간행물

한국환경농학회> 한국환경농학회지

한국환경농학회지 update

KOREAN JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL AGRICULTURE

  • : 한국환경농학회
  • : 농학분야  >  농화학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 계간
  • : 1225-3537
  • : 2233-4173
  • :

수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(1982)~38권4호(2019) |수록논문 수 : 1,600
한국환경농학회지
38권4호(2019년 12월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
| | | |

KCI등재

1논의 휴한기 이용형태와 토양화학성이 토양세균의 탄소원 이용에 미치는 영향

저자 : 어진우 ( Jinu Eo ) , 김명현 ( Myung-hyun Kim ) , 송영주 ( Young Ju Song )

발행기관 : 한국환경농학회 간행물 : 한국환경농학회지 38권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 219-224 (6 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

BACKGROUND: Soil bacteria play important roles in organic matter decomposition and nutrient cycling during the non-growing season. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of soil management and chemical properties on the utilization of carbon sources by soil bacteria in paddy fields.
METHODS AND RESULTS: The Biolog EcoPlate was used for analyzing community-level carbon substrate utilization profiles of soil bacteria. Soils were collected from the following three types of areas: plain, interface and mountain areas, which were tested to investigate the topology effect. The results of canonical correspondence analysis and Kendall rank correlation analysis showed that soil C/N ratio and NH4+ influenced utilization of carbon sources by bacteria. The utilization of carbohydrates and complex carbon sources were positively correlated with NH4+ concentration. Cultivated paddy fields were compared with adjacent abandoned fields to investigate the impact of cultivation cessation. The level of utilization of putrescine was lower in abandoned fields than in cultivated fields. Monoculture fields were compared with double cropping fields cultivated with barley to investigate the impact of winter crop cultivation. Cropping system altered bacterial use of carbon sources, as reflected by the enhanced utilization of 2-hydroxy benzoic acid under monoculture conditions.
CONCLUSION: These results show that soil use intensity and topological characteristics have a minimal impact on soil bacterial functioning in relation to carbon substrate utilization. Moreover, soil chemical properties were found to be important factors determining the physiological profile of the soil bacterial community in paddy fields.

KCI등재

2인공광 식물공장에서 수경배양액 및 광질 조절이 상추 실생묘 생장에 미치는 영향

저자 : 허정욱 ( Jeong-wook Heo ) , 박경훈 ( Kyeong-hun Park ) , 홍승길 ( Seung-gil Hong ) , 이재수 ( Jae-su Lee ) , 백정현 ( Jeong-hyun Baek )

발행기관 : 한국환경농학회 간행물 : 한국환경농학회지 38권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 225-236 (12 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

인공광 식물공장에서는 작물을 생산하기 위하여 일반적으로 화학비료 유래 무기성분을 포함하는 배양액을 시용하여 수경재배한다. 본 연구에서는 광질이 상이한 식물공장에서 관행의 무기배양액 일부 또는 전량을 유기배양액으로 대체할 수 있는 폐기 농업부산물 유래 유기배양액을 시용하여 수경재배하고 작물의 생장에 미치는 영향을 검토하였다. 청색, 적색 및 백색 LED를 1:2:1의 비율로 혼합한 혼합LED 및 관행의 형광등 조사 조건에서 적치마와 청치마 상추 실생묘를 35일간 수경재배한 결과, 적치마와 청치마 상추의 생체중 및 전개엽수 증가는 형광등을 조사한 Y구에서 통계적으로 유의하게 증가하였다. 그러나 유·무기 혼합배양액 처리구인 YK 및 YTJ에서는 오히려 혼합LED 조사구에서 증가하였다. 유기배양액 단용 또는 유·무기 혼합배양액 처리시 엽내 SPAD치는 두 실생묘 모두 Y구와 유사하거나 증가하는 경향을 나타내었다. 관행의 무기배양액인 Y구에서 배양액내 구성성분 중 가장 많은 양을 차지하고 있는 무기성분인 NO3-N은 재배개시일에 약 97 mg/L으로, 적치마와 청치마 상추 실생묘에서 모두 재배기간이 경과함에 따라 감소하는 경향을 보였다. 적치마의 경우 재배종료시 각 처리구별 NO3-N 농도는 형광등 조사시 약 29 mg/L, 혼합LED 조사시 24 mg/L였으며, 청치마의 경우 형광등 조사시 약 26 mg/L, 혼합LED 조사시 47 mg/L로, 초기 투입량 대비 25~48% 정도의 양이 재배종료시까지 흡수되지 않고 남아 있었다. 재배개시일 NH3-N 농도는 Y구3-N 잔여량은 약 13%로 최대값을 나타내었다. 관행의 무기배양액내 질산태질소는 작물체에 흡수되어 생체중, 엽수 증가와 같은 지상부 생장을 좌우하는 주요 성분이지만 재배종료시까지 전량이 흡수되지 않고 남아 있는 것으로 보아 상추수경재배시 배양액내 질산태질소의 초기 투입량을 조절할 필요성이 대두되었다. 연구결과 농업부산물 유래 유기배양액을 활용하여 적치마와 청치마 상추를 수경재배할 경우 유기배양액 단용보다 유·무기 혼합배양액 시용으로 유기배양액내 부족한 질소 성분을 무기질소로 보충할 수 있어 무기성분 사용량 저감이 기대된다. 또한 상추 실생묘의 양적생장 추이와 달리 엽내 색소합성이 관행 무기배양액보다 특정 유기배양액 단용 또는 혼용에 의해 유의하게 증가하는 것으로 보아 작물체내 물질합성량, 유기배양액 사용기간 및 재이용 등 유기배양액의 화학적 특성 변화에 대한 연구가 필요할 것으로 판단된다.


