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The Journal of Studies in Language

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1984)~36권3호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 984
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36권3호(2020년 11월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1한국어 음운이웃 네트워크에 대한 어휘부 규모 효과 : 타 언어들과 비교를 위한 한국어 음운이웃 네트워크 분석

저자 : 김선회 ( Kim Sun-hoi ) , 남성현 ( Nam Sunghyun )

발행기관 : 한국현대언어학회 간행물 : 언어연구 36권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 263-284 (22 pages)

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This paper analyzes the various sizes of Korean lexicons (39 lexicons ranging from 1,592 words to 101,804 words) in terms of phonological word-similarity in the framework of network theory. 101,804 words are selected to make these lexicons from Kang and Kim(2009). The phonological neighborhood network for each lexicon is constructed. Its giant component (GC), average shortest path length (ASPL), average clustering coefficient (ACC), and assortative mixing by degree (AMD) are measured. The results are compared with those of several languages in previous studies. It is shown that the Korean phonological neighborhood network exhibits some language-universal properties. It satisfies the requirements for being a small-world network. However, language-particular properties are also found in the Korean phonological neighborhood network. The GC size is relatively larger than those in the other languages. In the value-curves of GC size, ASPL, and AMD based on the lexicon size, Korean exhibits the rise and fall shapes, which are not observed in the other languages. (Chung-Ang University · The University of British Columbia)

KCI등재

2사회통합 과정에서 나타나는 중국계 다문화가정 아동의 조음 양상 - 취학 전후 아동의 파열음을 중심으로 -

저자 : 박지윤 ( Park Jiyoon )

발행기관 : 한국현대언어학회 간행물 : 언어연구 36권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 285-296 (12 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to examine the errors in the consonants of Korean sounds of Korean-Chinese children around the school age, and to identify how the errors in consonants of children from multicultural families were influenced by the phonological system of the Chinese language, the mother language of Chinese mothers. As a result, Korean children show fewer stop consonants than multicultural children, and 7-year-old children of multicultural families show more stop consonants than 9-year-old multicultural children. Furthermore, it was found to be correlated with Chinese mothers' proficiency in Korean. In other words, the lower the Chinese mother's proficiency in Korean, the higher the error in the stop consonants of children from multicultural families. Children from multicultural families have difficulty discriminating and pronouncing the stop sounds. (Woosuk University)

KCI등재

3영어 읽기활동이 듣기능력 향상 및 정의적 인식에 미치는 효과 연구

저자 : 배고운 ( Bae Go-woon ) , 정양수 ( Jung Yang-soo )

발행기관 : 한국현대언어학회 간행물 : 언어연구 36권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 297-314 (18 pages)

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The purpose of this paper is to examine how reading activities conducted in listening class influence on students' listening comprehension, perceptions, and elimination of obstacles related to listening. For this study, two experimental groups such as Reading Aloud (RA) and Jigsaw Reading (JR) and one control group such as Traditional Listening (TL) were employed, and one hundred thirty nine college students with similar TOEIC scores participated in this study. After 12 weeks of experiment, the pre-post test scores of three groups were statistically analyzed using dependent t-tests and one-way ANOVA tests. A questionnaire with 36 questions and an in-depth interview for 10 students from 3 groups were conducted. Finally, there was an in-depth interview with 10 students from different classes. As a result of study, the RA and JR activity were effective on listening comprehension compared to TL activity. Also, JR activity was found to be the most effective and enjoyable method to improve listening. (Chungnam National University)

KCI등재

4합성어의 의미와 상황의미(ad hoc concept)

저자 : 양정연 ( Yang Jeong Yeon ) , 이상철 ( Lee Sangcheol )

발행기관 : 한국현대언어학회 간행물 : 언어연구 36권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 315-327 (13 pages)

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The previous studies on English compound words are operated syntactically and semantically, focusing on the headness and semantic relations between English compounds' constituents.. In Relevance theory, however, the inference of lexical meanings also has the same process as the general communication process. It should be interpreted based on the contextual information. Flexible lexical inference such as narrowing, loosening, and metaphoical extension is necessary to make the inference process efficient. In this paper, the metaphor or metonym is not treated as a separate category but inferential process. The meaning of the constituents and the contextual information are integrated conceptually through the interential process and then finally constructed through the ad hoc concept. (Konyang University · Chungnam National University)

KCI등재

5영어 무성음 앞 모음의 과잉조음 현상: 모국어 화자와 이중언어 화자 값

저자 : 오은진 ( Oh Eunjin )

발행기관 : 한국현대언어학회 간행물 : 언어연구 36권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 329-347 (19 pages)

