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Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility update

  • : 대한소화기기능성질환·운동학회(구 대한소화관운동학회)
  • : 의약학분야  >  내과학
  • : KCI등재
  • : SCI,SCOPUS
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 계간
  • : 2093-0879
  • : 2093-0887
  • : 대한소화관운동학회지(~2009) → Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility(2010~)

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수록범위 : 1권1호(1994)~26권3호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 1,273
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
26권3호(2020년 07월) 수록논문
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2Toward an Improved Treatment for Gastroparesis

저자 : Tae-han Kim

발행기관 : 대한소화기기능성질환·운동학회(구 대한소화관운동학회) 간행물 : Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility 26권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 297-298 (2 pages)

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3The Practice of Gastrointestinal Motility Laboratory During COVID-19 Pandemic: Position Statements of the Asian Neurogastroenterology and Motility Association (ANMA-GML-COVID-19 Position Statements)

저자 : Kewin T H Siah , M Masudur Rahman , Andrew M L Ong , Alex Y S Soh , Yeong Yeh Lee , Yinglian Xiao , Sanjeev Sachdeva , Kee Wook Jung , Yen-po Wang , Tadayuki Oshima , Tanisa Patcharatrakul , Ping-huei Tseng ,

발행기관 : 대한소화기기능성질환·운동학회(구 대한소화관운동학회) 간행물 : Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility 26권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 299-310 (12 pages)

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During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, practices of gastrointestinal procedures within the digestive tract require special precautions due to the risk of contraction of severe acute respiratoy syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. Many procedures in the gastrointestinal motility laboratory may be considered moderate to high-risk for viral transmission. Healthcare staff working in gastrointestinal motility laboratories are frequently exposed to splashes, air droplets, mucus, or saliva during the procedures. Moreover, some are aerosol-generating and thus have a high risk of viral transmission. There are multiple guidelines on the practices of gastrointestinal endoscopy during this pandemic. However, such guidelines are still lacking and urgently needed for the practice of gastrointestinal motility laboratories. Hence, the Asian Neurogastroenterology and Motility Association had organized a group of gastrointestinal motility experts and infectious disease specialists to produce a position statement paper based-on current available evidence and consensus opinion with aims to provide a clear guidance on the practices of gastrointestinal motility laboratories during the COVID-19 pandemic. This guideline covers a wide range of topics on gastrointestinal motility activities from scheduling a motility test, the precautions at different steps of the procedure to disinfection for the safety and well-being of the patients and the healthcare workers. These practices may vary in different countries depending on the stages of the pandemic, local or institutional policy, and the availability of healthcare resources. This guideline is useful when the transmission rate of SARS-CoV-2 is high. It may change rapidly depending on the situation of the epidemic and when new evidence becomes available.
(J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2020;26:299-310)

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4The Lyon Consensus: Does It Differ From the Previous Ones?

저자 : Matteo Ghisa , Brigida Barberio , Vincenzo Savarino , Elisa Marabotto , Mentore Ribolsi , Giorgia Bodini , Fabiana Zingone , Marzio Frazzoni , Edoardo Savarino

발행기관 : 대한소화기기능성질환·운동학회(구 대한소화관운동학회) 간행물 : Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility 26권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 311-321 (11 pages)

