages)

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As many scholars have noted, J.K Rowling has created a bildungsroman that appeals to young children and adolescents. Blending boarding school and fantasy, Rowling's Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone engages with our society's concerns about culture, language, class, and authority. As Rowling deals with magic and power in particular, she not only presents the impact of genealogy but also illustrates the importance of education. The intention of this paper is to investigate not only the relationship between magic and power but also to examine how power structures such as genealogy and education contribute to the formation of class divisions, biases, and social skills in childhood development. In this essay, I argue that Rowling, while sharing many of the same concerns with Althusser, is ultimately diverging from his analysis in order to suggest that through education, the means of ISAs can be overcome and that a true Bildung can be achieved. In short, I argue that blood genealogy and education becomes the main sources of power and that, while the former supports social division and prejudice against lesser beings, the latter fosters development of various social skills associated with childhood development such as logical thinking, collaboration, and valiance.

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1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

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