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The Linguistic Association of Korea Journal

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1993)~28권4호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 1,061
언어학
28권4호(2020년 12월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1제주 한국어에서의 반복 부사어 모음 변이 연구

저자 : 강석한 ( Kang Seokhan )

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 28권 4호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 1-28 (28 pages)

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In the emphatic reduplication of Jeju Korean which implies emphatic meanings, a vowel change takes place as a form of total reduplication. It is argued that vowel variations in the reduplication occur through both changes in vowel quantity and quality, using the extended duration of nuclear syllables and wider formant differences between F1 and F2. To provide the morphological evidence, 512 reduplicative adverbs have been checked and then divided into two forms: basic and emphatic. The forms are classified into two groups depending on the direction of vowel change: height and frontness. To demonstrate the direction of the phonological change, speech experiments have been carried out for ten native speakers of Jeju Korean over 60 years old. The analysis focuses on the principal features of acoustic/phonetic signals, namely, the fundamental frequency (Hz), intensity (dB), formant structure of F1 and F2, the duration of vowels, and the syllable nucleus. Out of six acoustic cues, formant structure (F1 and F2) and duration of the syllable-nucleus show statistical differences between the basic and emphatic reduplicants. The results imply that adverb reduplication, in the case of Jeju Korean, uses the perceptual effects through mora extension for acoustic quantity and rhythmic realization for vowel quality.

KCI등재

2동사이동에 대한 매개변인 접근법: 초기중세영어 동사구어순을 중심으로

저자 : 김대익 ( Kim Dae-ik )

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 28권 4호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 29-50 (22 pages)

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The main goal of this paper is to illustrate the explanatory power of parametric approaches on verbal orders between V and T in Early Middle English, and choose which approach might be not only described but explained in the optimal way in terms of the Minimalist program framework. In Government and Binding (GB) and early minimalism language, variation can be accounted for by language specific and language-independent parametric approaches. Thus, it is revealed through GB and Minimalism that a number of language specific parametric approaches are introduced to explain the verbal orders between V and T. However, according to the central tenet of recent minimalism (after Chomsky, 2005), these parameters coupled with Universal Grammar (UG) should be driven to be decomposable into a unified one which can account for every aspect of the verbal orders between T and V. In this paper I discuss how each parametric approach can deal with the Early Middle English verbal orders in conformity with the tenet of Minimalism and conclude that the Category-Specified approach, in which the T and V of UG are under-specified to Category is the best one to deal with the Early Middle English verbal orders, allowing grammar to account for language variation without appealing to the language specific parameters of UG.

KCI등재

3전남어의 의문문 억양 경계톤에 대한 강세구초 자음의 원거리 효과

저자 : 오미라 ( Oh Mira )

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 28권 4호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 51-75 (25 pages)

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This study explores the factors which affect the shapes of boundary tones in Korean interrogatives. 26 Chonnam speakers produced three types of interrogatives in Korean, (i.e., simple polar questions, wh-questions, and indefinite pronoun questions) under variation in verb-initial consonants and question endings. A phonetic analysis of their production reveals three results. First, the initial segment of the Intonation Phrase (IP)-final Accentual Phrase (AP) plays a significant role in determining the shapes of boundary tones. Second, the distribution of various boundary tones is different across the three types of interrogatives in Korean. Third, the lexical ending forms also condition the shapes of boundary tones. I propose that the AP-initial consonant effect weighs more than the constraints for different types of interrogatives, which are in turn more weighted than the effect of the ending form. I test the validity of the proposed weighted constraints by the learned grammar in the Maximum Entropy Model based on the frequency of each boundary tone. This study shows that the differently weighted factors interact to produce various boundary tones in Korean interrogatives.