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Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a complex disorder with heterogeneous symptoms and a multifaceted pathogenetic basis, which prevent a simple diagnostic algorithm or any categorical classification. Clinical history, questionnaires and response to proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy are insufficient tools to make a conclusive diagnosis of GERD and further investigations are frequently required. The Lyon Consensus goes beyond the previous classifications and defines endoscopic and functional parameters able to establish the presence of GERD. Evidences for reflux include high-grade erosive esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus, and peptic strictures at endoscopy as well as esophageal acid exposure time > 6% on pH-metry or combined pH-impedance monitoring. Even if a normal endoscopy does not exclude GERD, its combination with distal acid exposure time < 4% on off-PPI pH-impedance monitoring provides sufficient evidence refuting this diagnosis. Reflux-symptom association on pH-monitoring provides supportive evidence for reflux-triggered symptoms and may predict a better treatment outcome, when present. Also recommendations to perform pH-impedance “on” or “off” PPI are well depicted. When endoscopy and pH-metry or combined pH-impedance monitoring are inconclusive, adjunctive evidence from biopsy findings (eg, microscopic esophagitis), high-resolution manometry (ie, ineffective esophagogastric barrier and esophageal body hypomotility), and novel impedance metrics, such as mean nocturnal baseline impedance and post-reflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave index, can contribute to better identify patients with GERD. Definition of individual patient phenotype, based on the level of refluxate exposure, mechanism of reflux, efficacy of clearance, underlying anatomy of the esophagogastric junction, and clinical presentation, will lead to manage GERD patients with a tailored approach chosen among different types of therapy.
(J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2020;26:311-321)

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5Functional Dyspepsia: A Narrative Review With a Focus on Sex-Gender Differences

저자 : Young Sun Kim , Nayoung Kim

발행기관 : 대한소화기기능성질환·운동학회(구 대한소화관운동학회) 간행물 : Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility 26권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 322-334 (13 pages)

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Functional dyspepsia (FD) is among the most common gastrointestinal disorders affecting quality of life (QoL). As it frequently occurs in women than in men the comparison of various aspects including prevalence, clinical manifestations, and QoL in FD between women and men is very important for understanding the disease distribution and burden, evaluating treatment options, developing new drugs, and allocating medical resources. However, little is known about sex or gender differences among patients with FD. In spite of limited studies, consistent points are that FD occurs more often in women than in men and there are several symptom differences between men and women with FD. In addition, women with FD tend to have lower QoL than men with FD. Similarly, the pathophysiology of FD likely to vary depending on gender. Furthermore, a sex-gender-oriented approach in healthcare system could enhance understanding heterogeneous patients suffering from FD. Due to the sex-gender differences in physiological and psychological factors, treatment strategies should differ between women and men with FD. In conclusion, an individualized and multicomponent approach that considers sex and gender issues might improve FD treatment and improve patient Qol, especially for women.
(J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2020;26:322-334)

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6Effect of Body Position on High-resolution Esophageal Manometry Variables and Final Manometric Diagnosis

저자 : Carlo G Riva , Stefano Siboni , Davide Ferrari , Marco Sozzi , Matteo Capuzzo , Emanuele Asti , Cristina Ogliari , Luigi Bonavina

발행기관 : 대한소화기기능성질환·운동학회(구 대한소화관운동학회) 간행물 : Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility 26권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 335-343 (9 pages)

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Background/Aims
According to the Chicago classification version 3.0, high-resolution manometry (HRM) should be performed in the supine position. However, with the patient in the upright/sitting position, the test could more closely simulate real-life behavior and may be better tolerated. We performed a systematic review of the literature to search whether the manometric variables and the final diagnosis are affected by positional changes.
Methods
A literature search was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) statement. Studies published in English that compared HRM results in different body positions were included. Moreover, the change in diagnosis of esophageal motility disorders according to the shift of body position was investigated.
Results
Seventeen studies including 1714 patients and healthy volunteers met the inclusion criteria. Six studies showed a significant increase in lower esophageal sphincter basal pressure in the supine position. Integrated relaxation pressure was significantly higher in the supine position in 10 of 13 studies. Distal contractile index was higher in the supine position in 9 out of 10 studies. One hundred and fifty-one patients (16.4%) out of 922 with normal HRM in the supine position were diagnosed with ineffective esophageal motility (IEM) when the test was performed in the upright position (P < 0.001).
Conclusions
Performing HRM in the upright position affects some variables and may change the final manometric diagnosis. Further studies to determine the normal values in the sitting position are needed.
(J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2020;26:335-343)

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7Distal Esophageal Impedance Measured by High-resolution Esophageal Manometry With Impedance Suggests the Presence of Barrett's Esophagus

저자 : Rahul Kataria , Benjamin Rosenfeld , Zubair Malik , Martha Harrison , Michael S Smith , Ron Schey , Henry P Parkman

