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EWHA SAHAK YEONGU (A Bulletin of the Ewha Historical Institutions)

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1966)~58권0호(2019) |수록논문 수 : 620
이화사학연구
58권0호(2019년 06월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1고려와 조선시대의 의학발전 단계 시론 - 의서를 중심으로 -

저자 : 이경록 ( Lee Kyung-lock )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 58권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 1-43 (43 pages)

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This article explores how the East Asian medicine had been developed in Goryeo Dynasty and Joseon Dynasty. In particular, it focused on the medical textbooks of Goryeo and Joseon.
As the Chinese medicine entered in the Three Kingdoms Period, intellectuals accepted knowledges of the Chinese medicine, and a small number of the ruling class benefited from the Chinese medicine prescriptions and imported medicine. In the late period of Goryeo Dynasty, the Hyangyakgugeupbang(鄕藥救急方) was published. It paid attention to the drug properties of the Korean medicine. This book contains the long-accumulated knowledge of the Korean medicine which used local drugs “Hyangyak.”
In Joseon, the government and medical scientists investigated the reality of the Korean medicine on a national scale. It carried out for increasing types and productions of the Korean medicine. As a result, the era of Dongui(東醫) was opened. The goal of treating all diseases of Joseon with the medicine of Joseon was achived.
However, medical theory of the Hyangyakjipseongbang(鄕藥集成方) printed in 1433 was quite insufficient. Thus, by the successive publication of the Euibangyoochui(醫方類聚) printed in 1477 and the Donguibogam(東醫寶鑑) printed in 1613, the medical theory tailored to the ideological, socioeconomic and medical situations of Joseon was completed.
It was not until the end of the Joseon Dynasty that Lee Je-ma's Donguisusebowon(東醫壽世保元) was able to overcome the Donguibogam. Lee Je-ma classified every people into four distinctive types: greater yang[tai yang] person, lesser yin[shao yin] person, greater yin[tai yin] person, and lesser yin[shao yin] person. This theory insisted proper treatment for each type in accordance with individual differences of physical features and temperament. His theory has many modern aspects. Korean Traditional Medicine could be modernized by itself.

KCI등재

2제국 신민의 전염병 도시 경성

저자 : 이정 ( Lee Jung )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 58권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 45-89 (45 pages)

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Typhoid, a food- and water-borne disease strongly associated with the unhygienic life style and environment, is a most prevalent infectious disease in colonial Korea (1910-1945), especially among Japanese imperial settlers. Among them, the residents of Keijo, the impressively modernized capital of the colony, suffered the most. It was an enigma since the city was best equipped with sanitary infrastructures, which way in turn clearly was favored by the famously clean Japanese settlers. This paper examines this enigma of the Japanese imperial hygiene within the political settings of colonial Korea. Especially, it analyzes its relationship with privileges that Japanese imperial settlers had pursued and enjoyed. Living in the Japanese side of the city with properly Japanese style, they indeed enjoyed the up-to-date hygienic and medical infrastructures and interventions like the running water and free vaccines. Yet, the hygienic infrastructure and medical interventions in colonial Korea, like all other modern systems, had their limitations and uncertainties, partly owing to their own profit-seeking business model. The Japanese settlers just made themselves more vulnerable to them in two ways, with their well-discussed identity as “brokers of empire,” if not quasi-rulers. Firstly, as part of the ruling power, they could not acknowledge those limitations of the imperial hygiene that they had helped to create. Secondly, unable to equate themselves with the colonized who were to be disciplined for their unhygienic habits and life styles, they refused interventions that demanded to correct their habits and life styles. Keeping their preferences of “cold tofu” or “sashimi,” and too confident about their imperial regime, these Japanese settlers of Keijo kept their association with that unhygienic disease. This paper displays the vulnerability of Japanese colonial modernity even for its most benefited group while revealing the unique power structure of the Japanese colonial regime, which was built on and sustained by these privileges of unofficial rulers who refused to be disciplined as hygienic subjects.

