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Elastomers and composites update

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  • : 고무학회지(~1997)→엘라스토머(1998~)→Elastomers and Composites(2009~)

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수록범위 : 1권1호(1966)~53권4호(2018) |수록논문 수 : 1,560
Elastomers and composites
53권4호(2018년 12월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

1Acoustic Properties of Rubber Compound for Anechoic Coating

저자 : Jong Woo Bae , Won Ho Kim , Byung Hyun Ahn

발행기관 : 한국고무학회 간행물 : Elastomers and composites 53권 4호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 195-201 (7 pages)

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Three kinds of rubber compounds were prepared, and their underwater acoustical properties were investigated for anechoic coating. Dynamic mechanical properties of the rubber compounds were measured using a dynamic mechanical analyzer and extended to 100 kHz using time-temperature superposition. The sound speed, reflection coefficient, and attenuation constant were calculated. Silicone rubber showed the lowest reflection coefficient, and nitrile rubber showed the highest attenuation constant. The acoustic properties of nitrile rubber compounds with various compositions were investigated. The sound speed, reflection coefficient, and transmission coefficient of the nitrile rubber in the frequency range of 200-1000 kHz were measured in a water-filled tank.

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2A Study on Properties of SSBR/NdBR Rubber Composites Reinforced by Silica

저자 : Dam-hee Lee , Xiang Xu Li , Ur-ryong Cho

발행기관 : 한국고무학회 간행물 : Elastomers and composites 53권 4호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 202-206 (5 pages)

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Five solution styrene butadiene rubber/neodymium butadiene rubber (SSBR/NdBR) composites were manufactured using different ratios of SSBR and NdBR. In this study, the composites were reinforced with NdBR and silica to confirm the physical properties of SSBR used for treads of automobile tires and the dispersibility with silica. The morphologies of the rubber composites were observed using field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). The crosslinking behaviors of the composites were tested using a rubber process analyzer (RPA), and the abrasion resistances were tested using a National Bureau of Standards (NBS) abrasion tester. The hardness values, tensile strengths, and cold resistances of the composites were also tested according to ASTM standards. Increased NdBR content yielded composites with excellent crosslinking properties, abrasion resistances, hardnesses, tensile strengths, and cold resistances. The crosslinking point increased due to the double bond in NdBR, thereby increasing the degree of crosslinking in the composites. The NdBR-reinforced composites exhibited excellent abrasion resistances, which is explained as follows. In SSBR, a breakage is permanent because a resonance structure between styrene and SSBR forms when the molecular backbone is broken during the abrasion process. However, NdBR forms an additional crosslink due to the breakdown of the molecular backbone and high reactivity of the radicals produced. In addition, the low glass transition temperature (Tg) of NdBR provided the rubber composites with excellent cold resistances.

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3Particle-based Numerical Modeling of Linear Viscoelastic Materials using MPM based on FEM for Taylor Impact Simulations

저자 : See Jo Kim

발행기관 : 한국고무학회 간행물 : Elastomers and composites 53권 4호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 207-212 (6 pages)

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Taylor rod impact tests have been the subject of many theoretical and experimental investigations. This paper discusses the numerical methods for simulating the Taylor impact test, which is widely used to obtain constitutive equations and failure conditions under high-velocity collisions of materials. With this in mind, a particle-based MPM (material point method) for linear viscoelastic solid materials was implemented, and MPM simulations for viscoelastic deformation behavior were numerically verified and confirmed by comparing the MPM and FEM results. In addition, this modeling and numerical approach could be extended to more complex viscoelastic models for basic understanding and to analyze the deformation and fracture behavior of more complicated viscoelastic material systems.

