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수록범위 : 1권0호(1993)~57권0호(2019) |수록논문 수 : 629
몽골학
57권0호(2019년 05월) 수록논문
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1한국인의 몽골어 마찰음에 관한 음성 인지 연구

저자 : 장우혁 ( Chang Woohyeok )

발행기관 : 한국몽골학회 간행물 : 몽골학 57권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 1-24 (24 pages)

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The main purpose of this article is to examine Korean students' perceptual ability to discriminate Mongolian fricatives. First of all, we should note that Mongolian has a rich fricative system in which there are several kinds of phonemes varying in terms of the place of articulation, which is different from the Korean fricative system. According to Contrastive Analysis Hypothesis (CAH), learning L2 sounds by L2 learners can be facilitated when a sound is present in both L1 and L2, whereas a lack of an L2 sound in an L1 phonemic inventory may inhibit L2 learners' perception and production of that sound. Thus, it is predicted that Korean students will have some difficulties in perceiving the contrast between Mongolian fricatives, especially when the contrasting sounds are absent in the Korean phonemic inventory. In order to test this prediction and observe which pair of Mongolian fricatives is most or least difficult for Korean students to discriminate, two different kinds of speech perception test are conducted: AX discrimination task and 4I-oddity task. Both of the tasks reveal that Korean subjects show a poor performance in discriminating [s] from [∫], but they show a better performance in discriminating [s] from [x] as well as [x] from [∫]. These findings from the tasks can support Prator's (1967) claim that the most difficult situation in learning L2 is the one where one phoneme in L1 phonemic inventory is split into two corresponding L2 phonemes. In Korean /s/ is realized as an allophone [∫] before a vowel /i/ and a glide /j/, which means /s/ and /∫/ are not different phonemes in Korean. When Korean students learn Mongolain fricatives, /s/ in L1 is split into /s/ and /∫/, which makes Korean students fail to discriminate [s] from [∫] in Mongolian.

KCI등재

2중국 한대(漢代) 방언사전 『방언(方言)』에 수록된 북연(北燕)지역 어휘와 고대 몽골어의 친연관계 고찰

저자 : 정재남 ( Chung Jae-nam ) , 이도학 , 변지원

발행기관 : 한국몽골학회 간행물 : 몽골학 57권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 25-54 (30 pages)

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Fang Yan (『方言』), the earliest direct dictionary compiled 2,000 years ago, including 55 regional vocabulary of Beiyan(北燕) in which Donghu(東胡) tribe, an ancestor of Mongolian, had been lived. According to the result of analysis, Beiyan's vocabularies in Fang Yan, it revealed that the regional words were almost insulated against language of Mainland China including Yan(燕) area which was geographically adjacent to Northern Yan, and that Beiyan was classified as one Sprachraum with Chosun area by a high rate common vocabulary. Like vocabularies of Chosun(朝鮮) and Nanyue(南越) region which had been annexed by China, those of Beiyan also showed very high linguistic isolation and separated identity against ancient Chinese, and great likelihood that Beiyan's language might be non-Chinese. On the result of reviewing Chinese historical records and Fang Yan's connectively, it could be deduced that the Donghu ethnic group and ancestor of Korean people had used a common language, which was diversified into Mongolian and Korean language etc. according to diversifying of the ethnic groups into Mongolian and Korean people.
By the comparative analysis with classic Mongolian relevant words, 19 of 55 vocabularies, more than 1/3 of Beiyan showed deep phonological and semantical relationship, and 16 of the above 19 words were common vocabulary with Chosun region. But 12 of the 13 lexicon which were used only in Beiyan region could not be connected with classic Mongolian words in phonology probably due to the lexicon might had been 'creole' or 'pidgin' as a result of combination among ancient Chinese from mainland and non-Chinese local languages in the region for about 300 years since Yan's political annexation in early BC 3 century.
This empirical conclusion could provide valuable clues and evidences for reexamination of previous researches and shed light on tracing the origin of Mongolian language.

KCI등재

3“Монголын нууц товчоо”-ны хэлний өгүүлбэрийн гишүүнийтооны зохицол

저자 : Hasichaolu , Lee Seonggyu

발행기관 : 한국몽골학회 간행물 : 몽골학 57권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 55-77 (23 pages)

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The numeral consistency between sentence elements is the most important character of Mongolian grammar and sentence structure in the Middle Mongolian The Secret History of the Mongolsis the Longest document in Middle Mongolian and it systematically embodied the numeral consistency between sentence elements.
There are close links between numeral consistency and numeral appended element. In the numeral consistency between sentence plural number appended element. Bat as the main character of sentence structure, the contact and character between the numeral consistency and of The Secret History of Mongols and tried hard to make clear and definite the contact situation and characters between plural number consistency and Mongolian sentences of Middle Ages.
First, the paper classified all sentences and embodied them by forms. During the classifying and counting process, I paid particular attention to the contact feature between every sentence and the numeral consistency.
Second, the passage made clear and definite the character of plural number appended element and count it's appearing frequency and related sentences. Plural number appended element was devised into basic appended element and special appended element and the second Kind is studied in depth.

