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Korean Journal of Comparative Criminal Law

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14권2호(2012) |수록논문 수 : 27
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KCI등재

1구성요건고의와 불법고의 및 책임고의의 의미와 기능

저자 : 윤동호 ( Dong Ho Yun )

발행기관 : 한국비교형사법학회 간행물 : 비교형사법연구 14권 2호 발행 연도 : 2012 페이지 : pp. 1-21 (21 pages)

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Ein Fehler war bei der Anwaltsprufung, die dieses Jahres erst durchgefuhrt werden. Der Fehler entstand aus dem Missverstandnis uber den Unrechtsvorsatz. Stellt sich der Tater die tatsachlichen Voraussetzungen eines anerkannten Rechtfertigungsgrundes vor, entsteht der Unrechtsvorsatz bei der Behandlung eines solchen Irrtums. Nach der Lehre von den negativen Tatbestandsmerkmalen bedeutet der Vorsatz den Unrechtsvorsatz. Die Gegenstande des Unrechtsvorsatzes sind nicht nur die Merkmale des gesetzlichen Strafandrohungstatbestandes, sondern zugleich die rechtfertigenden Umstande. So die falschliche Annahme rechtfertigender Umstande ist ein Tatbestandsirrtum, der in unmittelbarer Anwendung des §13 den Vorsatz ausschliesst. Die sogenannte eingeschrankte Schuldtheorie kommt zum selben Ergebnis des Vorsatzausschlusses, indem sie §13 auf den Erlaubnistatbestandsirrtum zwar nicht unmittelbar, aber analog anwendet. Nach der eingeschrankten Schuldtheorie wird der Tatbestandsvorsatz von dem Unrechtsvorsatz unterschieden. Bei dem Erlaubnistatbestandsirrtum wird der Tatbestandsvorsatz erkannt, aber der Unrechtsvorsatznicht verweigert. Nach der rechtsfolgeneineingeschrankenden Schuldtheorie wird angenommen, dass dieser Irrtum zwar nicht den Tatbestandsvorsatz entfallen lasse, wohl aber die Vorsatzschuld, so dass der Tater in der Rechtsfolge wie bei einem Fahrlassigkeitsdelikt zu behandeln sei. Ich denke wie folgt. Der Vorsatz von §13 hat drei Bedeutungen von dem Tatbestandsvorsatz, dem Unrechtsvorsatz und dem Schuldvorsatz. Der Tatbestandsvorsatz vermut den Unrechtsvorsatz. Auch der Unrechtsvorsatz vermut den Schuldvorsatz. Bei dem Tatbestandsirrtum wird der Tatbestandsvorsatz verweigert. Bei dem Erlaubnistatbestandsirrtum wird der Unrechtsvorsatz verweigert. Bei dem Irrtum von der sachlichen Voraussetzungen eines Entschuldigungsgrundes wird der Schuldvorsatz verweigert.

KCI등재

2배임죄의 본질에 관한 소고(小考)

저자 : 이창섭 ( Chang Sup Lee )

발행기관 : 한국비교형사법학회 간행물 : 비교형사법연구 14권 2호 발행 연도 : 2012 페이지 : pp. 23-48 (26 pages)

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The essence of a breach of trust should consist in breaching the inner confidential relationship. But this position includes a danger of considering a mere default as a crime. Such a danger must be excluded by the strict interpretation of “a man who manages another person`s affairs”. A real estate seller becomes a man who manages another person`s affairs when he receives a contract deposit and a intermediate payment from a real estate buyer. If a real estate in question is registered in buyer`s name, it comes into buyer`s hands. The Real Property Registration Act provides that a joint application for registration should be made by a seller and a buyer all. An application for registration is an cooperative affairs of a seller and a buyer, so it is an another person`s affairs, that is to say, a buyer`s affairs in a seller`s place. If the seller who received a contract deposit and a intermediate payment breaches the inner confidential relationship and sells the real estate in question to a third person, he can be punished with a breach of trust. A movable property buyer is to become an owner of a movable property without the formalities of registration, and a movable property seller cannot be a man who manages another person`s affairs. Even though the movable property seller who received a contract deposit and a intermediate payment breaches the inner confidential relationship and sells the movable property in question to a third person, he cannot be punished with a breach of trust. The Supreme Court has the same view as this article(2008Do10479).