BACKGROUND: Hydroponics is one of the methods for evaluating plant production using the inorganic nutrient solutions, which is applied under the artificial light conditions of plant factory system. However, the application of the conventional inorganic nutrients for hydroponics caused several environmental problems: waste from culture mediums and high nitrate concentration in plants. Organic nutrients are generally irrigated as a supplementary fertilizer for plant growth promotion under field or greenhouse conditions. Hydroponic culture using organic nutrients derived from the agricultural by-products such as dumped stems, leaves or immature fruits is rarely considered in plant factory system. Effect of organic or conventional inorganic nutrient solutions on the growth and nutrient absorption pattern of green and red leaf lettuces was investigated in this experiment under fluorescent lamps (FL) and mixture Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs).
METHODS AND RESULTS: Single solution of tomatoes (TJ) and kales (K) deriving from agricultural by-products including leaves or stems and its mixed solution (mixture ration 1:1) with conventional inorganic Yamazaki (Y) were supplied for hydroponics under the plant factory system. The Yamazaki solution was considered as a control. 'Jeockchima' and 'Cheongchima' lettuce seedlings (Lactuca sativa L.) were used as plant materials. The seedlings which developed 2~3 true leaves were grown under the light qualities of FL and mixed LED lights of blue plus red plus white of 1:2:1 mixture in energy ratio for 35 days. Light intensity of the light sources was controlled at 180 μ mol/m2/s on the culture bed. The single and mixture nutrient solutions of organic and/or inorganic components which controlled at 1.5 dS/m EC and 5.8 pH were regularly irrigated by the deep flow technique (DFT) system on the culture gutters. Number of unfolded leaves of the seedlings grown under the single or mixed nutrient solutions were significantly increased compared to the conventional Y treatment. Leaf extension of 'Jeockchima' under the mixture LED radiation condition was not affected by Y and YK or YTJ mixture treatments. SPAD value in 'Jeockchima' leaves exposed by FL under the YK mixture medium was approximately 45 % higher than under conventional Y treatment. Otherwise, the maximum SPAD value in the leaves of 'Cheongchima' seedlings was shown in YK treatment under the mixture LED lights. NO3-N contents in Y treatment treated with inorganic nutrient at the end of the experiment were up to 75% declined rather than increased over 60 % in the K and TJ organic treatment.
CONCLUSION: Growth of the seedlings was affected by the mixture treatments of the organic and inorganic solutions, although similar or lower dry weight was recorded than in the inorganic treatment Y under the plant factory system. Treatment Y containing the highest NO3-N content among the considered nutrients influenced growth increment of the seedlings comparing to the other nutrients. However effect of the higher NO3-N content in the seedling growth was different according to the light qualities considered in the experiment as shown in leaf expansion, pigmentation or dry weight promotion under the single or mixed nutrients.

