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미국학논집 update

Journal of American Studies

  • : 한국아메리카학회
  • : 인문과학분야  >  서양사
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  • : 1226-3753
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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1969)~50권2호(2018) |수록논문 수 : 1,044
미국학논집
50권2호(2018년 09월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

1프레드릭 제임슨(Fredric Jameson)의 폭력비판

저자 : 강의혁 ( Euihuack Kang )

발행기관 : 한국아메리카학회 간행물 : 미국학논집 50권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 5-30 (26 pages)

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This paper analyzes the ways in which Fredric Jameson comments on, critiques, and theorizes historical violence. While he never launched a full-fledged theory of violence, his idea of social antagonism, collectivity, and Utopian politics demonstrates a clearly discernible position on violence. As Jameson's Utopian politics is grounded upon a profound reflection on the historical nature of systemic violence, his scholarship suggests a lens through which to locate the collective Utopian aspirations that cannot be reduced to factional interest and/or even antagonistic class relations. While the issue of violence is usually approached as a specifically political issue, and thus often led to a countering political violence and/or a provisional legal remedy, Jameson's critical methodology suggests that a genuine attempt to deal with violence will have to consider the embedded nature of political violence in the areas of the economic and the cultural. In a nutshell, Jameson's method is the sublation of present historical violence―collectively building up an alternative, though long-term, vision of a “different” society from within.

KCI등재

2가사기술은 진정 가사노동으로부터의 해방을 가져왔는가?: 20세기 미국에서 가전제품의 확산과 가사노동 시간의 변화

저자 : 김덕호 ( Deok-ho Kim )

발행기관 : 한국아메리카학회 간행물 : 미국학논집 50권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 31-70 (40 pages)

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While the household technology had been introduced and expanded, the optimistic view that the household technology would liberate the housewife from the housework also had been settled down. However, did the home appliances embodied of the household technology really contribute to reduce the time of housework? Ruth S. Cowan, a historian of technology, asserted that the more housemakers have the home appliances, the more they have housework time or at best same housework time. Joel Mokyr, a renowned economic historian, called it 'Cowan paradox.' Through the various time surveys of housework time since 1920s, this paper will investigate on whether the time of housework had been really reduced due to the introduction and diffusion of the home appliances such as vacuum cleaners, washing machines, or electric irons.

KCI등재

3더러움과 청결의 양가적 경계: 『깨끗한 집』을 중심으로

저자 : 김영지 ( Young-ji Kim )

발행기관 : 한국아메리카학회 간행물 : 미국학논집 50권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 71-101 (31 pages)

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Sarah Ruhl is a new American playwright who has produced works revealing her own distinctive identity through bold and ingenious development. While the majority of her works are classified as comedy-drama, materials for her works, in contrast, show tragic images. In The Clean House published in 2004, Ruhl unites the conflicting elements of tragedy and comedy without giving a sense of heterogeneity, by setting up delicate comedic elements in the situation on the verge of death. This paper analyzes problematic circumstances in which characters are placed and psychological emotions felt by the characters when faced by intimidating objects, by using Julia Kristeva's concept of 'Abject'. Abject, according to Kristeva, is the most ambiguous concept of boundaries. An abject object poses a threat to the existence of a subject and it is to be detested and denied. Further, this paper intends to understand in depth the conclusion of the play that progresses toward forgiveness and harmony, by combining the meanings of 'cleaning' and 'laugh,' which are the central themes of the work, with subversive characteristics inherent in the Abject.

KCI등재

4정신분석학과 시간성: H.D.의 『프로이트에게 바치는 헌사』 읽기

저자 : 손혜숙 ( Hyesook Son )

발행기관 : 한국아메리카학회 간행물 : 미국학논집 50권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 103-124 (22 pages)

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My essay reads H.D.'s Tribute to Freud as a criticism of the Freudian concept of time. She sees distinct limitations in Freudian scientific explanations of the human psyche and questions his assumption that time is a homogenous and linear sequence of events. Unlike Freud, H.D. does not consider time as resulting from a causal succession of occurrences, but as derivative of human existence, a temporal fabric in which past, present, and future inseparably coexist. She demonstrates that Freudian family romance can't be a relevant model to her case and moves beyond her personal story into another dimension of history. She illustrates the political crisis and various social turmoils surrounding Freud before World War II, and criticizes his ignorance of history and his constricted world devoid of any ontological understanding of temporality. She also emphasizes the importance of culture and a collective symbolic system as a medium through which human being realizes itself as a future possibility. While offering an alternative to Freud's limited view of self, culture, and history, she reveals temporality as dwelling at the very heart of human being-in-the world.

KCI등재

5길을 잃어버린 개인들 그리고 상호 주관적 자아로 읽는 『길 잃은 여인』

저자 : 이경화 ( Kyeong-hwa Lee )

발행기관 : 한국아메리카학회 간행물 : 미국학논집 50권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 125-141 (17 pages)

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This essay aims to study Sandel's theory with its focus on the notion of intersubjective self and analyze Cather's A Lost Lady from Sandel's theoretical viewpoint. Rawls's theory of justice is based on the assumption that self can pursue what is right when it is not affected by others. Sandel argues that Rawls defines self as integral prior to having any experience in society, and from this point of view individuals are indifferent to each other except when they share a common interest. Sandel's notion of intersubjective self, therefore, does not draw clear boundaries. Rather the intersubjective self takes the boundaries of others and forms it on the collectivist foundations and through relationships. In A Lost Lady Captain Forrester is one of the pioneers who consider their mutual relationships brotherhood because they share spiritual interest as well as economic interest. Captain Forrester forms his self through his relationships with other pioneers and his wife, Marian. Marian has a suspicious past and disparate elements in disposition. But her self is changed and formed as a respectable hostess thanks to Captain Forrester's steadfast love toward her.

