간행물

한국물환경학회지 update

Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment

  • : 한국물환경학회(구 한국수질보전학회)
  • : 공학분야  >  환경공학
  • : KCI등재
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  • : 연속간행물
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  • : 2289-0971
  • : 2289-098X
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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(1985)~36권5호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 2,325
한국물환경학회지
36권5호(2020년 09월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

1마코프 체인 몬테카를로 및 앙상블 칼만필터와 연계된 추계학적 단순 수문분할모형

저자 : 최정현 ( Choi Jeonghyeon ) , 이옥정 ( Lee Okjeong ) , 원정은 ( Won Jeongeun ) , 김상단 ( Kim Sangdan )

발행기관 : 한국물환경학회(구 한국수질보전학회) 간행물 : 한국물환경학회지 36권 5호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 353-363 (11 pages)

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Hydrologic models can be classified into two types: those for understanding physical processes and those for predicting hydrologic quantities. This study deals with how to use the model to predict today's stream flow based on the system's knowledge of yesterday's state and the model parameters. In this regard, for the model to generate accurate predictions, the uncertainty of the parameters and appropriate estimates of the state variables are required. In this study, a relatively simple hydrologic partitioning model is proposed that can explicitly implement the hydrologic partitioning process, and the posterior distribution of the parameters of the proposed model is estimated using the Markov chain Monte Carlo approach. Further, the application method of the ensemble Kalman filter is proposed for updating the normalized soil moisture, which is the state variable of the model, by linking the information on the posterior distribution of the parameters and by assimilating the observed steam flow data. The stochastically and recursively estimated stream flows using the data assimilation technique revealed better representation of the observed data than the stream flows predicted using the deterministic model. Therefore, the ensemble Kalman filter in conjunction with the Markov chain Monte Carlo approach could be a reliable and effective method for forecasting daily stream flow, and it could also be a suitable method for routinely updating and monitoring the watershedaveraged soil moisture.

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2낙동강수계 지류 수질자료를 통한 수질개선 우선순위 선정

저자 : 심규현 ( Shim Kyuhyun ) , 신상민 ( Shin Sangmin ) , 김성민 ( Kim Seongmin ) , 김용석 ( Kim Youngseok ) , 김경훈 ( Kim Gyeonghoon )

발행기관 : 한국물환경학회(구 한국수질보전학회) 간행물 : 한국물환경학회지 36권 5호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 364-372 (9 pages)

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The “Master Plan for the Revitalization of Water in the Nakdong River” is designed for the fundamental improvement of water quality in the Nakdong River. The water quality and flow of the Nakdong River system tributaries was monitored in this study. Among the living environmental standard parameters of 195 rivers, BOD (Biochemical oxygen demand), T-P (Total phosphorus) and TOC (Total organic carbon) were assessed to analyze the water quality from 2012 to 2019. We examined the role of TOC. It was found that 12 rivers exceeded the water quality of the second grade (3.0 mg/L BOD standard, 0.1 mg/L T-P standard, 4.0 mg/L TOC standard) based on BOD and T-P concentrations: the Gumi stream, Gisegok stream, Yongha stream, Yongho stream, Changnyeong stream, Gajwa stream, Gwangok stream, Yeongsan stream, Toerae stream, Hwapo stream, Sangnam stream and Hogye stream. These rivers require strategies to improve the quality of the Nakdong River. Based on the ongoing project, it is possible to supplement the “Master Plan for the Revitalization of Water in the Nakdong River” and manage it after verifying it as a component of people's life and therefore used to establish water quality control measures.

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3Markov-Chain Monte Carlo 기법을 이용한 준 분포형 수문모형의 매개변수 및 모형 불확실성 분석

저자 : 최정현 ( Choi Jeonghyeon ) , 장수형 ( Jang Suhyung ) , 김상단 ( Kim Sangdan )

발행기관 : 한국물환경학회(구 한국수질보전학회) 간행물 : 한국물환경학회지 36권 5호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 373-384 (12 pages)