KCI등재

3옥수수 재배지에서 헤어리베치의 토양환원이 아산화질소 배출에 미치는 영향

저자 : 한해리 ( Hae Ri Han ) , 이현호 ( Hyun Ho Lee ) , 홍창오 ( Chang Oh Hong )

발행기관 : 한국환경농학회 간행물 : 한국환경농학회지 38권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 237-244 (8 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

BACKGROUND: Impact of incorporating hairy vetch into soil on mitigating nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from maize field in South Korea has not been investigated, whereas impacts on soil properties and nutrients for crops have been investigated. Therefore, this study was conducted to examine N2O emission from upland soil incorporated with hairy vetch for one year in maize field.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Hairy vetch was grown in an upland soil from November, 2017 to May, 2018 and incorporated into soil on May 25 of 2018. Control and conventional treatment (NPK) were included for comparison. Gas samples were collected weekly for a year to examine N2O emissions from the soil. Chemical nitrogen (N) fertilizer stimulated N2O emission in short term resulting in the greatest cumulative N2O emission in NPK (6.72 kg N2O ha-1) compared to the control (4.04 kg N2O ha-1) and hairy vetch-incorporated field (5.43 kg N2O ha-1), and the greatest yield of maize from NPK, because total N input was much greater by NPK (186 N kg ha-1) than by hairy vetch (81.6 N kg ha-1).
CONCLUSION: Incorporation of hairy vetch reduced N2O emissions from the maize compared to the NPK-treated field. However, further research on improving crop productivity with incorporation of hairy vetch is needed.

KCI등재

4밭토양에서 저회의 풍화가 온실가스 배출 저감에 미치는 영향

저자 : 허도영 ( Do Young Heo ) , 홍창오 ( Chang Oh Hong )

발행기관 : 한국환경농학회 간행물 : 한국환경농학회지 38권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 245-253 (9 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

BACKGROUND: Weathering of bottom ash (BA) might induce change of its surface texture and pH and affect physical and chemical properties of soil associated with greenhouse gas emission, when it is applied to the arable soil. This study was conducted to determine effect of weathering of BA in mitigating emission of greenhouse gases from upland soil.
METHODS AND RESULTS: In a field experiment, methane (CH4), carbon dioxide (CO2), and nitrous oxide (N2O) emitted from the soil was periodically monitored using closed chamber. Three month-weathered BA and non-weathered BA were applied to an upland soil at the rates of 0, 200 Mg ha-1. Maize (Zea mays L.) was grown from July 1st to Oct 8th in 2018. Both BAs did not affect cumulative CH4 emission. Cumulative CO2 emission were 23.1, 19.8, and 18.8 Mg/ha/100days and cumulative N2O emission were 35.8, 20.9, and 17.7 kg/ha/100days for the control, non-weathered BA, and weathered BA, respectively. Weathering of BA did not decrease emission of greenhouse gases significantly, compared to the weathered BA in this study. In addition, both BAs did not decrease biomass yields of maize.
CONCLUSION: BA might be a good soil amendment to mitigate emissions of CO2 and N2O from arable soil without adverse effect on crop productivity.

KCI등재

5전라북도 지역 농업용수의 미생물학적 특성 및 온도와 수질에 따른 농업용수의 병원성대장균 O157:H7 밀도 변화

저자 : 황인준 ( Injun Hwang ) , 함현희 ( Hyeonheui Ham ) , 박대수 ( Daesoo Park ) , 채효빈 ( Hyobeen Chae ) , 김세리 ( Se-ri Kim ) , 김황용 ( Hwang-yong Kim ) , 김현주 ( Hyun Ju Kim ) , 김원일 ( Won-il Kim )

발행기관 : 한국환경농학회 간행물 : 한국환경농학회지 38권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 254-261 (8 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