KCI등재

6블랙파워시대 급진적 흑인들의 맑스-레닌주의 변주: 블랙팬서당을 중심으로

저자 : 이춘입 ( Choonib Lee )

발행기관 : 한국아메리카학회 간행물 : 미국학논집 50권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 143-170 (28 pages)

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This essay explores the influences of the Russian Revolution and Marxist-Leninism on radical blacks in '68 movement in the United States of America for its centenary celebration. It especially focuses on the transition of the ideas of the Black Panther Party (BPP) in the late 1960s and early 1970s. The BPP, a representative of the Black Power Movement and black new leftist group, considered itself as a vanguard party for a black revolution like the Bolshevik in the Revolution, and had its structure and system according to that idea. However, it thought of a lumpen proletariat as a driving force for the black revolution, influenced also by Frantz Fanon's concept of the lumpen, unlike the marxist-leninist concept of a working class as the major role for a revolution. BPP's ideology moved from black nationalism to revolutionary national, and to internationalism and then revolutionary intercommunalism. Particularly, the intercommunalism by Huey Newton reflects the unique variation of American black radicals' Marxist-Leninism in the early 1970s..

KCI등재

7『아메리칸 환갑』에 나타난 디아스포라의 의미 변화 연구

저자 : 조숙희 ( Sookhee Cho )

발행기관 : 한국아메리카학회 간행물 : 미국학논집 50권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 171-190 (20 pages)

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Today, Korean American playwrights actively participate in enriching cultural and social diversity of the North American countries such as USA and Canada. One of their favorite motifs in their plays is the diasporic experience of the Koean immigrants into the New Continent. American Hwangap by Lloyd Suh deals with Chun Min Seok--a Korean man who emigrates to the States, returns to Korea, and then goes back to the States again. After three migrations, he finally decides that the home in the USA is the place he really belongs to. Witnessing the process while his children as well as Chun suffer from various diasporic hardships leads one to realize that the meaning of diaspora has been changing from that of the past. If the original meaning of diaspora is the people or experiences the immigrants have to face in alien places as a result of political scapegoats, modern diaspora is more often than not created by those who are willing to emigrate to new places for economic reasons. Therefore, American Hwangap shows the extended and transformative meaning of diaspora.

KCI등재

8Toward a New Literary Historiography of 19th-Century America

저자 : Ki Yoon Jang

발행기관 : 한국아메리카학회 간행물 : 미국학논집 50권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 191-208 (18 pages)

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The field of 19th-century American literary studies has been dominated by the metanarrative of America in the making, America at crisis, and America reborn to the superpower. Taking issues with that narrative for its oversimplifying tendency, this essay proposes reconsidering the time period with focus on the Civil War era. The era is largely regarded as the turning point in the nation's rise to the world empire, stitching back its internal division of the North and the South over slavery into one nationhood. But such view severely downplays much more complicated realities under the influence of the founding doctrine of majority rule. The essay aims to diversify the conventional paradigm of the antebellum vs. postbellum America by shedding light on the so-far much neglected topic of secession and examining its implications in light of the ongoing conflict between national sovereignty and state sovereignty. The essay ultimately emphasizes the importance of staying tolerant to multiple possible perspectives to the notion of 'American literature' and defying the “tyranny of majority” in signification.

KCI등재

9“The Slaves Who Were Ourselves”: The Politics of Identification in Ntozake Shange's Sassafrass, Cypress & Indigo

저자 : Eui Young Kim

발행기관 : 한국아메리카학회 간행물 : 미국학논집 50권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 209-233 (25 pages)

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This essay examines Ntozake Shange's critique of identity politics in Sassafrass, Cypress & Indigo. The multiple foci of the novel allow Shange to examine the pitfalls of identity politics and suggest an alternative politics of identification. The stories of the elder sisters, Sassafrass and Cypress, dovetail into each other. Sassafrass struggles against the misogyny within the Black Arts Movement, while Cypress gains insight into the inhumanity at the heart of gender separatism. Indigo, the youngest, stays in the South and trains as a healer and a midwife. Indigo shows a great capacity for identification from an early age. Her violin playing serves as an intersubjective medium, allowing her to identify with and heal her listeners. This psychic process enables Indigo to forge new alliances across culturally constructed lines of identity while widening the imagination of social justice. Shange ends her novel by celebrating the everyday as the site where identities are constantly made and remade in search of a broader community.

KCI등재

10Racism and Alienation: Deconstructing the Strong Black Woman in Langston Hughes's “Cora Unashamed”

저자 : Seulgiye Kim

발행기관 : 한국아메리카학회 간행물 : 미국학논집 50권 2호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 235-255 (21 pages)

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Many African American critics have taken issue with Langston Hughes's endorsement of transracial solidarity. The authorial demand to achieve affinity amongst the social minorities whose tribulations transcend cultural boundaries provoked black nationalists. This paper seeks to reappraise Hughes's international and transracial ideals. The paper argues that African American suffering results from the larger forces of oppression that underpin capitalist reproduction. More specifically, it identifies the suffering as a ramification of the capitalist exploitation of labor power. Based on the close analysis of “Cora Unashamed,” this paper examines how the social oppression of black people historically functioned to alienate their humanity while rendering them receptive to harsh working environments.

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1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

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