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Hydrological models are based on a combination of parameters that describe the hydrological characteristics and processes within a watershed. For this reason, the model performance and accuracy are highly dependent on the parameters. However, model uncertainties caused by parameters with stochastic characteristics need to be considered. As a follow-up to the study conducted by Choi et al (2020), who developed a relatively simple semi-distributed hydrological model, we propose a tool to estimate the posterior distribution of model parameters using the Metropolis-Hastings algorithm, a type of Markov-Chain Monte Carlo technique, and analyze the uncertainty of model parameters and simulated stream flow. In addition, the uncertainty caused by the parameters of each version is investigated using the lumped and semi-distributed versions of the applied model to the Hapcheon Dam watershed. The results suggest that the uncertainty of the semi-distributed model parameters was relatively higher than that of the lumped model parameters because the spatial variability of input data such as geomorphological and hydrometeorological parameters was inherent to the posterior distribution of the semi-distributed model parameters. Meanwhile, no significant difference existed between the two models in terms of uncertainty of the simulation outputs. The statistical goodness of fit of the simulated stream flows against the observed stream flows showed satisfactory reliability in both the semi-distributed and the lumped models, but the seasonality of the stream flow was reproduced relatively better by the distributed model.

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4고랭지밭의 구거복원에 따른 토양유실저감 효과분석

저자 : 성윤수 ( Yunsoo Sung ) , 김동진 ( Kim Dong Jin ) , 이수인 ( Lee Suin ) , 류지철 ( Jichul Ryu ) , 김종건 ( Jonggun Kim ) , 임경재 ( Lim Kyoung Jae ) , 김기성 ( Kim Ki Sung )

발행기관 : 한국물환경학회(구 한국수질보전학회) 간행물 : 한국물환경학회지 36권 5호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 385-391 (7 pages)

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Soil loss is a serious problem frequently caused by local torrential rainfalls due to climate change. In particular, soil loss is occurring in agricultural areas rather than urban areas, and many pollutants are introduced into rivers, causing environmental problems. To reduce soil loss, the Ministry of Environment has designated and managed non-point source management areas. The Jaun-district in Hongcheon-gun, which was designed as a non-point pollution source management area in Gangwon-do, is located in the upper stream of Soyang Lake. Most of the agricultural fields are composed of highland agriculture fields. The highland agricultural fields in the Jaun-district are also composed of large-scale farming areas, and the ditches located near the agricultural fields have been illegally used for farmland. Therefore, the local government in Hongcheon-gun is conducting a project to restore the ditches occupied by agricultural fields. However, an analysis of the amount of soil loss that can be reduced by the restoration of the ditches has not been conducted yet. Thus, the purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of reducing the soil loss from the restoration of the ditches used as agricultural fields in the Jaun-district. The SATEEC L Module was used to analyze the reduction in soil loss by ditch restoration. The SATEEC L Module was constructed to estimate the LS factor using Moore and Burch's method after calculating the slope length using the digital elevation model and the maximum allowable slope length. The LS factor and the USLE formula were used to estimate the amount of soil loss that could be reduced by ditch restoration. The analysis showed that the ditch restoration could reduce about 16.6% of the soil loss in the Jaun-district. The results of this study will contribute to the study of methods to reduce soil loss in non-point pollution management areas.

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5고빈도 수온 자료를 이용한 팔당호의 성층과 흐름 변화 분석

저자 : 류인구 ( Ryu In-gu ) , 이보미 ( Lee Bo-mi ) , 조용철 ( Cho Yong-chul ) , 최황정 ( Choi Hwang-jeong ) , 신동석 ( Shin Dong-seok ) , 김상훈 ( Kim Sang-hun ) , 유순주 ( Yu Soon-ju )

발행기관 : 한국물환경학회(구 한국수질보전학회) 간행물 : 한국물환경학회지 36권 5호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 392-404 (13 pages)

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The focus of this study was to quantify the thermal stratification and analyze the relationship between the stratification structure and the tributaries to understand flow variations in the Paldang Reservoir. The vertical distribution of the temperature and density gradients, and the depth and thickness of the thermocline were quantitatively calculated using a lake physics tool (rLakeAnalyzer) and high-frequency monitoring data. Based on a density gradient of 0.2 kg/m3/m, the thermocline was formed from mid-May to early-September 2019 and the other periods were weakly stratified or mixed. The thickness of the thermocline was developed until 4.7 m and the depth of the thermocline was formed at a depth of 3 - 6 m at the front of the Paldang Reservoir. During the formation of the thermocline, the Namhangang and Gyeongancheon tributaries with relatively high water temperature (low-density) flowed into the upper layer of the reservoir, and the Bukhangang tributary with low water temperature (high-density) mainly affected the lower layer of the reservoir. This is because the density currents were formed due to the difference in the water temperature of the tributaries. The findings of this study may be used for constructing high-frequency monitoring and quantitative data analyses of reservoirs.