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4Study on the Thermal Degradation Behavior of FKM O-rings

저자 : Jin Hyok Lee , Jong Woo Bae , Myoung Chan Choi , Yoo-mi Yoon , Sung Han Park , Nam-ju Jo

발행기관 : 한국고무학회 간행물 : Elastomers and composites 53권 4호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 213-219 (7 pages)

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The degradation mechanism and physical properties of an FKM O-ring were observed with thermal aging in this experiment. From X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis, we could observe carbon (285 eV), fluoro (688 eV), and oxygen (531 eV) peaks. Before thermal aging, the concentration of fluoro atoms was 51.23%, which decreased to 8.29% after thermal aging. The concentration of oxygen atoms increased from 3.16% to 20.39%. Under thermal aging, the FKM O-ring exhibited debonding of the fluoro-bond by oxidation. Analysis of the C1s, O1s, and F1s peaks revealed that the degradation reaction usually occurred at the C-F, C-F2, and C-F3 bonds, and generated a carboxyl group (-COOH) by oxidation. Due to the debonding reaction and decreasing mobility, the glass transition temperature of the FKM O-ring increased from -15.91°C to -13.79°C. From the intermittent CSR test, the initial sealing force was 2,149.6 N, which decreased to 1,156.2 N after thermal aging. Thus, under thermal aging, the sealing force decreased to 46.2%, compared with its initial state. This phenomenon was caused by the debonding reaction and decreasing mobility of the FKM O-ring. The S-S curve exhibited a 50% increase in modulus, with break at a low strain and stress state. This was also attributed to the decreasing mobility due to thermal aging degradation.

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5Evaluation of Static Spring Constant and Accelerated Life Prediction for Compression Set of Polyurethane Resilient Pad in Rail Fastening System

저자 : Seung-won Lee , Jun-young Park , Eun-young Park , Sung-hwan Ryu , Seok-hu Bae , Nam-il Kim , Ju-ho Yun , Jeong-hwan Yoon

발행기관 : 한국고무학회 간행물 : Elastomers and composites 53권 4호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 220-225 (6 pages)

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Resilient pads play a major role in reducing the impact of loads on a rail in a rail-fastening system, which is essentially used for a concrete track. Although a compression set test is commonly used to measure the durability of a resilient pad, the static spring constant is often observed to be different from the fatigue test. In this study, a modified compression set test method was proposed to monitor the variations in the compression set and static spring constant of a resilient pad with respect to temperature and time. In addition, the life of the resilient pad was predicted by performing an acceleration test based on the Arrhenius equation.

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6Structural Simulation of Wrist Band for Wearable Device According to Design and Material Model

저자 : Soon Yong Kwon , Jung Hwan Cho , Jin Yoo , Chul Jin Cho , Sung Hwan Cho , In Young Woo , Min-young Lyu

발행기관 : 한국고무학회 간행물 : Elastomers and composites 53권 4호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 226-233 (8 pages)

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Elastomers based on the thermoplastics are widely used in rubber industries. Thermoplastic elastomers have the advantages of an easy shaping process and elimination of recycling problems. Thermoplastic polyester elastomer (TPE) is used for making rubber bands in wearable devices and its applications are increasing. In this study, five wrist bands were designed and their mechanical behaviors were examined by computer simulation, using hyper elastic models, Mooney- Rivlin and Ogden models, and a linear elastic model. Simulation results were compared and discussed in terms of band design and material model.

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7Tribological and Mechanical Properties of UHMWPE/HDPE Composites

저자 : Woo Seok Na , Kwang Ho Lee , Tae Woong Kong , Jung Youn Baek , Jeong Seok Oh

발행기관 : 한국고무학회 간행물 : Elastomers and composites 53권 4호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 234-238 (5 pages)

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The influence of reinforcing UHMWPE powder on the tribological and mechanical properties of HDPE was investigated. The circularizing of UHMWPE powder was improved by high-speed rotation to enhance particle distribution and flowability. HDPE composites reinforced with UHMWPE powder in the range of 0-50 wt% were prepared by co-rotating twin screw extrusion. The abrasion resistance, plane friction coefficient, tensile strengths, and impact strengths of the composites were investigated as a function of the UHMWPE content. An increasing UHMWPE content decreased the plane friction coefficient and increased the abrasion resistance and impact strength. It is expected that HDPE composites reinforced with spherical UHMWPE powder particles can be used to improve the durability of products such as pipes in the future.

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