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  • : 어문학분야  >  영문학
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  • : 1738-4052
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  • : 영어영문학(~2003) → 영어영문학21(2004~)

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33권1호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 10
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33권1호(2020년) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1케이트 그렌빌의 사죄를 위한 반기억 서사―『중위』와 『비밀의 강』에 재현된 공모의 문제를 중심으로

저자 : 문영희 ( Younghee Mun )

발행기관 : 21세기영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학21 33권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 5-29 (25 pages)

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This study explores counter-memory narratives for apology in Kate Grenville's The Lieutenant and The Secret River. The author deals with the perpetrator's perspective and dissolves Australian national identity as a settler nation revealing the dark side of history. If 'memory' in the criticism of post-colonialism consolidates the identity of individuals or communities, the 'counter-memory' narratives in the novels may render them to be taken aback.
The Secret River tells the story of a convict settler who was complicit with violence against his good nature. The Lieutenant is set at the very beginning of the penal colony in New South Wales in 1788. A British officer was unwillingly involved in an expedition to kill Aborigines. Even though it resulted in failure, he recognizes the fact that he had conspired in the business of colonization: “if you were part of that machine, you were part of its evil.” Eventually he decides to leave the expedition and not to obey orders. The novel aims to acknowledge responsibility and contemplate the shame of the guilty and the complicit.

KCI등재

2『원어민』에 나타난 트라우마 서사

저자 : 안아람 ( Aram Ahn )

발행기관 : 21세기영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학21 33권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 31-52 (22 pages)

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Asian-American literature has recently tended to spread beyond the Pan-Asian category and to focus on the diversity and distinct characteristics of the “Other Asias” to varying degrees. This means that Asian-American literature has rejected conformity with one Asia and values greater diversity. Chang-Rae Lee, one of the representative Korean-American novelists, has also broadened his interests to something universal. Accordingly, this study aims to explore his works from the perspective of trauma, which is a universal human experience.
Native Speaker discusses the racial melancholia passed on generation after generation in the ethnic minority society. In this novel, the process of double 'otherness' operates invisibly and sneakingly in all of the areas. When Henry Park tries to be an 'authentic' American, his Asian face becomes a clear indication that he can never be more than an alien in America. However, his encounters with Emile Luzan and John Kwang, who suggest ideal types of Asian-Americans, make him reevaluate his Asian heritage, especially his Korean tradition. He starts to deconstruct his delusional dreaming, (i.e. the myth of whiteness), and overcomes racial melancholia by identifying himself as hybrid subject.
Chang-Rae Lee proposes in Native Speaker that trauma can be overcome and furthermore appropriated as a creative way through the narratives of the memories. His keen sense of trauma shows us that he is an outstanding writer much more than just an ethnic minority writer.

KCI등재

3캄보디아 증언서사의 위치―로웅 웅의 『먼저 그들은 내 아버지를 죽였다―캄보디아의 딸은 기억한다』

저자 : 이현주 ( Hyunju Lee )

발행기관 : 21세기영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학21 33권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 53-76 (24 pages)

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This paper analyzes the place of Cambodian testimony as a new form of literary narrative in First They Killed My Father: A Cambodian Daughter Remembers written by Loung Ung, who faces oppression under the regime of Pol Pot, the leader of the killing fields in Cambodia in the mid 70s. The story is about an unfairly painful event that she suffered in an unjust society, but conveys through the use of testimonial narrative, a new kind of cultural and political literary counterattack, a “new form of anonymity” representing the class, group, or community that has shared the same experience. In other words, unlike novels or autobiographical literary forms that deal with an individual's growth process or success story, testimonies are a public discourse that encourages global interest, ethical responsibility, and political action. Since the testimonial adopts an anti-literature discourse in the form of memoirs or autobiographies rather than a literary form like the novel, questions about authenticity and integrity dramatically increase.
Ung's text depicts the fierce fight of a girl who survived the suffering of oppression and violence in an unjust society full of forced migration, poverty, hard labor, human rights violations, and family loss over a 5-year period from April 1975 to February 1980. However, in 2001, a year after Ung's text was published, the Cambodian-American Sody Lay reviewed her testimony as “too emotional and overly polarized about the experience of the killing field” and claimed that it consciously manipulated the story to make money. Bunkong Tuon, who analyzed Lay's critique of Ung's text and its inaccuracy of historical facts, emphasizes the difficulties between the need for truth obligations and the need for psychological healing when criticizing the testimony. Even though Ung's text fails to deliver the factual truth as historical accuracy, readers should consider her emotional truth, which is experientially and emotionally meaningful to herself. Ung's narrative from a child's point of view reflects a psychological approach, which allows for fictive components depending on her relatives' memories.
Ung's story is not written as a historical reference but as a memoir, a starting point for people to be inspired to want to know more about the killing fields representing genocide, injustice, violence, and human rights abuses. The narrative of Loung Ung, who personally experienced and witnessed the cruelty and heinousness of the Khmer Rouge regime and the suffering of Cambodians, will become a representative Cambodian testimonial narrative. It excels in the form, content, and function of testimony as a starting point for understanding the survivors of the Cambodian genocide.