농업용수는 채소류의 식중독세균 오염의 주요 경로 중 하나임에도 불구하고 우리나라에서는 농업용수의 미생물학적 안전성 대한 기초 자료가 부족한 실정이다. 본 연구에서는 전라북도에서 2018년 4월, 7월, 10월에 31지점에서 수집한 지표수 시료와 2018년 4월 7월에 20지점에서 수집한 지하수 시료의 위생지표세균 밀도를 조사하였다. 지표수에서는 평균적으로 대장균군이 2.7±0.55 log CFU/100 mL, 분원성대장균군 1.9±0.71 log CFU/100 mL, 대장균 1.4±0.58 log CFU/100 mL로 나타났고, 7월에 가장 높은 밀도를 보였다. 지하수의 경우 평균적으로 대장균군이 1.9±0.58 log CFU/100 mL, 분원성대장균군 1.4±0.37 log CFU/100 mL, 대장균 1.0±0.33 log CFU/100 mL로 나타났고 조사시기 간의 유의한 차이가 나타나지 않았다. 총질소량(T-N), 질산성질소(NO3-N) 등 유기물 함량이 높은 용수에서 E. coli O157:H7의 생존이 연장되는 것으로 나타났다. 물에서의 E. coli O157:H7 감소율은 25℃>35℃>5℃>15℃ 순으로 높게 나타났다. 이러한 결과는 전북 지역 농업용수의 미생물학적 오염도와 수질과 온도가 E. coli O157:H7의 생존에 미치는 영향을 보여준다. 이러한 결과는 농업용수의 미생물학적 오염도를 예측하고 미생물제어 기술 개발의 기초자료로서 활용될 수 있다.


BACKGROUND: Agricultural water is known to be one of the major routes in bacterial contamination of fresh vegetable. However, there is a lack of fundamental data on the microbial safety of agricultural water in Korea.
METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated the density of indicator bacteria in the surface water samples from 31 sites collected in April, July, and October 2018, while the groundwater samples were collected from 20 sites within Jeollabuk-do in April and July 2018. In surface water, the mean density of coliform, fecal coliform, and Escherichia coli was 2.7±0.55, 1.9±0.71, and 1.4±0.58 log CFU/100 mL, respectively, showing the highest bacterial density in July. For groundwater, the mean density of coliform, fecal coliform, and E. coli was 1.9±0.58, 1.4±0.37, and 1.0±0.33 log CFU/ 100mL, respectively, showing no significant difference between sampling time. The survival of E. coli O157:H7 were prolonged in water with higher organic matter contents such as total nitrogen (TN), and nitrate-nitrogen (NO3-N). The reduction rates of E. coli O157:H7 in the water showed greater in order of 25, 35, 5, and 15℃.
CONCLUSION: These results can be utilized as fundamental data for prediction the microbiological contamination of agricultural water and the development of microbial prevention technology.

KCI등재

6밭토양 조건에서 질소함량별 유기자원의 질소 무기화율 추정

저자 : 임진수 ( Jin-soo Lim ) , 이방현 ( Bang-hyun Lee ) , 강승희 ( Seung-hee Kang )

발행기관 : 한국환경농학회 간행물 : 한국환경농학회지 38권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 262-268 (7 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

토양에서 유기자원의 무기화 특성을 구명하기 위하여 질소함량별로 볏짚, 우분퇴비, 균배양체, 유박, 아미노볼 등 총 5가지를 각각 처리하여 128일 동안 실내 항온배양실험을 실시하였으며, 이 분석결과를 질소 무기화 모형에 적용하여 유기자원의 질소 무기화 양상을 구명하였다. 항온배양 기간 동안 유기자원의 질소 순 무기화율은 질소함량이 가장 높은 아미노볼에서 가장 높았고, 질소함량이 가장 낮은 볏짚에서 가장 낮았다. 잠재적 질소 무기화율은 전질소 함량과는 양의 상관관계(0.96)가 인정되었다. 무기화 속도상수 k는 유기자원의 유기물(-0.96) 및 탄소함량(-0.97)과 음의 상관관계가 인정되었다. 모형에 의해 추정된 1작기 동안의 질소 무기화율은 볏짚 6.6%, 우분퇴비 11.6%, 균배양체 30.9%, 유박 70.7%이었으며 아미노볼은 81.0%를 나타냈다. 질소 무기화율은 유기자원의 종류 또는 질소함량에 따라 다르게 나타나 질소 무기화율을 유기자원의 질소 공급 특성을 결정하는 지표로 사용할 수 있다. 질소함량이 낮거나 발효과정을 거치는 퇴비 등의 유기자원은 퇴비화 과정에서 유기태 질소가 안정화되어 질소의 무기화율이 무발효 유기자원보다 낮으므로 시비량 결정시 양분공급의 목적보다는 토양 물리성 개량을 목적으로 사용하는 것이 바람직하다.


