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대한수의학회> Korean Journal of Veterinary Research(구 대한수의학회지)

Korean Journal of Veterinary Research(구 대한수의학회지) update

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(1961)~57권3호(2017) |수록논문 수 : 3,034
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research(구 대한수의학회지)
57권3호(2017년 09월) 수록논문
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KCI등재 SCOPUS

1Hangover relieving effect of Sanghwang mushroom mycelium cultured in germinated buckwheat

저자 : ( Yoo-jin An ) , ( Sung-min Cho ) , ( Min-su Kim ) , ( Hae-hee Moon ) , ( Dong-

발행기관 : 대한수의학회 간행물 : Korean Journal of Veterinary Research(구 대한수의학회지) 57권 3호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 147-154 (8 pages)

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The present study was performed to evaluate the hangover relieving effect of germinated buckwheat (GB) and Sanghwang mushroom mycelium cultured in GB (SGB). Both GB and SGB showed 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activities and significantly increased (p < 0.001) aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activities; up to 140% increase at concentrations of 16 μL/mL. Locomotor activity test results from alcohol-SGB and alcohol-GB groups showed improved motor activities over that of the alcohol-water group at 90 min post-administration. Both alcohol- GB and alcohol-SGB groups had significantly reduced (p < 0.001) alcohol (40.02 ± 33.38 μg/mL, 66.01 ± 22.04 μg/mL, respectively) and aldehyde (5.72 ± 0.47 μg/mL, 6.72 ± 1.70 μg/mL, respectively) concentrations in blood compared to those in the alcohol-water group (199.75 ± 33.83 μg/mL, 50.43 ± 13.88 μg/mL, respectively) at 90 min post-administration. Based on cDNA microarray analysis, expressions of ALDH genes ALDH1a7 and ALDH18a1 and cytochrome P450 (CY450) gene CYP4a30b were upregulated in the alcohol-GB and alcohol-SGB groups compared to levels in the control group. Overall, the results suggest that both GB and SGB have hangover relieving effects by reducing blood acetaldehyde levels. The molecular mechanisms may involve ALDH activation and upregulated expression of alcohol metabolism-related genes such as ALDH and CYP450.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

2Evaluation of immunocontraceptive vaccine composed of gonadotropin-releasing hormone conjugated with granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor in male rats

저자 : ( Byung-joo Park ) , ( Yong-hyun Kim ) , ( Hee-seop Ahn ) , ( Sang-hoon Han ) ,

발행기관 : 대한수의학회 간행물 : Korean Journal of Veterinary Research(구 대한수의학회지) 57권 3호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 155-158 (4 pages)

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Surgical castration performed to reduce male-associated problems results in pain and microbial infections in male animals. Therefore, immunocontraception, which is mediated by the animal's own antibodies against reproductive hormones, has been recommended as an alternative to surgical castration when considering the animal's welfare. In this study, a new immunocontraceptive vaccine composed of six tandem copies of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) fused to rat granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) was developed, and its efficacy was evaluated in male rats. Three different doses (10, 50, and 100 μg) of recombinant GM-CSF-GnRH protein were injected three times at intervals of two weeks into male rats. The rats vaccinated with three doses of GM-CSF-GnRH produced a significantly higher level of antibodies against GnRH than that in the negative control rats. Severe atrophy of gonads was observed in rats vaccinated with three doses of GM-CSF-GnRH but not in the negative control rats. The results reveal that the new GnRH vaccine conjugated with rat GM-CSF induces efficient immunocontraception in male rats. This formulation of the immunocontraceptive vaccine would be applicable to both domestic and pet male animals.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

3Bacterial diversity and its relationship to growth performance of broilers

저자 : ( Yeonji Bae ) , ( Bonsang Koo ) , ( Seungbaek Lee ) , ( Jongsuk Mo ) , ( Kwangh

발행기관 : 대한수의학회 간행물 : Korean Journal of Veterinary Research(구 대한수의학회지) 57권 3호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 159-167 (9 pages)

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The microbial community is known to have a key role during the rearing period of broilers. In this study, gut microbial composition and diversity were examined to evaluate the relationships between these factors and broiler growth performance. By applying 454-pyrosequencing of the V1-V3 regions of bacterial 16S rRNA genes, six fecal samples from four- and 28-day-old chickens from three broiler farms and 24 intestinal samples of broilers with heavy and light body weights were analyzed. Microbial composition assessment revealed Firmicutes to be the most prevalent phylum at farm A, while Proteobacteria were predominant at farms B and C. Fecal microbial richness and diversity indices gradually increased from four to 28 days at all three farms. Microbial diversity assessment revealed that small intestine microbial diversity was lower in heavy birds than in light birds. In light birds, the Firmicutes proportion was lower than that in heavy birds. In conclusion, each broiler farm revealed a specific microbial profile which varied with the age of the birds. The microbial communities appeared to affect growth performance; therefore, gut microbial profiles can be utilized to monitor growth performance at broiler farms.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