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This study aims to test the Pre-voiceless Hyperarticulation Hypothesis of Thomas (2000) and Moreton (2004) for American English vowels [i, ɪ, eɪ, oひ, aɪ, ɔɪ, aひ]. Native and Korean-English bilingual speakers participated in a production experiment and read minimal pairs in the forms of “[bVd] - [bVt]” in a carrier sentence. As for the native speakers, the high front vowel [i] did not display significant peripheralization, and the lax [ɪ] tended to be centralized in the vowel space. Because the offglide [ɪ] of the diphthongs [eɪ, aɪ, ɔɪ] displayed peripheralization, the centralization of [ɪ] was interpreted as another type of hyperarticulation to maintain phonological contrast against [i] in the voiceless context. Bilingual speakers generally displayed smaller degrees of hyperarticulation or non-nativelike formant patterns. It was interpreted that the learning of the fine-grained differences in the formant values according to the coda voicing has not been completed even for highly experienced learners of English. (Ewha Womans University)

KCI등재

6함경방언 구사 북한이탈주민과 서울방언 화자의 음높이 대조 연구

저자 : 이수연 ( Lee Sooyeon )

발행기관 : 한국현대언어학회 간행물 : 언어연구 36권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 349-372 (24 pages)

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This study aims to clarify the difference in the intonation between North Korean defectors' speech from Hamgyeong-do and the speech of Seoul dialect speakers in an experimental phonetic method. The study results are as follows: First, the Seoul dialect speaker group has a wider pitch range within the same sentences than the Hamgyeong dialect speaker group. Second, the difference between the Seoul dialect speaker group and the Hamgyeong dialect speaker group is more significant in low-pitched sentences than in the high-pitched sentences. Third, in interrogative sentences, the Seoul dialect speaker group tends to speak in a rising tone. In contrast, the Hamgyeong dialect speaker group tends to speak in a horizontal tone. The three-way analysis of variance confirmed the group's main effects in 4 out of 5 items in both the declarative and the interrogative sentences and the interaction effects. It is confirmed that there are statistically significant differences in groups X genders and groups X sentence types. (Hankuk University of Foreign Studies)

KCI등재

7Complex Analysis and Proposal for Verifying Realization Direction of Geminates

저자 : Oh Kwan-young

발행기관 : 한국현대언어학회 간행물 : 언어연구 36권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 373-395 (23 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to confirm whether Korean students can perceive the difference in duration between singleton and geminate types of words in English and Korean and articulate distinctly. Through acoustic analyses, we want to identify the duration of geminate structures, which are categorized into two classes, tautomorphemic and concatenated, the latter subdivided into morpheme-boundary and word-boundary geminates. Thus, the current study tested some words which are associated with geminate structures and singletons on American and Korean speakers. This study showed that, concerning the Korean words, most of the Koreans who participated in the study were aware of the spelling of the words and articulated them carefully. However, with the English words, they were affected by morphemic and word boundaries without recognizing sound variations according to their specific contexts. Koreans markedly perceived the intervocalic /l/s as ambisyllabic, and there were no differences in the duration between geminates and singletons in the /l/s. In conclusion, the Koreans' articulation deeply relied on the spelling of words and was greatly affected by their mother languages' speech sound system. (Chonnam National University)

KCI등재

8Language Attitudes in Hong Kong: Regional Identity, Trilingualism, and Sociopolitical Movements

저자 : Park Jaehee , Uhm Chul Joo

발행기관 : 한국현대언어학회 간행물 : 언어연구 36권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 397-415 (19 pages)

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The present study investigates changes in language attitudes toward Cantonese, English, and Putonghua in Hong Kong over the twenty-three years after the U.K's political handover of the region to China. This study also scrutinizes the relationships between language attitudes and other related factors. To this end, a questionnaire survey and follow-up interviews were carried out in Hong Kong during the pro-democracy protests. The results indicate that Hongkongers have firmly sustained the status of Cantonese as their heritage language. They are highly inclined to use English as well, whereas Putonghua was rated the lowest. This article claims that language attitudes in Hong Kong were deeply intertwined with local identity and sociopolitical movements against the power from mainland China. (Chonnam National University)

KCI등재

9Comparative Properties of Zero Anaphora between Tagalog and Korean

저자 : Park Kee-tae

발행기관 : 한국현대언어학회 간행물 : 언어연구 36권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 417-432 (16 pages)

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Comparative Properties of Zero Anaphora between Tagalog and Korean. This paper comparatively examines the distribution and interpretation of the zero anaphora in Tagalog and Korean in terms of typological perspective. This fact is achieved by drawing a comprehensive account. The two restrictions, speech acts participant (SAP)s and topicality in both languages, are touched upon with the corresponding examples. For SAPs in the interrogative, imperative, exhortative, (and promissive) mood, the overt pronouns' reference can be categorized within the discourse deixis rather than within the discourse anaphora. In those constructions, the overt pronouns in Tagalog are considered. The overt discourse deixis, the overt pronouns, and optional zero anaphors in Korean are also considered the discourse overt or zero deixis. Another example discussed in terms of topicality in two languages is the discourse anaphoric or zero expression. For topicality, the topical reference is favored by the overt pronoun, while the non-topical one is preferred by the zero anaphora in Tagalog. In contrast, the zero anaphora takes preference over the overt pronoun in referring to the topical referent, while the zero anaphora and the overt pronoun are optional. However the overt pronoun is more preferred in referring to the non-topical referent in Korean. (Konyang University)

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