KCI등재

6유역의 토지이용 특성을 고려한 비점오염원 관리방안 적용에 따른 저감 효율 분석

저자 : 최유진 ( Yujin Choi ) , 이서로 ( Seoro Lee ) , 금동혁 ( Donghyuk Kum ) , 한정호 ( Jeongho Han ) , 박운지 ( Woonji Park ) , 김종건 ( Jonggun Kim ) , 임경재 ( Kyoungjae Lim )

발행기관 : 한국물환경학회(구 한국수질보전학회) 간행물 : 한국물환경학회지 36권 5호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 405-422 (18 pages)

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Land use change by urbanization has significantly affected the hydrological process including the runoff characteristics. Due to this situation, it has been becoming more complicated to manage non-point source pollutions caused by rainfall. In order to effectively control non-point sources, it is necessary to identify the reduction efficiency of the various management method based on land use characteristics. Thus, the purpose of this study is to analyze the reduction efficiency of non-point source pollution management practices targeting three different watersheds with the different land use characteristics using the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT). To do this, the vulnerable subwatersheds to non-point source pollution occurrence within each watershed were selected based on the streamflow and water quality simulation results. Then, considering the land use, low impact development (LID) or best management practices (BMPs) were applied to the selected subwatersheds and the efficiency of each management was analyzed. As a result of analysis of the non-point source pollution reduction efficiency, when LID was applied to urban areas, the average reduction efficiencies of SS, NO3-N, and TP were 5.92%, 4.62%, and 10.35%, respectively. When BMPs were applied to rural areas, the average reduction efficiencies of SS, TN and TP were 35.45%, 4.37%, and 10.16%, respectively. The results of this study can be used as a reference for determining appropriate management methods for non-point source pollution in urban, rural, and complex watersheds.

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7분류식 하수관로에서 유입수 표준매뉴얼 산정방법의 보수적 수정 결과

저자 : 추민경 ( Minkyeong Chu ) , 배효관 ( Hyokwan Bae )

발행기관 : 한국물환경학회(구 한국수질보전학회) 간행물 : 한국물환경학회지 36권 5호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 423-430 (8 pages)

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To improve the low treatment efficiency of sewage treatment plants, the separated sewer system must be maintained to provide an adequate flow rate and quality of the sewage under the effect of inflow. In this study, data from five locations of Namsuk, Dukgok1, Dukgok2, Kanggu, and Opo were used to conservatively calculate the inflow water volume. The sewer flow and rainfall data were collected in 2017. The factors in the standard method used to calculate the inflow of the combined sewer pipes including “rainy days”, “rainfall impact period”, and “period for basal sewer” were defined as 3 mm/day, continuous rain for two days, and two weeks prior to the inflow generation, respectively. “Rainy days”, “rainfall impact period”, and “period for basal sewer” were conservatively adjusted to 5 mm/day, continuous rain for five days, and three weeks prior to the inflow generation, respectively. As a results of the adjustment, the linearity (r2) was improved except for in Dukgok1. This implies that the conservative adjustment made in this study could improve the management quality of sewer pipes. Also, the linear correlation coefficient (ai) between inflow and rainfall showed a large difference between the target locations, which can be another monitoring factor affecting the quality of sewer pipes. To improve the correlation based on the individual characteristics of the locations in Korea, the automatic algorithm for the inflow calculation should be developed by innovative intellectual technologies for application to the entire national area.

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8신규 댐 건설 전후의 수질변동 분석: 영주댐 상류유역을 중심으로

저자 : 이새로미 ( Saeromi Lee ) , 박재로 ( Jae Roh Park ) , 황태문 ( Tae Mun Hwang ) , 안창혁 ( Chang Hyuk Ahnd )

발행기관 : 한국물환경학회(구 한국수질보전학회) 간행물 : 한국물환경학회지 36권 5호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 431-444 (14 pages)

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The relationship between dam construction and water quality has recently come to be considered an important issue. A dam is a physical factor which causes changes to the river system around it. Considering these points, this study was conducted to obtain basic data by analyzing the relationship between water level fluctuations and water quality parameters in the short-term. In terms of methodology, the new construction of the Yeongju Dam (M5) in 2016 was divided into Stage 1 as the lotic system and Stage 2 as the lentic system, with four years in each period, and the water level fluctuations and water quality were analyzed using official data. As a result of this study, M5, a stagnant area in which organic matter and nutrients accumulate, was found to be an important factor in water quality management. In addition, the water level changed rapidly (0.9±0.2 m → 10.9±7.1 m) as the river environment condition was converted from the lotic system to the lentic system. In addition, water quality parameters such as BOD, COD, TOC, and Chl-a significantly changed in the short-term. Further, since the transport of organic matter and nutrients occurred well in the lotic system, sedimentation was expected to be dominant in the lentic system. Therefore, it was determined that when the river flow is blocked, autochthonous organic matter is an important factor for long-term water quality management in the future. This process can increase the trophic state of the water body. As a result of this study, the TSIKO value was converted from mesotrophic in Stage 1 to eutrophic in Stage 2. Eventually, short-term changes in the river environment will affect not only changes in water level but also changes in water quality. Thus, a comprehensive and strategic approach is needed for long-term water quality management in the future.

