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Studies in Modern Fiction

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1994)~24권2호(2017) |수록논문 수 : 671
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24권2호(2017년 09월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1폴 오스터의 『유리의 도시』에 나타난 언어 형이상학과 실존적 삶의 태도 연구

저자 : 김대중 ( Dae-joong Kim )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 24권 2호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 5-31 (27 pages)

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This paper aims to analyze Paul Auster`s City of Glass written in light of metaphysics of language and existential ethics. Though City of Glass has been acclaimed as a postmodern masterpiece, this paper first of all focuses on metaphysical aspects of the novel focusing on its staging characters` debates on the origin and the fall of language and thing. As theoretical scaffolding, the paper utilizes Walter Benjamin`s metaphysics of language mainly. In the novel, the protagonist, Daniel Quinn who has immersed himself in the pit of melancholy after the death of his son and wife encounters various mirrored characters who also suffer from loss of their family members. The paper investigates meanings of Peter Stillman Sr.`s quest for restoration of broken things and languages comparing it to Walter Benjamin`s metaphysics of language. After confused over a conundrum of Humpty Dumpty which also represents the fall of humanity and broken language after the fall of Babel, Quinn goes through existential stages of `becomings`: becoming a flaneur, becoming a listener to poetic language, becoming a hunger artist, becoming desubjectified writer, and finally becoming `nothing.` Quinn`s stages of becomings leave `writing` and existential ethics behind, which also helps the readers think over the meaning of being and language.

KCI등재

2마마데이의 의미 탈주: 『비 내리는 산으로 가는 길』 중심 연구

저자 : 김봉은 ( Bong Eun Kim )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 24권 2호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 33-56 (24 pages)

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N. Scott Momaday in The Way to Rainy Mountain attempts to offer Native Americans` creative identity. He exposes existing concepts and images of indigenous Americans as fantasies distorted and frozen by caucasian mythical desires, thus inviting the readers to realize the fantasies as the very cause of tremendous misunderstanding, conflict and psychic dissociation. Throughout the whole text, he continuously erases and disintegrates the fantasies, leading the readers to get liberated. The unique juxtaposition of three voices with some petrified pictures and empty spaces inserted in his text discloses the denatured subjectivity of the fantasies. Awakened to and animated with sound indigenous and tribal spirit, his readers, even including non-Americans and non-Indians, are induced to pursue a healthy encounter with global others. To prove the validity of this argument, I will briefly introduce and apply the post-modern theories of the fantasy discussed in French psycho-analysts Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari`s L`Anti-Oedipe and the continental philosopher Slavoj Zizek`s The Plague of Fantasies and Looking Awry. The paradox of desire that the object a is an object that can be perceived only by a gaze “distorted” by desire, an object that does not exist for an “objective” gaze, will lucidly illuminate the heart of Momaday`s text, which will eventually emerge as the collection of multiple, evanescent and meaningless stains, immobilized and devitalized.

KCI등재

3남아공 디아스포라 작가의 모국에 대한 회상과 트라우마: 베시 헤드의 『비구름이 모일 때』를 중심으로

저자 : 김현아 ( Hyun-ah Kim )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 24권 2호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 57-80 (24 pages)

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This paper aims to analyze the problem of the conflict and the violence rooted in racism and tribalism in African history, centering on Bessie Head`s novel, When Rain Clouds Gather. Head explored the aftermaths of racial discrimination and developed the theme of exile and trauma in her writings. These themes are related to her mixed race. She was not welcomed both in her birthplace of South Africa and in her adopted land of Botswana because of her `coloured` race. Although Head`s life might be seen as traumatic and misfortunate like this, her novels present vision and hope of African society. Her novels and short stories, most of all, treated autobiographical experiences as mixed race, related to themes on aftermath of the racial oppression, refugee`s trauma, social reform. She intended to portray tensions between traditional society and modern society of Africa, the frustrations of African liberation and misplaced belief as endemic problems of African society and awaken the importance of outsider`s intervention regardless of white, non-white to put an end the old regime`s tyranny and recover peace. That is to say, Head`s narrative strategies throughout When Rain Clouds Gather propose to reconsider South African society`s inherent contradictions with self-searching voice. This study emphasizes that Head intends to lead Africans including South Africa, Botswana and non-Africans to reflect the Apartheid Ideology and colonial legacy prevalent in African society in this novel.