BACKGROUND: To investigate mineralization characteristics of organic resources in the soil, five materials (rice straw, cow manure sawdust compost, microorganism compost, mixed oil-cake, and amino acid fertilizer) were treated according to the nitrogen content, and an indoor incubation experiment was conducted for 128 days. The results of this analysis were applied to determine the nitrogen mineralization pattern of these organic resources.
METHODS AND RESULTS: During the constant temperature incubation period, the nitrogen net mineralization rate of the organic resources was the highest in the amino acid fertilizer with the highest nitrogen content, and the lowest in the rice straw with the lowest nitrogen content. A positive correlation (0.96) was observed between the potential nitrogen mineralization rate and total nitrogen content. The mineralization rate constant, k, was negatively correlated with the organic matter (-0.96) and carbon content (-0.97). The nitrogen mineralization rate during the first cropping season, as estimated by the model, was 6.6%, 11.6%, 30.9%, 70.7%, and 81.0% for the rice straw, the cow manure sawdust compost, the microorganism compost, the mixed oil-cake, and the amino acid fertilizer, respectively.
CONCLUSION: The nitrogen mineralization rate varies depending on the type of organic resources or the nitrogen content; thus, it can be used as an index for determining the nitrogen supply characteristics of the organic resource. Organic resources such as compost with low nitrogen content or those undergoing fermentation contain organic nitrogen. Organic nitrogen is stabilized during the composting process. Therefore, as the nitrogen mineralization rate of these resources is lower than that of non-fermented organic resources, it is desirable to use the fermented organic materials only to improve soil physical properties rather than to supply nutrients for the required amount of fertilizer.

KCI등재

7토양에 매몰 방제된 화상병 감염 사과와 배 나무로부터 화상병균 생존 조사

저자 : 김예은 ( Ye Eun Kim ) , 김준영 ( Jun Young Kim ) , 노형진 ( Hyeong Jin Noh ) , 이동형 ( Dong Hyeung Lee ) , 김수산 ( Su San Kim ) , 김성환 ( Seong Hwan Kim )

발행기관 : 한국환경농학회 간행물 : 한국환경농학회지 38권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 269-272 (4 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

BACKGROUND: Since 2015, fire blight disease caused by Erwinia amylovora has been devastating apple and pear orchards every year. To quickly block the disease spreading, infected apple and pear trees have been buried in soil. However, concern on the possibility of the pathogen survival urgently requires informative data on the buried host plants. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the survival of the pathogen from the buried host plants.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Apple trees buried in 42 months ago in a Jecheon site and pear trees buried in 30 months ago in an Anseong site were excavated using an excavator. Plant samples were taken from stems and twigs of the excavated trees. The collected 120 samples were checked for rotting and used for bacterial isolation, using TSA, R2A, and E. amylovora selection media. The purely isolated bacteria were identified based on colony morphology and 16S rDNA sequences. Wood rotting and decay with off smells and discoloring were observed from the samples. A total of 17 genera and 48 species of bacteria were identified but E. amylovora was not detected.
CONCLUSION: Our investigation suggests that the survival of E. amylovora doesn't seem possible in the infected hosts which have been buried in soil for at least 30 months. Therefore, the burial control can be considered as a safe method for fire blight disease.

KCI등재

8한국의 국가관리 간척지 토양의 화학성 변동: 4년 모니터링 결과

저자 : 류진희 ( Jin-hee Ryu ) , 이수환 ( Su-hwan Lee ) , 오양열 ( Yang-yeol Oh ) , 이정태 ( Jeong-tae Lee )

발행기관 : 한국환경농학회 간행물 : 한국환경농학회지 38권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 273-280 (8 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

