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KOREAN JOURNAL OF THE MIDDLE EAST STUDIES

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1980)~38권3호(2018) |수록논문 수 : 706
한국중동학회논총
38권3호(2018년 02월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1팔레스타인 난민의 발생 배경 - 1947년을 중심으로 -

저자 : 김은비 ( Eunbee Kim )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 38권 3호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 1-24 (24 pages)

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As of 2015, there are 5.6 million Palestinian refugees across the world. As seen in debates between Old historians and New historians, discussions on the causes behind the Palestinian refugee dilemma have lasted for several decades; however, conclusions have been biased based on emotional associations and ethnic affiliations. Moreover, most of these studies have considered the Arab-Israeli war in 1948 to be the originator of the refugee issue. However, in order to have a balanced understanding of the origin of this issue, one needs to focus on UN resolution 181, which was ratified in 1947, and the civil war that followed. The partition plan of resolution 181 was based on the premise of Palestinian Arabs leaving their homeland, and as a result provoked the civil war that led to a large number of refugees. According to the partition plan, people who had lived in the newly designated areas for other ethnic populations were required to relocate; and, as the ethnic villages were blended along the territory, it was not secure when people tried to cross through other territories. Therefore, efforts were made to claim other villages in order to make movement in the region more secure. This action led to civil war. However, the civil war exposed the disorganization of Palestinian authorities and forces which were not strong enough to protect their inhabitants. Palestinian Arabs did not have secure leadership, trained military, or weapons. Moreover, there was a lack of morale due to previous brutal operations by Jewish authorities. In particular, although there is controversy, one of the Israeli operation plans, Plan-Dalet, a military plan for controlling territory and evacuating Arabs in their territory, has been considered an ethnic cleansing plan by a group of scholars. Regardless of the intention of the plan, the fact is that Plan-D and following operations intimidated Arab populations to leave their home either voluntarily or forcefully. The Palestinian refugee problem has not been solved for more than 70 years, and refugees have yet to be granted their right to return their homeland. The responsibilities are not on only one side-Palestine Arabs or Israeli Jews-but, I argue, on all sides including international society. Therefore, the solution of the refugee problem should be discussed among the all responsible actors under the shared perception on the responsibilities.

KCI등재

2이슬람국가(IS) 현상과 새로운 양상의 국제안보 위협에 관한 연구

저자 : 박찬기 ( Park Chan Ki )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 38권 3호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 25-72 (48 pages)

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The main purpose of this article is to analyze the foundation of the Islamic State (IS) and its growth after the withdrawal of American troops from Iraq in 2011 and from the Syrian civil war. The article also aims to compare the anti-IS war with the characteristics of the 4th generation war. This study posits that the main reason for the rise of the Islamic State is the Iraqi Shia government's failure to include Sunni people in the nation-building process after the withdrawal of U.S. military forces. The Syrian civil war, which started in 2011, was the main catalyst for the military buildup of the IS both in Syrian and Iraqi territories. Additionally, the failure of major world powers, including the U.S., Russia, and China, to peacefully resolve the Syrian civil war was the main cause for the expansion of IS activities in Syria and Iraq. This paper also found that the strategies and tactics of the IS against the anti-IS coalition group were very similar to the characteristics of the 4th generation war. The 4th generation war, which represents war between the states and non-state actors, is a new phenomenon in the era of globalization. In the 4th generation war, the state is a weaker, not stronger, party. In the 21st century, non-state organizations, such as IS, Al-Qaeda, Hezbollah, and Boko Haram, have become major threats to world peace. The main reason for the proliferation of non-state militant groups is the failure or collapse of the state. As a result, major world powers and international organizations, including the U.S., Russia, China, and the UN, must help weaker states rebuild their abilities in order to neutralize these violent non-state organizations. This will ultimately help achieve world security.

KCI등재

3정권생존, 이란의 귀환 그리고 중동의 새로운 정치역학

저자 : 서정민 ( Seo Jeong-min )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 38권 3호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 73-93 (21 pages)

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Political dynamics in the Middle East is rapidly changing into more complexity. Although the Islamic State (IS), which was the most serious threat to stability in the Middle East, is actually ending, confusion and conflicts in the region are increasing. In addition, the Middle East is getting caught up in new conflicts as various external forces have intervened in the crisis in Syria and iraq. As a result, the Middle East is divided into the two main axes of the Sunni belt led by Saudi Arabia and the United States and the Shia belt dominated by Iran and Russia in the form of a new Cold War in the region. This article attempted to approach the rapidly changing intra-regional sectarian conflicts and the new cold war formation with the two variables: the return of Iran as a regional variable and the regime survival of each authoritarian state as a domestic variable. Thus, this study explains the hypothesis that the imminent tasks in containing Iranian influence and perpetuating regime survival have brought about the spread of sectarian conflicts and the formation of a new Cold War system in the Middle East. These two variables will help to understand the current regional political phenomena and dynamics.

KCI등재

4GCC 국가의 이슬람은행과 일반은행의 지배구조 차이가 기업가치에 미치는 영향에 대한 비교연구

저자 : 양오석 ( Yang Oh-suk Son ) , 손성현 ( Sung Hyun )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 38권 3호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 95-145 (51 pages)

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This paper aims to explore the relationship between corporate governance and firm value of Islamic banks in countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), and to investigate the direct effect of the scale of the Sharia Supervisory Board on the firm value. 38 conventional commercial banks and 27 Islamic banks are explored. The period of research lasted from 2003 to 2007. To conduct a comparative analysis on the 65 banks based on the panel data, the Hausman-Taylor analytical model was used. The findings of the analysis predominantly concerns: 1) the absence of a significant relationship between corporate governance and firm value for both Islamic and conventional banks in GCC countries, 2) the absence of a significant relationship between the scale of the Sharia Supervisory Board, which manages and monitors Islamic banks, and bank firm value.