KCI등재

4關于鄂倫春語靜詞造――聯合格

저자 : 고왜

발행기관 : 한국몽골학회 간행물 : 몽골학 57권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 79-95 (17 pages)

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In this paper, the author summarizes the previous studies on oroqen conjunctives, and discusses in detail the phonetic forms, grammatical meanings and syntactic functions of oroqen conjunctives. In the language survey, the author also found that the oroqen conjunctive adjunct not only indicates the meaning mentioned by the scholars, but also expresses some other meanings such as metaphor, comparison, time and reason.
According to several field investigations on oroqen language in oroqen autonomous banner, and the exploration of kinship languages, the author believed that the forms of expression and the meanings of many instrumental additional components in Tunguska languages are similar. Especially, Oroqen language, Ewenki language and Naini language are basically the same in their forms of additional components, of which the meanings are quite similar, in spite of some differences.
By observing the forms and meanings of the consonants and vowels in these languages, we find that they are homologous with slight differences in consonants or vowels and their meaning.

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5원나라 동녕부 위치에 대한 고찰

저자 : 복기대 ( Bok Gi Dae )

발행기관 : 한국몽골학회 간행물 : 몽골학 57권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 97-124 (28 pages)

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The importance of the location of Dongnyeongbu established by the Yuan Dynasty is very important in studying the history of Northeast Asia. In the process of supplementing related data, we learned that the location of Dongnyeongwi, which we knew so far, was clearly wrong. And we checked where the wrong cause came from, and it was clearly the manipulation of Shiratori Kurakichi or Tsuda Sawukichi. The method they manipulated is a common method of compiling the "Joseon History Geography" team and testifies there based on similar geographical names on the Korean Peninsula. One example is the correction of 'Hyangsan' as 'Myohyangsan.' Therefore, I believe that the 'Joseon History Geography' that Shiratori Kurakichi or Suda Sawukichi lamented is unreliable.
Dongnyeongbu in the Yuan Dynasty, where I compare related materials and the original feed used by Japanese researchers, is located today in the Chinese city of Honyeong. However, when Dongnyeongbu was first established and later reorganized as Dongnyeong-ro, its scope differed. The scope of Dongnyeong-ro, when it was reorganized, is that it never reached the Korean Peninsula today.
This fact is recorded in 『Myongsa』, 『Wonsa』, and 『Joseon Dynasty Shilok』. Thus, the study of Korean history under the assumption that the Yuan Dynasty's Dongnyeongbu was in Pyongyang today should be reviewed.

KCI등재

6몽골 영웅서사시에 나타난 모신(母神)적 여성과 그 현대적 의미 - 통합적 인성 회복을 위한 모색 -

저자 : 이안나 ( Lee An-na )

발행기관 : 한국몽골학회 간행물 : 몽골학 57권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 125-160 (36 pages)

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This study set out to examine the values of femininity through goddess-mother-like women in Mongolian heroic epics and look into new aspects of personality that mankind should pursue beyond gender confrontation. Eco-feminists argue that the ecological crisis of the Earth and the social inequality of gender are attributed to the male-centric and human-centric dualistic viewpoint of the world. They highlight a need for “femininity” or the goddess culture as a solution. A goddess is the symbol of strong maternal force, metaphor to the Earth as a living organism, and eternal life force with the maternal principles of nurturing and embracing inherent in her.
In Mongolian heroic epics, goddess-mother-like heroines display femininity in harmony with the natural ecosystem relatively well. Although they do not lead a case in the first line of epics, they propose paths and directions to heroes in mythical and realistic aspects as wise advisers and prophets. Female characters are divided into three types, which include creative mother-goddesses, goddess-mother-like women of wisdom and bravery, and betraying and seducing women. Creative mother-goddess is like Anima Mundi(spirit of the world) as the creator and goddess-mother of the universe. Goddess-mother-like women of wisdom and bravery represent light but are integrated into the background as assistants or advisers to men in the patriarchal society. They are capable of restoring Animus in them anytime based on their active and independent tendencies and have the potential of becoming a whole being. Betraying and seducing women represent the negative aspects of the mother archetype, but they also show exhibit their individualistic aspects not confined to the “framework of maternity.” Seducing women themselves cannot be considered to be weak. If they overcome it, it can become a medium of multiplying their internal power. If they fail to overcome it, it can be evil. Femininity can be an alternative to overcome the crisis of modern civilization, but humankind can take a further step by striking harmony between femininity and masculinity and changing the perception toward mutual respect. When individual people look into Anima in men and Animus in women and achieve unity or wholeness of character, they will be able to fulfill a balanced individual life, social equality, and collaboration.