BACKGROUND: The reclaimed lands for agricultural use managed by the Korean government is consisted of 17,145 hectares of lands under construction and 13,384 hectares of completed lands. In order to utilize these reclaimed lands as competitive agricultural complexes, the government is preparing to develop comprehensive development plans for multiple purposes. For rational land-use planning and soil management, information of the soil chemical properties is necessary.
METHODS AND RESULTS: From 2013 to 2016, soil samples were collected from 85 representative sampling sites of the reclaimed lands and analyzed for soil chemical properties including electric conductivity (EC), pH, soil organic matter (SOM), and nutrients. The annual mean soil EC ranged from 5.1 to 8.3 dS m-1 and have continued to decrease over the years (estimation equation with EC as dependent and year as independent variable was y = 0.0736x2 - 1.4985x + 9.8305, R2 = 0.9753). The pH ranged from 7.3 to 7.6, which was higher than the optimum range (5.5~7.0) for agricultural soils. Soil organic matter (8 to 11 g kg-1) was lower level than the optimum range (20~30 kg-1). Available silicate (Av.SiO2) ranged from 169 to 229 mg kg-1, which was close to the minimum content (≥157 mg kg-1) for rice paddy field. Available phosphate (Av.P2O5) content (24~39 mg kg-1) was lower than the optimum range (80~120 mg kg-1) for rice paddy field.
CONCLUSION: For efficient agricultural use of reclaimed lands under government management, our results suggest that the application of organic matter and supplying deficient nutrients as well as desalinization is required.

KCI등재

9딸기의 세척 및 가공 과정에 따른 농약 잔류량 변화

저자 : 곽세연 ( Se-yeon Kwak ) , 이상협 ( Sang-hyeob Lee ) , 정혜린 ( Hye-rin Jeong ) , 남애지 ( Ae-ji Nam ) , Aniruddha Sarker , 김효영 ( Hyo-young Kim ) , 임채욱 ( Chae-uk Lim ) , 조현정 ( Hyun-jeong Cho ) , 김장억 ( Jang-eok Kim )

발행기관 : 한국환경농학회 간행물 : 한국환경농학회지 38권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 281-290 (10 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

안전한 딸기 섭취를 위해 딸기에 acetamiprid외 9종의 농약을 인위적으로 살포하여 건조시킨 후 물, 세제, 소주에 침지 및 초음파 세척하였을 경우와 가열하여 잼으로 가공하였을 때 잔류량 변화 및 가공계수를 산출하였다. 농약이 처리된 딸기를 세척 및 가공하였을 때 물에 침지하여 세척한 경우 13.9-65.1%, 세제에 침지한 경우 9.2-71.9%, 소주에 침지한 경우 12.4-61.6%, 물로 초음파 세척한 경우 22.4-62.8%, 세제로 초음파 세척한 경우 18.7-64.5%, 소주로 초음파 세척한 경우 23.1-64.4% 감소하였다. 딸기 중 잔류농약의 제거율은 농약에 따라서 다르게 나타났으나, 세척 용매 및 방법에 따라 큰 차이를 보이지 않았기 때문에 물로 세척하는 것이 가장 효율적이며 세척 횟수를 늘리는 것이 보다 효과적인 방법으로 생각되었다. 가공함에 따라 딸기의 생체량이 2.5배 감소하는 것을 반영하여 가공 전과 후의 절대량을 산출한 결과, 10종의 시험 농약 모두 59.8-98.4%감소하는 경향을 보였다.


BACKGROUND: As the demand for strawberries increases, people are paying attention to food safety in strawberry, especially pesticide residues. To remove the pesticides from strawberry, various washing and processing technique in households are additionally required.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Strawberries were washed with water, detergent, alcohol, and ultrasonication and processed to strawberry jam. The mean reduction efficiency according to the washing solvent and method was found to be higher in the order of detergent (42.5%) > alcohol (41.7%) > water (41.3%) > ultrasoniation with alcohol (40.2%) > ultrasoniation with water (38.6%) > ultrasoniation with detergent (36.9%), but there was no significant difference among the treatments. The residue levels of pesticides during processing to jam decreased by 11.9-94.4% for etoxazole, fluopyram, procymidone, spiromesifen, and prochloraz, while the other pesticides were concentrated by boiling, or rather increased by 11.8-40.2%. However, when the residue levels were converted to residual amounts in consideration of the change in weight after processing, the residual amounts of the tested pesticides were reduced by 59.8-98.4% during processing. The processing factor (PF) were different for each pesticide, but PFs were < 1 for all washing solvents and methods, and 0.06-1.40 when processed into jam.
CONCLUSION: To ensure the consumption of pesticidefree strawberry, the most efficient washing method is to immerse the strawberry in fresh water for few minutes, followed by rinsing them under running water.