KCI등재

4체리 모라가의 극에서 경계지대와 해방의 지리

저자 : 정병언 ( Byung-eon Jung )

발행기관 : 21세기영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학21 33권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 77-95 (19 pages)

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This essay explores the ways in which the borderlands of Chicanos are symbolically transformed from “a vague and undermined place” to a future freedom in Cherríe Moraga's The Heroes and Saints, Watsonville, and The Hungry Women. By utilizing Gloria Anzaldúa's theory of borderlands along with the geographic concepts of race, culture, gender, and sexuality, this essay argues that these plays function as a kind of “war on forgetfulness” in order to help the audience recognize the spatial loss of Chicanos in McLaughlin, Watsonville, and Phoenix. In these borderlands, residents are excluded on the basis of the “imaginary geography” of the dominant system. The differences of race, culture, gender, and sexuality serve as dominant ideologies to justify the geographical division through conquest, mapping, or mythology. Chicano voices have long been deleted and silenced, yet Moraga's plays set the stage for the liberation of such unstable Chicano identities as laborers, illegal immigrants, and homosexuals. Here, she creates 'new mestizas' based on Aztlán as symbols of the spirit of freedom, which will disrupt barriers and call for a tolerance of differences. In the context of the politics of space, these plays “write freedom” by way of crossing borders spatially manifested in the geography of exclusion, economic enslavement, and patriarchal nationalism.

KCI등재

5미궁에 빠진 사건과 길 잃은 독자―탐정 소설 장르의 변주로서 거트루드 스타인의 『피 묻은 식당 바닥』 읽기

저자 : 정지원 ( Jeewon Jung )

발행기관 : 21세기영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학21 33권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 97-117 (21 pages)

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Considering her reputation for having a modernist and experimental writing style, it is noteworthy that Gertrude Stein wrote a detective novel, a popular genre which is usually characterized by its linear progression of plot and staple formulas. Yet, while Blood on the Dining-Room Floor has the traditional elements of a detective story, such as a dead body, a witness, and a detective, the text appropriates and twists the genre not only to engage readers to the case but also to locate them in the detective's role. Unlike traditional detective stories, where readers passively follow the detective's reasoning, Blood on the Dining-Room Floor neither has a detective with whom the reader can identify, nor one who solves the case. Useless information and unrelated events are mixed with clues, and, most of all, the murder mystery remains unsolved. Following the atypical investigation of Blood on the Dining-Room Floor, the paper aims to explain the ways in which the text exploits the genre of detective fiction and show the striking reading experiences of the reader. What this paper ultimately wants to suggest is that, through fragments of memories, untrustworthy information, and a distorted timeline, the reader puzzles out the pieces, performs the role of the detective, and experiences “uncertainty,” all of which engender multiple interpretations and stories.

KCI등재

6대학교 영문법 수업에 대한 학습자 인식 연구

저자 : 김채은 ( Chae-eun Kim )

발행기관 : 21세기영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학21 33권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 119-146 (28 pages)

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This study examines how English major students at a college perceive grammar instruction and learning. The study analyzed two types of data: (1) students' reflection papers and (2) survey data. In the first experiment, the participants were 41 Korean university students who took a one-semester course, Practical English Grammar, offered by their institution's English department. At the semester's end, the students produced reflection papers responding to three questions. In the second experiment, 40 Korean university students completed a questionnaire about Practical English Grammar instruction and grammar learning. The results indicate that most of the participants perceived the necessity of grammar instruction in order to facilitate their ability to speak and write better English and that they believed that using the target grammar in productive activities would help them improve their grammatical skills.