KCI등재

3메이지기 근대적 의약담론의 성립과 '뇌병(腦病)'의 치료

저자 : 김영수 ( Youngsoo Kim )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 58권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 91-118 (28 pages)

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This paper examines perceptions of the brain and neurological system in modern Japan, and the characteristics of medical discourse, including drug treatment that developed during the Meiji period. To understand the perceptions of the medical establishment during this period, this paper investigates the correlation between brain cognition and sales of Kennogan(健腦丸), which was renowned as a cure for neurasthenia, headaches, and constipation, and the introduction of medical knowledge related to the brain and neurological system, as well as the efficacy of medication.
Around the 1870s, “modern medicine” appeared shortly after the Meiji government began to regulate health care. Medical knowledge imported from the West increased in the mid and late nineteenth century. At the same time, public interest in the brain and neurological system led to increases in sales of medicines thought to cure various neurological system-related ailments. In this paper, I focus on the use of a patented medicine called Kennogan, sales of which increased during the Meiji period in Japan, in conjunction with the pursuit of modernization and progress that characterized this period.
As can be seen by a review of the literature, increased medical knowledge of the brain and nervous system in Japan at this time led to the widespread assumption that mental illness was the result of brain and nervous system disorders, which could be treated. The treatment method was taking medicine. Also, the ambiguity of medical knowledge at the time promoted drug sales. On the contrary, the government's policy for mentally ill patients influenced drug advertisements and sales. Gradually, the development of psychiatry brought about a change in the efficacy of patented medicines for the brain and nervous system.
The present paper illustrates the relationship between the establishment of medical knowledge in modern Japan and the medical culture that developed during the process of the transformation from a traditional medical culture to a westernized and modernized culture in the Meiji period.

KCI등재

4두 개의 세계에서 하나의 세계로: 로제타 S. 홀의 육아일기에 나타난 선교사 자녀의 삶 그리고 의료선교, 1893-1902

저자 : 이현주 ( Hyon Ju Lee )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 58권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 119-182 (64 pages)

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Rosetta Sherwood Hall(1865-1951) was a medical missionary in the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church(WFMS) who served in Korea between 1890 and 1933. Hall's husband died tragically soon after the husband and wife began missionary service together in Korea. Hall raised two children, Sherwood(1893-1991) and Edith(1895-1898), as a single mother during her missionary service and recorded her parenting experience in two separate baby books.
This article examines the lively experiences of Hall's children in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century transpacific context, which connected East Asia and the United States. Based on Hall's baby books and diaries this article reconstructs the life, health, and death of her two children with this age-specific approach. In doing so, this article offers multifold contributions to the historiographies of the histories of missionaries, medicine, and family as well as the history of childhood.
Historians of childhood have recently proven how much historians benefit from baby books despite their intrinsic limitation of being a study of infants and children, not usually primary source producers. Through thorough reading of Hall's records, this article reconstructs various aspects of young people's life experiences accompanying the rise of modern scientific parenting and the development of material culture across the Pacific Ocean. In addition, considering Hall's occupation as a medical missionary, this research explores her children's experiences of medicine and health as well as foreign mission. This article shows how belief in Christianity and existence in varying geographical places shaped the lives of the children who lived, struggled, and died in the transpacific world. Importantly, this article sheds light on how Hall's single parenting and medical missionary status allowed her and her children to have, ironically, a wider range of experiences outside the conventional domestic sphere that was pervasive in the United States and among American missionary families in Korea.