KCI등재

5수단 형법에 나타난 후두드(Hudud)고찰

저자 : 김종도 ( Kim Jong-do )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 38권 3호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 147-167 (21 pages)

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This paper aims to study on Hudud of the Criminal Law of the Sudan. In the early 16th century, Sudan adopted the Shari'a partly with the appearance of the Funji kingdom of Islam. With the announcement of Sharia in September 1983, the Sudanese society became more infamous than the past and provided a reason for independence of the Southern Sudan in July 2011. The current Sudanese Criminal Law is a revision of the criminal law enacted in 1991, which was enacted again in 2009. It consists of 18 chapters and 192 articles. At the time of the 2009 amendment, it added 186-192, adding that the current President Bashir addressed "anti-human crimes, genocide crimes, war crimes" in order to avoid accusations of genocide in the Darfur incident. The traditional Sharia classifies Hudud crimes into five kinds, namely adultery, theft, apostasy, drinking, armed robbery but Sudanese criminal law added to defamation and sariqa haddiya. The hudud crime is a single-trial system and does not have a second trial or a third trial. Sariqa haddiya of Sudan is a unique concept that does not apply in the other Islamic countries and it means to take the property of others privately, which should be worth 4.25 grams of gold. The Sudanese Criminal Law is more serious than the supposed criminal offense of the same person. In relation to adultery, the Sudanese Criminal Law divides it into seven categories and gives it a heavy penalty. In relation to alcohol, the Sudanese Criminal Law refers to only two articles, but it is understood that the law related to alcohol is the whipping of 40 lashes or imprisonment for a term not exceeding one month, which is somewhat less strict than alcohol has. In apostasy, punishment is death penalty, but this applies only to Muslims. The Sudanese Criminal Law enlarges Shariah's category and applies hudud against defamation because it belongs to the seven avoidance items of the Prophet. It is important to note in the Sudanese Criminal Law that penalties imposed on criminals (whip-type, deportation, limb-cutting, dialysis-style execution, etc.) are all based on the Quran and Hadith.

KCI등재

6리바(□□) 금지에 대한 샤리아 규범 제정

저자 : 임병필 ( Lim Byung-pil )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 38권 3호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 169-198 (30 pages)

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This paper examined the process of establishing the Shari'ah norm that Islam prohibits the Riba. The Koran, the first source of the Shari'ah, proclaimed the prohibition of Riba through the revelation that "Riba is prohibited because it is one of the felony sins, and if it is violated, it is punished by fire". In the Koran, however, there is no exact concept of Riba and the reason for Riba ban. Therefore, the Islamic community tried to find more concrete information in the way of the question to the apostle Muhammad, and in Sunna (Hadith), the second source of Shari'ah after the death of Muhammad. In Sunna (Hadith), the concept of Riba is more specifically described as "the case which is not dealing directly with the same quantity of goods and goods that can be measured in volume or weight". However, it is not enough to clearly distinguish legitimate commerce from Riba. Thus, the Sunni four Law Schools produced a detailed laws required by the complicated Islamic society through the Ijtihad, which is based on the Koran and the Sunnah (Hadith).

KCI등재

7샤리아의 배교죄와 인권 -사우디아라비아의 사형집행과 배교죄를 중심으로-

저자 : 정상률 ( Jung Sang-ryul )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 38권 3호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 199-223 (25 pages)

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This paper discusses execution and the problem of punishment for the apostasy of Saudi Arabia in the context of human rights. Islamic states such as Saudi Arabia and Iran are subject to various punishments such as death penalty(beheading, dialysis ....), flagellation(lashing), confinement, amputation of hand and foot, exile, exhortation, social isolation and fines. The issue of human rights is raised for several punishments such as dialysis, flagellation(lashing), and amputation of hand and foot. The United Nations 'Universal Declaration of Human Rights' and International human rights organizations such as Amnesty International are demanding the abolition of the death penalty, and in particular, punishment for the sins of apostasy (including death, imprisonment, flagellation and lashing). The criticism of the punishment for apostate sins is also intensifying. Saudi Arabia is an Islamic state with the Koran and Hadith as constitution, and although there are not many cases, the execution of apostasy in Saudi Arabia has received much criticism. Recently, Saudi Arabia is undergoing major political changes. There seems to be a tendency for changes in the level of human rights during political changes. However, it is still skeptical whether a big change in relation to punishment for apostasy will come.

KCI등재

8화이역어 페르시아어편 문헌분석의 중요성과 연구 방향성 고찰

저자 : 곽새라 ( Kwak Sae-ra ) , 강은지 ( Kang Eun-ji )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 38권 3호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 225-241 (17 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to introduce the Persian volume of Hua-yi-yi-yu, the "Chinese-Barbarian Dictionary" of the Bureau of Translators which was compiled during the Ming - Qing period and to present the importance of the research on this literature. Furthermore, this paper suggests the direction of the future research on this issue. The previous researches on Hua-yi-yi-yu are mostly limited to historical studies and other languages such as Korean and Uighur, etc. Only a few research on Persian version is available but it was studied in a descriptive level. The further linguistic research on the Persian volume of Hua-yi-yi-yu is essential in that the analysis on the Persian language in the 15th century has not been studied much, which is the language of the Persian volume of Hua-yi-yi-yu.

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1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

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