KCI등재

3형사소송에서 디지털증거의 조사방법에 관한 입법론적 고찰 -특히 민사소송의 경우와 비교하여-

저자 : 김정한 ( Jeong Han Kim )

발행기관 : 한국비교형사법학회 간행물 : 비교형사법연구 14권 2호 발행 연도 : 2012 페이지 : pp. 49-72 (24 pages)

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Recently, as the frequent use of digital evidence, many researches are underway actively to collection and admissibility of evidence about the Digital evidence. But the way of investigation in court, it seems like not entirely satisfactory. The method of Investigation of digital evidence, must examine definition of the concept of evidence and characteristic of digital evidence. The media independence which is the essential characteristic of digital evidence works very importantly in the "Evidence gathering" stage. But in "Examination of evidence" stage which normally submitted as in the state of already been collected and tied to a particular media to the court, its importance can be weak. Moreover, it is difficult to fix and explain about the Media independence of digital evidence just by the concepts of existing method of evidence and evidential data. So, when identify the specific elements as ``evidential element`` which can be the evidence glued with method of evidence, then it can explained that be the evidential ele ment itself. For investigation of digital evidence which glued in various media, these following things will be taken as features. The examination of evidence needs the conversion of evidence which has legibility by using the machinery. The examination of evidence needs the conversion of evidence which has legibility by using the machinery. Even if the digital evidence copied to other media, when the identity recognized, it can be substituted the examination of evidence for the original, etc. Based on these points, looking under Article 292-3 of the Criminal Procedure Law and the rules under Article 134 of between 7 and 9, the evidence of Digital, Analog and non-electronic are mixed in only one provision, Interpretational confusion has been caused. So, non-electronic evidence absorbs to the Criminal Procedure Law Article 292-2 and retain only retain Electronic evidence on Article 292-3 and keep the separate regulations about digital evidence, It would be desirable. In addition, in the rules, regulate the investigation of original with the output, as well as voice and sound recording tape, etc. like this, regulate all together it seems like more better way.

KCI등재

4범죄예방을 위한 개인정보 수집 및 활용에 대한 통제 -9.11테러 전후 미국의 개인정보법제의 변화와 그 의미를 중심으로-

저자 : 김봉수 ( Bong Su Kim )

발행기관 : 한국비교형사법학회 간행물 : 비교형사법연구 14권 2호 발행 연도 : 2012 페이지 : pp. 73-100 (28 pages)

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In the Unitied State, the protection of personal information is interpreted in privacy protection problem. This access mode is a noticeable in a communication region and is confirmed by various contents of「Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Street Act」,「Electronic Communication Privacy Act(ECPA)」,「Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act」,「Communication Assistance for Law Enforcement Act」. But this access mode has changed after Sep. 11 terror attacks. An example of that changes is the enactment of 「Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act」, so-called 「USA Patriot Act」. This act was based on the tough anti-terrorism policies of the U. S. post Sep. 11 terror. In terms of that contents, it drew international criticism, with some saying it could violate the people`s basic human rights. On the other hand, we have been prompt in dealing with the changes of the society and the social need to protect a personal information through making laws such as 「Protection of Communications Secrets Act」, 「Protection of Personal Information Act」,「Law on the protection and use of location information」, However, on this legislative responses, there have been criticisms ① that it has poor content in respect of the procedural restriction and regulation, ② that it can cause problems of the coherence on interpretations and the confusion on applications of law in relations terms.

KCI등재

5한,중 학술교류의 회고와 전망 -학술교류의 방법으로서 비교형법 방법론-

저자 : 하태훈 ( Tae Hoon Ha )

발행기관 : 한국비교형사법학회 간행물 : 비교형사법연구 14권 2호 발행 연도 : 2012 페이지 : pp. 101-112 (12 pages)

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In 10. Jubilaum des akademisch-wissenschaftlichen Austausches zwischen China und Korea mochte ich kunftige Ausrichtung des Austausches durch den Ruckblick vom vergangenen Austausch. Recht und Rechtswissenschaft bleiben nicht mehr nur innerhalb der Grenzen eines Staates. Wir mussen den Blick uber die Grenzen eines eigenen Rechtes und Rechtssystems werfen. Liberalisierung und Globalisierung des Rechts und der Rechtwissenschaft sind aktuellen Trend geworden. Die Veranderungen der Globalisierung fuhren im nationalen und internationalen Recht zu einem erheblichen Bedeutungszuwachs der Strafrechtsvergleichung und ihrer methodischen Grundlagen. Die Erfassung der internationalen Veranderungen des Strafrechts, die Entwicklung von allgemeinen Rechtsgrundsatzen und die Gestaltung der zukunftigen Kriminalpolitik verlangen eine umfassende und systematische Rechtsvergleichung unter Einschluss einer Vielzahl von Strafrechtsordnungen. Um diese Anforderungen zu erfullen, China und Korea begann bereits vor 10 Jahren akademisch-wissenschaftliche Austausch. Um akademischen Austausch nachhaltig zu entwickeln, muß dafur Strafrechtsvergleichung unterstutzt werden. Methode der Rechtsvergleichung ist Vergleichsarbeit, die die Ubereinstimmungen und Unterschiede der rechtlichen strukturen klarzustellen, die Grunde dafur zu erforschen und auch eine kritische Wertung der gefundenen Ergebnisse vorzunehmen hat. Neben einfachen Vergleich normativer Strafrechtsordnungen muß empirische oder soziologischen Strafrechtvergleichung verfolgt werden. Richtige Rechtsvergleichung setzt genaue Wahrnehmung und das Verstandnis von kulturellen Traditionen, Geschichte, Realitat des sozialen Lebens voraus. Daher kann Rechtsvergleichung als consilience (oder interdisziplinar) Methodik der Wissenschaft genannt werden.