KCI등재

4「오 예스」에 나타난 낯선 이방인들의 공동체

저자 : 나윤숙 ( Younsook Na )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 24권 2호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 81-109 (29 pages)

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Alienated as she is, an outsider is expected to challenge the stable and privileged community. However, in Tillie Olsen`s short story “O Yes,” the social roles assumed by black and white people are reversed. While attending the baptism of her best friend, Parialee, a white girl, Carol is unwillingly positioned as an outsider in a black-dominated church. Carol, being confused and helpless, experiences a temporary loss of consciousness and is moved into an underwater fantasy world, where Alva appears as a skilled factory worker. While Parry adjusts herself to “sorting,” and finds her way, Carol suffers from the trauma, and so lingers on the border between childhood and adulthood, which represents idealistic equality and realistic separation respectively. Carol, metaphorically baptized, awakes to her reality, which produces and maintains power structures based on sex, race, and class. Carol, however, may not be empowered enough to carry out her duty as a “new stranger,” who questions the `natural,` and fights against prejudice and injustice in society. Olsen seems to preach that the task of the privileged is to live each moment as “new strangers” to make the world a `righteous` place. Righteousness becomes reality by the “new strangers,” who remember and admit they are as vulnerable as others, trying to live an ethical and political life.

KCI등재

5허구의 렌즈로 투영된 전기/역사쓰기의 진정성: 반즈의 경우

저자 : 류춘희 ( Chunhee Rhew )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 24권 2호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 111-134 (24 pages)

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This paper observes the authenticity of fictive bio/historiography through Julian Barnes`s two novels, Flaubert`s Parrot and A History of the World in 10 1/2 Chapters. It focuses on how/why literature `writes and preserves` history, contemplating if literary historiography can convey the truths inside historical facts. The two novels, presenting themselves with conventional referents of historical writing such as biography and history, seriously intervene in historiography. In the protagonist`s pursuit of a dead author and his stuffed bird, Flaubert`s Parrot offers different―completely opposite at times―aspects of historical reality by using real names of people, places, and events that are historically verifiable. A History of the World in 10 1/2 Chapters reveals a variety of voices hidden in history as petits recits, demonstrating diversity and mixed heterogeneity in historiography with various deconstructive documents. Barnes`s historically self-conscious writing, deeply metafictional and self-reflexive, rearranges historical contexts and makes an issue of the entire notion of historical knowledge, underlining love on their basis. Barnes`s text, seemingly half-fiction and half-historiography, tries to embrace all the possibilities in history, crossing the line between facts and truths by means of dialectical communication among love, truth, and history. Most of all, Barnes sees love as the healing power working on history.

KCI등재

6도리스 레싱의 「노파와 고양이」에서의 도덕적 행위자와 도덕적 수동자

저자 : 박선화 ( Sun Hwa Park )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 24권 2호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 135-154 (20 pages)

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This paper aims to examine the relationship of Hetty and her cat, Tibby, in Doris Lessing`s “An Old Woman and Her Cat” as a moral agent and a moral patient in the `impartial position` which Mark Rowlands mentions in his Animals Like Us. According to Rowlands, the impartial position is about any unearned property, that is, gender, species, intelligence, physical difference that human beings cannot select or control. A moral patient is anyone or anything that deserves moral consideration and a moral agent is someone or something that is capable of moral thinking or reasoning. Here, it is vital for moral agents to consider the impact of their actions on moral patients. In “An Old Woman and Her Cat,” Hetty sees Tibby on the street and accepts Tibby as a moral consideration. When 70-year-old Hetty dies of cold and malnutrition on the street, not her children but Tibby attends Hetty`s death as a companion animal. Based on the impartial position, the boundary between Hetty and Tibby becomes increasingly blurred when they look after each other after being abandoned by families and neighbors. This suggests we should rethink an animal is not a tool, but someone or something that has value in itself.

KCI등재

7시적 내러티브의 역사 증언: 캐런 헤스의 『모래 폭풍을 지나서』와 『증인』

저자 : 박수정 ( Su Jung Park )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 24권 2호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 155-181 (27 pages)

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This study examines the correspondence between form and content in Karen Hesse`s verse-novels, Out of the Dust (1997) and Witness (2001). The former consists of poetic monologues of the protagonist narrater, Billie Jo, a 13-year-old girl, while the latter features 11 characters` dramatic lines which are also written in free verse. They both deal with a specific place and period of American history: the 1930s Oklahoma during the Dust Bowl in Out of the Dust and 1924 Vermont where the Ku Klux Klan exerted their power on ordinary people of a small town in Witness. Out of the Dust contains poetic forms, styles, spaces and images that artfully agree with its contents while in Witness voices of people with different age, race, gender and social status are intersected in both poetic and dramatic styles. Their characters` personal narratives provide today`s readers with critical perspectives on, and possible answers to, historical problematics when they go through environmental disasters and racial hatred respectively in Out of the Dust and Witness. It turns out that Hesse`s poetic forms serve the purpose of her historical narratives.