발행기관 : 대한소화기기능성질환·운동학회(구 대한소화관운동학회) 간행물 : Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility 26권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 344-351 (8 pages)

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Background/Aims
Barrett's esophagus (BE) is characterized by intestinal metaplasia in the distal esophagus. The aims of this study are to: (1) Compare baseline distal esophageal impedance (DEI) using high-resolution esophageal manometry with impedance (HREMI) in patients with BE, esophagitis, and healthy volunteers and (2) Correlate length of low impedance on HREMI in patients with BE to the length of endoscopic BE.
Methods
Patients with BE or esophagitis who underwent HREMI were included. Ten volunteers had HREMI. Baseline DEI was calculated from HREMI using the landmark segment. In patients with BE, the impedance was plotted to measure the extent of plotted low impedance (PLI) and visual low impedance (VLI). Lengths of VLI and PLI were correlated to endoscopic length of BE by Prague score.
Results
Forty-five patients were included (16 BE; 19 esophagitis; 10 volunteers). BE patients had lower baseline DEI at the first, second, and third sensors above the lower esophageal sphincter (mean ± SEM: 1.37 ± 0.45, 0.97 ± 0.27, and 0.81 ± 0.20) compared to volunteers (8.73 ± 0.60, 8.20 ± 0.73, and 6.94 ± 0.99; P < 0.001). Baseline DEI was lower in BE than esophagitis patients (2.98 ± 0.65, 2.49 ± 0.56, and 2.01 ± 0.51) at the first, second, and third sensors (P < 0.052 for second and third sensors); ie, BE < esophagitis < controls. PLI and VLI had a stronger correlation to circumferential score (r2 = 0.84 and 0.83) than maximal score (r2 = 0.76 and 0.68).
Conclusions
Baseline DEI is lower in BE compared with esophagitis and healthy volunteers. The length of low impedance correlates to the endoscopic extent of BE. Thus, impedance values during HREMI may help suggest the presence and extent of BE or esophagitis.
(J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2020;26:344-351)

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8Performing High-resolution Impedance Manometry After Endoscopy With Conscious Sedation Has Negligible Effects on Esophageal Motility Results

저자 : Hui Su , Dustin A Carlson , Erica Donnan , Wenjun Kou , Jacqueline Prescott , Alex Decorrevont , Francesca Shilati , Melina Masihi , John E Pandolfino

발행기관 : 대한소화기기능성질환·운동학회(구 대한소화관운동학회) 간행물 : Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility 26권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 352-361 (10 pages)

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Background/Aims
High-resolution manometry (HRM) performed without sedation is the standard procedure. However, some patients cannot tolerate transnasal placement of the manometry catheter. We aim to assess the practice of performing manometry after endoscopy with conscious sedation by evaluating its impact on esophageal motility findings.
Methods
Twelve asymptomatic adult volunteers and 7 adult patients completed high-resolution impedance manometry (HRIM) approximately 1 hour after conscious sedation with midazolam and fentanyl (post-sedation) and again on a different day with no-sedation. The no-sedation HRIM involved 2 series of swallows separated in time by 20 minutes (no-sedation-1 and no-sedation-2) for the volunteers; patients completed only 1 series of swallows for no-sedation HRM.
Results
A motility diagnosis of normal motility was observed in all 12 volunteers post-sedation. Two volunteers had a diagnosis of borderline ineffective esophageal motility, one during the no-sedation-1 period and the other during the no-sedation-2 period; all of the other no-sedation HRIM studies yielded a normal motility diagnosis. Six of seven patients had the same diagnosis in both no-sedation and post-sedation HRM, including 1 distal esophageal spasm, 3 achalasia (2 type II and 1 type III), and 2 esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction. Only one patient's HRM classification changed from ineffective esophageal motility at no-sedation to normal esophageal motility at post-sedation.
Conclusions
Performing HRIM after endoscopy with conscious sedation had minimal clinical impact on the motility diagnosis or motility parameters. Thus, this approach may be a viable alternative for patients who cannot tolerate unsedated catheter placement.
(J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2020;26:352-361)