KCI등재

6형법개정의 역사와 전망

저자 : 전지연 ( Ji Yeon Jun )

발행기관 : 한국비교형사법학회 간행물 : 비교형사법연구 14권 2호 발행 연도 : 2012 페이지 : pp. 113-144 (32 pages)

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Die Geschichte des StGB ist die Geschichte der Anderungen des StGB. Heutzutage verkurzen sich zunehmend die zeitlichen Abstande zwischen Anderungen des Strafgesetzbuchs. Revisionen des StGB spielen in Bezug auf das Anwenden angemessener Strafen eine positive Rolle. Auf der anderen Seite besteht aber die Gefahr, dass durch haufige Gesetzesanderungen die Kontinuitat beeintrachtigt wird. Die Geschichte der Strafrechtsreform ist nur vor dem Hintergrund der Diskussion uber den materiellen Verbrechensbegriff und den Zweck der Strafe zu verstehen. Der materielle Verbrechensbegriff und der Zweck der Strafe sind nicht immer angemessen, aber ihr haufiges Andern ist es auch nicht. Daher ist bei der Reform des StGB eine ausreichende Diskussion und Uberprufung erforderlich Dieser Aufsatz betrachtet die Reform des StGB und den Anderungsprozess des koreanischen Strafgesetzbuchs und versucht einen Ausblick auf die kunftige Richtung von Revisionen zu geben.

KCI등재

7신중국 형사입법에 대한 반성과 전망

저자 : 로건평

발행기관 : 한국비교형사법학회 간행물 : 비교형사법연구 14권 2호 발행 연도 : 2012 페이지 : pp. 145-163 (19 pages)

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中國特色社會主義法律體系已經宣告形成,在這壹過程中,作爲法律體系重要組成部分的刑事立法(主要爲刑法,兼及刑事訴訟法)功不可沒。當然,法律體系的宣告形成,幷不意味著中國的法律體系已臻于完善,這壹判斷也適用于中國的刑事法律。對新中國成立以來特別是改革開放三十多年來的刑事立法進行回顧,肯定成績,剖析問題,展望未來,意義重大。北京師範大學刑事法律科學硏究院常務副院長、敎授、博士導師,法國法學博士,兼國際刑法學協會副秘書長、執行委員,國際刑法學協會中國分會常務副主席,中國刑法學硏究會副會長,國際犯罪學會理事,國際社會防衛學會理事。本文爲國家社科基金重點項目《刑事政策與刑法制度變革》階段性成果之壹。此外,當今中國的刑事立法也面臨著社會化與國家化(專門化)、國際化與本土化、經驗主義與科學立法、精英主義與民主立法等之間的對立沖突。如何整合社會資源、借鑒吸收國際經驗,科學民主立法,爲有效治理犯罪服務,是今後刑事立法面臨的新課題。中國已經超越了有法可依的時代,應該進入追求良法善治的時代了。所謂良法,卽制定得良好的法律,我理解就是反映社會發展要求、體現社會發展規律的法律;所謂善治,卽指良好的治理,也指爲了求得至善(the highest good)的治理。通過良好的法律實現善治,才是眞正的法治!這是中國未來刑事立法乃至所有立法的發展方向。

KCI등재

8한국형법 개정의 올바른 방향 -형법총칙을 중심으로-

저자 : 허일태 ( Il Tae Hoh )

발행기관 : 한국비교형사법학회 간행물 : 비교형사법연구 14권 2호 발행 연도 : 2012 페이지 : pp. 165-189 (25 pages)