KCI등재

10풋거름 보리-헤어리베치 혼파 작부체계에서 몰리브덴 시용이 질소 고정, 이동 및 수량에 미치는 영향

저자 : 김태영 ( Tae-young Kim ) , 김송엽 ( Song-yeob Kim ) , 윤영은 ( Young Eun Yoon ) , 김장환 ( Jang Hwan Kim ) , 이용복 ( Yong Bok Lee )

발행기관 : 한국환경농학회 간행물 : 한국환경농학회지 38권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 291-295 (5 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

본 연구는 풋거름보리와 헤어리베치 혼파 작부체계에서 Mo 시용이 풋거름 작물의 수량, 헤어리베치의 공중질소 고정율 및 헤어리베치에서 풋거름보리로 질소 이동율에 대한 정량적 평가를 실시하였다. Mo 2.0 kg/ha 시용에서 풋거름작물의 최대수량을 나타내었다. 그리고 풋거름 작물의 최대수량을 나타낸 Mo 2.0 kg/ha 처리에서 헤어리베치의 공중질소 고정율은 81.7% 이었으며, 이때 헤어리베치에서 풋거름보리로 이동된 질소는 풋거름 보리 질소함량의 53.9% 이었다. 따라서, Mo 2.0 kg/ha 처리가 풋거름 보리-헤어리베치혼파 작부체계에서 가장 적절한 수준으로 나타났다. 본 연구는 국내에서 보고되지 않았던 헤어리베치로부터 보리로의 질소 이동을 정량화하였다는 점에서 의미가 있는 것으로 판단된다.


BACKGROUND: Mixed cropping of hairy vetch and Barley is widely used as a green manure for reducing chemical fertilizers while maintaining soil fertility in paddy soil. We investigated the effect of Molybdenum (Mo) fertilizer on vetch N2 fixation, biomass production and transfer N from vetch to barley under a hairy vetch-barley mixed cropping system.
METHODS AND RESULTS: The barley and hairy vetch were sowed at a rate of 135 and 23 kg/ha, respectively, without chemical fertilizer application but with Mo fertilizer at 0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, and 4.0 kg/ha as a treatment. The percentage of hairy vetch N derived from air N2 fixation (%Ndfa) and N transfer from hairy vetch to barley (%Ndfv) was determined by the 15N natural abundance method. Although application of Mo at 2.0 kg/ha significantly increased biomass of both barley and hairy vetch, the biomass was decreased at application of Mo 4.0 kg/ha. At the application of Mo 2.0 kg/ha, the percentage of Ndfa and Ndfv was 81.7 and 53.9, respectively, which are significantly higher than that of the treatments without Mo.
CONCLUSION: These results highlight that application of Mo fertilizer can be an effective measures to improve N fixation in hairy vetch and biomass production in both barley and hairy vetch.

12
권호별 보기
가장 많이 인용된 논문

(자료제공: 네이버학술정보)

가장 많이 인용된 논문
| | | |
1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

다운로드

2미국의 비트코인 규제

(2006)홍길동심리학41회 피인용

다운로드

가장 많이 참고한 논문

(자료제공: 네이버학술정보)

가장 많이 참고한 논문

다운로드

2미국의 비트코인 규제

(2006)홍길동41회 피인용

다운로드

해당 간행물 관심 구독기관

경동대학교 농촌진흥청 충남대학교 제주특별자치도청 한양여자대학교
 700
 54
 25
 23
 20
  • 1 경동대학교 (700건)
  • 2 농촌진흥청 (54건)
  • 3 충남대학교 (25건)
  • 4 제주특별자치도청 (23건)
  • 5 한양여자대학교 (20건)
  • 6 조선대학교 (15건)
  • 7 환경부 (14건)
  • 8 전남대학교 (14건)
  • 9 경상대학교 (13건)
  • 10 부산대학교 (12건)

내가 찾은 최근 검색어

최근 열람 자료

맞춤 논문

보관함

내 보관함
공유한 보관함

1:1문의

닫기