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9Spontaneous Internal Anal Sphincter Relaxation During High-resolution Anorectal Manometry Is Associated With Peripheral Neuropathy and Higher Charlson Comorbidity Scores in Patients With Defecatory Disorders

저자 : Tae Hee Lee , Joon Seong Lee , Jeeyeon Kim , Jin-oh Kim , Hyun Gun Kim , Seong Ran Jeon , Su Jin Hong , Young Sin Cho , Suyeon Park

발행기관 : 대한소화기기능성질환·운동학회(구 대한소화관운동학회) 간행물 : Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility 26권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 362-369 (8 pages)

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Background/Aims
We aimed to evaluate associations between comorbidities, peripheral neuropathy, and spontaneous internal anal sphincter relaxation (SAR) in patients with defecatory disorders.
Methods
A patient was considered to exhibit SAR during high-resolution anorectal manometry (HR-ARM) when the nadir pressure is < 15 mmHg and the time from onset to relaxation was ≥ 15 seconds in the resting pressure frame. A case-control study was performed using HR-ARM data collected from 880 patients from January 2010 to May 2015. We identified 23 cases with SAR (median age 75 years; 15 females; 12 fecal incontinence and 11 constipation). We compared HR-ARM values, Charlson index comorbidity scores, neuropathy, and the prevalence of diseases that potentially cause neuropathy between controls and SAR patients. Each SAR case was compared to 3 controls. Controls were selected to match the age, gender, and examination year of each SAR case.
Results
Compared to controls (26.1%), SAR patients (52.2%) exhibited a significantly higher frequency of fecal incontinence. SAR patients also had higher Charlson index scores (5 vs 4, P = 0.028). Nine of 23 SAR patients (39.1%) exhibited peripheral neuropathy― this frequency was higher than that for the control group (11.6%; P = 0.003). Diseases that potentially cause neuropathy were observed in 17 of 23 SAR cases and 32 of 69 controls (P = 0.022).
Conclusions
SAR develops in patients with constipation and fecal incontinence but is more common in patients with fecal incontinence. Our controlled observational study implies that SAR is associated with peripheral neuropathy and more severe comorbidities.
(J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2020;26:362-369)

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10Multichannel Intraluminal Impedance and pH Monitoring: A Step Towards Pediatric Reference Values

저자 : Francesco Cresi , Elena Andrea Cester , Silvia Salvatore , Domenico Umberto De Rose , Antonio Ripepi , Anna Maria Magist , Claudia Fontana , Elena Maggiora , Alessandra Coscia , Ruggiero Francavilla , Fernanda Cris

발행기관 : 대한소화기기능성질환·운동학회(구 대한소화관운동학회) 간행물 : Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility 26권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 370-377 (8 pages)

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Background/Aims
Combined multichannel intraluminal impedance and pH monitoring (MII/pH) is considered the most accurate test to detect gastroesophageal reflux (GER), however lacking reference values. We aim to determine reference values for the pediatric population and to correlate these values with age and postprandial/fasting period.
Methods
We evaluated MII/pH traces from patients (newborns, infants, and children) admitted to 3 Italian hospitals and who underwent MII/ pH for suspected GER disease. Patients with MII/pH traces that showed significant symptom-reflux associations and/or a pathological reflux index (> 6% for newborns and infants, > 3% for children) were excluded. Traces were analysed in their entirety, and in the postprandial period (first hour after a meal) and the fasting period (the following hours before the next meal) separately.
Results
A total of 195 patients (46 newborns, 83 infants, and 66 children) were included. Age positively correlated with frequency of acidic GER events (r = 0.37, P < 0.05) and negatively associated with weakly acidic GER events (r = 0.46, P < 0.05).
Conclusions
This study describes the distribution of MII/pH values in a pediatric population with normally acidic GER exposure and no significant association between GER events and symptoms. These MII/pH values may be used as reference values in clinical practice for a corrected GER disease diagnosis in the pediatric population.
(J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2020;26:370-377)

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