KCI등재

4양 방향 강세 시스템과 3-음절 강세 음보(ternary stress feet)의 상관관계

저자 : 조혜성 ( Cho Hye-sung )

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 28권 4호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 77-101 (25 pages)

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Hyde (2008) defined bidirectional stress systems as binary systems with a mixed directional orientation. As a result, in odd-parity words, an internal lapse arises adjacent to a single isolated foot, which yields a sequence of a foot and an unparsed syllable, [(σ)σ(σ)(σ)], in the middle. This paper contends that to avoid the stranded syllable in the ternary stress configurations, bidirectional systems opt for one of their own parsing tactics: a ternary stress foot. This is in sharp contrast with unidirectional systems which parse a stray syllable at edges into a degenerate foot. This also leads us to infer that there is a correlation between bidirectional systems and ternary stress feet that should be captured so as to account for the existence of language-specific ternary stress foot-conditioned phonological and morphological operations which have bidirectional stress systems. This paper parses trisyllabic configurations into Internally Layered Ternary (ILT) stress feet which consist of a disyllabic foot with a left- or right-weak adjoined syllable, as proposed by recursive foot theories (Bennett, 2012; Martínez-Paricio, 2012; Kager, 2012).

KCI등재

5무능력함을 표시하는 한국인 감사화행 전략의 진실성 연구: 남녀, 연령, 학력에 따른 차이 여부

저자 : 천재윤 ( Cheon Jae-yun )

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 28권 4호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 103-120 (18 pages)

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This study examined differences in gender, age and educational status to find out the veracity of incompetency strategy in gratitude speech act. In daily life, Koreans often express incompetency in the context where their gratitude has to be expressed. It could mean that incompetency strategy is used to express continuous relationship, particular types of thoughts and value criterion in Korean culture. To prove this point, a survey by questionnaire which consists of psychologically grateful situations was conducted. The findings of the study are as follows. First, there were no significant differences in gender, age and educational status in relation to the veracity of the incompetency strategy in gratitude speech act used by each group. Second, incompetency strategy in gratitude speech act was a general trend in the Korean speech community, especially in psychological situations.

KCI등재

6An Aspect of NC Cluster Realizations in Bukusu

저자 : Chin-wan Chung

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 28권 4호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 121-145 (25 pages)

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This study observes various realizations of a nasal plus a consonant (NC) sequence in Bukusu. The newly created Bukusu NCs are composed of a prefix nasal plus a stem-initial consonant, and they are required to have the identical laryngeal, continuant, and place features. If any NCs do not meet these requirements, several sound modifications occur to render NC harmonious with the NC structural requirements. If a post-nasal consonant is a voiceless obstruent, progressive voicing assimilation occurs and then a post-nasal consonant triggers regressive place assimilation. Hardening occurs when a post-nasal consonant has [+voice, +cont]. Post-nasal /l, r, β/ optionally merge with the preceding nasal after becoming hardened and triggering regressive place assimilation if they are followed by a nasal or an NC-initial syllable in a stem. A nasal prefix is deleted if a stem begins with a nasal or a voiceless-initial fricative. Even though different sound change strategies are used in Bukusu, their goal is to make an NC satisfy the requirements of the cluster. In order to provide an analysis, we adopt a constraint-based theoretical framework which allows steps before reaching the final optimal form. This is because some of the sound modifications should occur sequentially. The constraints and their rankings used in the analysis can capture the functional unity that is hidden in sound modification strategies.

KCI등재

7Semantic Taxonomy and NP-coordination in Korean

저자 : Juwon Lee

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 28권 4호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 147-174 (28 pages)

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This paper discusses the novel data of Korean NP-coordinations whose non-final conjunct is semantically incompatible with the verb of which the NP-coordinations are the object in a sentence. It is shown that these “peculiar” NP-coordinations cannot be accounted for by prior approaches to coordination in the literature. In particular, any theory that directly relates the verb with such a non-final conjunct faces a significant problem of semantic incompatibility. As a solution to this problem, I propose the hypothesis that the non-final conjunct of such NP-coordination must be semantically associated with the direct hypernym of the verb. I focus on conjunctive coordinations in this paper, but it is shown that the hypothesis can be further supported by some disjunctive coordinations in Korean.

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1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

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