KCI등재

7중등영어 임용시험의 코퍼스 기반 종합분석 ―2002년대-2020년대를 중심으로

저자 : 이혜진 ( Hye Jin Lee )

발행기관 : 21세기영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학21 33권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 147-170 (24 pages)

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This study presents a corpus-based analysis of Secondary School English Teacher Recruitment Exams (SETRE) in the years 2002 to 2020. With a corpus-driven approach, the objective of this study is three-fold: (a) to assign CEFR levels to the SETRE, which purport to test the qualification of English teachers in Korea; (b) to probe the text coverage of the General Service List (GSL) and the Academic Word List (AWL) of the SETRE; and (c) to generate a list of high-frequency words that have recurrently appeared in previous SETRE. The results derived from an online lexical profiling tool, Text Inspector, and a range program are as follows: First, all of the SETRE, conducted in the last nineteen years, were above the C1 levels, corresponding to proficient users of English. Second, in terms of the text coverage, the GSL and AWL, as a pair, yielded around 90.37% distribution, falling short of the optimal range of 95% to 98% estimates. Third, under two parameters of range and lexical frequency, highly frequent core GSL and AWL word families along with technical words were compiled to highlight the discipline-specific features of the SETRE. In light of the findings, implications are discussed. Since this type of research does not yet exist, this study could lay notable groundwork for further investigation.

KCI등재

8Commercialism and Writers' Alienation in George Gissing's New Grub Street

저자 : Wenchao Mu , Sukjoo Sohn

발행기관 : 21세기영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학21 33권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 171-193 (23 pages)

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George Gissing's New Grub Street is set in the 1880s when rapid industrialization was transforming every aspect of Victorian society. Writers, who were once under the protection of noble patrons, were now subjected to brutal market forces. Those who could appeal to the public enjoyed unprecedented wealth and popularity, whereas those who held on to their artistic ideals and refused to compromise often ended up in poverty and neglect. New Grub Street is especially concerned with these changes and the impact on writers. Gissing delves deep into the commercial trend of his age and depicts the disintegrating literary world with unrelenting realism. Utilizing the theory of alienation, this paper analyzes the dilemmas facing professional writers in the commercial society, specifically, writers' self-estrangement, social isolation, and cultural estrangement as depicted in New Grub Street. Since writing is both an intellectual and physical form of labor, the paper uses Karl Marx's theory of estranged labor to analyze writers' alienation in the writing process.

KCI등재

9Sovereignty, Biopower, Immunity: Racialized Bodies in Robinson Crusoe

저자 : Eugene Pae

발행기관 : 21세기영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학21 33권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 195-226 (32 pages)

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This paper employs theories of biopolitics to examine the narrator's rise to sovereign power and his exercise of biopower upon racialized bodies in Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe. I argue that race is a crucial factor that not only enables but further complicates Crusoe's exertion of sovereign authority. Drawing upon the narrative's conflicted division between, or occasional conflation of, zoe and bios, key terms through which Giorgio Agamben explicates conditions of human life, this paper seeks to create an intervention in existing scholarly discussions by examining the complex nature of Crusoe's sovereign power and sovereign exception. By closely examining scenes where Crusoe interacts with cannibals and his slave/companion Friday, with a particular focus on the narrator's initial reluctance in, and ultimate enforcement of, punishing cannibals for their barbarity, this paper explores configurations of race in Defoe's early novel. The analysis mainly focuses on how different characters' racial identities serve as impacting factors in Crusoe's sovereign decision. Crusoe's sovereign power becomes a hybridized version of governing, in which elements of absolute sovereignty and disciplinary training merge. Roberto Esposito's logic of immunization anchors the reading of Crusoe's incorporation of the racialized Other into his sovereignty, in which his initial desire to establish a protective boundary between himself and foreign, threatening elements becomes altered. I read Crusoe's education of Friday as a process of dilution that takes place in advance of immunization via vaccination. Tracing the theoretical discussions of governmentality and sovereignty in biopolitical theory through Defoe's early novel, this paper seeks to examine how race serves as a biopolitical factor in Crusoe's attempt to establish his sovereign power on the island.

KCI등재

10The Chivalric Value of Fighting in Thomas Malory's Le Morte Darthur

저자 : Min-sung Park

발행기관 : 21세기영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학21 33권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 227-244 (18 pages)

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Thomas Malory's Le Morte Darthur is the most famous version of the story of the famous British king whose establishment of the Round Table birthed chivalric values. Among these values, the notion of fighting is the most significant and is the main focus of this paper. A knight earned his honor through the act of fighting and shaped a new identity for himself, which allowed him to surpass his own heritage and become something greater. Fighting would later inspire people to achieve what they did not originally have through persistent struggle. Although idealistic and from a past era, chivalric values had a profound influence on the people of the Middle Ages. This influence extended beyond the 15th century, making the study of the values presented in the romance a good cornerstone for understanding the ideals and thoughts of those from the Middle Ages and a relevant topic for modern audiences.

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