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9지류하천의 상ㆍ하류 수질변화 비교: 낙동밀양 중권역 내 계성천 화포천을 대상으로

저자 : 심규현 ( Shim Kyuhyun ) , 김경훈 ( Kim Gyeonghoon ) , 김성민 ( Kim Seongmin ) , 김용석 ( Kim Youngseok ) , 김진필 ( Kim Jin-pil )

발행기관 : 한국물환경학회(구 한국수질보전학회) 간행물 : 한국물환경학회지 36권 5호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 445-452 (8 pages)

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Tributary is a part of life space for people and a very important place that accommodates rest recreation and other daily activities. absolutely insufficient basic data about water quality and flow rate are available for basin management. Efficient water and basin management systems, which are also supported by local residents can be established by securing such basic data of major tributaries in the Nakdong river system. In this study, the fluctuation characteristics of upstream and downstream water pollution levels were compared using the measurement results of the water environment measurement network and the tributary monitoring project for the gyeseong-stream and Hwapo-stream in the Nakdong-miryang watershed. In 2017, when water pollution is the highest, it was confirmed that the annual average rainfall was the lowest. Although the upstream and downstream water quality tendencies of the Gyeseong-stream are similar, the water quality concentrations of the Gyeseong-stream are relatively different. But although the Hwapo stream has various causes of pollution, there was not much difference in the level of pollution between the upper and lower streams. In addition, both rivers need the ability to purify rivers by securing sufficient water for river maintenance, and if the correlation between water quality items can be inferred through continuous monitoring of tributaries where the aspect of water quality change is unclear, water quality management Determined to be efficient operation.

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10산업폐수 관리체계 개선을 위한 수질오염물질 배출목록 구축에 대한 연구: 1차 철강 제조업과 석유정제품 제조업

저자 : 안태웅 ( Ahn Taeung ) , 김동민 ( Kim Dongmin ) , 손대희 ( Son Daehee ) , 김재훈 ( Kim Jaehoon )

발행기관 : 한국물환경학회(구 한국수질보전학회) 간행물 : 한국물환경학회지 36권 5호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 453-467 (15 pages)

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This study aimed to inventory the water pollutant discharge of wastewater from two facilities, one primary steel manufacturing facility and one petroleum refinery, both of which are located in Korea, and to identify ways to improve the wastewater treatment process through field investigation. Probability evaluation was used to inventory the substances in polluted water. The samples collected in this study included original wastewater, on processing wastewater, and treated water. The general description of wastewater occurrence, major sources, and treatment facilities were also investigated to obtain an integrated database of the pollutants created by different industrial categories. Based on our analysis of raw wastewater and final effluent, the detected pollutants were confirmed by analyzing their presence in the raw or supplemental materials, the potential of formation as byproducts, and the possibility of inclusion as impurities. The compounds detected for each category were screened via investigation of their possible sources and confirmed as the final water pollutant inventories. Thirty kinds of water pollutants were emitted by the primary steel manufacturing facility (reference in case A), including 14 specified hazardous water pollutants. The petroleum refinery (reference in case B) emitted 36 water pollutants, including 16 specified hazardous water pollutants.

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1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

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(2006)홍길동심리학41회 피인용

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2미국의 비트코인 규제

(2006)홍길동41회 피인용

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해당 간행물 관심 구독기관

충북대학교 환경부 서울과학기술대학교 전북대학교 강원대학교
 436
 66
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  • 1 충북대학교 (436건)
  • 2 환경부 (66건)
  • 3 서울과학기술대학교 (43건)
  • 4 전북대학교 (41건)
  • 5 강원대학교 (29건)
  • 6 서울대학교 (26건)
  • 7 인하대학교 (25건)
  • 8 한밭대학교 (21건)
  • 9 부산광역시청 (21건)
  • 10 부경대학교 (19건)

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