4관악산에서 참진드기 조사 및 중증열성혈소판감소증후군 바이러스 검출

저자 : 채정병 ( Jeong-byoung Chae ) , 김태희 ( Tae-hee Kim ) , 정지호 ( Jee-ho Jung ) , 박윤지 ( Yo

발행기관 : 대한수의학회 간행물 : Korean Journal of Veterinary Research(구 대한수의학회지) 57권 3호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 169-174 (6 pages)

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This study was performed to investigate the distribution of ticks and the rate of infection with severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) virus in ticks collected at Mt. Gwanak and the Seoul National University campus, Korea. Ticks (n = 273) were collected from May to October and included 76 Haemaphysalis longicornis (4 adult females, 72 nymphs), 49 Haemaphysalis flava (9 adult females, 3 adult males, 37 nymphs), and 148 Haemaphysalis spp. larvae. SFTS virus detection was performed by using one-step RT PCR and nested PCR. The SFTS virus was detected in 7 samples (1 Haemaphysalis longicornis nymph, 3 Haemaphysalis flava nymphs, and 3 Haemaphysalis spp. larva). The overall minimum field infection rate was 2.6%, whereas the minimum field infection rates of adult, nymphal, and larval ticks were 0%, 3.2%, and 2.0%, respectively. For a more accurate indication of the prevalence of SFTS virus in Korea, further in-depth investigations of tick species and SFTS virus occurrence over a larger area and longer period are needed.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

5돼지 파보바이러스, 단독 및 렙토스피라 8가 불활화 백신의 안전성 및 면역원성 평가

저자 : 김기주 ( Kiju Kim ) , 최종영 ( Jong-young Choi ) , 박수진 ( Su-jin Park ) , 한태욱 ( Tae-woo

발행기관 : 대한수의학회 간행물 : Korean Journal of Veterinary Research(구 대한수의학회지) 57권 3호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 175-180 (6 pages)

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Porcine parvovirus, Erysipelothrix (E.) rhusiopathiae, and Leptospira (L.) interrogans are considered major etiologic agents of reproductive failure in pigs, causing economic loss in the swine industry. In this study, the safety and immunogenicity of a new octavalent inactivated vaccine were evaluated. The vaccine contained inactivated porcine parvovirus, E. rhusiopathiae, and six L. interrogans serovars (Bratislava, Canicola, Grippotyphosa, Hardjo, Icterohaemorrhagiae, and Pomona). Safety test results showed no notable side effects or clinical signs after vaccination in mice, guinea pigs, and sows. In addition, we assessed immunogenicity of the vaccine in 25 sows under field conditions. The vaccinated group (n = 20) had a significantly higher antibody level than the non-vaccinated group (n = 5). Moreover, the stillbirth rate decreased in piglets born from vaccinated sows, resulting in an increased fertility rate. The results of this study demonstrate that the new octavalent inactivated vaccine can be applied safely and effectively to improve reproductive performance in sows.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

6선천성 고혈압 흰쥐에서 두릅 에탄올 추출물의 항고혈압 효과

저자 : 진주연 ( Ju-youn Jin ) , 박은혜 ( Eun-hye Park ) , 전윤아 ( Yoon-a Jeon ) , 이영재 ( Young-j

발행기관 : 대한수의학회 간행물 : Korean Journal of Veterinary Research(구 대한수의학회지) 57권 3호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 181-187 (7 pages)

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Antihypertensive effects of ethanol extracts of Aralia elata (Miq.) Seem. (AE) were investigated in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). SHR aged 14 weeks were treated for 8 weeks with AE (10 or 50 mg/kg/day) or amlodipine besylate (Am; 10 mg/kg/day) orally. Hypertension results in injury to several organs and can produce a significant increase in malondialdehyde (MDA) content as a result of lipid peroxidation and endothelial dysfunction. In this study, oral administration of AE and Am significantly reduced systolic blood pressure, organ weight index, and MDA content in tissues but increased significantly the plasma nitrite and nitrate concentrations. The endothelium-dependent relaxant activities of acetylcholine (10-10-10-3 M) in norepinephrine (NE)-precontracted aorta were increased in AE- and Amtreated rats. Particularly strong endothelium-dependent relaxant activities were observed in AE-treated (50 mg/kg) rats. The endothelium-independent relaxant activities of sodium nitroprusside (10-10-10-3 M) in NE-precontracted aorta were not changed. The results of this study suggest that AE has both antihypertensive and end-organ protective effects in SHR.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