KCI등재

5러일전쟁 전후 울릉도 군수 심흥택의 활동과 대한제국의 영토해양 정책(1903-1907)

저자 : 김영수 ( Kim Young-soo )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 58권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 183-216 (34 pages)

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This article analyzes the activities of Shim Heung-Taek, the supervisor of Ulleungdo and the territorial maritime policy of Daehan Empire. The Japanese government illegally incorporated Dokdo into its territory in February 1905, before the end of the Russo-Japanese War. The last naval sea fight of the Battle of Tsushima was broke out in the sea near Dokdo.
Shim Heung-Taek, who was appointed to the supervisor of Ulleungdo in 1903, decided to pay taxes through agreement with Ulleungdo residents and was able to complete the construction of the county under the support of the government. Shim Heung-Taek tried to ban the Japanese from illegally living in Ulleungdo. This means that Shim Heung-Taek has faithfully carried out his activities as the basic Ulleungdo administrator.
The Ministry of Interior of Daehan Empire insisted that the establishment of a Japanese police station on Ulleungdo was not allowed by Empire's law and that it damaged the actions of the allies and violated the law. The Ministry of Internal Affairs immediately summoned Japanese police officers of Ulleungdo and strongly requested the withdrawal of Japanese residents from Ulleungdo. In 1900, Daehan Empire declared that Jukdo and Seokdo were attached to Ulleungdo.
In 1906, Shim Heung-Taek, the supervisor of Ulleungdo, made sure that Dokdo was out of 100 li(里) in the open sea. The Ministry of Interior confirmed that Ulleungdo had a range of 200 li(里). It included the range of Jukdo and Seokdo.
As seen in the claim of Shim Heung-Taek and the confirmation of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, 'Seokdo' was 'Dokdo.' Daehan Empire tried to defend Ulleungdo and Dokdo, the symbols of anti-Japanese sentiments.

KCI등재

6한국전쟁기 미·중·소의 참전·개입과 역할

저자 : 정병준 ( Jung Byung-joon )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 58권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 217-264 (48 pages)

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Shortly after the outbreak of the Korean War, the United States determined that Soviet Union was the real main body of the attack. US intervened the war to save her prestige and South Korea. US intervention to the Korean war defended Japan and Taiwan as well. Soviet boycotted the UN Security Council which had enabled the establishment of United Nations Command and had despatched UN forces to Korea. Stalin tried to conceal Soviet's relevance to Korean War.
US deployed 24th Division to the north of Daejon in the twentieth days after the outbreak of the war to defend the attack of North Korean army. It reflected the US determination and will to fight against Soviet invasion. In the middle of July 1950, military control of South Korean army was transferred to the General McArthur who was commander of UNC and US Far Eastern Command. Also in December 1950, military control of North Korean army was transferred to the Korea-China Allied Forces Command which was under the command of General P'eng Tehuai. Korean War became international war between US and China.
After the Chromite Operation and recovery of Seoul by UNC, the advance to the north of the 38th parallel began. The march to the north brought international dispute whether it had validity of international law to occupy North Korea. Disputes over who controls the Occupied North Korean area created conflict between US and South Korea. UNC handled the administration over the occupied North Korea area.
China's intervention to the Korean War was based on the North Korea-China relations. It was formed through the history of anti-Japanese struggle and cooperation during Chinese civil war. There was Russia-China-North Korea's mutual understanding before the war that China should intervene in North Korea when the military situation worsened. During the war, Soviet deployed several air forces to defend Korea-China border line. Soviet also offered military and economic aid to China and North Korea.
When the Chinese Communist Forces recaptured Seoul in January 1951, there was the conflict among communist regimes. North Korea and Soviet insisted to advance down to Pusan to unite Korea peninsular, but China refused the advancement because her motivation to join the war was to recover the pre-war situation and secure the buffer zone between China and Korea. After the retreat from North Korea and defeat by CCF, US was desperate enough to consider the use of atomic-bomb and establish a government-in-exile out of Korean peninsular. After the recapture of Seoul by UNC in Spring of 1951, it was evident that overwhelming victory of one side and landslide defeat of the other side were impossible. It meant the de-facto end of the war, but the war was continued to save each other's political face.

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