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The Linguistic Association of Korea Journal

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1993)~27권3호(2019) |수록논문 수 : 1,029
언어학
27권3호(2019년 09월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

1한국인의 불평 화행 연구

저자 : 안정근 ( Ahn Jeong Khn )

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 27권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 1-22 (22 pages)

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This study examines Korean's complaint speech act in which 204 subjects participated in survey that elicited their responses from ten complaint situations. As somewhat anticipated, they opted out 31.3% of the total responses in survey questionnaire and used only 4.74 words on average on a complaint situation, which means that they complained very shortly. Gender difference is found in which men used more words than women. Age group difference is also found in which the lower age group used more words than the older age group. Considering social factors, the study finds that relatives used less words than other social groups including strangers, acquaintances, and friends, and the respondents used more words when social obligation was more explicit than implicit. For severity level on a 1 - 5 scale, their severity level in the study is 2.54 on average which indicates that they complained in the middle of indirect and mitigated on the severity scale. Gender difference is not found but age group difference is found for severity level in which the 21-29 age group's severity level is higher than age group over 30 at p < .05 level. Considering social factors for severity level, the study also finds that severity level is the greatest for friends and the weakest for relatives. For social status, severity level is the greatest for equals and the weakest for younger speakers. And for social obligation, severity level is found greater when social obligation was more explicit than implicit. They scarcely used softeners and intensifiers in the study.

KCI등재

2한국어 학습자의 숙달도에 따른 표현 문형 사용 양상 연구

저자 : 이유미 ( Lee Yumi )

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 27권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 23-51 (29 pages)

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The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between Korean learners' use of expressive sentence patterns and their proficiency. A total of 75 learners of Korean as a second language (KSL) participated in the study. The participants were divided into three groups: beginner (N=25), intermediate (N=25), and advanced (N=25). The participants were asked to respond to a Discourse Completion Test (DCT), and to take a C-test on proficiency. The DCT included two questions for each discourse: suggestion, order, request, apology, refusal, and wish scenarios. In order to examine learners' use of expressive sentence patterns, this study considered both types and tokens. The analysis of Spearman's Rho revealed a low positive relationship between learners' use of expressive sentence patterns and their proficiency. Moreover, Fisher's exact test results showed that there were significant differences among the three groups in the use of expressive sentence patterns for order and refusal. The study showed that learners increased their use of polite expressions in the advanced group, and indicated that proficiency is associated with pragmatic knowledge of expressive sentence patterns.

KCI등재

3The Relationship between Self-efficacy Beliefs and Self-regulated Learning Strategies in Korean EFL Learners

저자 : Cho Young Ah , Kim Youngsu

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 27권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 53-74 (22 pages)

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The present study analyzes learners' self-efficacy beliefs and self-regulated learning strategy use in an L2 English learning context, mainly focusing on Korean high school students. One-hundred and seventy-three participants were assigned to high-, medium-, and low-proficiency groups. Three instruments were administered, a background questionnaire, the Questionnaire of English Self-Efficacy, and the Questionnaire of English Self-Regulated Learning Strategies. The results reveal that there were significant differences among groups in terms of self-efficacy beliefs for listening, speaking, reading, and writing, showing that high-proficiency learners held a higher sense of self-efficacy than medium- and low-proficiency learners. The study also indicates that there were significant differences among groups when looking at self-regulated learning strategy use. Successful learners employed more self-regulatory skills than others. Additionally, a positive correlation was found between self-efficacy and self-regulation. Based on the results, pedagogical implications are suggested.

KCI등재

4Gapping in V+ko construction in Korean as dependent ellipsis

저자 : Youngsik Choi

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 27권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 75-97 (23 pages)

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It has been argued that Korean has two types of V+ko coordinate constructions: the tensed V+ko construction and the un-tensed V+ko construction. I claim only the former constitutes a genuine instance of coordination structure, diverging from the common view (Yoon 1993, 1994, 1997, Chung 2001, 2005, Kim and Cho 2012, Jung 2016, among others). I will show that gapping in Korean conforms to the cross-linguistic generalization that it elides the tensed verb in a conjunct coordinated with another clause containing the same verb. I propose dependent ellipsis for the analysis of gapping in Korean, an idea as originally proposed by Williams (1997), Ackema and Szendröi, (2002) and Hernández (2007), among others, for English gapping. The striking common aspects of gapping in English and Korean reflect a common mechanism of dependent ellipsis beyond the superficial difference in the directionality of gapping as attributed to the word order parameters of the universal grammar.

KCI등재

5An Alternative Account of English Consonant Cluster Adaptations in Bengali Dialects

저자 : Chin-wan Chung

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 27권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 99-123 (25 pages)

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This study provides a constraint-based analysis of cluster adaptations occurring in Bengali dialects such as spoken Bengali, Dhaka, and Sylheti when English complex words are realized by Bengali speakers or borrowed into Bengali. In spoken Bengali, speakers only employ epenthetic strategy when they realize onset clusters of English. For the selection of vowels, the neutral vowel of English is generally inserted between consonants but the high front vowel is prothesized when a cluster is composed of /s/ plus a voiceless stop. In Dhaka dialect, coda clusters are fixed by either insertion or deletion. Unlike spoken Bengali, the inserted vowel between sonorant consonants is affected by a neighboring vowel. Deletion of an obstruent normally occurs when a cluster consists of a sonorant plus an obstruent but an obstruent survives if a sonorant is dental liquid /r/ in Dhaka. Onset cluster adaptations in Sylheti is similar to that of spoken Bengali but one difference between the two dialects is that an interconsonantally inserted vowel is affected by a following vowel in Sylheti while spoken Bengali still maintains the quality of a neutral vowel. (Chonbuk National University)

KCI등재

6Labeling and Moving Adjunction Structures

저자 : Rhanghyeyun Kim

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 27권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 125-147 (23 pages)

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Chomsky's (2013) labeling algorithm fails to label adjunction structures, resulting in the Full Interpretation problem. This paper shows that the algorithm faces another problem in 'moving' adjunction structures, based on the data from adverb-adjunction and scrambling. This paper then suggests that adverb-adjunction structures as well as scrambling structures can be labeled and thus are correctly predicted to be able to move if we adopt the Anti-Labeling Device of Saito (2016). Finally, Feature-based Labeling alternatives to the Anti-Labeling Device are critically discussed.

KCI등재

7Readers' Language Experience in Generating Korean Wh-Constructions

저자 : On-soon Lee

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 27권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 149-171 (23 pages)

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This study investigates the role of language experience, which is shaped by the distributional patterns occurring in input, in structural preferences in language production. In order to accomplish this purpose, a corpus analysis and a sentence completion experiment were conducted. Specifically, thirty-six Korean-speaking adults participated in the experiment, in which they read and completed sentence fragments including either a scrambled or an in-situ wh-phrase. When the participants generated questions, they attached the question-marking particle to a verb as soon as possible after encountering the wh-phrase, suggesting an active dependency formation mechanism. This finding supports the Active Filler Strategy hypothesis, a major account for the processing of filler-gap dependencies, but does not support any effect of the readers' linguistic experience.

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