7깔짚 교체 및 재사용 육계농장 분리 대장균의 항생제 내성 양상

저자 : 성환우 ( Haan-woo Sung ) , 최강석 ( Kang-seuk Choi ) , 권혁무 ( Hyuk-moo Kwon ) , 이영주 ( Y

발행기관 : 대한수의학회 간행물 : Korean Journal of Veterinary Research(구 대한수의학회지) 57권 3호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 189-195 (7 pages)

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The isolation rate of Escherichia (E.) coli in poultry litter was investigated at 44 broiler farms, 20 that used fresh litter and 24 that used recycled litter. The patterns of resistance to antibiotics of the E. coli isolates were compared. In litter sampled before the rearing period, the isolation rate of E. coli was higher at farms that used fresh litter; E. coli was present in the litter in 94.5% (35 out of 37 flocks tested) of the farms that used fresh litter vs. 51.2% (21 out of 41 flocks) of the farms that used recycled litter. The susceptibility of the 93 isolates of E. coli to 13 antibiotics was studied. Before the rearing period, E. coli isolates from the farms that recycled litter showed higher resistance rates than isolates from farms that replaced litter with fresh litter. Comparing the antibiotic resistance patterns of isolates from litter sampled before and at the end of the rearing period, the antibiotic resistance rates at the end of the rearing period increased dramatically compared with rates before the rearing period.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

8Effects of dietary acetaminophen and vitamin C supplement on serum cortisol and tumor necrosis factor-alpha concentrations in pigs vaccinated with foot-and-mouth disease vaccine

저자 : ( Chun-nam Cha ) , ( Beom-jun Lee ) , ( Eun-kee Park ) , ( Chang-yeol Yoo ) , (

발행기관 : 대한수의학회 간행물 : Korean Journal of Veterinary Research(구 대한수의학회지) 57권 3호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 197-200 (4 pages)

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This study evaluated the effect of a combination of acetaminophen and vitamin C (CAV) on reducing serum cortisol and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) concentrations in piglets vaccinated with foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) vaccine. Piglets were vaccinated with FMD vaccine and treated with CAV at concentrations of 0.0, 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 kg/ton feed (P-CON, AD-1, AD-2, and AD-3, groups, respectively) for 5 days post-vaccination. Cortisol and TNF-α levels at 5 days post-treatment in the AD-1-3 groups were significantly lower than that in the P-CON group (p < 0.05). There were no significant differences between AD-2 and AD-3 groups and non-vaccinated, non-CAV-treated piglets.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

9Isolation and identification of Moraxella cuniculi from a rabbit with keratoconjunctivitis

저자 : ( Dong-kun Yang ) , ( Ha-hyun Kim ) , ( Jae-young Yoo ) , ( Suk-kyung Lim ) , (

발행기관 : 대한수의학회 간행물 : Korean Journal of Veterinary Research(구 대한수의학회지) 57권 3호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 201-204 (4 pages)

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A Gram-negative, catalase- and oxidase-positive, coccus-shaped bacterium was isolated from a rabbit with keratoconjunctivitis. Colonies of the isolate were round, smooth, and exhibited hemolytic activity on 5% sheep blood agar. Scanning electron microscopy revealed 0.4 to 0.5 μm diameter oval cocci. Partial 16S rRNA gene (1446 bp) sequence analysis demonstrated the isolate had significant homology with the Moraxella cuniculi CCUG2154 strain isolated from a rabbit in Germany in 1973. Our isolate was designated as APQAB1701. Antibiotic susceptibility tests demonstrated that APQAB1701 was sensitive to 24 antibiotics; 3 of the antibiotics (nalidixic acid, spectinomycin, and colistin) had minimal inhibitory concentrations ≥ 32 μg/mL against the isolate.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

10Ultrasonographic assessment of transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder in dogs: a perspective of tumor size change

저자 : ( Seungji Kim ) , ( Yongbaek Kim ) , ( Wanhee Kim ) , ( Mincheol Choi ) , ( Jung

발행기관 : 대한수의학회 간행물 : Korean Journal of Veterinary Research(구 대한수의학회지) 57권 3호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 205-208 (4 pages)

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Study purposes were to evaluate ultrasonographic characteristics of transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) and quantitate bladder tumor size in dogs. Heterogeneous mass, wall involvement, and broad-based attachment were significantly associated with TCC, but not prominently the trigone region. Mass size evaluation revealed a significant correlation between progressive disease (PD) in TCC patients with piroxicam therapy. Largest diameter of target lesion/ body weight (cm/kg) ratio showed a high mean value in PD. A value > 0.3 was associated with PD with 83% sensitivity and 66% specificity. The results suggest that ultrasonography can provide evidence for diagnosing and predicting a prognosis for TCC.

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