KCI등재

7한국·몽골 경제교류 평가와 투자협력의 방향

저자 : Hong-jin Kim

발행기관 : 한국몽골학회 간행물 : 몽골학 57권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 161-182 (22 pages)

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This paper reviews and evaluates the outcome of economic exchange and cooperation between Korea and Mongolia, and suggests directions and strategies for both countries to expand especially investment cooperation in the future.
Korea and Mongolia have pursued a close cooperation after the establishment of an official diplomatic relationship in 1990, and Korea is ranked in top 5 major trade partner countries of Mongolia. However, the trade volume between the two countries has decreased from 2014, and Korea's foreign direct investment to Mongolia is also decreasing recently. To recover and enlarge both the trade and investment cooperation between the two countries, the direction and strategy of bilateral economic cooperation should be reconsidered.
In reality, because economic exchanges and cooperation with Mongolia have more opportunities in terms of investment, Korean government and companies are needed to understand the resource-based development nature of Mongolian economy. Therefore, strategic approaches considering objectives and determinants of investment cooperation are needed for Korean companies to participate at resource development, resource development related investment, and private investment for SOC and other construction projects in Mongolia.
For Korean side, establishing a comprehensive framework of cooperation that includes both private and government and engagement in the development of the traditional Mongolian industries such as food processing, textile, and agricultural development are highly recommended. Establishment of the Korea-Mongolia Adequate Technology Transfer Center is needed for cooperation in industrial diversification of Mongolia.

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8포스트사회주의 몽골의 가족을 통한 통치성에 관한 연구

저자 : Min Kayoung

발행기관 : 한국몽골학회 간행물 : 몽골학 57권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 183-205 (23 pages)

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This paper aims to examine how family has been relocated by nation under postsocialist society. Neo-family centralism has been found in recent researches which have focused a change of gender relations in post socialist society. This research however shows that post socialist Mongolia has been facing new demands of value for family in order to develop a nation under global capitalism. There needs to reconstruct national identity after reformation and to be developed in global capitalism in Mongolia. A family policy in Mongolia reveals it's goal to reproduce by accepting modern family model. As a result, a family has been demanded to analyze its problem and make a solution by accepting advice from specialist. Family has been a substantial theme to research involving other issues such as food, hygiene, sexuality, and violence. Making a family an object for knowledge leads to create family problem and produce a specialist to solve the problem of family. This process influences to produce new kind of normalization regarding family and make them have social influences. Second, Postsocialist Mogolia shows a conservative nationalist discourse regarding family. An attempting a new national identity involves making women and family a national symbol. The mosrt importtant axis family policy in Mogolia is to introduce capitalist modern family model so that it might produce stable reproduction of family. To do this, family has been made a place where specialists should engage. To make family an object of knowledge produces research for desease, sexual relation and gender equality. These process around family make family as a tool to produce post socialist system. Family discourses now shows that family is an important tool which produces new kinds of dominant social system. New kinds of discourses of family might affect on people according to gender, age, class.

KCI등재

9몽골의 정당체계 제도화에 관한 연구

저자 : 푸렙수렝더드궁치렙 ( Purevsuren Dodguunchirev ) , 멘드네르귀 ( Mend Nergui )

발행기관 : 한국몽골학회 간행물 : 몽골학 57권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 207-248 (42 pages)

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The present study attempts to consider the level of party politics, especially after the democratization of Mongolia as a new democratic country. Mongolia is the country where the pro-democracy movement began in 1989 with the influence of the pro-democracy movement in the Soviet Union and the Eastern Europe from the mid-1980s. The one-party dictatorship of the MPRP, which has been in existence for more than 70 years since its independence in 1990, ended. The Party Law was adopted and the multi-party system was introduced in May 1990, Mongolia held its first free elections in July 1990. After democratization in there have appeared many new political parties like other newly-democratic states, but most of them have failed to enter Parliament.
Mongolian political parties have held a total of seven elections since the first parliamentary election in 1992. The Mongolian People's Party (MPP) is a party, with a long history and experience taking power by winning a majority seat in three elections (at least 30% of seats in parliament). On the other hand, adverse parties consisted mainly from Democratic Party (DP), lost from the first election by showing signs of instability, so they have merged into a unified and electoral coalition. Mongolia has become a democratic country, and the multi-party system has been made possible, only MPP and DP hold the majority of the seats previous parliamentary elections, the two-party system and the hegemonic system have actually been formed.
It can be said that Mongolia's party system is fluid because of political party policy failures, frequent merges and internal division of political parties, so that the electoral liquidity index, which represents the pattern of competition between political parties, is very high. Mongolian voters' preference for political parties has fluctuated greatly from election to election, leading to frequent regime changes. Mongolian political parties are trying to buy votes from voters in commodities or in kind rather than win an election by ideology or policy. This is why voters have continued to lose confidence in political parties in recent years.
Although there is no cracking structure in Mongolia's party system like any other new party system, the regime is changing every election due to the lack of voter unity and the instability of political parties. As a result, the party system has shown a low level of institutionalization, such as increased electoral liquidity, the inability to legislate, the lack of communication between government organizations, and the irresponsible public policy of politicians.

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1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

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