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Criminal law that was enacted in 1953, the middle of the war, has been amended about the small part. But the essential revision isn`t still accomplished. Criminal law in 1953 gave top priority the stability of nation and society order maintenance which are not suitable for the today`s society. Korea in 1950 was based on the agricultural economy and the rural community was majority. But today, korea turns to information and communication society, national life and cultural level developed to the high level which is essentially different in 1950. According to the social change, there was a request about the basic revision of criminal law in 1980`s already and the revision work has been performed for 7 years under Ministry of Justice`s support and Criminal law amendment was submitted to National Assembly in 1992. But the passage of National Assembly about criminal law amendment didn`t accomplished because people opposed strongly the abolition of adultery that is a part of criminal law amendment in 1992. The strong request about the revision of criminal law in 2005 makes ministry of justice to comprise law advisory committee about revision of criminal law. The committee, which consists of 24 members, promoted revision of criminal law from June 2007. The partial criminal law amendment including the criminal law general rules and etc. was submitted to National Assembly at April 15th, in 2010. But as the session of the 18 national assembly ended May 1992, criminal law amendment fell into disuse by the automatic. Nevertheless, the revision work was still going on and it came to a finish not only criminal law general rules but also criminal law particulars rules. Through these process, the committee tried to make criminal law amendment to the ideal criminal law that is matched for the constitutional principles such as rule of law and responsibility principles and meet the demand of modern criminal theory and criminal policy. but it is not easy to find out big change in the criminal law amendment excluding the actualization of fine, severity of some crime such as robbery resulting in injury which is not inappropriate. There is still problems as follows, the retention of the death penalty and detention, the change of terms about probation, the partial restriction of discretionary mitigation by judge, the aggravation for sexual offence, the abolition of crime subject to complaint and some special criminal law`s inclusion in the criminal law general rules. The retention of the death penalty is contradictory to the ethics of nation. Discretionary mitigation by judge has to be restrictive admitted. The limit of imprisonment has to be 20 years as a rule. Total fine system has to be turned to day fine system. The accommodation for probation has to be abolished. The abolition of criminal law general rules about preparation and plot has to be abolished and preparation and plot is admitted restrictedly on serious crime. All regulations about offense aggravated by consequence has to be abolished.

KCI등재

9중국 형법수정안의 형식과 내용

저자 : 위동

발행기관 : 한국비교형사법학회 간행물 : 비교형사법연구 14권 2호 발행 연도 : 2012 페이지 : pp. 191-204 (14 pages)

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自1997年刑法頒行以來,中國刑法修訂(修正)的規範形式,흘今爲止采用了刑法修正案和單行刑法兩種形式,其中刑法修正案已頒行8個,單行刑法已頒行3個,因而,從數量、內容等方面綜合評價,無疑可以說,刑法修正案是我國刑法修訂的主要形式和主導方面。尤其是2011年2月25日通過幷公布的《中華人民共和國刑法修正案(八)》,由于其修正內容涉及刑法總則和分則,修正條文多達50條,引起了中國刑法學界對于“刑法修正案”現象本身的廣泛關注和熱烈討論。目前,中國學術界對于刑法修正案的總體評價是正面肯定的,同時也有壹些反思,甚至有比較嚴礪的批評。這些學術批評關涉刑法修正案的形式與內容諸方面,如刑法修正案中的形式合理性、刑法觀、犯罪政策、刑罰政策等問題,本文針對這些問題進行學術觀察幷展開學理硏討。

KCI등재

10형사특별법의 입법구조와 이론적 기초

저자 : 이경렬 ( Kyung Lyul Lee )

발행기관 : 한국비교형사법학회 간행물 : 비교형사법연구 14권 2호 발행 연도 : 2012 페이지 : pp. 205-232 (28 pages)

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The reality of the criminal legislation can be summarized as the following: Hard criminal code has led to the production of special criminal code. The special criminal code is legislated only focusing on the convenience of application. special criminal, however, usually provide harsher punishments than the criminal code, and the degree of the criminal penalties is excessively relentless compared with that of the criminals. Aggravation factors of the special criminal are out of balance and vague. Many provisions of the special criminal code overlapped with those of the criminal code and they finally caused confusion of application, decrease of norm power of the criminal code, inconvenience of reading acts and decrease of certainty. Special criminal about aggravated punishments especially came from a concept: the strongest punishment is the most efficient way to prevent crimes. It, however, brought serious side effects to criminal practices (or affairs) by abusing strong punishments unnecessarily. Even though we create special criminal repetitively to deal with newly emerging crimes, we cannot prevent all of the crimes perfectly. To keep out from those side effects, special criminal which are too strong - and are occasionally replating the existing criminal code - should be included in the existing criminal code by certain standards and procedures. From this perspective, first up, it should be sincerely considered whether a new special code legislation is really necessary, reasonable and it can rightly function or not. Secondly (and in particular), newly emerging crimes should be controled not by newly legislated special criminal code but by the existing criminal code with amendment. In conclusion, these tries and efforts only can prevent the criminal code from withering its own power, eliminate the chaotic criminal code system and ultimately guarantee its effectiveness.

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