KCI등재

8사물의 시대에 오신 것을 환영함: 포스트휴머니즘의 새 접근

저자 : 박인찬 ( Inchan Pak )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 24권 2호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 183-202 (20 pages)

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This paper aims at introducing a recent trend of what has been called the posthuman, or posthumanism. Since science and technology brought almost unprecedented achievements to human society for the last few decades, there have been a number of efforts to reconsider the knowledge and beliefs that we have had about humanity. The posthuman refers to re-creating the human after humanism that the modern has established a long while, while posthumanism comprises the attempts to define the changes of humanity that can`t be explained any longer with previous criteria and further to radically reorient a relationship between human and non-human. The so-called `New Materialisms` and `Thing Theory` are new entries in the field of posthumanism. Examining at first the issues and problematics of posthumanism especially in relation to transhumanism and critical posthumanism, this study brings major tenets of new materialisms and thing theory to light. To deliver this purpose less formally, it both starts and ends with brief comments on well-known American novels that representatively articulate the environments of the posthuman.

KCI등재

9폴 스콧의 『잔류』와 포스트콜로니얼 우울증

저자 : 이정화 ( Jung-hwa Lee )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 24권 2호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 203-220 (18 pages)

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This essay examines postcolonial melancholia in Paul Scott`s Staying On, winner of the Man Booker Prize in 1977. Paul Gilroy has theorized `postcolonial melancholia` as postimperial Britain`s pathological attempt to restore the fantasy of British greatness, or the consequence of its failure to properly mourn the loss of empire. Slavoj Zizek has explained that the melancholic confuses lack with loss; the melancholic ego interprets lack as a loss as if he once possessed the lacking object and then lost it. Borrowing Gilroy`s and Zizek`s conceptions, I suggest that Staying On offers an allegorical description of a melancholic reaction to “Britain`s postcolonial conditions” (Gilroy 98). Staying On depicts the very last days of a permanent British resident and his wife in India who have chosen not to return to England after the demise of the Raj. As the novel begins with his death and traces back his last days, it is a fundamentally melancholic text despite its overall comic tone. I pay particular attention to his over-identification with India as it used to be, his inability to face the failure of British empire, and the wife`s anxiety over being the last white resident in India. My major contention is that the English couple is nostalgic for the imagined past that would prove the greatness of British empire, the loss of which cannot be properly mourned precisely because it never really existed.

KCI등재

10포스트휴먼 시대 환경의식의 비전: 돈 들릴로의 『언더월드』

저자 : 이정희 ( Chung-hee Lee )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 24권 2호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 223-256 (34 pages)

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This paper aims to suggest the futuristic vision through the performativity of posthuman space that human and nonhuman can have the interactions, in order to resurrect the humans that surrounded with massively accumulated wastes in the totalitarian technoscape in Don DeLillo`s Underworld. In this novel such vibrant interactions can be found at the artistic recycling of waste, the development of baseball community and the coexistent possibility of technology and spirituality in cyberspace. DeLillo converts the waste to the redemptive object, connecting with the sacredness in the viewpoint of new materialism. Through the integration of vibrant matter in the waste form, he attempts to prove that the affect stems from our material surroundings. The matter is not a static but a generative becoming. DeLillo recognizes the primacy of space, the Bronx in New York City. Though a waste manager, Nick Shay and an artist, Klara Sax move out the West, the Bronx takes an position as a central space. Nick has a nostalgia of the East, assessing his present life in Phoenix. Nick is removed from his actual perception and expressive space. This novel shatters the West myth as the space of renewal, revealing the industrialism and militarism invading into the dream land. Sax`s project on the discarded warplanes shows the artistic recycling of detritus in the post-Cold War period. She attains the identity through the reappropriation of American economic and military powers. Also, pursuing the trail of homerun ball, baseball community proves to nourish the formation of communal consciousness rather than the disruption of unity myth. It centers on the relations with others and the exposures of singularity. Ultimately, through Sister Edgar`s transposition to the cyberspace, her techno-afterlife represents the coexistent possibility of technology and spirituality. Transforming into the most fluid figure, Edgar becomes the medium to construct the global community. DeLillo emphasizes the cyberspace as the divine space through the interaction of technology and human. In conclusion, DeLillo suggests the endurance and adaptability to survive at the destructed and damaged environment. This novel emphasizes that humans should search for the redemptive power by the radiance of the dailiness, the intersubjective connection with material environment and the new recognition about thing-power that generates the communal consciousness.

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1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

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(2006)홍길동심리학41회 피인용

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(2006)홍길동41회 피인용

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